Religion Past and Present

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(1,118 words)

[German Version]

I. City and Bishopric

Utrecht grew up on the site of a Roman (from 47 ce), Frisian, and Frankish fort; it became a bishopric in 695, when Willibrord, the apostle to the Frisians, received permission from Pippin II, the Frankish king, to make Utrecht the base for his missionary work. The city was a popular residence of German emperors such as Conrad II (died 1039 in Utrecht) and Henry V (died 1125 in Utrecht); in 1122 Utrecht received city rights. Under ep…

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Oort, Johannes van, “Utrecht”, in: Religion Past and Present. Consulted online on 07 December 2019 <>
First published online: 2011
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004146662, 2006-2013

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