Religion Past and Present

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(686 words)

[German Version]

refers here to the organized and institutionalized forms of Hinduism in which a form of Viṣṇu represents the highest god, this particularly in demarcation from Śaivism and Śāktism. Vaiṣṇavism is not a monolithic religion with a homogeneous development and uniform beliefs. The most important texts are the Bhagavadgītā, the Rāmāyaṇa, and the Bhāgavata-Purāṇa (Purāṇas). The earliest form of Vaiṣṇavism combines Vedic elements with the veneration of Viṣṇu (as Nārāyaṇa, Kṛṣṇa-Vāsudeva, or S…

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Hüsken, Ute, “Vaiṣṇavism”, in: Religion Past and Present. Consulted online on 08 April 2020 <>
First published online: 2011
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004146662, 2006-2013

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