Religion Past and Present

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(395 words)

[German Version]

(c. 120–160 ce). In combination with Gnosticism (Gnosis: III, 1), Valentinus responded to new questions that Christianity was asking itself in the 2nd century, as it spread among an educated urban class. Heresiologists (Heresy: II, 2) since Irenaeus of Lyon have treated Valentinus as the founder of a Gnostic school; he is often named alongside Marcion, despite substantial differences in their teaching. But Irenaeus’s refutation was already directed not against Valentinus but against Valentinianism. Even Valentinus’s opponents recognized his intellect a…

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Wucherpfennig, Ansgar, “Valentinus”, in: Religion Past and Present. Consulted online on 13 November 2019 <>
First published online: 2011
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004146662, 2006-2013

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