Religion Past and Present

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Value Ethics
(585 words)

[German Version]

is an ethics grounded on predefined values (Value/Values). The term gained acceptance in Neo-Kantian and phenomenological practical philosophy during the early 20th century (M. Scheler, N. Hartmann), but as a substantial category it can clearly be extended to earlier approaches.

According to Aristotle, an action is good if it avoids extremes in favor of guidance by an objective “mean” (Eth. Nic. II). Antiquity was dominated by several variants of this idea, which arose through the inclusion of normative categories like “nature” or “what is proper” (decorum: Cicero…

Cite this page
Heesch, Matthias, “Value Ethics”, in: Religion Past and Present. Consulted online on 04 March 2021 <>
First published online: 2011
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004146662, 2006-2013

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