Religion Past and Present

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[German Version]

According to Indian tradition, the Upaniṣads generally define Vedānta, the “end” or “ultimate goal” of the Veda. Vedānta is associated specifically with philosophical and religious schools that deal with the interpretation of the Upaniṣads (uttara mīmāṃsā). The central issue of Vedānta is to comprehend Brahman as the causative principle of the world and to develop a method for final deliverance from the cycle of existence (Saṃsāra). All schools of Vedānta accept the Brahmasūtra (2nd/3rd cent. ce; Sūtra) as the primary authoritative text for these purpos…

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Stephan, Peter, “Vedānta”, in: Religion Past and Present. Consulted online on 07 April 2020 <>
First published online: 2011
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004146662, 2006-2013

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