Religion Past and Present

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(1,940 words)

[German Version]

I. The Concept

As the antonym of virtue (Gk ἀρετή/aretḗ, Lat. virtus), vice (Gk κακία/kakía, Lat. nequitia, vitium) is a categorical concept for morally problematic or reprehensible behaviors (Habit), thus for negative aspects of individual capacity for action which Christian reli-gious language characterizes as root or chief sins. The linguistic history of many cultures has yielded this concept, because a person’s self-awareness knows the difference between in…

Cite this page
Stock, Konrad, “Vices”, in: Religion Past and Present. Consulted online on 16 July 2024 <>
First published online: 2011
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004146662, 2006-2013

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