Religion Past and Present

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Vocation
(5,411 words)

[German Version]

I. Terminology

No term equivalent to vocation is found in classical Greek and Latin. An officium was exercised by virtue of a preexisting status, usually by birth. Trades (including medicine) fulfilled the conditions of a regular vocation (τέχνη/téchnē), but had no self-awareness reflected in terminology. In the New Testament, κλῆσις/klḗsis mostly refers to the “calling” of a Christian (1 Cor 7:20); in the national chur…

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Heesch, Matthias, Klöcker, Michael, Ulrich, Hans G., Sprondel, Walter M., Drehsen, Volker and Herms, Eilert, “Vocation”, in: Religion Past and Present. Consulted online on 15 December 2019 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1877-5888_rpp_COM_01823>
First published online: 2011
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004146662, 2006-2013



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