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Westphalia, Peace of
(1,680 words)

[German Version]

I. Background

The Peace of Westphalia is the name given the treaty documents that ended the Thirty Years War on Oct 24, 1648, hoping to establish a pax universalis among the Christian states of Europe. It comprised two separate treaties: one, the Instrumentum Pacis Osnabrugense (IPO), between the emperor, Sweden, and the German estates, framed in Osnabrück, the other, the Instrumentum Pacis Monasteriense, between the emperor as imperial head of state and France, concluded in Münster…

Cite this page
Kaufmann, Thomas, “Westphalia, Peace of”, in: Religion Past and Present. Consulted online on 08 August 2020 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1877-5888_rpp_COM_124198>
First published online: 2011
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004146662, 2006-2013



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