Religion Past and Present

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World War II
(1,841 words)

[German Version]

I. Church History

The policy of the state toward the church in National Socialist Germany had met with resistance since 1933, on the part of both Protestants and Catholics. As already demonstrated by the founding of the Pastors’ Emergency League in Berlin (by M. Niemöller), by the opposition to the National Socialist Deutsche Christen at the confessing synods of Barmen and Dahlem, and by the open criticism of the resolute faction within the Confessing Church …

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Leonhard, Jörn and Koschorke, Klaus, “World War II”, in: Religion Past and Present. Consulted online on 24 November 2020 <>
First published online: 2011
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004146662, 2006-2013

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