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Yohanan ben Zakkai
(270 words)

[German Version]

(1st cent. ce), eminent Palestinian rabbi after the destruction of the second temple (II, 4.a). Rabbinic literature sometimes gives him the title Rabban (ןבָּרַ, “Our Master”). During the Judeo-Roman war (Jewish Revolt, First) according to rabbinic legend, he fled from Jerusalem besieged by the Romans to Yavne, where he prophesied that Vespasian (reigned 69–79 bce) would become emperor. Thereupon he is said to have been given permission to establish a school in Yavne. There are several variants of the tradition (ARN A 4.22f.; ARN B 6.19; b. Giṭ. 56a–b; Lam. Rab. on Lam…

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Jacobs, Martin, “Yohanan ben Zakkai”, in: Religion Past and Present. Consulted online on 25 June 2022 <>
First published online: 2011
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004146662, 2006-2013

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