Religion Past and Present

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Zeus
(535 words)

[German Version]

The fact that Zeus is addressed as “father of men and gods” (πατὴρ ἀνδρῶv τε ϑεῶv τε/patḗr andrṓn te theṓn te: Homer Iliad 1, 544; 4, 235 etc.) implies that he is creator and ruler, the central god of the Greek pantheon. This is however a mythological title, later filled also with theological content, that does not reflect the low place of this god in the cultus. His function is rather that of a distant god; other gods are closer to human beings. Like this formula, other mythical ideas about Zeus belon…

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Auffarth, Christoph, “Zeus”, in: Religion Past and Present. Consulted online on 01 October 2020 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1877-5888_rpp_SIM_125455>
First published online: 2011
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004146662, 2006-2013



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