Sacramentum Mundi Online

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Bishop - New Testament
(1,138 words)

Part of Bishop:

1. New Testament

2. Church History

3. Theology

4. Canon Law

The Christian episcopate is a blend of two different systems: episcopal order and presbyterial order, these in turn being based on two different conceptions of apostleship, two different ways of being Jesus’ representative. In the synoptics the apostle is one of a college, not tied to one place, but working solely within Israel as a representative of the earthly Jesus. The Twelve preach as Jesus does. This Jewish-Christian, collegiate…

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Klaus Berger, “Bishop - New Testament”, in: Sacramentum Mundi Online, General Editor Karl Rahner, SJ. Consulted online on 27 February 2024 <>
First published online: 2016

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