Sacramentum Mundi Online

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Byzantine Empire
(2,849 words)

A. Characteristics

The rise of the Byzantine world was neither the awakening of a mindless people to historical self-consciousness nor the entry of a new “barbarian” nation into the old Graeco-Roman civilization of the Mediterranean. Byzantium was, in fact, a late form of Mediterranean civilization itself with all its distinctive features, a late form of the Roman Empire, of the ancient Hellenistic mentality and the characteristic Mediterranean …

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Hans-Georg Beck, “Byzantine Empire”, in: Sacramentum Mundi Online, General Editor Karl Rahner, SJ. Consulted online on 27 September 2023 <>
First published online: 2016

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