Sacramentum Mundi Online

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Council - History
(6,613 words)

Part of Council:

1. Theology

2. History

A distinction is still usual today between assemblies which represent the universal Church by virtue of their composition (Ecumenical Council) or which gather together bishops of a number of ecclesiastical provinces (plenary council) or of a single province (provincial council) and, on the other hand, the diocesan synod. The terms σύνοδος and concilium were originally equivalent; there was as yet no hierarchy of different kinds of …

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Odilio Engels, “Council - History”, in: Sacramentum Mundi Online, General Editor Karl Rahner, SJ. Consulted online on 26 September 2023 <>
First published online: 2016

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