Sacramentum Mundi Online

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(2,576 words)

A. Notion

In general, dualism, in contrast to monism, is used to describe the view which reduces reality to two equally primordial and mutually opposed principles. The various forms of dualism are determined by the ontological natures of these principles and by the manner of their opposition. Since the total reality can neither be simply two realities which have nothing at all to do with each other, and it cannot be simply one reality, the qu…

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Eberhard Simons, “Dualism”, in: Sacramentum Mundi Online, General Editor Karl Rahner, SJ. Consulted online on 24 February 2024 <>
First published online: 2016

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