Sacramentum Mundi Online

Get access

(1,623 words)

The Enlightenment denotes the most revolutionary of all movements which the Occident has undergone in the course of its history. It has not yet been sufficiently investigated, but it may be admitted that it affected various countries, Churches and generations in different degrees. The historian Troeltsch has characterized it as the beginning of the really modern period of European culture, in contrast to the ecclesiastical and theological culture which had been hitherto predominant.

The Enlightenment originated in the Netherlands and in England in the mid 17th centur…

Cite this page
Heribert Raab, “Enlightenment”, in: Sacramentum Mundi Online, General Editor Karl Rahner, SJ. Consulted online on 26 February 2024 <>
First published online: 2016

▲   Back to top   ▲