Sacramentum Mundi Online

Get access

Grace - Biblical
(2,695 words)

Part of Grace:

1. Biblical

2. Theological

3. Structure of De Gratia

1. The Old Testament background. The prehistory of the theological concept of grace is to be attached to the terms תסד and תו in the ОТ. Both appear as χάρις in the LXX. They do not signify proprieties or entities, but, like the ОТ concept of justice, a social attitude, and its deployment in action rather than merely the mental disposition. Hence the concepts of תס¸צדקה and שד are closely connected with them, as is also שלום. Hence, in contrast to our notion of grace, תסד may be attributed to both partners in the relationsh…

Cite this page
Klaus Berger, “Grace - Biblical”, in: Sacramentum Mundi Online, General Editor Karl Rahner, SJ. Consulted online on 02 October 2023 <>
First published online: 2016

▲   Back to top   ▲