Sacramentum Mundi Online

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A. The Traditional Doctrine

1. The ordinary presentation of hope was in the framework of the theological virtues, in dogmatic and moral theology. The theology of hope was worked out above all by Thomas Aquinas (De Spe, Summa Theologica, II, II, qq. 17-22). Hope is directed to a future good which is hard but not impossible to attain. It is elevation of the will, made possible by grace, by which man expects eter…

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Ferdinand Kerstiens, “Hope”, in: Sacramentum Mundi Online, General Editor Karl Rahner, SJ. Consulted online on 24 September 2020 <>
First published online: 2016

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