Sacramentum Mundi Online

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1. Hylemorphism is strictly characteristic of Aristotelian scholastic philosophy. It is an effort to explain the nature of inner- worldly things. All bodies are essentially composed of matter (ΰλη) and form (μορφή) which in the concrete thing combine to make a unified whole. Hence hylemorphism is opposed to the various forms of atomism and dynamic monism which ultimately assume one single essential basis of beings. It is also opposed to a dualism which would suppose in living beings, and especia…

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Herbert Scheit, “Hylemorphism”, in: Sacramentum Mundi Online, General Editor Karl Rahner, SJ. Consulted online on 29 November 2023 <>
First published online: 2016

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