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Investiture Controversy
(2,029 words)

The Investiture Controversy, which flared up in the 11th century over the question of investiture (i.e., induction into spiritual office and benefices), was but one phase in the struggle between the secular and spiritual authorities. Given the nature of the visible Church, this struggle is almost inevitable and has persisted throughout the centuries. Since spiritual office and secular authority were especially closely associated in the medieval Church of the German Empire, since feudalism influe…

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Hermann Tüchle, “Investiture Controversy”, in: Sacramentum Mundi Online, General Editor Karl Rahner, SJ. Consulted online on 01 December 2023 <>
First published online: 2016

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