Sacramentum Mundi Online

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A. History and Spiritual Foundations

Islam is the name which Moslems give their religion (a combination of Arabian, Jewish, Gnostic and Christian elements), the political and social order connected with it and indeed the whole Islamic culture. Since they attribute their religion to Allah, and regard Mohammed only as his instrument, they reject the term Mohammedan which became current in Europe. The Arabic word Islam means total surrender…

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Felix M. Pareja, “Islam”, in: Sacramentum Mundi Online, General Editor Karl Rahner, SJ. Consulted online on 01 October 2023 <>
First published online: 2016

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