Sacramentum Mundi Online

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(820 words)

The State Church system of the Habsburgs had been built up systematically from the Middle Ages onward through political power as well as papal privileges; it helped the Church to make a number of improvements, especially in carrying through monastic reform after the Western schism, while later it was an obstacle to the advance of Protestantism and was even able to reconcile to the Church many who had deserted it. But it was also the most important force in building up the power of the modern Sta…

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Ferdinand Maass, “Josephinism”, in: Sacramentum Mundi Online, General Editor Karl Rahner, SJ. Consulted online on 25 February 2024 <>
First published online: 2016

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