Sacramentum Mundi Online

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Lutheran Churches
(2,736 words)

1. Nature and history. Luther did not intend to found a new Church. His reforming views led him to an understanding of Christianity which was in contrast with the medieval world and centred on the saving and sanctifying gospel of Christ. The movement thus set afoot originally sought to reform the existing Church, not to establish another one. Only when the Curia precipitately declared the movement heretical and frustrated its activities within Catholicism, was it forced to introduce the ecclesiasti…

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Ernst Kinder, “Lutheran Churches”, in: Sacramentum Mundi Online, General Editor Karl Rahner, SJ. Consulted online on 21 February 2024 <>
First published online: 2016

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