Sacramentum Mundi Online

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(1,638 words)

Monotheism in general means an understanding of “the divine” (or the transcendent, the numen, the metaphysical first cause), in which its mysterious nature is represented as personal, accessible to prayer, essentially one, whose being is only remotely similar and comparable to the beings of the world. This description of monotheism stems from the historical forms it took in the great religions of Judaism, Christianity and Islam, where we find a notion of God which is expressed most explicitly and clearly in monotheistic terms…

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Heinz Robert Schlette, “Monotheism”, in: Sacramentum Mundi Online, General Editor Karl Rahner, SJ. Consulted online on 23 February 2024 <>
First published online: 2016

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