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Natural Philosophy
(2,326 words)

1. Subject and method. The task of natural philosophy is to investigate the problem of natural movement or of φύσις. In the Christian realms of the West, the writings of Aristotle on the subject were fundamental, especially his Physics (φυσική άκρόασις, eight books) and his On the Heavens (περί ούρανοΰ, four books). In these regions, natural philosophy has remained essentially, down to the present day, the history of the interpretation of the most important themes of these works. And the problems posed by modern science are still generally e…

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Vladimir Richter, “Natural Philosophy”, in: Sacramentum Mundi Online, General Editor Karl Rahner, SJ. Consulted online on 29 February 2024 <>
First published online: 2016

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