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Pastoral Theology
(2,730 words)

1. Basic remarks on the history and nature of pastoral theology. The need for systematic doctrine and practical, up-to-date guidelines for the exercise of the pastoral ministry led to the development of pastoral theology as a separate discipline within theological studies. This took place from about 1770 onwards, at first in Austria, and shortly afterwards in Germany and neighbouring countries. The individual pastor was alone regarded as the agent of the Church’s pastoral action. Consequentlyhe and his ac…

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Heinz Schuster, “Pastoral Theology”, in: Sacramentum Mundi Online, General Editor Karl Rahner, SJ. Consulted online on 07 December 2023 <>
First published online: 2016

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