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Philosophy - The Basic Questions
(11,091 words)

Part of Philosophy:

1. The Basic Questions

2. History of Philosophy

A. Philosophy: The Word and Its Many Meanings

According to the literal meaning of the word, philosophy is not a learned science, but an attitude to life: hence the call “to live philosophically" (φιλοσοφικώς ζῆν). It differs from other attitudes inasmuch as its goal and supreme value is “wisdom” (σοφία), while other attitudes see the highest values elsewhere (φιλαργυ…

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Richard Schaeffler, “Philosophy - The Basic Questions”, in: Sacramentum Mundi Online, General Editor Karl Rahner, SJ. Consulted online on 21 September 2023 <>
First published online: 2016

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