Sacramentum Mundi Online

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(2,144 words)

A. Meaning

The. meaning of Platonism depends on how the work of Plato is assessed, and which elements are considered essential and characteristic acteristic. Till the beginning of the 19th century, Plato was considered above all for his contribution to ontology, natural theology and cosmology. This was the view transmitted through the interpretation and continuation of Plato’s philosophy by his pupils Aristotle, Speusippus and Xenocrates, by Middle Platonism (Plutarch, Albinus, Apuleius, etc.) and by neo-Platonism. The Timaeus, which…

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Friedo Rieken, “Platonism”, in: Sacramentum Mundi Online, General Editor Karl Rahner, SJ. Consulted online on 03 October 2023 <>
First published online: 2016

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