Sacramentum Mundi Online

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Presbyterian Churches
(2,193 words)

1. The Presbyterian Churches — usually known on the European continent as “Re-formed Churches” — stem historically from 16th century Calvinism. The basis for considering them as a unity, however, is not that they are all typically “Calvinistic” in doctrine, e.g., in upholding Calvin’s doctrine of predestination. With Protestantism in general, they look to the word of God (in Scripture) as the sole and supreme authority in all matters of faith and life. But their distinctive note is their “presby…

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Peter Meinhold, “Presbyterian Churches”, in: Sacramentum Mundi Online, General Editor Karl Rahner, SJ. Consulted online on 02 October 2023 <>
First published online: 2016

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