Sacramentum Mundi Online

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(2,639 words)

Plato had already noted that souls could be healed by means of “certain types of dialogue". But it was only in the present century that psychotherapy was developed as a systematic and scientific method of medical treatment, which may be used to cure certain psychic illnesses.

There are three basic procedures which may be distinguished in modern psychotherapy: 1) the suggestive (or supportive) approach, 2) the cathartic approach, and 3) the analytical approach.

1. The essential characteristic of the suggestive methods is that the therapist takes over actively, at leas…

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Erwin Ringel, “Psychotherapy”, in: Sacramentum Mundi Online, General Editor Karl Rahner, SJ. Consulted online on 26 November 2022 <>
First published online: 2016

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