Sacramentum Mundi Online

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Sacrifice - Substitution (Representation)
(1,021 words)

Part of Sacrifice:

1. Concept of Sacrifice

2. Substitution (Representation)

3. Sacrifice of Christ

This notion derives in part from juris- prudence, where substitution (“proxy”) means acting in another’s stead. Reflection on this reality in human law shows that it has metaphysical implications which shed light on the primal religious value of the notion. Comparative religion shows that the idea of substitution is familiar not only at the (later) stage of magic (primitive totemism) but also in the sacrificial …

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Leo Scheffczyk, “Sacrifice - Substitution (Representation)”, in: Sacramentum Mundi Online, General Editor Karl Rahner, SJ. Consulted online on 29 November 2023 <>
First published online: 2016

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