Sacramentum Mundi Online

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(3,118 words)

1. The notion of scandal. a) Functional definition. The personal development of the individual, like the cultural evolution of groups, is affected both by endogenous impulses, like creative ideas and the force they generate, and by exegenous impact, such as example and scandal. So the development of spiritual existence and culture is hindered not only by innate incapacity or failure but also by faulty upbringing and education and by scandals. Scandal, then, plays an ambivalent psychological and social role which religion and morality must take into account.

We speak of scandal whe…

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Waldemar Molinski, “Scandal”, in: Sacramentum Mundi Online, General Editor Karl Rahner, SJ. Consulted online on 23 February 2024 <>
First published online: 2016

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