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(883 words)

Spinozism is the name given to a line of thought which goes back to Benedict (Baruch) de Spinoza (1632–77), combining elements of Jewish and neo-Platonic philosophy With Cartesian principles to form a rationalistic and monistic doctrine of salvation. Its central theme is based on the conviction of the essential unity of reality, which Spinoza reduces to a single substance, called Deus sive natura, God or nature. Thought and extension are not independent substances but “attributes” or aspects of substance; they embody two wholly parallel orders of the same …

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Valerio Verra, “Spinozism”, in: Sacramentum Mundi Online, General Editor Karl Rahner, SJ. Consulted online on 29 November 2023 <>
First published online: 2016

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