In Volume 3: Lexicography; Grammar; Prosody, and Poetics; Rhetoric, Riddles, and Chronograms; Ornate Prose; Proverbs; Tales
§ 171. The precise date of ʿAbd al-Wāsiʿ Hānsawī seems not to be recorded, but his Persian grammar, the “Risālah i ʿAbd al-Wāsiʿ” (see pl. iii § 194 infra), being based largely on the introduction to the Farhang i Ras̲h̲īdī (cf. Blochmann p. 246, Ivanow p. 693), must be later than 1064/1654 and his commentary on the Būstān1 must have been written before 1140/ 1727, the date of the India Office manuscript. Another work of his, the Zawāʾid al-fawāʾid, a vocabulary of Persian infinitives and mus̲h̲taqqāt,2 is preserved in the Panjāb University Library (see ocm. viii/2 p. 73).
G̲h̲arāʾib al-lug̲h̲āt (beg. Subḥāna Rabbika (or Subḥānaka) Rabbi ’l-ʿizzati ʿammā yaṣifūn … mī-gūyad giriftar i guftār u maʿnī u kirdār i lā yaʿnī ʿAbd al-Wāsiʿ i Hānsawī kih), a vocabulary of unusual Hindī, or, according to some catalogues, Urdu, words arranged according to the first letter only with Persian explanations: Eton 107 (before ad 1788), Ivanow Curzon 547 (late 18th cent.), 548 (defective at end. Early 19th cent.), Bānkīpūr ix 837 (19th cent.), 840 (3) (19th cent.), possibly also Āṣafīyah ii p. 1456 no. 267 (Farhang i s̲h̲arḥ al-asmāʾ).
Revised edition3 by Sirāj al-Dīn ʿAlī K̲h̲ān “Ārzū” (d. 1169/1756: see pl. i § 1149, etc.): [Taṣḥīḥ i4] G̲h̲arāʾib al-lug̲h̲āt (beg. Subḥānaka lā ʿilma lanā illā mā ʿallamtanā … Baʿd i ḥamd u sipās i Muʿallim al-asmāʾ… mī-gūyad faqīr Sirāj al-Dīn ʿAlī Ārzū tak̲h̲alluṣ): Bānkīpūr ix 838 ( ah 1227/1812), Ivanow 2nd Suppt. 969 (7) (early 19th cent.), Lahore Panjāb Univ. (2 copies, one dated 1237/1821–2. See ocm. viii/2 p. 71), Rieu iii 1030a (circ. ad 1844), ʿAlīgaṛh Subḥ. mss. p. 56 nos. 16, 21.
§ 172. Mīrzā Muḥammad b. Fak̲h̲r al-Dīn M. is mentioned, according to Rieu, in the Gul i raʿnā (cf. pl. i § 1165 (2)), where he is called Mīrzā K̲h̲ān b. F. al-D. M. (and so in some of the mss., but in Berlin 34 (1) Mīrzā Jān).
- Tuḥfat al-Hind (beg. al-Ḥ. l. R. al-ʿā…. a. b. c̲h̲unīn gūyad mast i bādah i had̲h̲ayān i bī-ḥadd), on some Hindu arts and sciences composed in ¶ ʿĀlamgīr’s reign [1069–1119/1659–1707]5 by desire of Kōkultās̲h̲ K̲h̲ān6 for the use of Prince M. Muʿizz al-Dīn Jahāndār S̲h̲āh7 and divided into a muqaddamah (on the Hindu alphabet and the principles of Bhākā (i.e. Hindī) grammar), seven bābs ((1) prosody (pingal), (2) rhyme (tuk), (3) rhetoric (alankār), (4) the theory of love (singār ras), (5) music (sangīt), (6) sexual science (kōk), (7) physiognomy (sāmudrik)) and a k̲h̲ātimah (a Hindi-Persian vocabulary). It is convenient to list here even the mss. that do not contain the k̲h̲ātīmah: Blochet i 235 (411 foll. Early 18th cent.), Ross and Browne 78 (431 foll. ms. notes by Sir W. Jones. ah 1182/1768–9), Ethé 2011 (defective ah 1194/1780), 2012 (Bāb v only. 126 foll.), 2013 (preface, Muqaddamah and K̲h̲ātimah as far as the letter pā), 2014 (extracts), 2442 (K̲h̲ātimah only. 335 foll.), Rieu i 61b (lacks Bābs vi, vii and K̲h̲ātimah. 18th cent.), Ivanow 1630 (18th cent.), Curzon 640, Berlin 34 (1) (lacks K̲h̲ātimah. ah 1209/1795), 1073 (defective at end), 1074 (lacunae), 1075 (Bāb v only. 82 foll.), Bānkīpūr ix 911–12 ( ah 1211/1797), Āṣafīyah ii p. 1766 no. 84, Bodleian 1763, 2011 (fragments of Bāb V. 18 foll.), iii 2769 (breaks off in Bāb vii), Browne Suppt. 288 (King’s 119), Kapūrt’halah 271 (see ocm. iv/1 p. 65).
§ 173. Appendix
- Lug̲h̲āt i Hindī: Āṣafīyah ii p. 1460 no. 286 ( ah 1045/1635–6).
^ Back to text6. I.e. doubtless, as W. Irvine argued (jras. 1898 pp. 373–1), ʿAlī Murād, Jahāndār S̲h̲āh’s foster-brother and right-hand man at Multan, entitled first Kōkultas̲h̲ K̲h̲ān and later K̲h̲ān i Jahān Ẓafar-Jang, who was killed at the Battle of Āgrah on 13 D̲h̲ū ’l-Ḥijjah 1124/12 January 1713 (see Maʾātt̲h̲i̲r al-umarāʾ i pp. 817–19, Beveridge’s trans. i pp. 196–7), not, as Rieu supposed, the earlier and much more distinguished Kōkultās̲h̲ K̲h̲ān (Mīr Malik Ḥusain K̲h̲wāfī), who likewise received later (in 1086/1675–6) the titles of K̲h̲ān i Jahān Ẓafar-Jang and who died in 1109/1697 (see Maʾāt̲h̲ir al-umarāʾ i pp. 798–813, Beveridge’s trans. i pp. 783–91).
^ Back to text7. Bahādur S̲h̲ah’s eldest son, who was born in 1073/1663 and reigned for nine months in 1124/1712–13. In some mss. (e.g. Bodleian iii 2769, Berlin 34 (1)) the dedication is to M. Aʿẓam S̲h̲āh. Aurangzēb’s third son.