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1.2 Law (2)
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In Volume 4: Law; Tradition; Religion; Sufism; Bahāʾism Prayers; Hinduism; Translations from Sanskrit, Hindi, and other Indian Languages, Ethics; Philosophy; Logic

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§ 127. Mīrzā M. ʿĪsā, known as (s̲h̲ahīr bi-) Mīrzā Buzurg and entitled Qāʾim-maqām, b. Ḥasan Ḥusainī Farāhānī was deputy (Qāʾim-maqām i ṣadārat i kubrā) to the Prime Minister (Ṣadr i aʿẓam) of Ād̲h̲arbāyjān, Mīrzā M. S̲h̲afīʿ Māzandarānī (Nāʾib-manāb i k̲h̲ilāfat i ʿuẓmā), when ʿAbbās Mīrzā b. Fatḥ-ʿAlī S̲h̲āh (d. 1249/1833) was Governor of the province. He died in 1237/1821–2 or 1238/1822–3.

[pl. i no. 432 1st footnote; Rauḍat al-ṣafā-yi Nāṣirī ix fol. 175 a (12th page from end); Majmaʿ al-fuṣaḥāʾ ii p. 425 (under Qāʾim-maqām Farāhānī); Ṭarāʾiq al-ḥaqāʾiq ii p. 123.]

(1)
Aḥkām al-jihād wa-asbāb al-ras̲h̲ād, known as Jihādīyah i kabīr (beg. Rabbanā afrig̲h̲ ʿalainā ṣabran … wa-baʿd bar rawān i dānis̲h̲mandān), in a muqaddamah, eight bābs and a k̲h̲ātimah, composed at the time of the Russo-Persian war: D̲h̲arīʿah i p. 296, Majlis ii 835 (211 foll.), Mas̲h̲had ii. fṣl. 5, mss., nos. 137 (209 foll.), 139 (117 foll.).
(2)
Jihādīyah i ṣaghīr (beg. Naḥmadu ’llāha ’l̕-wāḥida ’l-Qahhār): D̲h̲arīʿah v p. 297 no. 1397, Mas̲h̲had ii, fṣl. 5, mss., no. 140 (37 foll.).

Edition [presumably of the kabīrah or the sag̲h̲īrah]: Jihādīyah, Tabrīz ah 1234/1819 (Mas̲h̲had ii, fṣl. 5. ptd. bks., nos. 34–66.

§ 128. ʿAbd al- ʿAzīz b. Walī Allāh Dihlawī died in 1239/1824 (see pl. i no. 40).

(1)
Bayān i masāʾil i k̲h̲amr. Edition: place? Date? (Āṣafīyah ii p. 1112 no. 600).
(2)
C̲h̲ār bāb (beg. al-Ḥ. l. al-wāḥid al-aḥad wa-’l-ṣ. ʿalā Rasūlihi M.), a short work on Ḥanafī theology and law in four bābs ((1) dar bayān i ʿaqāʾid i ahl i sunnat u jamāʿat, (2) dar d̲h̲ikr masāʾil i ḍarūrīyah i fiqh c̲h̲unānc̲h̲ih wuḍūʾ u namāz u ṣaum u zakāt u ḥajj … (3) not marked in Bkp. ms., (4) dar baʿḍī naṣāʾiḥ u ḥikam …): Bānkīpūr Suppt. ii 2285 (foll. 1b–40b. ah 1242/1827).
(3)
Faiḍ i ʿāmm, “answers to questions on religious and secular matters” (Arberry): Lucknow 1291/1874* (16 pp. Gulzār i Ibrāhīm Pr. Cf. Āṣafīyah ii p. 1124, under Fiqh i Ḥanafī).
(4)
Fatāwī i ʿAzīzī: Āṣafīyah ii p. 1064 no. 78 (Majmūʿah i fatāwī i S̲h̲āh ʿA. al- ʿA. Dihlawī).

Edition (possibly not of the same collection as that in the Āṣafīyah ms): F. i ʿA., Delhi 1311–14/1894–70 (edited with biographies of the author and some of his relatives by M. ʿAbd al-Aḥad. 2 vols.).

Urdu translation: Majmūʿah i fatāwā-yi ʿAzīzī. Edition: place? date? (see Peshawar 698).

(5)
Ḥurmat i nān-pāō1 u afyūn u masāʾil i mutaʿalliq i ḥuqqah, by Maulānā ʿAbd al-ʿAlī, S̲h̲āh ʿAbd al-ʿAzīz and other ʿulamāʾ. Edition: place? 1268/1851–2 (Āṣafīyah ii p. 116 no. 174).
(6)
Masāʾil i mutaʿalliqah i ḥuqqah u ḥurmat i nān-pāō u afyūn u jauz u bang [identical with the preceding?], responsa in Persian and Arabic on the legality of smoking and using narcotics, collected and, where necessary, translated into Persian by M. ʿAbd al-Raḥmān K̲h̲ān b. M. Raus̲h̲an K̲h̲ān (cf. pl. i no. 570 1st par. and iv no. 160 infra). Cawnpore 1268/1852* (Muṣṭafāʾī Pr. 86 pp. Cf. Āṣafīyah ii p. 1126 no. 607).
(7)
Risālah i jawāz i nikāḥ i t̲h̲ānī:2 Āṣafīyah ii p. 1724 no. 15 (4) (ah 1283/1866–7).
(8)
Suʾāl u jawāb: ʿAlīgaṛh Subḥ. mss. p. 10 no. 39.

§ 129. Aḥmad b. Luṭf-ʿAlī Tabrīzī was a contemporary of Fatḥ-ʿAlī S̲h̲āh (1211–50/1797–1834).

Manāsik i ḥajj (beg. al-Ḥ. li-Rabb al-Ḥaram): Mas̲h̲had ii, fṣl. 5, mss., no. 428 (18 foll. ah 1236/1820–1).

§ 130. S. M. b. ʿAlī b. M. ʿAlī Ṭabāṭabāʾī Karbalāʾī, on his mother’s side a grandson of M. Bāqir b. M. Akmal Bihbahānī (for whom see pl. i no. 1575 2nd par. (4) and iv no. 97 supra) was born at Karbalāʾ about 1180/1766–7. He migrated hence to Iṣfahān, where pupils flocked to his lectures and where he wrote his Arabic work, the Mafātīḥ al-uṣūl.3 On hearing of his father’s death [which occurred in 1231/1816: see no. 119 supra] he returned to Karbalāʾ for a time and then moved to Kāẓimain. On the outbreak of war with Russia4 he went from Kāẓimain to Ṭihrān and, like Aḥmad Nirāqī, accompanied the army of ʿAbbās Mīrzā. On this account he is sometimes called Saiyid i Mujāhid or S. M. i Mujāhid. Depressed by the disastrous result of the war he fell ill at Tabrīz, when returning with the army, and died (at Qazwīn according to Rauḍāt al-jannāt 559 [bis] (iv 120) ult.) in 1242/1823–7 (see Rauḍat al-ṣafā-yi Nāṣiri ix fol. 135 b, l. 13, where “S. M. Iṣfahānī” is presumably S. M. Ṭabāṭabāʾī).

[Rauḍāt al-jannāt p. 559 [bis] (iv p. 120); Nujūm al-samāʾ pp. 363–5; Sipahsālār i pp. 534–6; Brockelmann Sptbd ii p. 825.]

(1)
Iṣlāḥ al-ʿamal an Arabic S̲h̲īʿite work on the ʿibādāt, i.ḥ. 227, Brockelmann Sptbd ii p. 826, D̲h̲arīʿah ii p. 170.

Persian translation: Ikmāl al-Iṣlāḥ (so D̲h̲arīʿah, but this title is not mentioned by the cataloguers), or Tarjamah i Iṣlāḥ al-ʿamal (beg. al-Ḥ. l. ’l. ars̲h̲adanā ilā iṣlāh al-aʿmāl), prepared at the author’s request by his pupil Ḥasan b. M. ʿAlī Yazdī: D̲h̲arīʿah ii p. 281 no. 1143, Berlin 196 (ah 1236/1820–1), 197 (defective at both ends), 198 (defective at end), Āṣafīyah ii p. 1186 no. 31 (ah 1239/1823–4), Mas̲h̲had ii, fṣl. 5, mss., no. 76 (ah 1240/1824–5), Ivanow 2nd Suppt. 1020 (ah 1284/1867?).

Persian abridgement: Miṣbāḥ al-ṭarīq (beg. al-Ḥ. l. ’l. iftataḥa lanā ṭarīq al-ʿamal), prepared, likewise at the author’s request, by the same translator and divided into five maqṣads ((1) ṭahārat, (2) namāz, (3) qalīlī az aḥkām i zakāt, (4) qalīlī az aḥkām i k̲h̲ums, (5) rūzah): Bodleian iii 2797 (96 foll.).

(2)
Iṣlāḥ i bandagān on the uṣūl i dīn and the ʿibādāt [abridgement by Abū ’l-Ḥasan al-Ḥusainī al-Iṣfahānī known as K̲h̲wus̲h̲-mazah5 (beg. al-Ḥ. l. R. al-ʿā. wa-’l-ʿāqibatuwa-laʿnat Allāh ʿalā aʿdāʾihim …): Berlin 199 (ah 1237/1821, possibly the date of completion, not transcription).

§ 131. Abū ’l-Ḥasan Ḥusainī Iṣfahānī known as K̲h̲wus̲h̲-mazah.

(1)
(Muk̲h̲taṣar i Iṣlāh i bandagān): see no. 130(2) supra.
(2)
(Risālah i wājibāt i namāz), dedicated to the mujtahid Āghā Mīr S. ʿAlī [probably S. ʿAlī b. M. ʿA. Ṭabāṭabāʾī, d. 1231/1816: cf. no. 119 supra]: Blochet iv 2182 (foll. 17–29. ah 1238/1823).

§ 132. Qāḍī M. Irtaḍā6 ʿAlī K̲h̲ān b. Muṣṭafā ʿAlī Khān Gōpāmawī died in 1251/1835–6 (see pl. i no. 1381).

(1)
Farāʾiḍ i Irtaḍīyah, (beg. Farḍ i ʿain ast ḥamd i Īzad i pāk … a. b. Īn risālah īst mausūmah ba-Farāʾiḍ i Irtaḍīyah), on the law of inheritance, composed in 1226/1811: Āṣafīyah ii p. 1122 nos. 391 (ah 1245/1829–30), 242 (ah 1287/1870), Ivanow 1st Suppt. 826 (1) (ah 1259/1843, apparently transcribed from the lithograph).

Edition: Furaiz-i-Irtazeeah: a treatise on the Mohammadan law of inheritance. By Moulavie Mohummud Irtaza Alee Khan Bahadur. Madrās 1825* (62 pp.).

(2)
Fatāwī i Irtaḍāʾīyah (Irtaḍīyah?): Āṣafīyah ii p. 1062 no. 97 (ah 1267/ 1851).

§ 133. M. Jalāl al-Dīn Miskīn7 known as (al-maʿrūf bah) Maulawī Allāh Wālī [sic?]

Jaiyid al-aḥkām fī bayān al-ḥalāl wa-ʾl-ḥarām, a Ḥanafī work composed in 1230/1815: Āṣafīyah ii p. 1116 nos. 351 (ah 1261/1845), 272 (ah 1265/1849), 299.

§ 134. M. G̲h̲aut̲h̲ ʿAlī b. Ḥāfiẓ M. Muʿizz Allāh was Qāḍī of the town of Farruk̲h̲ābād.

Fawāʾid al-muṣallī (beg. al-Ḥ. l. ’l. j. al-māʾa wa ’l-turāba ṭahūran), on the prayers and other observances, completed in 1237/1822 at the request of a friend named Bādil [?] S̲h̲āh: Bānkīpūr xiv 1242 (ah 1239/823–4).

§ 135. Aḥmad b. M. Mahdī b. Abī D̲h̲arr Nirāqī died in 1244/1828–9 or 1245/1829 (see pl ii no. 611).

(1)
(Muk̲h̲taṣar dar ʿibādāt)8 (beg. al-Ḥ. l. R. al-ʿā … wa-baʿd c̲h̲unīn gūyad bandah i gunahkār i s̲h̲armsār), composed later than the Wasīlat al-najāt and divided into five maqṣads ((1) dar muk̲h̲taṣarī az iʿtiqādāt i wājibah, (2) dar ṭahārat, (3) dar aḥkām i namāz, (4) dar aḥkām i rūzah, (5) dar zakāt i fiṭrah [fiṭrīyah?]): Berlin 40(2) (ah 1251/1835).
(2)
(Manāsik al-ḥajj)9 (beg. al-Ḥ. l. R. al-ʿā … a. b. c̲h̲unīn gūyad bandah i kamtar u d̲h̲arrah i aḥqar), in a muqaddamah, two maqṣads and a khātimah: Berlin 40(3) (ah 1251/1835).
(3)
Wasīlat al-najāt (beg. al-Ḥ. l. R. al-ʿā … a. b. k̲h̲ādim i s̲h̲arʿ i anwar), composed at the request of Fatḥ-ʿAlī S̲h̲āh Qājār [ah 1211–50/1797–1834] and, according to the preface, dealing in two mujallads with the masāʾil i ḍarūrīyah i dīn u furūʿ i ʿibādāt az ṭahārat u ṣalāt u ṣaum u zakāt u k̲h̲ums u ḥajj u jihād [but in the Sipahsālār ms. the kitāb i hajj is followed by a kitāb dar ādāb i k̲h̲wurdan u ās̲h̲āmīdan u s̲h̲ikār u kus̲h̲tār and there is no kitāb i jihād]: Sipahsālār i p. 554 no. 668 (both vols. 301 foll. ah 1243/1827–8).

§ 136. Hidāyat Allāh b. Mahdī s̲h̲ahīd K̲h̲urāsānī died in 1248/1832–3

[Maṭlaʿ al-s̲h̲ams (cited in Mas̲h̲had cat.).]

Hidāyat al-ʿawāmm (beg. al-Ḥ. l. ’l. j. lisān al-k̲h̲awāṣṣ), on ṭahārat and ṣalāt, a risālah i ʿamalīyah composed for the author’s own followers: Mas̲h̲had ii, fṣl. 5, mss., no. 469 (defective at end. 125 foll.).

§ 137. M. Ras̲h̲īd al-Dīn K̲h̲an Dihlawī died in 1249/1833–4 or in 1243/1827–8 (see pl. ii no. 824).

Ṣaulat i G̲h̲aḍanfarīyah u s̲h̲aukat i ʿUmarīyah, “surnamed” (laqabas̲h̲) Karrah i Ṣafdarīyah (beg. al-Ḥ. l. ’l. anzala ’l-Kitāba nūran mubīnan), a denunciation of the S̲h̲īʿite custom of mutʿah, or temporary marriage, written as a reply to the Bāriqah i ḍaig̲h̲amīyah of S. M. b. S. Dildār ʿAlī pl. iv no. 491(1) infra), which had been brought to Ras̲h̲īd al-Dīn K̲h̲ān in 1237/1821–2 by his pupil Maulawī Mamlūk ʿAlī with a request for its refutation: Bānkīpūr xvii 1631 (said in a note dated 1240/1824 to have been compared with an autograph), xiv 1336 (ah 1240/1824–5), 1335 (ah 1265/1849), Suppt. ii 2232 (19th cent.), Būhār 133 (19th cent.).

Edition: Lucknow (Dār al-salām Pr.) [184?*] (346 pp.).

Rejoinder to the Ṣaulat i G̲h̲aḍanfarīyah: al-Ḍarbat al-Ḥaidarīyah li-kasr al-S̲h̲aukat al-ʿUmarīyah (beg. al-Ḥ. l. ’l. hadānā li-dīnihi ’llad̲h̲ī ’ṣṭafāhu), written in 1238/1822–3 by “al-Saiyid Ḥamīd al-Dīn al-madʿū al-Saiyid Bāqir S̲h̲āh al-Naqawī al-Buk̲h̲ārī”, which is a pseudonym for S. M. b. Dildār ʿAlī (cf. pl. iv no. 491 infra and, for another use of his pseudonym, i.ḥ. 2224): i.ḥ. 2077, Mus̲h̲ār i 1081, Berlin 226 (ah 1239/1823–4. 573 foll.).

Editions: place? date? (Bustān i Murtaḍawī Pr. See ʿAlīgaṛh Subḥ. ptd. bks. p. 38 no. 14); Lucknow 1296/1879° (cf. Āṣafīyah ii p. 1350 nos. 232–3; Mus̲h̲ār i 1081).

§ 138. M. Nūr allāh b. M. Muqīm al-Dīn Aʿẓampūrī.

Izālat al-qināʿ ʿan wujūh al-samāʿ, on the legality of music, in a muqaddamah and three ifādahs, composed in 1244/1828–9 at the request of the author’s spiritual guide S̲h̲āh ʿAbd al-Raḥmān: Nad̲h̲īr Aḥmad 48 (Ḥāfiẓ Aḥmad ʿAlī K̲h̲ān’s library, Rāmpūr. ah 1255/1839).

§ 139. Mirzā10 Ḥasan ʿAlī i Sag̲h̲īr11 muḥaddit̲h̲ Lak’hnawī, surnamed (mulaqqab bah) Mīrak Jamāl al-Dīn [M. Hās̲h̲imī],12 known as (al-maʿrūf bi-) Mirzā, a Sunnī traditionist well known in his day, is said [incorrectly?] by Raḥmān ʿAlī (p. 48) to have died at Lucknow towards the end of the reign of Naṣīr al-Dīn Ḥaidar, King of Oudh [1243–53/1827–37].

Tuḥfat al-mus̲h̲tāq fī bayān al-nikāḥ wa-’l-ṣadāq: Āṣafīyah ii p. 1114 no. 457 (ah 1266/1849–50).

Editions: [Lucknow] 1264/1848* (Muḥammadī Pr. 18 pp.); Lucknow 1265/1849 (Muṣṭafāʾī Pr. See ʿAlīgaṛh Subḥ. ptd. bks. p. 40 no. 7).

§ 140. Āqā M. Jaʿfar b. M. ʿAlī b. Waḥīd i Bihbahānī13 was born at Kāẓimain, died in 1254/1838–9 and is buried at Kirmāns̲h̲āh near his father. For his brother, Aḥmad, see pl. i no. 1575.

[Mirʾāt al-aḥwāl i jahān-numā (quoted in Nujūm al-samāʾ p. 380); Rauḍāt al-jannāt iv p. 12220; Mas̲h̲had v p. 377.]

Tuḥfat al-abrār, answers to questions, mainly legal, dedicated to M. ʿAlī Mīrzā b. Fatḥ-ʿAlī S̲h̲āh, Governor of Kirmāns̲h̲āh, and divided into several volumes,14 of which the first was completed in 1227/1812: D̲h̲arīʿah iii p. 404 no. 1452, Mas̲h̲had v p. 377 no. 539 (vol. i. ah 1233/1818).

§ 141. It appears from i.ḥ. 496 (Taḥkīm al-Amānī that M. Amān was a pseudonym adopted by S. Niẓām al-Dīn, a pupil of S. Dildār ʿAlī and one of the co-authors of the Maṭāriq al-ḥaqq wa-’l-yaqīn (i.ḥ. 2971). He is not one of the six pupils of S. Dildār ʿAlī mentioned in the Nujūm al-samāʾ (p. 34913–20), and the works described below are not recorded by Iʿjāz Ḥusain.

(1)
Ajwibat al-sāʾilīn (beg. al-Ḥ. l…. a. b. aḥqar al-nās M. Amān), questions and answers compiled by M. Amān from the lectures of S. Dildār ʿAlī in the lifetime of the latter and divided into seven faṣls and a k̲h̲ātimah: Ivanow 2nd Suppt. 1016 (mid–19th cent.).
(2)
Fawāʾid i Muḥammadīyah (beg. Naḥmaduka yā Man jaʿala al-nikāḥ), on S̲h̲īʿite marriage, in a muqaddimah, several fāʾidahs and a k̲h̲ātimah: Ivanow 2nd Suppt. 1018 (mid–19th cent.).
(3)
Zād al-rāḥilīn (beg. al-Ḥ. l. ʿalā ālāʾihi wa-’l-s…. fa-baʿd c̲h̲unīn mī-gūyad Abū M. al-mus̲h̲tahir bi-M. A.), on S̲h̲īʿite burial, in unnumbered chapters headed zād and a K̲h̲ātimah: Ivanow 2nd Suppt. 1017 (ah 1244/1829).

§ 142. S. M. b. Mīrzā Maʿṣūm Riḍawī known as M. Qaṣīr Mas̲h̲hadī, was Muftī at Mas̲h̲had and died in 1253/1837 or 1255/1839.

[Nujūm al-samāʾ pp. 378–9; Aḥsan al-wadīʿah i pp. 15–18.]

Lawāmiʿ al-Riḍawīyah fī aḥkām al-s̲h̲arʿīyah (beg. al-H. l. ʿalā mā anʿam kamā ʿallama ’l-insāna mā lam yaʿlam): i.ḥ. 2712, Sipahsālār i pp. 506–8 no. 621 (ṭahārat, ṣalāt, ṣaum, and k̲h̲ums. Note apparently by the author on p. 1), Bānkīpūr xiv 1277 (ṭahārat, ṣalāt, k̲h̲ums and ṣaum. ah 1249/1833–4).

§ 143. [Muftī] S̲h̲araf al-Dīn M. Rāmpūrī was the author of a work entitled Sirāj al-mīzān on logic, of a commentary on the Sullam al-ʿulūm (cf. Brockelmann Sptbd. ii p. 62329) and of Some fatāwā. In the year 1256/1840, when travelling from Calcutta to Rāmpūr, he visited Raḥmān ʿAlī’s elder brother at Fatḥpūr Hanswah (Haswah), and Raḥmān ʿAlī, who was then a boy [eleven years old: see pl. i no. 1539], remembered him as a swarthy, grey-bearded, thin and feeble old man of middle stature. He does not mention the date of his death.

[Raḥmān ʿAlī p. 84.].

Masāʾil i fiqh (beg. Ḥ. i bī-ḥ. mar Ḥakīmī rā kih ba-ḥikmat … gūyad … S̲h̲. al-D. M…. kih dar san15 i yak-hazār u [d̲ū] ṣad u c̲h̲ihil), solutions of forty legal problems disputed among the legists of Delhi composed for Nawwāb Aḥmad ʿAlī K̲h̲ān [who died in 1839: see pl. i no. 917]: Ivanow 2nd Suppt. 999.

§ 144. M. Mahdī b. M. S̲h̲afīʿ Astarābādī, born in Māzandarān, was a pupil of S. ʿAlī Ṭabāṭabāʾī (for whom see no. 119 supra) and for a time lived at Kirmāns̲h̲āhān, but about 1240/1824–5 he settled in Lucknow and he died there in D̲h̲ū ’l-Qaʿdah 1259/Nov.-Dec. 1843.

[Nujūm al-samāʾ pp. 395–7; Brockelmann Sptbd ii p. 854.]

(1)
Istiḥkām dar bayān i mujmalī az masāʾil i ṣiyām (beg. al-Ḥ. l. ’l. j. al-ṣauma junnatan min al-nār), Composed in 1243/1827–8 and divided into fourteen short faṣls: Ivanow 2nd Suppt. 1058 (3) (ah 1250/1835).
(2)
Kunūz dar ādāb i nawāfil i s̲h̲abānah-rūz (beg Naḥmaduka ’llāhumma Rabbanā), divided into five ganjs: Ivanow 2nd Suppt. 1058 (2) (ah 1250/1834–5).
(3)
Najm al-muʾmin (beg. Ḥ. i nā- maḥdūd lāʾiq i Maʿbūd), questions and answers on a variety of subjects, dedicated to Najm al-Daulah Mumtāz al-Mulk Muʾmin K̲h̲ān [b.?] Fatḥ-ʿAlī K̲h̲ān, usually called Dilāwar-Jang, of ʿAẓīmābād: i.ḥ. 3248, Ivanow 2nd Suppt. 1058 (4) (defective at end. Probably 1250/1835), 1059 (mid-19th cent.).
(4)
Risālah i mumtāz dar masāʾil i namāz (beg. Ḥ. u sp. K̲h̲udāwandī-rā sazāst kih dūr ast), composed in 1237/1821 and divided into a muqaddamah, four faṣls and a k̲h̲ātimah: Ivanow 2nd Suppt. 1058 (1) (ah 1250/1834).

§ 145. Ḥājī M. Imām al-Dīn K̲h̲ān flourished under Sirāj al-Umarāʾ Nawwāb Aʿẓam-Jāh of the Carnatic [cf. pl. i no. 1086 2nd par.].

Risālah i auqāt i ṣalāt, on the times of prayer, the ascertainment of the qiblah, composed in 1244/1828–9: Madrās ii 548 (17 pp. Probably autograph).

§ 146. S. Kāẓim b. Qāsim Ras̲h̲tī, Aḥmad Aḥsāʾī’s successor as leader of the S̲h̲aik̲h̲ī sect, died in 1259/1843 at Karbalā [cf. pl. i no. 1411 (73), (116); Brockelmann Sptbd. ii pp. 794, 845; Mas̲h̲had iv p. 10.]

Ajwibat al-masāʾil (beg. Suʾāl: Wa-mā yaqūlu saiyidunā fī ’l-ijtihād), answers in Persian and Arabic to various legal questions: Mas̲h̲had v p. 356 no. 483 (218 foll. ah 1257/1841).

§ 147. Ḥujjat al-Islām S. M. Bāqir b. M. Naqī16 al-Hās̲h̲imī al-ʿAlawī al-Ḥusainī al-Mūsawī (al-nasab) al-S̲h̲aftī al-Ras̲h̲tī al-Jīlānī (al-aṣl wa-’l-laqab) al-G̲h̲arawī al-Ḥāʾirī al-Kāẓimī (al-ʿilm wa-’l-adab) al-ʿIrāqī al-Iṣfahānī al-Bīdābādī (al-mans̲h̲aʾ wa-’l-mauṭin wa-’l-madfan) spent eight years in study at the Holy cities of ʿIrāq and six months at Qum with Abū ’l-Qāsim al-Qummī (for whom see no. 122 supra). He died on 2 Rabīʿ i 1260/22 March 1844 and was buried in the precincts of the mosque (known as the Masjid i Saiyid) built at his expense (ah 1245/1829–30 onwards) in the Bīdābād quarter of Iṣfahān.

[Rauḍāt al-jannāt pp. 124–6; Qiṣaṣ al-ʿulamāʾ pp. 108–33; Browne Lit. Hist. iv pp. 368, 410; Brockelmann Sptbd. ii p. 827; Sipahsālār i pp. 422–4; Hadīyat al-aḥbāb p. 140; Tārīk̲h̲ i ʿulamāʾ u s̲h̲uʿarā-yi Gīlān p. 30; Mas̲h̲had v pp. 377–8.]

(1)
Tuḥfat al-abrār al-multaqaṭ min āt̲h̲ār al-Aʾimmat al-Aṭhār (beg. al-Ḥ. l. ’l. tawaḥḥada bi-’l-mulk fa-lā nidda lahu), on the ṣalāt, in a muqaddamah, several bābs and a k̲h̲ātimah: i.ḥ. 473, D̲h̲arīʿah iii p. 404 no. 1451, Ivanow Curzon 395 (defective at end. Early 19th cent.), Mas̲h̲had v p. 377 no. 540 (ah 1242/1826), p. 378 no. 541 (ah 1253/1838), Majlis ii 836 (approved by author in 1248/1832–3), 837 (ah 1259/1843), Leningrad Univ. 1054 (ah 1243/1827–8. Romaskewicz p. 4), Āṣafīyah ii p. 1186 no. 17 (ah 1244/1828–9), Bānkīpūr xiv 1266 (19th cent.).

Abridgments:

(a) Muk̲h̲taṣar i Tuḥfat al-abrār (beg. Bāb i awwal dar bayān i muqaddamāt ast u dar ān c̲h̲and faṣl ast), by an unknown epitomator: Sipahsālār i p. 508 no. 622 (n.d.).

(b) al-Wajīzah (dar ṣalāt i yaumīyah), (beg. Naḥmaduka ’llāhumma ’jʿalnā li-anʿumika min al-s̲h̲ākirīn), by M. Jaʿfar b. M. Ṣafī Fārsī [Ābādaʾī], one of M. Bāqir Ras̲h̲tī’s pupils, Muftī at Iṣfahān, d. 1280/1863–4 (see Rauḍāt al-jannāt p. 15414; al-Maʾāt̲h̲ir wa-’l-āthār p. 146; Qiṣaṣ al-ʿulamāʾ (at end of biog. of M. ʿAlī Hazārjarībī); Aḥsan al-wadīʿah i pp. 38–40): D̲h̲arīʿah iii p. 403 no, 1450 (T. al-a.), Berlin 206, Mas̲h̲had ii, fṣl. 5, mss., nos. 466–7.

Edition: [Persia] (date? Mas̲h̲had v p. 636).

(2)
Suʾāl u jawāb i S. M. Bāqir i Ras̲h̲tī (beg. Muqaddimah fī ’l-uṣūl. Suʾāl: Har-gāh s̲h̲ak̲h̲ṣī taqlīd i mujtahidī rā az mujtahidīn zāda ’llāhu amt̲h̲ālahum numāyad), answers to more than a thousand legal questions including a number of tracts with their own ḥamdalahs, (e.g. Risālah dar waqf, Risālah dar wujūb i iqāmah i ḥudūd dar zāmān i G̲h̲aibat, Risālah dar ḥukm i ziyārat i ʿĀs̲hūrāʾ, etc.), in two volumes ((1) ṭahārat to wadīʿah, (2) ʿāriyah to ḥudūd with a k̲hātimah dar mutafarriqāt), composed partly at least in 1236/1820–1 (see Browne Lit. Hist. iv p. 379 n.): Sipahsālār i pp. 422–5 nos. 508 (apparently corrected by author), 509 (ṭahārat, ṣalāt, zakāt, k̲h̲ums, ṣaum and nikāḥ only), Ivanow Curzon 385, probably also Āṣafīyah iii p. 478 no. 147 (Majmaʿ al-masāʾil, by m.b.r.).

Editions of Vol. i only (lacking some of the matter contained in the Sipahsālār mss.): [Iṣfahān?] 1247/1831–2°17 (ʿAbd al-Razzāq’s Pr. See Sipahsālār i p. 42313, Mas̲h̲had v p. 584); Ṭihrān18 1254–1838 (contains additional matter. See Sipahsālār ibid.).

Description of Vol. i: Browne Lit.Hist. iv pp. 378–81 (cf. A Year amongst the Persians p. 555).

Abridgment by the author himself: Muk̲h̲taṣar i Suʾāl u jawāb i Ḥujjat al-Islām i Ras̲h̲tī (beg. Suʾāl: Har-gāh s̲h̲ak̲h̲ṣī taqlīd i mujtahidī rā numūd): Sipahsālār i p. 509 no. 623.

(3)
Muk̲h̲taṣar i fatāwī i M. Bāqir i Ras̲h̲tī (beg. al-Ḥ. l…. a. b. Īn muk̲h̲taṣarīst az fatāwī i … M. B. al-R.): Ivanow 2nd Suppt. 1044 foll. 53B–70 marg.
(4)
Risālah i aḥkām i ṣalāt, by “ʿAllāmah i Ḥājī S. M. Bāqir Ṣāḥib i mujtahid” [presumably M.B. Ras̲h̲tī]: Āṣafīyah ii p. 1186 no. 19.

§ 148. M. Ibrāhīm al-Iṣfahānī b. M. Ḥasan al-K̲h̲urāsānī [al-Kirbāsī]19 was born in 1180/1766 at Iṣfahān, to which his father had mignated from al-Kāk̲h̲ in K̲h̲urāsān. In the Rauḍāt al-jannāt (p. 1033) he is described as resident at Iṣfahān, leading the prayers and teaching in the Masjid al-Ḥakīm. According to the Qiṣaṣ al-ʿulamāʾ, of which the author, a pupil of his, writes his nisbah klbāsī, he died in 1262/1846 (Q. al-ʿu. p. 94). In Mas̲h̲had v p. 359 the date of his death is given as 8 Jumādā i 1261/15 May 1845.

[Hadīyat al-aḥbāb p. 246; Brockelmann Sptbd. ii p. 828.]

(1)
Irs̲h̲ād al-mustars̲h̲idīn (beg. al-Ḥ. l. R. al-ʿā. wa-’l-s. ʿalā S. al-awwalīn wa-’l-āk̲h̲irīn wa-ālihi ’l-ṭāhirīn al-mubālig̲h̲īn), a law-book in a muqaddamah (dar tanbīh i g̲h̲āfilīn, on the need of a duly qualified mujtahid), four maqṣads (of which the first, subdivided into manhajs, is concerned with ʿibādāt) and a k̲h̲ātimah: i.ḥ. 174, D̲h̲arīʿah i p. 520 no. 2538, Rieu i 26 b (only the muqaddamah and the first manhaj (on the namāz) of Maqṣad i. ah 1233/1818), Mas̲h̲had v p. 359 no. 494 (Muqaddamah and first manhaj of Maqṣad i. ah 1234/1818), Berlin 190 (divisions not clear. ah 1256/1840), Leningrad Univ. no. 1085 (Romaskewicz p. 3).
(2)
Nuk̲h̲bah (beg. Ḥ. u t̲h̲. i bī ḥadd u iḥsā mak̲h̲ṣūṣ i bārgāh), in two maqṣads ((1) ṭahārat, (2) namāz):20 i.ḥ. 3251, Bānkīpūr xiv 1276 (ah 1244/1829), Āṣafīyah iii p. 478 no. 152 (ah 1278/1861–2).

Editions: Lucknow 1299/1882⁰* (with Mulḥaqāt i Nuk̲h̲bah by S. Mahdī Yazdī. 243 pp.); Bombay 1310/1892⁰ (151 pp.); 1311/1894⁰(144 pp.); 1316/1898⁰ (152 pp.).

§ 149. Abū Sulaimān M. Isḥāq b. M. Afḍal Fārūqī Muḥaddit̲h̲ Dihlawī was the pupil and successor (s̲h̲āgird u jā-nis̲h̲īn) of S̲h̲āh ʿAbd al-ʿAzīz Dihlawī (cf. pl. i no. 40), who was his maternal grandfather. He migrated to Mecca and died there in 1262/1846. Of his works Raḥmān ʿAlī mentions Masāʾil i arbaʿīn and Iftā-yi Hindī.

[Ḥadāʾiq al-Ḥanafīyah p. 474; Raḥmān ʿAlī p. 178.]

(1)
Īḍāḥ al-ḥaqq al-ṣarīḥ fī aḥkām al-maiyit wa-’l-ḍarīḥ: Āṣafīyah ii p. 1332 no. 578.

Edition: place? 1297/1880 (Āṣafīyah ii p. 1332 no. 748).

(2)
Majmūʿah i fatāwī wa-g̲h̲airah: Āṣafīyah ii p. 1126 no. 442.
(3)
Masāʾil i arbaʿīn fī bayān i sunnah i Saiyid al-mursalīn (beg. al-Ḥ. l. ’l. k̲h̲. min al-māʾ bas̲h̲aran), answers to forty questions asked by M. K̲h̲ān i zamān K̲h̲ān b. M. Yār K̲h̲ān, of Bhīkampūr about the teaching of the Prophet concerning marriage and burial, compiled in 1255/1839 by S. Abū M. Jālēsarī: Āṣafīyah ii p. 1112 no. 446 (ah 1260/1844), Ivanow Curzon 362 (ah 1261/1845) Bānkīpūr xiv 1240 (19th cent.).

Edition: [Delhi] Muḥammadī Pr. 1260/1844* (49 pp.).

(4)
Miʾat al-masāʾil fī taḥṣīl al-faḍāʾil bi-’l-adillat al-s̲h̲arʿīyah wa-tark al-umūr al-manhīyah (beg. Ḥ. i bī-ḥ. Wāḥid i ḥaqīqī rā sazad), answers to one hundred questions concerning customs, rites, observances and beliefs of doubtful legality, compiled in 1245/1829–30 by the answerer’s pupil Aḥmad Allāh b. Dalīl Allāh Ṣiddīqī Adnāmī:21 Bānkīpūr xiv 1246 (ah 1249/1833), 1245 (19th cent.), Suppt. ii 2185 (ah 1252/1836), ʿAlīgaṛh Subḥ. mss. p. 9 no. 16 (ah 1253/1837), Āṣafīyah ii p. 1124. no. 427 (ah 1279/1862–3).

Editions: Lucknow n. k. 1294/ 1877⁰* (124 pp.); 1892† (N.K: 4th ed.).

Criticism: Taṣḥīḥ al-Masāʾil, by M. Faḍl al-Rasūl [b. ʿAbd al-Majīd] Badāyūnī:22 Āgrah 1266/1850* (308 pp.).

§ 150. S. Maḥbūb ʿAlī Ḥanafī.

(Miʾat masʾalah), (beg. al-Ḥ. l. wa-’l-minnah kih dar-īn aiyām), answers to one hundred questions asked by a number of Indian Sunnīs disgusted with the illegal principles and practices of ignorant dervishes, compiled in 1245/1829–30 by Bahādur K̲h̲ān Ḥanafī Raḥīmpūrī: Bānkīpūr xiv 1244 (ah 1249/1833).

§ 151. M. Jaʿfar Astarābādī lived for many years at Karbalāʾ but at the time of Dāwud Pās̲h̲ā’s siege he migrated to Ṭihrān and died there on 10 Ṣafar 1263/28 January 1847.

[Raudāt al-jannāt pp. 153–4, Qisas al-ʿulamāʾ p. 81, Nujūm al-samāʾ p. 414, Sipahsālār i pp. 171–2; Brockelmann ii p. 829.]

(1)
Jāmiʿ i Muḥammadī, dedicated to Muḥammad S̲h̲āh Qājār (ah 1250 64/1834 48). Edition, place?, date? (Mashhad ii, fsl. 5, Ptd. bks, no. 67 (defective at end)).
(2)
(Risālah dar bayān i aḥkām i ḍarūrīyah i ʿumrah i tamattuʿ u hajj i tamattuʿ) (beg. al-Ḥ. l. ʿalā nawālihi), a short tract. Berlin 213 (17 foll.).

§ 152. Mīrzā ʿAbbās “Fak̲h̲rī” b. Muslim Bayāt23 Īrawānī,24 known as Ḥājī Mīrzā Āqāsī,25 migrated from Erivan after its cession to Russia and settled in Tabrīz, where he became tutor to the sons of ʿAbbās Mīrzā Nāʾib al-Salṭanah. When Abū ’l-Qāsim Qāʾim-maqām was put to death in 1251/1835 (cf. pl. i no. 432), Muḥammad S̲h̲āh appointed him Prime Minister, an office for which he was ill-qualified. On the accession of Nāṣir al-Dīn S̲h̲ah [1264/1848] he resigned and went to Karbalā, where he died in 1265/1849.

[Rauḍat al-ṣafā-yi Nāṣirī x fol. 6 b, l. 5 sq., Riyād al-ʿārifīn pp. 475–8 (under “Fak̲h̲rī”); Majmaʿ al-fuṣaḥāʾ ii pp. 388–90, R.G. Watson History of Persia pp. 288–9, Browne A year amongst the Persians pp. 116–17, Browne Lit. Hist. iv p. 147; Farhang i Nafīsī i pp. 37–8.]

Sihām i ʿAbbāsīyah (beg. Sp. u st. mar K̲h̲udāy-rā sazā-st kih ḥuṣūn), doubtless a jihādīyah (cf. pl. iv no. 127 supra) composed at the time of the Russo-Persian war: Mas̲h̲had ii, fṣl. 5, mss., no. 245 (97 foll.).

§ 153. Mīrzā M., known as Qaṣīr, b. Ḥabīb Allāh Riḍawī Mas̲h̲hadī, a Mudarris at the shrine of the Imām Riḍā, died in Rajab 1266/May-June 1850 (see Mas̲h̲had iv p. 140).

(1)
Ajwibat al-masāʾil (beg. Suʾāl. C̲h̲ih mī-farmāyand ʿulamā-yi Imāmīyah), answers in Persian and Arabic to varions legal questions, Mas̲h̲had v p. 356 & no. 484 (234 foll.).
(2)
Manāsik i ḥajj (beg. al-Ḥ. l. ’l. baraʾa ’l-nasam), composed in 1240/1824–5 and divided into a muqaddamah and two maṭlabs, Mas̲h̲had v p. 515 no. 860 (45 foll. ah 1252/1836).

§ 154. M. Ḥasan b. M. Bāqir Iṣfahānī Najafī, known as Ṣāḥib al-Jawāhir [i.e. Jawāhir al-kalām fī s̲h̲arḥ S̲h̲arāʾiʿ al-Islām: see Brockelmann Sptbd. i p. 71216], died on 1 S̲h̲aʿbān 1266/12 June 1850, or 1264/ 3 July 1848, or in 1268/1851–2 (see Hadīyat al-aḥbāb p. 192, Mas̲h̲had v p. 402).

Najāt al-ʿibad fī yaum al-maʿād, a short collection of Arabic fatwās. See Mas̲h̲had v p. 525.

Persian translations:

(1)
Tarjamah i N. al-ʿi, by S̲h̲aik̲h̲ al-ʿIrāqain S̲h̲. ʿAbd al Ḥusain [b. ʿAlī] Tihrānī, who died at Karbalāʾ on 22 Ramaḍān 1286/26 Dec. 1869. Tihrān 1322/1904–5 (followed by the Uṣūl al-ʿaqāʾid of M. b. ʿAlī Akbar Turs̲h̲īzī. Mas̲h̲had v p. 547).
(2)
Manhaj al-sadād, by M. Ṣādiq Wāʿiẓ, who was alive when his translation was published. Tihrān 1301/1883–4 (with notes by Murtaḍā Anṣārī and M. Ḥasan S̲h̲īrāzī. Mas̲h̲had v p. 629).

§ 155. M. ʿAlī Zanjānī, an Ak̲h̲bārī who became a convert to Bābism, died from a wound at Zanjān on 25 Ṣafar 1267/30 December 1850 (see Tārīk̲h̲ i jadīd, tr. Browne, pp. 135–69 and elsewhere).

Raiḥānat al-ṣudūr, an exposition of the view that Ramaḍān always has thirty days, composed in 1259/1843, before the author’s conversion to Bābism, and dedicated to M. S̲h̲āh Qājār. Sipahsālār i pp. 416–18 no. 503 (139 foll. ah 1259/1843, said to be autograph).

§ 156. S. Jaʿfar “Kas̲h̲fī” b. Abī Isḥāq Mūsawī Dārābī Burūjirdī died in 1267/1851.

[Nujūm al-samāʾ p. 419, al-Maʾāt̲h̲ir wa-’l-āt̲h̲ār p. 156; Fārs-nāmah i Nāṣirī ii p. 178, Āt̲h̲ār i ʿAjam p. 103, Ṭarāʾiq al-ḥaqāʾiq iii p. 211; Majlis ii pp. 76–7, Brockelmann Sptbd. ii p. 830.]

Kifāyat al-aitām fī maʿrifat al-aḥkām, composed at the request of S̲h̲āh-zādah M. Taqī Mīrzā and divided into three fanns ((1) ʿibādāt, (2) muʿāmalāt, (3) aḥkām): Majlis ii 842 (Fann i only. 201 foll. Not later than 1259/1843). A complete ms. in the possession of the author’s grandson and an autograph ms. of Vol. i also in private possession are mentioned in the Majlis catalogue.

§ 157. Maulawī K̲h̲ādim Ahmad Farangī-Maḥallī b. M. Ḥaidar b. M. Mubīn used, like his ancestors, to deliver sermons (waʿẓ) in the mosque at Farangī Maḥall.26 He died on 12 D̲hū ’l-Ḥijjah 1271/26 August 1855.

[Raḥmān ʿAlī p. 56; Ḥadāʾiq al-Ḥanafīyah (in Urdu) p. 476.]

(1)
Hidāyat al-anām fī it̲h̲bāt taqlīd al-aʾimmat al-kirām (beg. Rabbanā innanā āmannā fa ’g̲h̲fir lanā d̲h̲unūbanā27), on the necessity of obeying the four Sunnī Imāms: Bānkīpūr xvii 1707 (19th cent.).
(2)
Iʿlām al-hudā fī taḥrīm al-mazāmīr wa-’l-g̲h̲inā (beg. al-Ḥ. l. ’l. nawwara qulūb al-muʾminin), on the illegality of music and singing, composed in 1260/1844 and divided into a muqaddamah, five faṣls and a k̲h̲ātimah. Bānkīpūr xvii 1709 (19th cent.).

§ 158. Saiyīd al-ʿulamāʾ S. Ḥusain b. Dildār ʿAlī Naṣīrābādī, the fifth and youngest son of S. Dildār ʿAlī (for whom see pl. i no. 1576 2nd par. and especially iv no. 451 infra), was born on 14 Rabīʿ al-T̲h̲ānī 1211/17 Oct. 1796, was taught by his father, reached the martabat al-ijtihād at the age of seventeen, and died in 1273/1856–7 (so Aḥsan al-wadīʿah i p. 58), or 1271/1354–5 (so Hidāyat Ḥusain in his preface to Iʿjāz Ḥusain’s Kas̲h̲f al-ḥujub p. 5 n. 1), or 1272/1855–6 (Āṣafīyah ii p. 1339).

[A biography, Aurāq al-d̲h̲ahab, apparently in Arabic, completed in 1264/1848 by his pupil Muftī S. M. ʿAbbās S̲h̲ūs̲h̲tarī (cf. pl. iv no. 196 infra), is mentioned by i.ḥ. (cf. D̲h̲arīʿah ii. p. 475 ult.); biography appended to the 1304 edition of part of the Ḥadīqah i sulṭānīyah; Aḥsan al-wadīʿah i pp. 56–8; Brockelmann Sptbd. ii p. 853.]

Rauḍat al-aḥkām fī masāʾil al-ḥalāl wa-’l-ḥarām, (presumably a translation, since i.ḥ. does not describe the R. al-a. as a Persian work) on S̲h̲īʿite law; according to Aḥsan al-wadīʿah i p. 57 four volumes were published ((1) ṭahārah, (2) ṣalāt, (3) ṣaum, (4) mawārīt̲h̲ and part of ḥajj): i.ḥ. 1594, Āṣafīyah ii p. 1188 no. 25, Ivanow 2nd Suppt. 1050 (a fragment of 11 pp. on ṭahārat).

Editions: Lucknow 1257/1842* (M. Ḥusain’s Press. 114 pp.); 1263/1847 (vol.? Muḥammadīyah Pr. See ʿAlīgaṛh Subḥ. ptd. bks. p. 41 no. 41); 1264/1848 (jild iv (Mīrāt̲h̲). Muḥammadīyah Pr. See ʿAlīgaṛh Subḥ. ptd. bks. p. 40 no. 21. Cf. Mas̲h̲had ii, fṣl. 5, ptd. bks., no. 87(?)); 1265/1849 (Aḥkām i namāz. Muḥammadīyah Pr. See ʿAlīgaṛh … p. 41 nos. 30, 32, 44. Cf. Mas̲h̲had ii, fṣl. 5, ptd. bks., no. 87; Mus̲h̲ār i 858).

§ 159. M. S̲h̲ākir ʿAlī was a pupil of K̲h̲ādim Aḥmad Farangī-Maḥallī (who died in 1271/1855. See pl. iv no. 157 supra).

Fawāʾid laṭīfah fī taʾyīd mad̲h̲hab Abī Ḥanīfah (beg. al-Ḥ. l. R. al-ʿā…. a.b. mī-gūyad.. M. S̲h̲. ʿA.), on the Ḥanafī practice of placing the hands below the navel when in the standing position (qiyām) after the takbīr i taḥrīmah at the daily prayers (see Hughes Dictionary of Islam p. 466 a). Bānkīpūr xvii 1708 (ah 1261/1845).

§ 160. M ʿAbd al-Raḥmān K̲h̲ān b. M. Raus̲h̲an K̲h̲ān, brother of the printer M. Muṣṭafā K̲h̲ān, was alive in 1267/1851 (see pl. i no. 570).

(1)
Masāʾil i mutaʿalliqah i ḥuqqahsee pl. iv no. 128(6) supra.
(2)
Zubdat al-naṣāʾiḥ fī masāʾil al-d̲h̲abāʾiḥ, Cawnpore 1267/1851* (Muḥammadī Pr. 144 pp.); and also in a majmūʿah (place? date?) called Majmūʿah i ʿumdat al-biḍāʿah in the Peshawar catalogue (no. 491), for the contents of which See pl. iv no. 165(6) infra.

§ 161. M. Karāmat ʿAlī [b. Ḥayāt ʿAlī] Dihlawī (cf. pl i no. 33 Persian translations (2) and, for his son ʿInāyat ʿAlī, pl. iv no. 209 infra).

Risālah i fiqh, Āṣafīyah ii p. 1120 no. 408 (3 bābs. ah 1254/1838).

§ 162. S. Abū Ṭālib b. M. Riḍā Ḥasanī Ḥusainī.

Risālah dar jawāz i taqlīd i maiyit28 (beg. al-Ḥ. li-man yaqḍī bi-’l-ḥaqq), Arabic text and Persian translation (probably by the author himself), composed not earlier than 1250/1834, the date of the accession of M. S̲h̲āh Qājār, who is mentioned in the preface, and not later than 1255/1839, the date of the mss. Majlis ii 839–40 (foll. 39 (Arabic text), 22 (translation). ah 1255/1839), Berlin 220 (ah 1255/1839).

§ 163. Muftī Badr al-Daulah Qāḍī ’l-Mulk M. Ṣibg̲h̲at Allāh b. M. G̲h̲aut̲h̲ died in 1280/1863–429 (see pl. i nos. 297, 652, 1668 (25)).

(1)
Risālah dar jawāz i guftan anā muʾminun in s̲h̲āʾa ’llāh taʿālā: Place? [doubtless Madrās] 1318/1900–1 (Āṣafīyah ii p. 1118).
(2)
Risālah dar ruʾyat i hilāl, on the determination of the exact time of the new moon and the ceremonies connected therewith: Madrās 1319/1901* (ʿAzīzī Pr. 40 pp. Cf. Āṣafīyah ii p. 1118, iii p. 746).

§ 164. Mīrzā ʿAskarī b. Hidāyat Allāh b. M. Mahdī s̲h̲ahīd Ḥusainī Mas̲h̲hadī was born in 1211/1796 and died 14 S̲h̲awwāl 1280/23 March 1864.

Najāt al-muttaqīn (beg. al.Ḥ.l ’l. j. irs̲h̲āda ’l-murs̲h̲idīn), a risālah i fatwāʾī completed in 1254/1838, dedicated to M. S̲h̲āh Qājār and divided into a muqaddamah, two maqṣads and a k̲h̲ātimah. Mas̲h̲had v p. 525 nos. 886 (201 foll.), 887 (to ghasl i maiyit only. 70 foll.).

Edition: Tihrān 1264/1848 (see Mas̲h̲had ii, fṣl. 5, 176. cf. Mas̲h̲had v p. 5261.

§ 165. Maulawī Rukn al-Dīn M. called Turāb ʿAlī b. S̲h̲ajāʿat ʿAlī Lak’hnawī was born in 1213/1798–9 and studied under several well-known Lucknow maulawīs. After a lifetime devoted to teaching and writing he died on 12 Ṣafar 1281/17 July 1864 at Muḥammadābād in the district of Aʿẓamgaṛh.

[Raḥmān ʿAlī p. 35.]

(1)
Dark al-maʾārib fī ādāb al-liḥā wa-’l-s̲h̲awārib, composed in 1262/1846. [India] 1266/1850* (62 pp.), and also as the eighth work in the Majmūʿah i ʿUmdat al-biḍāʿah, for which see under no. (6) below.
(2)
Hidāyat al-Najdain fī masāʾil al-ʿīdain, published as the 9th work in the Majmūʿah i ʿUmdat al-biḍāʿah, for which see under no. (6) below.
(3)
Mawāʾid al-qurb fī ādāb al-akl wa-’l-s̲h̲urb: published as the second work in the Majmūʿah i ʿUmdat al-biḍāʿah, for which see under no. (6) below.
(4)
al-Qaul al-ṣawāb fī masāʾil al-k̲h̲iḍāb or S̲h̲as̲h̲-rangā on the practice of tinging the hair and tingertips with henna. Lucknow30 1261/1845°* (Muṣṭafāʾī Pr. 28 pp.).
(5)
[al-] ʿUjālat al-daqīqah fī masāʾil al-ʿaqīqah, or [al-] Daqāʾiq al-Ḥas̲h̲matīyah31 (beg. Ḥamd al-K̲h̲āliq al-Bādī [read al-Bāriʾ presumably] al-Ḥannān): Princeton 138 (16 foll., transcribed from (or a press copy for) an edition published in 1258/1842 at the Muṣṭafʾī Press, Lucknow, by M. Muṣṭafā K̲h̲ān b. M Raus̲h̲an K̲h̲ān (cf pl. i no. 570)).
(6)
ʿUmdat al-biḍāʿah fī masāʾil al-riḍāʿah, Lucknow 1270/1853–4 (Muṣṭafāʾī Pr. See ʿAlīgaṛh Subḥ. ptd. bks. [Lucknow] n. k. 1291/1874* (The i.o. copy, 4 pp., is imperfect); and also in a majmūʿah (place? date?) called Majmūʿah i ʿUmdat al-biḍāʿah in the Peshawar catalogue (no. 491), where the contents are given as (1) Nūr al-īmān (in Arabic), by ʿAbd al Ḥalīm Lak’hnawī, (2) Mawāʾid al-qurb [by Turāb ʿAlī see no. (3) above], (3) Zubdat al-naṣāʾiḥ fī masāʾil al-d̲h̲abāʾiḥ (Pers.) [by M. ʿAbd al-Raḥmān b. M. Raus̲h̲an K̲h̲ān according to Arberry: see no. 160 (2) supra], (4) Risālah i d̲h̲abīḥah (Pers.), (5) Tuḥfat al-muḥsanīn (Urdu), (6) ʿUmdat al-biḍāʿah, (7) Hidāyat al-nūr fī-mā yataʿallaq bi-’l-aẓfār wa-’l-s̲h̲uʿūr (Urdu), (8) Dark al-maʾārib (see no (1) above), (9) Hidāyat al-najdain ilā masāʾil al-ʿīdain (Pers) (see no. (2) above), (10) Fatwā-yi c̲h̲and suʾālāt i mutafarriqah (Pers.), (11) Tuḥfat al-ik̲h̲wān fī taḥqīq al-alwān (Urdu), and (12) Taḥqīq al-auzān (Urdu).

§ 166. S̲h̲. Murtaḍā b. M. Amīn Dizfūlī S̲h̲ūs̲h̲tarī Anṣārī was born in 1214/1799–1800 and was a pupil of Aḥmad b. Mahdī Nirāqī (for whom see pl. ii no. 611, etc.). He died at Najaf on 18 Jumādā ii 1281/18 Nov. 1864.

[Rauḍāt al-jannāt i p. 285, iv p. 126, l. 5 from foot; Qiṣaṣ al-ʿulamāʾ p. 86; Aḥsan al-wadīʿah i pp. 1479–150 (portrait facing p. 146), Browne Lit. Hist. iv p. xv; Brockelmann Sptbd. ii pp. 794, 832.]

(1)
Fatāwā-yi ʿamalīyah, see M. Taqī Yazdī’s Majmūʿat al-hidāyah, qismat ii below (pl iv no. 181 infra).
(2)
Fatāwā-yi Ḥujjat al-Islām, perhaps identical with the Risālah i ʿamalīyah (no. (5) below). Lucknow 1879° (Zād al-maʿād, mutarjam maʿa Fatawā-yi Ḥ. al-I. M. Bāqir Majlisī’s Z. al-m. with a collection of legal decisions by Murtaḍā Najafī [i.e. presumably Murtaḍā Anṣārī] on the margin. Pp. 832), 1885° (Z. al-m. m. m. F. i Ḥ. al-I. Pp. 832).
(3)
Manāsik i ḥajj: Rosen Institute 115 (ah 1267/1851).

Editions: Tihrān 1300/1883 (Mas̲h̲had ii, fṣl. 5, ptd. bks, no. 173), 1317/1899–1900 (Mas̲h̲had v p. 622); 1321/1903–4 (Mas̲h̲had ibid.), 1327/1909 (Mas̲h̲had ii, fṣl.5, ptd. bks., no. 171); Bombay 1314/1897°; 1325/1907 (Mas̲h̲had v p. 622), Place? 1316/1898–9 (with a risalāh of S̲h̲. Zain al-ʿābidīn Māzandarānī (on the same subject?) Āṣafīyah iii p. 478 no. 142); Baghdād 1331/1913 (Mas̲h̲had v pp. 622–3), Najaf 1356/1937–8 (Mas̲h̲had v p. 623); and others.

Arabic translation: Najaf 1356/1937–8 (Mas̲h̲had ibid).

(4)
Risālah i ʿamalīyah32 [= Ṣirāṭ al-najāt?]: Ṭihrān 1270/1853–4 (with further fatāwā on the margin. Mas̲h̲had ii. fṣl. 5, ptd. bks, no. 91).
(5)
Risālah i ʿamalīyah, on ṭahārat, ṣalāt, zakāt, k̲h̲ums and ṣaum, collected and edited by Yūsuf Astarābādī Ḥāʾirī (cf. no (6) below) Tihrān 1277/1860–1 (Mas̲h̲had v p. 578).
(6)
Risālah i ʿuqūd u īqāʿāt u raḍāʿ u zakāt, compiled by the author’s pupil S̲h̲. Yūsuf Astarābādī: Ṭihrān 1270/1853–4 (Mas̲h̲had ii, fṣl. 5, Ptd. bks., no. 94).
(7)
Sirāj al-ʿibād. Bombay 1302/1884–5 (apparently in the same volume with the Surūr al-ʿibād. Mas̲h̲had ii fṣl. 5, no. 102).
(8)
Ṣirāṭ al-najāt, a risālah i ʿamalīyah compiled by M. ʿAlī Yazdī and according to the Mas̲h̲had catalogue identical with the Risālah i ʿamalīyah printed in 1299. [Bombay?] 1273/1857*; Bombay 1306/1888–9 (Hazār masʾalah musammā bah Ṣ. al-n. With ʿAlī Riḍā S̲h̲īrāzī’s Safīnat al-najāt and M. Bāqir Majlisī’s Risālah i rajʿat. Āṣafīyah iii p. 478); Tihrān 1291/1874 (with notes by M. Ḥasan S̲h̲īrāzī. Mas̲h̲had v p. 593); 1299/1882 (called apparently Risālah i ʿamalīyah, not Ṣirāṭ al-najāt, in this edition. With M. Ḥ. S̲h̲īrāzī’s notes. Mas̲h̲had ii, fṣl. 5, ptd. bks., no. 96), 1307/1889–90 (with M. Ḥasan S̲h̲īrāzī’s notes. Mashhad v p. 593), 1318/1900–1 (with notes by M. Ḥasan S̲h̲īrāzī and M. Kāẓim K̲h̲urāsānī. Mas̲h̲had ibid.); 1327/1909 (with notes by M. Ḥ. S̲h̲īrāzī and M. Taqī S̲h̲īrāzī. Mas̲h̲had v p. 593); Place? 1323/1905 (called apparently R. i ʿa., not Ṣ. al-n., in this edition. With notes by M. Ḥ. S̲h̲īrāzī and M. Kāẓim K̲h̲urāsānī. Mas̲h̲had ii, fṣl. 5, ptd. bks., no. 95).
(9)
Ṣiyag̲h̲ al-ʿuqūd wa-’l-īqāʿāt, collected by his pupil Mullā Yūsuf Astarābādī (and perhaps identical with no. (6) above). Ṭihrān date? (Mas̲h̲had ii, fṣl. 5, Ptd. bks., no. 120).
(10)
Surūr al-ʿibād, “a treatise relating to questions of religious law and practice” (Arberry). Lahore [1879*]; Bombay 1302/1884–5 (apparently in one volume with the Sirāj al-ʿibād. Mas̲h̲had ii, fsl. 5, Ptd. bks., no. 103).

§ 167. ʿUmdat al-ʿulamāʾ S. [M.] Hādī b. [M.] Mahdī b. Dildār ʿAlī Naṣīrābādī was three years old when his father, the fourth son of S. Dildār ʿAlī (cf. pl. iv no. 451 infra), died in D̲hū ’l-Ḥijjah 1231/November 1816 at the age of twenty-three (Nujūm al-samāʾ p. 4075, Aḥsan al-wadīʿah i p. 1111).

Ahkām al-arḍ d̲h̲āt tisʿīn darajah min al-ʿarḍ, or Risālah i arḍ i tisʿīn: Lucknow (so Mus̲h̲ār), 1265/1849 (Āsafīyah ii p. 1342, D̲harīʿah i p. 292, Mus̲h̲ār i 51).

§ 168. M. Bāqir b. M. Salīm Qarajah-Dāg̲h̲ī Iskūʾī was alive when his work was published

Muʿīn al-tijārah: Tabrīz 1272/1855–6 (Mas̲h̲had v p. 617).

§ 169. M. Bāqir b. Aḥmad b. Luṭf-ʿAlī K̲h̲ān Tabrīzī, Imām-jumʿah of Tabrīz, died 5 Rajab 1285/22 October 1868.

Risālah i ṣaumīyah (beg. al-Ḥ. l … ḥamdan kat̲h̲īran mā tatābaʿa naʿa­māʾuhu), completed in 1278/1862: Mas̲h̲had v p. 440 no. 680 (108 foll. ah 1286/1869).

§ 170. M. ʿAbd al-Ḥalīm b. Amīn Allāh Anṣārī Farangī-Maḥallī Lak’hnawī, a descendant of Mullā Quṭb al-Dīn Sihālawī (cf. pl. i no. 1401 2nd par. 2nd footnote) and a member of the well-known family of ʿulamāʾ who have taught for several generations at Farangī Maḥall (cf. pl. i no. 1401 1st par. 1st footnote), was born at Lucknow in 1239/1824. In 1260/1844 he became a mudarris in a madrasah at Bāndā and later he held for nine years a similar post at Jaunpūr. In 1277/1830–1 he was appointed Mudarris in the Madrasah i Niẓāmīyah at Ḥaidarābād and he died there of consumption on 29 S̲h̲aʿbān 1285/15 December 1868. Some of has Arabic hawās̲h̲ī and other works are still well known in India. For his son, ʿAbd al-Ḥaiy Lak’hnawī, who was born at Bāndā in 1264/1848 and died at Lucknow in 1304/1886, see pl. iii no. 275 (5) (d) and pl. iv no. 192 infra.

[Raḥmān ʿAlī pp. 112–14, Brockelmann Sptbd. ii p. 856.]

(1)
G̲h̲āyat al-kalām fī bayān al-ḥalāl wa-’l-ḥarām. Editions: place? 1263/1847 (Āṣafīyah ii p. 1122 no. 235), Lahore 1312/1894⁰ (40 pp.).
(2)
K̲h̲air al-kalām fī masāʾil al-ṣiyām. Edition.Cawnpore 1268/1851–2 (Masīḥāʾī Pr. See ʿAlīgaṛh Subḥ. ptd. bks p. 41 nos. 23, 34, 38, 45).

§ 171. M. ʿAlī, known as Faqīh, b. M. b. Ibrāhīm Tabrīzī.

Baḥr al-jawāhir, in two volumes, the first completed in 1271/1854–5 (so D̲h̲arīʿah) or 1273/1857 (so Mas̲h̲had cat.), the second, with the independent title Nafāʾis al-jawāhir li-d̲h̲uk̲h̲r yaum al-āk̲h̲ir, begun in 1278/1861. D̲h̲arīʿah iii p. 33, Tabrīz 1273/1857 (Vol. i. Mas̲h̲had v p. 541), 1323/1905 (Vol. ii.Mas̲h̲had ibid.).

§ 172. Ḥājī M. Karīm K̲h̲ān b. Ibrāhīm Qājār Kirmānī, called Rukn i Rabīʿ by the S̲h̲aik̲h̲ī̲s̲, died in 1288/1871. For his dīwān see Mus̲h̲ār i 754.

[pl. i no. 1411 (116) 3rd footnote; al-Maʾāt̲h̲ir wa-’l-āt̲h̲ār p. 147; Ṭarāʾiq al-ḥaqāʾiq iii p. 217; Niʿmat Allāh S̲h̲arīf Riḍawī, S̲h̲arḥ i ḥāl i Ḥājj M. Karīm K̲h̲ān Kirmānī, Bombay 1313/1895–6 (Mus̲h̲ār i 1015); Mas̲h̲had i, fṣl. 1, ptd. bks. no. 31; Nāẓim al-Islām Tārīk̲h̲ i bīdārī i Īrāniyān, Ṭihrān [ahs 1332/ad 1953–4] p. 5 (portrait); etc.]

(1)
Ajwibat al-masāʾil, completed in 1279/1862 in answer to legal questions posed by Ḥājj S. Muṣṭafā Kāzarūnī s̲h̲ahīr bi-Iṣfahānī. Mas̲h̲had v p. 355 no. 482 (b) (ah 1299/1882).
(2)
Manāsik al-ḥajj, in Arabic (not in Brockelmann).

Persian translation: Manāsik i hajj, by the author’s son Zain al-ʿĀbidīn K̲h̲ān Kirmānī: Tihrān 1348/1929–30 (Mas̲h̲had v p. 623).

(3)
Jihādīyah, composed in 1273/1857 to incite his followers to fight against the British, who had landed troops at Bushire. D̲h̲arīʿah v p. 297 no. 1398, Sipahsālār pp. 412–15 nos. 500 (ah 1273/1857, autograph), 501.

§ 173. Bis̲h̲ārat ʿAlī K̲h̲ān.

(1)
Daʿwat i Ahl-al-kitāb, on eating meat slaughtered by non-Muslims, etc., written in 1286/1869–70. Edition: Maṭbaʿ i Ḥusainī [India, probably Lucknow] 1286/1869–70 (Mas̲h̲had ii, fṣl. 5, Ptd. bks., no. 75. Cf. Mus̲h̲ār i 687).
(2)
Nūr al-Islām fī ’l-kas̲h̲f ʿan maʿnā ’l-ṭaʿām, on eating meat slaughtered by non-Muslims, composed in 1266/1850 on the basis of an answer given to B. ʿA. K̲h̲. by Mīrzā M. b. M. Kāẓim Ak̲h̲bārī. Edition: Lucknow 1286/1869–70 (Mas̲h̲had ii, fṣl. 5, Ptd. bks., no. 177; Mus̲h̲ār i 1605).

§ 174. M. Faḍl i Rasūl b. ʿAbd al-Majīd Qādirī ʿUt̲h̲mānī Badāyūnī, scholar, Ṣūfī and enemy of Wahhābism, was born in 1213/1798 and died at Badāyūn (“Budaun”) on 3 Jumādā 1289/8 August 1872 (see Raḥmān ʿAlī p. 163, Niẓāmī Badāyūnī Qāmūs al-mas̲h̲āhīr (in Urdu) ii p. 127; Brockelmann Sptbd. ii p. 855). For his Taṣḥīḥ al-Masāʾil and his al-Bawāriq al-Muḥammadīyah see pl. iv no. 149(4) supra and no. 496. infra respectively.

Ikmāl fī baḥt̲h̲ s̲h̲add al-riḥāl, a defence of the practice of visiting the graves of saints: [Āgrah 1870*] (Ilāhī Pr. 10 pp.).

§ 175. ʿAlī Qazwīnī, a resident of Zanjān, died on 8 Muḥarram 1290/8 March 1873.

(1)
Risālah i ṣaid u d̲h̲ibāḥah, completed in 1284/1868: Tihrān 1288/1871 (Mas̲h̲had v p. 578).
(2)
Ṣiyag̲h̲ al-ʿuqūd, completed in 1287 (?)33/1870 and described in the catalogue as the most exhaustive work on the subject: Tabrīz 1291/1874 (2nd ed. With a commentary completed in 1288/1872 by M. ʿAlī Qarajah – Dāg̲h̲ī. Mas̲h̲had v p. 595); 1308/1890–1 (Mas̲h̲had ibid.).

Commentary on the bāb al-nikāh: S̲h̲arḥ i Ṣiyag̲h̲ al-ʿuqūd, by Muḥsin “Ḥālī” Ardabīlī.34 Ardabīl 1333/1915 (Mas̲h̲had v p. 589).

§ 176. S. Bandah Ḥusain [b. M.35 b. Dildār ʿAlī36 Naṣrābādī] died in 1293/1876. Works of his entitled Irs̲h̲ād al-mawārīt̲h̲ and al-Jawāb ʿan masʾalat ṭaʿām ahl al-kitāb together with a printed Urdu translation of the Qurʾān are mentioned in the Ahsan al-wadīʿah (i p. 55).

Risālah dar ṭaʿām i Ahl i Kitāb, an answer to an istiftāʾ, doubtless identical with the work mentioned above, if that work was in Persian: Lucknow 1286/1869–70 (Mas̲h̲had ii, fṣl. 5, ptd. bks., no. 89).

§ 177. S. M. Taqī, Mujtahid, of Lucknow [i.e. doubtless S.M. Taqī b. Ḥusain37 b. Dildār ʿAlī38 Naṣrābādī (cf. i.ḥ. p. 2157), who was born in 1234/1818–19 (i.ḥ. p. 3813) and of whose works several are mentioned by Iʿjāz Ḥusain, including two completed respectively in 1258/1842 (i.ḥ. 1341) and 1261/1845 (i.ḥ. 448)].

[Aḥsan al-wadīʿah i pp. 67–9, Brockelmann Sptbd. ii p. 853.]

Mas’alah i d̲h̲ibāḥah i Ahl i Kitāb: Lucknow (Mas̲h̲had ii, fṣl 5, ptd. bks., no. 163).

§ 178. M. Saʿd Allāh Murādābādī died on 14 Ramaḍān 1294/22 September 1877 (see pl. i no. 81, etc.).

(1)
al-Fatāwā ’l-Saʿdīyah fī ’l-furūʿ al-Ḥanafīyah: Lucknow [1906*] (Majmūʿah i fatāwā-yi Saʿdīyah. 152 pp.).
(2)
Hidāyat al-nūr fī-mā yataʿallaq bi-’l-aẓfār wa-’l-s̲h̲uʿūr, on the treatment of the nails and the hair, written in 1267/1850–1 (according to Aṣafīyah iii p. 446): Cawnpore 1267/1851* (48 pp.); Lahore [1894⁰] (48 pp.).

§ 179. M. ʿAlī Ḥabīb “Naṣr” Qādirī Phulwārawī, a Ṣūfī of Phulwārī, near Patna, died in 1295/1878. For his dīwān, the Dīwān i Naṣr, see Bānkīpūr iii 447.

S̲h̲awāhid al-jumʿah (beg. al-Ḥ. l. D̲hī ’l-maʿāriji ’l-ʿulyā), written in 1279/1863 to prove the legality of the Friday prayers, about which some people in his province had doubts: Bānkīpūr xiv 1249 (ah 1281/1865).

§ 180. M. ʿAlī b. Aḥmad al-Maḥallātī (aṣlan) al-S̲h̲īrāzī (maskinan) was a pupil of S.M. S̲h̲afīʿ Jābulqī39 (d. 1280/1863–4: see Aḥsan al-wadīʿah i p. 524) and of Asad allāh Burūjirdī.

[al-Maʾāt̲h̲ir wa-’l-āt̲h̲ār p. 1657; Aḥsan al-wadīʿah i p. 46.]

Miftāḥ al-saʿādah, a risālah i ʿamalīyah on masāʾil i fiqhīyah with a muqaddamah on the uṣūl i dīn: Ṭihrān 1282/1865–6 (see Mas̲h̲had ii, fṣl. 5, ptd. bks., no. 165).

§ 181. S̲h̲. M. Taqī b. M. Bāqir S̲h̲arīf Yazdī was a pupil of S̲h̲. Murtaḍā Anṣārī (d. 1281/1864. See pl. iv no. 166 supra).

Majmūʿat al-hidāyah, apparently in Persian, though the Mas̲h̲had catalogue does not say so expressly, and divided into three qismats ((1) on the uṣūl i dīn, (2) the fatāwā-yi ʿamalīyah of S̲h̲. Murtaḍā, (3) on trivial and heinous sins (gunāhān i sag̲h̲īrah u kabīrah). Yazd 1277/1860–1 (Mas̲h̲had ii, fṣl. 5, ptd. bks., no. 170).

§ 182. S. Ḥusain Turk b. M. b. Ḥasanī Ḥusainī Kūh-i-Kamarī, a pupil of S̲h̲. Murtaḍā Anṣārī (died 1281/1864, see pl. iv no. 166 supra) and of S. Ibrāhīm Qazwīnī, died 23 Rajab 1299/10 June 1882.

[al-Maʾāt̲h̲ir wa-’l-āt̲h̲ār p. 148, Aḥsan al-wadīʿah i p. 158, Dānis̲h̲mandān i Ād̲h̲arbāyjān p. 10.]

Risālah i ʿamalīyah.Tabrīz 1284/1867 (see Mas̲h̲had ii, fṣl 5, ptd. bks., no. 93); Tabrīz (date? Mas̲h̲had v p. 579).

§ 183. ʿAbd al-Wahhāb Madār al-Umarāʾ40 b. M. G̲h̲aut̲h̲ is described in the Madras Quarterly Catalogue (1876/1) as “Dewan Sahib of H.H. the late Nawab of Carnatic” [M. G̲h̲aut̲h̲ K̲h̲ān, d. 1855: see pl. i no. 1209].

Hibat al-wahhāb, “on the principles of Islam” (Arberry): Hās̲h̲imī Press41 [Madrās] 1292/1875* (64 pp. cf. Āṣafīyah ii p. 1128, under Fiqh i Ḥanafī).

§ 184. Āg̲h̲ā ʿAlī Lak’hnawī was alive in 1284/1867–8, when his work was published.

Hidāyat al-muʾminīn. 1284–1867–8 (Āṣafīyah ii p. 1188 ult., where the place of publication, doubtless Lucknow, is not mentioned).

§ 185. Compiled for S̲h̲ēr ʿAlī, Amīr of Afg̲h̲ānistan, in 1287/1870 was:

Qānūn i Amīrī, a system of Muḥammadan law: Browne Suppt. p. 317 (vol. ii only. St John’s 26).

§ 186. S. Ismāʿīl- b. Naṣr Allāh Bihbahānī was born at Bihbahān in 1229/1814 and died at Tihrān on 6 Ṣafar 1295/9 Feb. 1878 or in 1296/1879.

[al-Maʾāt̲h̲ir wa-’l-āt̲h̲ār p. 140, Mirʾāt al-buldān i p. 308, S̲h̲uhadāʾ al-faḍīlah p. 371.]

Risālah i ʿamalīyah, on ṭahārat, ṣalāt, ṣaum and k̲h̲ums: Tihrān 1282/1865–6 (Mas̲h̲had v p. 578).

§ 187. M. Qāsim b. Asad ʿAlī Nānautawī,42 b. 1248/1832–3, d. 4 Jumādā i 1297/14 april 1880, worked and taught mainly in Delhi and engaged in controversy with Pādrī Tārā C̲h̲and and Pandit Dayānand Saraswatī. Among his Urdu works is Ḥujjat al-Islām (Delhi 1879*).

[Rahmān ʿAlī pp. 210–11; Ḥadāʾiq al-Ḥanafīyah p. 491; Niẓāmī Badāyūnī Qāmūs al-mas̲h̲āhīr (in Urdu) ii p. 198.]

(1)
Aḥkām al-jumʿah. Meerut 1925* (Ram Press, with Urdu translation. 24 pp).
(2)
Maṣābīḥ al-tarāwīḥ. Meerut 1290/1873* (Ḍiyāʾī Pr. 108 pp).

§ 188. M. Rās̲h̲id43 ʿAlī “Ḍiyā”.

Baṭs̲h̲ i s̲h̲adīd, a rejoinder to the decision of ʿAbd al-Qādir b. Faḍl i Rasūl Badāyūnī (cf. pl. iv no. 534 infra) condemming taʿziyahs. [Badāyūn] 1300/1883⁰ (16 pp.).

§ 189. S̲h̲. Jaʿfar b. Ḥusain S̲h̲ūs̲h̲tarī died in 1303/1885. For his K̲h̲aṣāʾiṣ al-Ḥusainīyah see pl. i no. 311 and Suppt.44

Manhaj al-ras̲h̲ād, a risālah i ʿamalīyah, extending only as far as ṣalāt (according to the Mas̲h̲had catalogue), Bombay 1288/1871 (Mas̲h̲had ii, fsl 5, Ptd bks, no. 162), 1298 (ibid nos. 158, 161), Lahore 1313/1896⁰ (384 pp).

§ 190. Fak̲h̲r al-Dīn Aḥmad Ilāhābādī was a teacher and physician at Allahabad, where he died at the age of seventy-three on 23 Rabīʿ ii 1303/29 January 1886.

[Raḥmān ʿAlī p. 161.]

Fātiḥah fī jawāz al-Fātiḥah. Allahabad 1287/1870–1 (Nūr al-abṣār Pr. See ʿAlīgaṛh Subḥ. ptd. bks. p. 40 no. 12).

§ 191. S.M. Muʿīn al-Dīn b. K̲h̲airāt ʿAlī Mas̲h̲hadī Kaṛawī died at Aḥmadābād Nārah in 1304/1886 (see pl. i no. 98).

Tibyān fī aḥkām s̲h̲urb al-duk̲h̲ān: Lucknow 1296/1879 (n.k. See ʿAlīgaṛh Subh. ptd. bks. p. 41 no. 48), place? [doubtless Lucknow] 1298/1881 (Āṣafīyah ii p. 1118 no. 596).

§ 192. Maulawī Abū ’l-Ḥasanāt M. ʿAbd al-Ḥaiy b. ʿAbd al-Ḥalīm Farangī-Maḥallī died at Lucknow on 29 Rabīʿ i 1304/25 Dec. 1886 (see pl. iii no. 275 (5) (d)).

Majmūʿah i fatāwī. Lucknow [1888⁰] (154 pp. Followed by Ḥasrat al-fuḥūl (26 pp.), an Arabic biography by M. ʿAbd al-Bāqī Lak’hnawī); [Lucknow] 1309–10/1891–2⁰ (3 vols.).

§ 193. M. Wājid ʿAlī S̲h̲āh “Ak̲h̲tar”, King of Oudh from 1263/1847 to 1272/1856, died at Calcutta on 3 Muḥarram 1305/21 September 1887 (see pl. ii no. 724).

Baḥr al-hidāyat i sulṭānī (beg. Ḥ. i bī-ḥ. u t̲h̲. i lā-yuʿadd K̲h̲udāy-rā lāʾiq ast), a catechism on S̲h̲īʿite jurisprudence: Browne Pers. Cat. 336 (40 foll.).

Edition: [Lucknow] 1267/1850–1 (Sulṭānī Pr. See ʿAlīgaṛh Subḥ. ptd. bks. p. 41 no. 36).

§ 194. M. b. M. Bāqir Īrawānī, known as Fāḍil i Īrawānī, died on 2 Rabīʿ i 1306/6 November 1888 at Najaf and was buried in the Madrasah i Īrawāni called after him.

[al-Maʾāt̲h̲ir wa-’l-āt̲h̲ār p. 152; Aḥsan al-wadīʿah i p. 198.]

Najāt al-muqallidīn. Tabrīz 1299/1882 (vol i, ending with k̲h̲ums. Mas̲h̲had v p. 634).

§ 195. Naẓar ʿAlī [b. Sulṭān-Muḥammad] Ṭālaqānī was born in 1240/1824–545 and died at Mas̲h̲had in 1306/1888–9. For his Kās̲h̲if al-asrār, See pl. iv no, 512 infra.

[al-Maʾāthir wa-’l-āt̲h̲ār p. 174, Aḥsan al-wadīʿah i pp. 111–13, Brockelmann Sptbd. ii p. 835.]

Manāṭ al-aḥkām, completed in 1303/1885–6. Tihrān 1304/1886–7 (followed by some other works by the same author. Mas̲h̲had v p. 624, D̲h̲arīʿah i p. 269 no. 1412).

§ 196. Muftī S. M. ʿAbbās b. ʿAlī Akbar b. M. Jaʿfar Mūsawī Jazāʾirī S̲h̲ūs̲h̲tarī, a descendant of S. Niʿmat Allāh Jazāʾirī (for whom see Browne Lit. Hist. iv pp. 360–7), died on 25 Rajab 1306/27 March 1889 and is buried at Lucknow.

[pl. i no. 1580 1st par. footnote, Aḥsan al-wadīʿah i p. 204, Brockelmann Sptbd. (ii pp. 257, 835, 856.]

Miʿrāj al-muʾminīn, on ablution and prayer [etc.?]. [Lucknow] 1293/1876*) (Majmaʿ al-ʿUlūm Pr.46 356 pp.47).

§ 197. Nawwāb Ṣiddīq Ḥasan K̲h̲ān died in 1890 (see pl. i no. 48, etc.).

(1)
Bi-s̲h̲inawīd (dar d̲h̲ikr i ʿadam i iʿtibār i kufr dar nikāḥ), composed in 1273/1856–7. Edition: place? 1277/1860–1 (Āṣafīyah ii p. 1112 no. 645, iii p. 444 no. 698, under Fiqh i Ḥanafī i Fārisī).
(2)
Budūr al-ahillah min rabṭ al-masāʾil bi-’l-adillah, composed in 1298/1881. Edition: place? 1298/1881 (Āṣafīyah ii p. 1168 No. 76, iii p. 458 no. 175, in both cases under Fiqh i S̲h̲āfiʿī i Fārisī).
(3)
Dalīl al-ṭālib ʿalā arjaḥ al-maṭālib. Edition: place? 1297/1880 (Āṣafīyah iii p. 426, under Fatāwī i Fārisī).
(4)
Hidāyat al-sāʾil fi adillat al-masāʾil. Edition: place? 1292/1875 (Āṣafīyah ii p. 1128 no. 473, under Fiqh i Ḥanafī i Fārisī).

§ 198. Naurūz ʿAlī Bisṭāmī (cf. pl i no. 311 (a) (69) and (71), Add. ad loc.) resided at Mas̲h̲had and died in 1309/1891–2 (Mas̲h̲had v p. 40 no. 413).

Sirāj al-mutahajjidīn. Tihrān date? (Mas̲h̲had v p. 276 no. 586).

§ 199. S̲h̲. Zain al-ʿĀbidīn b. Muslim Māzandarānī Ḥāʾirī left Bārfurūs̲h̲ in 1250/1834–5 for the holy cities of al-ʿIrāq. He died on 16 D̲h̲ū ’l-Qaʿdah 1309/14 June 1892.

[al-Maʾāt̲h̲ir wa-’l-āt̲h̲ār p. 150; Aḥsan al-wadīʿah i pp. 117–20 (portrait facing p. 116), Raiḥānat al-adab iii pp. 423.4.]

(1)
D̲h̲ak̲h̲īrat al-maʿād, a catechism. Āṣafīyah iii p. 478 no. 145.

Editions: Lucknow 1278/1861–2 (Āṣafīyah iii p. 478 no. 107); ʿĀẓīmābād (i.e. Patna) 1879⁰ (877 pp.); India 1298/1881 (Mas̲h̲had ii, fsl. 5, ptd. bks. no. 77); Mas̲h̲had 1331/1913 (Mas̲h̲had v p. 571); place? 1333/1915 (with two other tracts. Mas̲h̲had v p. 570).

(2)
Risālah i ʿamalīyah. Edition: [India] 1283/1866–7 (as far as ṣaum. Mas̲h̲had ii, fṣl. 5, Ptd. bks., nos. 90, 92).
(3)
Zād al-muttaqīn u Masāʾil i ḍarūrī.48 Edition: place? 1307/1889 90 (Āṣafīyah iii p. 478 no. 97).
(4)
Zīnat al-ʿibād, a risālah i ʿamalīyah, on prayer, etc. Editions: place? 1281/1864–5 (Āsafīyah ii p. 1188 no. 14), Lahore 1288/1871* (on the margin of Abū ’l-Qāsim Riḍawī Lāhaurī’s Hidāyat al-aṭfāl); Lūd’hiyānah 1291/1874 * (276 pp.); Bombay 1310–11/1893⁰ (with marginal notes by M. Ḥusain Māzandarānī, the author’s son, 120 pp.), Ṭihrān 1312/1894–5 (with M. Ḥusain’s notes. Mas̲h̲had ii, fṣl. 5, ptd. bks. no. 181).

§ 200. S. Aʿẓam al-Dīn known as (maʿrūf bah) Maulawī Buk̲h̲ārī.

Farāʾiḍ i Aʿẓamīyah, a Ḥanafī work composed in 1281/1864–5: Āṣafīyah ii p. 1124 no. 412.

Edition. place? 1864–5 (Āṣafīyah ii p. 1124 no. 209).

§ 201. M. Ṭāhir Dizfūlī was a pupil of S̲h̲. Murtaḍā [Anṣārī Dizfūlī, d 1218/1864, see pl. iv no. 166 supra].

Miṣbāḥ al-hidāyah. Bombay 1304/1886–7 (extending to the k̲h̲ums see Mas̲h̲had ii, fṣl. 5, ptd. bks, no. 167).

§ 202. S. ʿAlī Naqī b. Muftī S. Dildār ʿAlī D̲h̲āʾīpūrī [sic?]49 died in 1310/1892–3 according to the āṣafīyah catalogue.

Nuk̲h̲bah. Edition: 1314/1896–7 (Āṣafīyah ii p. 1188).

§ 203. Tāj al-ʿulāmāʾ S. ʿAlī Muḥammad b. M. (cf. pl. iv no. 491 infra) b. Dildār ʿAlī (cf. pl. iv no. 451 infra), born on 4 S̲h̲awwāl 1260/17 Oct. 1844, was, like his father and grandfather, a mujtahid at Lucknow and died on 4 Rabīʿii 1312/ 5 October 1894.

[Aḥsan al-wadīʿah i pp. 201–5, Brockelmann Sptbd. ii p. 853.]

Jawāb i masʾalah i d̲h̲abīḥah i Ahl i Kitāb, composed in 1286/1869–70. Edition: place? date? (Mas̲h̲had ii, fṣl.5, ptd. bks. no. 33).

This is probably identical with [Jawāb i] Istiftāʾī dar bārah i ḥillīyat i ṭaʿām [i Ahl i Kitāb presumably]: Lucknow 1289/1862⁰ (32 pp).

§ 204. Mīrzā M. Ḥasan50 al-S̲h̲īrāzī (al-aṣl) al-Iṣfahānī (al-taḥṣīl) al-Najafī (al-takmīl) al-Sāmarrāʾī (al-maskin) al-Najafī (al-madfin) incurred the displeasure of Nāṣir al-Dīn S̲h̲āh by declaring tobacco-smoking unlawful. He died at Sāmarrāʾ in S̲h̲aʿbān 1312/Jan.–Feb. 1895. The Risālah i ʿamalīyah is not mentioned in the Aḥsan al-wadīʿah, which indeed states that he wrote no works.

[al-Maʾāt̲h̲ir wa-’l-āt̲h̲ār p. 137, Aḥsan al-wadīʿah i pp. 159–62, Hadīyat al-aḥbāb p. 270; W. Sparroy, Persian Children of the Royal Family (London 1902) pp. 241–2.]

(1)
Risālah i ʿamalīyah, containing answers to 296 (so Mas̲h̲had ii) or 236 (so Mas̲h̲had v) questions, collected by S̲h̲. Faḍl Allāh b. ʿAbbās Nūrī.51 Ṭihrān 1305/1887–8 (Mas̲h̲had v p. 579), 1306/1888–9 (Mas̲h̲had ii, fṣl. 5, ptd. bks., no. 98).
(2)
Majmaʿ al-masāʾil,52 a risālah i ʿamalīyah on the ʿibādāt and muʿāmalāt in accordance with the fatwas of Mīrzā M. Ḥasan S̲h̲īrāzī, compiled by S̲h̲. M. Ḥasan53 b. M. Ibrāhīm Iṣfahānī Jazī. Bombay 1314/1897° (with marginal notes by S. Ismāʿīl al-Ṣadr Mūsawī 271 pp); 1314/1897° (with marginal notes by S.M. Kāẓim Ṭabāṭabāʾī 394 pp.), Lucknow 1318/1900° (with notes by M. Kāẓim Ṭabāṭabāʾī and Ismāʿīl al-Ṣadr Mūsawī. Edited by Qāsim ʿAlī Karbalāʾī. 396 pp.); Tihrān 1318/1900–1 (with notes by Ḥusain K̲h̲alīlī and others. Mas̲h̲had v p. 609 (Majmaʿ al-rasāʾil)), 1327/1909 (with notes by Ḥusain Ṭabāṭabāʾī Burūjirdī. Mas̲h̲had v p. 609 (M. al-r.)).

§ 205. Āqā Abū ’l-Maʿālī (M. b. M. Ibrāhīm) Kirbāsī, for whose father see pl. iv no. 148 supra, was born at Isfahān in 1247/1832 and died 27 Ṣafar 1315/28 July 1897.

[Rijāl i Iṣfahān p. 40]

Hidāyat al S̲h̲īʿah (beg. al-Ḥ. l. R. al-ʿā. wa-baʿd mī-gūyad Ibn i as̲h̲raf al-ḥujjāj), a large collection of fatwās, begun in 1261/1845 and divided into a muqaddamah, several maqṣads and a k̲h̲ātimah. Mas̲h̲had v p. 529 no. 897 (Muqaddamah, Maqṣads iii and k̲h̲ātimah. 480 foll. ah 1267/1850).

§ 206. M. b. M. Mahdī As̲h̲rafī Māzandarānī Bārfurūs̲h̲ī, known as Ḥājī As̲h̲rafī, died on 1 Ramaḍān 1315/24 January 1898.

[Qiṣaṣ al-ʿulamāʾ p. 98, al-Maʾāt̲h̲ir wa-’l-āt̲h̲ār p. 143, Ṭarāʾiq al-ḥaqāʾiq iii p. 305, Aḥsan al-wadīʿah i p. 124.]

S̲h̲aʿāʾir al-Islām, or Suʾāl u jawāb: Tihrān 1314/1896–7 (Mas̲h̲had v p. 592).

§ 207. Mīrzā Shēr Aḥmad Jalālābādī wrote his Fatḥ-nāmah i Kāfiristān in 1313/1896 (see pl i no. 574).

Mufīd al-muṣallīn, on prayer. Peshawar 1289/1872* (Muṣṭafāʾī Pr.54 16 pp.).

§ 208. M. S̲h̲aukat ʿAlī b. C̲h̲aud’harī Masnad ʿAlī b. C̲h̲aud’harī Manṣab ʿAlī Ṣiddīqī Sandīlī was born in 1234/1818 at Sandīlah (32 miles n. w. of Lucknow). Among his teachers was Maulawī Turāb ʿAlī b. S̲h̲ajāʿat ʿAlī Lak’hnawī (cf. pl. iv no. 165 supra), engaged by his father as his private tutor. He is spoken of as still alive in Raḥmān ʿAlī’s Tad̲h̲kirah i ʿulamā-yi Hind published in 1894 (pp. 87–8) and in M. Idrīs’s Taṭyīb al-ik̲h̲wān published in 1897 (pp. 31–2).

(1)
G̲h̲āyat al-idrāk fī masāʾil al-siwāk. Editions. 1296/1879 (Āṣafīyah ii p. 1122 no. 323).
(2)
Kas̲h̲f al-mastūr ʿan wajh al-saḥūr. Editions: Place? 1270/1853–4 (S̲h̲. Nit̲h̲ār ʿAlī’s Pr. See ʿAlīgaṛh Subḥ. ptd. bks. p. 40 no. 19), Place? 1296/1879 (Āṣafīyah ii p. 1124 no. 594).

§ 209. M. ʿInāyat ʿAlī55 Dihlawī Ḥaidarābādī, the son of M. Karāmat ʿAlī Dihlawī (for whom see pl. i no. 333 (2)), was born in 1242/1826–7 at Delhi, but spent most of his life in Ḥaidarābād where he held an office, or offices, described by M. Idrīs as k̲h̲idmat i faujdār56 i baldah u taṣḥīḥ i fatāwī i mulk i maḥrūsah i Niẓām. M. Idrīs, who completed his [Urdu] Taṭyīb al-ik̲h̲wān in 1313/1895, mentions in it the titles of several works by ʿInāyat ʿAlī and says that on account of infirmity he had retired from the government service.

[M. Idrīs p. 61.]

(1)
ʿAin al-ḥayāt,57 decision on some bodily postures in religious rites. Delhi 1303/1886° (Riḍawī Pr. 154 pp.).
(2)
Risālah i ruʾyat i hilāl: 1303/1885–6 (Āṣafīyah ii p. 1118).

§ 210. Ras̲h̲īd Aḥmad Gangōhī58 Muḥaddit̲h̲ Ḥanafī, a strict follower of the Prophet’s practice and an opponent of innovation (bidʿah), is spoken of as still alive in the [Urdu] Taṭyīb al-ik̲h̲wān (completed in 1313/1895).

[M. Idrīs p. 26.]

al-S̲h̲ams al-lāmiʿah fī karāhat al-jamāʿat al-t̲h̲āniyah: 1310/1892–3 (Āṣafīyah ii p. 1122).

§ 211. Mus̲h̲tāq Aḥmad b. Mak̲h̲dūm-bak̲h̲s̲h̲ Anṣārī Anbaṭ’hawī was born about 1273/1856–7 at Ambahta59 in the Sahāranpūr District. At the time when M. Idrīs wrote his Taṭyīb al-ik̲h̲wān (published in 1897) he was teacher of Arabic in the Government School at Lud’hiyānah and had written nearly thirty risālahs.

[M. Idrīs p. 89.]

Taḥqīq masḥ al-jaurabain bi-aḥādīt̲h̲ al-Sunan wa-’l-Ṣaḥīḥain. Edition: place? date? (Āṣafīyah iii p. 444 no. 663).

§ 212. ʿAbd al-Raḥmān K̲h̲ān, Amīr of Afg̲h̲ānistān, died on 1 October 1901 (see pl. i no. 575).

Kalimat Amīr al-bilād fī ’l-targ̲h̲īb ilā ’l-jihād: Kābul 1304/1887* (40 pp.).

§ 213. Mīrzā Yūsuf K̲h̲ān Mustas̲h̲ār al-Daulah b. Kāẓim b. K̲h̲ān M. Mahādmahīnī [vocalisation?] Tabrīzī died in the first decade of the 14th Islamic century.

[Dānis̲h̲mandān i Ād̲h̲arbāyjān pp. 341–2.]

Yak kalimah, “comparing the Rights of Man and the Laws of Europe with the Qur’án and the Traditions” (Browne Press and poetry p. 160(81)), or, to quote Edwards “an essay on the causes of European and Western prosperity”, composed in Paris: Ṭihrān 1287/1870–1 (76 pp. Mas̲h̲had i, fṣl., ptd. bks, no. 90, Mus̲h̲ār i 1684); 1305/1888° (76pp); 1325/1907 (69 pp. Mus̲h̲ār ibid.).

§ 214. K̲h̲ādim.

Uṣūl i dīn u furūʿ i dīn, metrical, on prayer and fasting, completed in 1304/887. Tihrān 1332/1914 (Mas̲h̲had v p. 537).

§ 215. Mīrzā M. Bāqir b. M. Jaʿfar Hamadānī, born in 1239/1823 at the village of qhy near Iṣfahān, studied under M. Karīm K̲h̲ān Kirmānī (for whom see pl. iv no. 172 supra) and was appointed by him leader of the S̲h̲aik̲h̲ī sect at Hamadān. He died in 1319/1901–2.

[Mas̲h̲had iv pp. 41, 131 n. 2 (the latter a summary of a biography in the Tārīk̲h̲ i ʿIbrah li-man iʿtabar [by whom?] appended to the published edition of the C̲h̲ahār faṣl of Kirmānī [i.e. presumably M. Karīm K̲h̲ān]).]

Kifāyat al-masāʾil (beg. al-Ḥ. l. R. al-ʿā. al-R. al-R. Mālik i y. al-d. etc.), a risālah i ʿamalīyah on Ak̲h̲bārī lines, completed in 1305/1887–8. Mas̲h̲had v p. 484 no. 785 (315 foll. ah 1306/1888).

§ 216. M. Taqī b. M. Ḥusain Kās̲h̲ānī Tihrānī was born in 1236/1820–1 (so Mas̲h̲had iv p. 363) and died at Tihrān in, or, about, 1321/1903–4 (see Mas̲h̲had ibid. and vol. i, fṣl. 4, ptd. bks. no. 176).

(1)
Irs̲h̲ād al-ʿawāmm, on usury (ribā), completed in 1320/1902. Tihrān 1320/1902–3 (appended to the Irs̲h̲ād al-muʾminīn. Mas̲h̲had v p. 536).
(2)
Irs̲h̲ād al-muʾminīn, on the impermissibility (ḥurmat) of isrāf, completed in 1320/1902–3. Ṭihrān 1320/1902–3 (together with the same author’s Irs̲h̲ād al-ʿawāmm. D̲h̲arīʿah i p. 523 no. 2548, Mas̲h̲had v p. 223 no. 238).
(3)
Muʿīn al-ʿawāmm, a risālah i ʿamalīyah on the ʿibādāt, completed in 1277/1861. Tihrān 1317/1899–1900 (followed by a biography of the author and a list of his works. Mas̲h̲had v p. 617).

§ 217. Nawwāb Nūr al-Ḥasan K̲h̲ān b. Ṣiddīq Ḥasan K̲h̲ān was born in 1278/1862 (see pl. i no. 1227, Brockelmann Sptbd. ii p. 861).

(1)
ʿArf al jādī min jinān hudā ’l-Hādī, composed in 1296/1879: Bhōpāl 1296/1879 (Āṣafīyah iii p. 444 no. 791 (under Fiqh i Ḥanafī i Fārisī), Sarkis Dictionnaire encyclopédique de bibliographie arabe col. 1873); Place? 1301/1883–4 (Āṣafīyah ii p. 1168 no. 75, under Fiqh i S̲h̲āfiʿī [sic?] i Fārisī).
(2)
al-Nahj al-maqbūl min s̲h̲arāʾiʿ al-Rasūl: Bhōpāl 1296/1879 (Āṣafīyah iii p. 446 no. 704, under Fiqh i Ḥanafī i Fārisī, Karatay p. 143).

§ 218. M. b. Faḍl. ʿAlī S̲h̲arābiyānī,60 known as Fāḍil i S̲h̲arābiyānī, was born in 1248/1832–3 and died at Najaf on 17 Ramaḍān 1322/25 November 1905.

[Aḥsan al-wadīʿah i pp. 176–9 (portrait)]

(1)
D̲h̲ak̲h̲īrat al-ʿibād li-yaum al-maʿād, questions and answers on legal matters. Mas̲h̲had 1331/1913 (Mas̲h̲had v p. 569), Bag̲h̲dād 1331/1913 (Mas̲h̲had v p. S 70), Najaf 1363/1944 (Mas̲h̲had ibid.), 1366/1947 (Mas̲h̲had bid.).
(2)
Sirāj al-ʿibād, a risālah i ʿamalīyah collected by S. Ḥusain Masʾalah-gū Tabrīzī. Bombay (date? Mas̲h̲had v p. 587).
(3)
Wasīlat al-najāt, in questions and answers. Place? date? (with marginal notes by M. Kāẓim. Mas̲h̲had ii, fṣl. 5, ptd. bks., no. 187).

§ 219. ʿAbd al-Jabbār b. Zain al-ʿĀbidīn pīs̲h̲namāz-zādah i S̲h̲ikūʾī was alive when his work was printed.

Miṣbāḥ al-ḥaramain, on the asrār and nikāt of pilgrimage, the martyrdom of Ḥusain and other matters: Tiflīs 1323/1905 (Mas̲h̲had v p. 324).

§ 220. M. Aiyūb b. M. Laṭīf Pas̲h̲āwarī was mudarris i aʿlā in the Madrasah i Islāmīyah at Peshawar when M. Idris wrote his Taṭyīb al-ik̲h̲wān (completed in 1313/1895).

Hidāyat al-qāḍī wa-kifāyat al-muftī, an outline of Hanafī law. Lahore 1331/1913* (Islamiyah Steam Press. 79 pp.).

§ 221. Abū ’l- Qāsim b. al-Ḥusain Riḍawī Qummī Lāhaurī has already been mentioned (pl. i no. 49 (15), Add. ad loc.) as the author of the Lawāmiʿ al-tanzīl, a S̲h̲īʿite commentary on the Qurʾān begun in 1296/1879. He died on 14 Muḥarram 1324/10 March 1906 (see Mas̲h̲had iv p. 315). In D̲h̲arīʿah i p. 56 he is called al-Kas̲h̲mīrī al-maulid al-Lāhaurī al-madfan.

[Brockelmann Sptbd. ii p. 859.]

(1)
Burhān al-mutʿah, completed in 1295/1878: D̲h̲arīʿah iii p. 101 no. 324, Lahore 1295/1878* (76 pp.); Lahore [1882°] (cf. Mas̲h̲had ii, fṣl. 5, Ptd. bks., no. 3).
(2)
Sirāj al-ʿibād, on religions and social duties and observances: Lahore [1875*] (Victoria Pr. 55 pp. With the Hidāyat al-aṭfāl on the margin).

§ 222. Sulṭān al- ʿUlamāʾ Abū Turāb S. ʿAlī b. Abī ’l-Qāsim Riḍawī Qummī Ḥāʾirī Lāhaurī was born in 1288/1871 (D̲h̲arīʿah iii p. 318) for works by him see pl. i no. 49 (15).

Lamʿah i lamaʿānī, completed in 1315/1898, on the permissibility of sujūd bar turbat i Ḥusainī u sāk̲h̲tan i tasbīḥ az ān with a refutation of the views of G̲h̲ulām-Aḥmad Qādiyānī: Lahore 1322/1904 (Mas̲h̲had v p. 608).

§ 223. Ḥājī M. K̲h̲ān Kirmānī, the second son of Ḥājī M. Karīm K̲h̲ān Kirmānī (for whom see pl. i no. 1411 (116) 3rd footnote, pl. iv no. 172 supra) was born in 1263/1847 and died 20 Muḥ. 1324/16 March 1906 (see Mas̲h̲had iv p. 364).

[Niʿmat Allāh S̲h̲arīf Raḍawī, S̲h̲arḥ i ḥāl i Ḥājj M. Karīm K̲h̲ān i Kirmānī, Bombay 1313/1895–6 (Mus̲h̲ār i 1015).]

Ajwibat al-masāʾil, answers to legal questions posed by S̲h̲. ʿĀlī b. ʿAbd al-Ṣāḥib Dawānī: Mas̲h̲had v p. 355 no. 482 (a) (ah 1299/1882).

§ 224. S̲h̲ ʿAlī b. ʿAlī Naqī Baḥrainī Sīrjānī Ḥāʾirī was born at Sīrjān in 1277/1860–1.

Nūr al-dīn, a short risālah i fatwāʾī: Tihrān 1321/1903–4 (Mas̲h̲had v p. 635).

§ 225. S̲h̲. Jawād b. Muḥarram Ṭārumī Abhari Zanjānī was born in 1263/1847 and died at Zanjān on 2 S̲h̲awwāl 1325/8 Nov. 1907.

Diyāt i wārit̲h̲, composed in 1322/1904. Tabrīz 1323/1905 (followed by the same author’s Muntak̲h̲ab al- ʿulūm on weights and measures. Mas̲h̲had v p. 606).

§ 226. ʿAlī, surnamed Nūr-ʿAlī-S̲h̲āh, b. Sulṭān-ʿAlī-S̲h̲āh Gunābādī was born in 1284/1867 and died on 15 Rabīʿ i 1327/6 april 1909 (see Mas̲h̲had v p. 572).

D̲h̲ū ’l-faqār, on the harmfulness and illegality of opium-smoking. Tihrān 1318/1900–1 (Mas̲h̲had v p. 572).

§ 227. M. S̲h̲ams al-Ḥaqq b. Amīr ʿAlī ʿAẓīmābādī was born at ʿAẓīmābād (i.e. Patnah) in 1273/1857 and died in 1329/1911. His Arabic works (for which cf. Ellis ii coll. 368–9) include a commentary on the Sunan of Abū Dāwud.

[M. Idrīs p. 31, Niẓāmī Badāyūnī Qāmūs al-mas̲h̲āhīr (in Urdu) ii p. 20, Brockelmann Sptbd. ii p. 862.]

al-Qaul al-muḥaqqaq, on the legality of castrating eatable animals to improve their flesh. Delhi 1306/1889° (appended to the same author’s Arabic work Iʿlām ahl al-ʿaṣr bi-aḥkām rakʿtai al-fajr and two other Arabic works).

§ 228. Mullā M. Kāẓim K̲h̲urāsānī, born at Ṭūs in 1255/1839–40, spent most of his life at Najaf and took a prominent part in the Persian revolution of 1905–9. He died on 20 D̲h̲ū ’l-Ḥijjah 1329/12 December 1911, the day following his proclamation of a jihād against the Russians.

[Browne The Persian revolution pp. 18, 262, 421, 424, Lit. Hist. iv p. 371, Aḥsan al-wadīʿah i pp. 180–8 (portrait); Brockelmann Sptbd. ii p. 799.]

D̲h̲ak̲h̲īrat al-ʿibād li-yaum al-maʿād, a catechism on points of S̲h̲īʿite law, based on the responsa of M. Taqī Ḥāʾirī.61 Bombay 1327/1909* (Muẓaffarī Pr. 159 pp.); [1919*] (Muẓaffarī Pr. 263 pp.).

§ 229. Āqā Najafī (i.e. S̲h̲. M. Taqī b. M. Bāqir Iṣfahānī) died at Iṣfahān in 1332/1914 (see pl. i no. 311 (15), ii no. 843).

Jāmiʿ al-aḥkām, fatwās. Tihrān 1298/1881 (Mas̲h̲had v p. 551).

§ 230. M. ʿAlī b. K̲h̲udā-dād G̲h̲arawī Nak̲h̲jawānī was born at Nak̲h̲jawān in 1268/1851–2 and died at Karbalāʾ on 17 Rabīʿ ii 1334/22 Feb. 1916 (see Aḥsan al-wadīʿah i pp. 220–3).

Duʿāt al-Ḥusainīyah, on mourning in Muḥarram; etc.: Bombay 1330/1912* (Muẓaffarī Pr. 192 pp. Cf. Mas̲h̲had v p. 567).

§ 231. M. b. ʿAlī b. M. b. ʿAlī Āmulī, a resident of Tihrān, died i S̲h̲aʿbān 1336/12 May 1918.

Talk̲h̲īṣ al-farāʾiḍ, fatwās concerning the ʿibādāt and muʿāmalāt, completed in 1317/1899. D̲h̲arīʿah iv p. 424, Tihrān 1317/1899–1900 (Mas̲h̲had v p. 550).

§ 232. Zain al-ʿĀbidīn K̲h̲ān b. M. Karīm K̲h̲ān62 Kirmānī a S̲h̲aik̲h̲ī divine.

(1)
Ajwibat al-masāʾil: Tabrīz 1328/1910 (appended to the same author’s S̲h̲arḥ i ḥadīt̲h̲ i fiqh al-Riḍawī Mas̲h̲had v p. 588); 1344/1925–6 (appended to his Tanzīh al-anbiyāʾ. See Mas̲h̲had iv p. 482).
(2)
Manāsik i ḥajj, a translation of his father’s work. see no. 172(2) supra.
(3)
S̲h̲arḥ i ḥadīt̲h̲ i Fiqh al-Riḍawī, a commentary completed in 1324/1906 on a tradition relating to the ṣalāt in the Fiqh al-Riḍā: Tabrīz 1328/1910 (followed by the same author’s Ajwibat al-masāʾil Mas̲h̲had v p. 588).

§ 233. S. M. Kāẓim b. ʿAbd al-ʿAẓīm Ṭabāṭabāʾī Yazdī, an influential teacher of the law at Najaf, was unsympathetic to the Constitutionalist movement in Persia. He died at Najaf on 28 Rajab 1337/29 April 1919.

[Aḥsan al-wadīʿah i pp. 188–93 (portrait); Brockelmann Sptbd. ii p. 802.]

al-ʿUrwat al-wut̲h̲qā fī-mā taʿummu bihi ’l-balwā, in Arabic, see Brockelmann Sptbd. ii p. 803, Aḥsan al-wadīʿah i p. 191.

Persian translation: G̲h̲āyat al-quṣwā dar tarjamah i ʿU. al-w., by ʿAbbās [b. M. Riḍā] Qummī (cf. pl i no. 1662, Brockelmann Sptbd ii p. 840): Bag̲h̲dād 1328–30/1910–12 (2 vols with some of the author’s minor works. Mas̲h̲had v p. 599); Bombay 1339/1920–1* (Saʿādat Press.63 629 pp.)

§ 234. S. Ismāʿīl b. Ṣadr al-Dīn ʿĀmilī Iṣfahānī Ḥāʾirī died at al-Kāẓimain on 12 Jumādā i 1338/2 Feb. 1920 (see Aḥsan al-wadīʿah i p. 208).

Anīs al-muqallidīn, a risālah i ʿamalīyah of the fatwās of S. Ismāʿīl: D̲h̲arīʿah ii p. 466 no. 1813, Bombay 1329/1912° (55 pp.).

§ 235. S̲h̲. Ḥabīb Allāh S̲h̲arīf Kās̲h̲ānī died 1340/1922 (see pl. ii no. 65 and pl. i Suppt.64).

(1)
Maṣābīḥ al-ṣāʾimīn, on tasting in its various aspects: [Persia] 1365/1946 (Mas̲h̲had v p. 324).
(2)
Tauḍīḥ al-bayān fī tashīl al-auzān: see pl. ii no. 65.

§ 236. S̲h̲. Mahdī b. Ḥusain al-K̲h̲āliṣī (aṣlan) al-Kāẓimī (maskinan) al-K̲h̲urāsānī (khātimatan wa-madfanan) was born at al-Kāẓimain on 15 D̲h̲ū ’l-Ḥijjah 1277/24 June 1861, and died on 12 Ramaḍān 1343/7 April 1925 at Mas̲h̲h̲a̲d̲.

[A̲ḥsan al-wadīʿah ii pp. 122–6; Brockelmann Sptbd. ii p. 839.]

Muk̲h̲taṣar al-rasāʾil, dar uṣūl u furūʿ i dīn: Mas̲h̲had 1343/1924–5 (juzʾ i only? see Mas̲h̲had ii, fṣl. 5, ptd. bks. no. 166, v p. 610 no. 576).

§ 237. ʿAlī b. M. Husain Ḥusainī S̲h̲ahristānī Ḥāʾirī died at Karbalāʾ on ii Rajab 1344/25 January 1926 (Mas̲h̲had iv p. 301). For his Persian translation of al-Nāfiʿ yaumal-ḥas̲h̲ar [sic apparently] see under pl. iv no. 360 infra.

Muntak̲h̲ab al-masāʾil, On the ʿibādāt and muʿāmalāt. Tihrān 1320/1902–3 (2 vols Mas̲h̲had v p. 626).

§ 238. S̲h̲. Faḍl Allāh b. M. Ḥasan Nūrī65 Māzandarānī Ḥāʾirī died at Karbalāʾ on 25 Jumādā i 1345/1 December 1926.

[Aḥsan al-wadīʿah ii pp. 94–6, Brockelmann Sptbd. ii p. 804; Tārīk̲h̲ ʿulamāʾ… Gīlān p. 60.]

Manāsik i ḥajj u ʿumrah: Bombay 1342/1924* (Nādirī Pr. 120 pp).

§ 239. S. Aḥmad b. M. Bāqir b. ʿInāyat Allāh Mūsawī Bihbahānī Ḥāʾirī died early in Muḥarram 1351/May 1932 (D̲h̲arīʿah iii p. 333 penult.).

Muʿīn al-wārit̲h̲īn, completed in 1308/1890 at Tihrān. Tihrān 130/1891–2 (Mas̲h̲had v p. 617).

§ 240. S̲h̲. ʿAbd Allāh b. M. Ḥasan Māmaqānī died at Najaf in 1351/1932–3.

[Mas̲h̲had iv p. 2972; Aḥsan al-wadīʿah i p. 173 penult: Brockelmann Sptbd. ii p. 798.]

(1)
Mirʾāt al-kamāl, in Arabic, on ādāb and sunan, completed on 1335/1917: Najaf 1341/1922–3 (appended to the same author’s Mirʾāt al-ras̲h̲ād. Mas̲h̲had v p. 320, Brockelmann Sptbd. ii p. 799).

Persian translation: Sirāj al-S̲h̲īʿah fī aḥkām al-s̲h̲arīʿah, completed in 1346/1927 by the author of the original. Najaf 1348/1929–30 (Murtaḍawī Pr. Mas̲h̲had v p. 276).

(2)
Risālah dar ḥukm i s̲h̲abīh, in Arabic (title?), on the permissibility of likenesses in the Muḥarram mourning.

Persian translation: R. d. ḥ. sh̲., by Yaḥyā Urūmiyaʾī: Najaf 1345/1926–7 (Mas̲h̲had v p. 577).

§ 241. M. Hās̲h̲im [b. M. ʿAlī Mas̲h̲hadī] K̲h̲urāsānī was born in 1280/1864 and died on 2 D̲h̲ū ’l-Ḥijjah 1352/18 March 1934.

(1)
Raḍāʿīyah. See under Ribāʾīyah below.
(2)
Ribāʾīyah, on usury, in accordance with the view of M. Kāẓim Khurāsānī and S. Ismāʿīl Ṣadr, [Persia] 1318/1900–1 (Ribāʾīyah u Raḍāʿīyah, the latter being similar work on raḍāʿ. Mas̲h̲had v p. 573).
(3)
Risālah dar irt̲h̲: [Persia] 1340/1921–2 (followed by the same author’s Risālah dar nafaqāt and Risālah i s̲h̲ināsāʾī i auqāt i namāz (or R. dar maʿrifat i qiblah). Mas̲h̲had v pp. 575, 580, 581).
(4)
Risālah dar maʿrifat i qiblah: see under Risālah dar irth above.
(5)
Risālah dar nafaqāt: see under Risālah dar irt̲h̲ above.

§ 242. Nawwāb ʿAlī Ḥasan K̲h̲an b. Ṣiddīq Ḥasan K̲h̲ān has already been mentioned (pl. i no. 1228) as the author of the Ṣubḥ i guls̲h̲an completed in 1295/1878.

al-Bunyān al-marṣūṣ min bayān ījāz al-fiqh al-manṣūṣ Edition: place? 1299/1882 (Āṣafīyah iii p. 444 no. 713).

§ 243. S. M. ʿAṣṣār died in 1356/1937 (see pl. i Add. ad no. 48 (48h)).

Izālat al-irtiyāb fī wujūb al-ḥijāb, completed in 1340/1922. Mas̲h̲had v p. 361 no. 497 (24 foll. autograph).

§ 244. S. Mahdī “Lāhūtī” b. Muṣṭafā Tafrīs̲h̲ī al-mulaqqab min al-Sulṭān Nāṣir al-Dīn S̲h̲āh bi-Badāʾiʿ-nigār was born in 1279/1862–3 and died on 1 or 2 K̲h̲urdād ahs 1320/May 1941, (see pl. i Add. ad no. 99 (99b), iii no. 329).

Badāʾiʿ al-aḥkām fī fiqh al-Islām, on S̲h̲īʿite law and its differences from Sunnī law, completed in 1318/1900–1 as a translation of his Arabic work Badāʾiʿ al-Mahdawīyah fī fiqh al-It̲h̲nai-ʿAs̲h̲arīya, D̲h̲arīʿah iii p. 61.

Edition: [Ṭihrān] 1324–1906°* (272 pp.).66

§ 245. S. Abū ’l-Qāsim b. M. Riḍā Tabrīzī Ṭabāṭabāʾī died at Najaf in 1361/1942.

Ḥadīqat al-muttaqīn li-ʿamal al-muqallidīn. D̲h̲arīʿah vi p. 389 no. 2423, where no ms. or printed edition is mentioned.

Abridgment: Qūt i lā-yamūt, prepared at the author’s request by S. Mujtabā b. ʿAbd al-Wahhāb Ḥusainī Qazwīnī. Tihrān 1331/1913 (Mus̲h̲ār i 1233. Cf. D̲h̲arīʿah vi p. 389 no. 2423, where an edition of 1323/1905 is mentioned without specification of the place of publication).

§ 246. S. Abū ’l-Ḥasan b. M. b. ʿAbd al-Ḥamīd Mūsawī Iṣfahānī, b. 1284/1867–8, d. at Kāẓimain 9 D̲h̲ī-Ḥijjah 1365/4 November 1946 (see Mas̲h̲had v p. 5592).

(1)
Anīs al-muqallidīn, a short collection of questions and answers, edited by S. Abū ’l-Qāsim Iṣfahānī. D̲h̲a̲r̲īʿah ii p. 466 no. 1812, Najaf 1354/1935–6 (Mas̲h̲had v p. 540), Tihrān 1366/1947 (Mas̲h̲had ibid.).
(2)
Wasīlat al-najāt, Arabic fatwās in two volumes ((1) ʿibādāt, (2) muʿāmalāt): Najaf 1364/1945 (8th ed. Mas̲h̲had v p. 638).

Persian translation: Ṣirāṭ al-najat, by S. Abū ’l-Qāsim Iṣfahānī. Tihrān (date? Islāmīyah Pr. 2 vols. Mas̲h̲had v pp. 593–4).

§ 247. S. Abū ’l-Qāsim Mūsawī Iṣfahānī Najafī, the author of Abwāb al-jinān, in Persian, fi aʿmāl al-yaum wa-’l-lailah (D̲h̲arīʿah i p. 74 no. 366), has translated the Wasīlat al-najāt of Abū ’l-Ḥasan Iṣfahānī (see no. 246(2) supra).

Muntak̲h̲ab al-rasāʾil, a short work on the uṣūl i dīn, the ʿibādāt and the muʿāmalāt, in accordance with the fatwās of S.M. Kāẓim Yazdī. Bag̲h̲dād 1331/1913 (Mas̲h̲had v p. 625); Najaf 1338/1919–20 (Mas̲h̲had v p. 625), 1340/1921–2 (Mas̲h̲had ibid.); 1341/1922–3 (Mas̲h̲had ibid.), and others.

§ 248. Āqā Ḥusain b. Maḥmūd Ṭabāṭabāʾī Qummī b. circ. 1281/1864–5, d. 15 Rabīʿ i 1366/6 Feb. 1947 (Mas̲h̲had v p. 559).

Muk̲h̲taṣar al-aḥkām, a short risālah i ʿamalīyah on the ʿibādāt and muʿāmalāt in accordance with Āqā Ḥusain’s fatwās. Tihrān 1339/1920–1 (ends with masāʾil i zakāt. Mas̲h̲had v p. 610), 1356/1937 (both ʿibādāt and muʿāmalāt Mas̲h̲had ibid.), [ahs 1326/1947–8?] (Mas̲h̲had ibid.).

§ 249. S. ʿAbd Allāh b. Abū ’l-Qāsim Mūsawī Bilādī Būs̲h̲ahrī, a resident of Būs̲h̲ahr, was born in 1291/1874.

Sudūl al-jilbāb, on the veiling of women, completed in 1330/1912: S̲h̲īrāz 1331/1913 (Mas̲h̲had v p. 585).

§ 250. S. M. Hās̲h̲im b. ʿAbd Allāh Mūsawī Ṭassūjī was born at Kūs̲h̲k-sarāy i Marand and was alive when his Majālis al-uṣūl, a theological and ethical work, was published at Tabrīz in 1346/1927–8 (see pl. iv no. 582 infra).

Ṣawāb al-k̲h̲iṭāb, on the veiling of women, completed in 1343/1924: K̲h̲ōy 1343/1924–5 (Mas̲h̲had v p. 595).

§ 251. S̲h̲. M. Kāẓim b. M. Saʿīd.

Risālah dar ḥijāb. Tihrān 1345/1926–7 (Mas̲h̲had v p. 576).

§ 252. S̲h̲. ʿAlī b. ʿAlī Das̲h̲tī.

Īḍāḥ al-mīrāt̲h̲, completed in 1339/1920–1. D̲h̲arīʿah ii p. 502 no. 1963. Edition: Bombay 1343/1925* (Muẓaffarī Pr. 262 pp.).

§ 253. Zainab Bēgum (doubtless a pseudonym).

Jawābīyah, on the veiling of women, composed in 1345/1927. S̲h̲īrāz 1346/1927–8 (Mas̲h̲had v p. 553).

§ 254. S̲h̲. M. Riḍā, known as (maʿrūf bah) Afḍal, b. Ḥājj Āk̲h̲ūnd C̲h̲āl-Ḥiṣārī Tihrānī, an Ak̲h̲bārī legist resident at Qum, was born in 1289/1872.

(1)
Alf suʾāl [Tihrān?] 1347/1928–9 (956 masʾalahs only. See Mas̲h̲had v p. 538).
(2)
Rus̲h̲d al-mustars̲h̲id, questions and answers on the ʿibādāt: [Persia] date? (Mas̲h̲had v p. 581).

§ 255. S. Ḥasan Taqī-zādah was born in 1878. (See pl. i no. 321 (1), ii no. 174).

Taḥqīq i aḥwāl iqānūnī i Īrān ba-muḥākamāt i tārīk̲h̲ī: Cairo 1323/1905–6 (70 pp. Karatay p. 75).

§ 256. S. M. b. M. Taqī Tadaiyun, Professor of Arabic Literature in the University of Tihrān and a Deputy in the Majlis, was born at bhlgrd near Bīrjand ahs 1260/1881–2 and was Minister of Education, etc.

Jāmiʿ i Muḥammadī, or Tabṣirah i Fārsī, an elementary manual of Persian law: Tihrān 1345/1926–7 (12th ed. Mas̲h̲had v p. 552).

§ 257. An anonymous author completed in 1349/1931.

Ḥikmat al-ḥijāb wa-adillat al-niqāb, a detailed work, with a k̲h̲ātimah on the illegality of shaving the beard. Tihrān 1349/1931 (Mas̲h̲had v p. 563).

§ 258. S. Ṣadr al-Dīn b. ʿAlī b. M. Bāqir K̲h̲wānsārī C̲h̲ahār-Sūqī Iṣfahānī, was a grandson of the author of the well known Arabic biographical dictionary Rauḍāt al-jannāt (cf. Brockelmann Sptbd. ii p. 828).

Nūr al īmān, a short work on legal matters from ṭahārat to k̲h̲ums. Iṣfahān 1348/1929–30 (Mas̲h̲had v p. 635).

§ 259. S̲h̲. G̲h̲ulām-Riḍā b. Aḥmad Tihrānī.

Miṣbāḥ al-wārit̲h̲īn, in accordance with fatwās of S. Abū ’l-Ḥasan Iṣfahānī, completed in 1350/1932. Najaf 1352/1933–4 (Mas̲h̲had v p. 616).

§ 260. S. Ḥusain b. Naṣr Allāh Mūsawī Urūmī ʿArab-Bāg̲h̲ī, [who died in 1369/1949–50, has already been mentioned in this survey (pl. i Add. ad no. 48 [48f ], ii nos. 349 (b), 350 (b)). v.s.]

(1)
Aḥkām i sahlah dar aʿmāl i ḥajj u ʿumrah, completed in 1349/1930–1. Tabrīz [1937?] (followed by the same author’s Siyāsat i Furqānī dar d̲h̲abḥ i qurbānī, completed in 1350/1931. Mas̲h̲had v p. 535).
(2)
Asās al-īmān, completed in 1350/1931, on the necessity of the veil for women. Tabrīz (Mas̲h̲had v p. 536).
(3)
Ṭarīq i ṣawāb, on the najāsat of the Ahl i Kitāb, completed at Riḍāʾīyah in 1338/1920. Tihrān 1366/1947 (Mas̲h̲had v p. 596).
(4)
Zubdat al-bayān fī jawāb al-ik̲h̲wān, on the reasons (ḥikmat) underlying the enactment of the k̲h̲ums and the zakāt, completed in 1351/1932. Riḍāʾīyah [i.e. Urūmiyah] [1937?] (Mas̲h̲had iv p. 317).

§ 261. S. Maḥmūd b. M. b. M. Bāqir Sijāsī Qazwīnī, a resident of Tihrān.

Qiblat al-āfaq, on the qiblah and the time of prayer, completed in 1350/1932: Tihrān 1361/1942 (Mas̲h̲had v p. 604).

§ 262. S. M. Ḥusain Mūsawī S̲h̲āh-C̲h̲irāg̲h̲ī Tihrānī is the author of It̲h̲bāt al-s̲h̲afāʿah wa-t̲h̲amarat al-ṭāʿah completed in 1361/1942 and of Tuḥfat al-Riḍawīyah completed in 1358/1939 (see pl. iv no. 608 infra).

Ḍiyāʾ al-lumʿah, on the ṣalāt i jumʿah, completed in 1360/1941: Tihrān 1360/1941 (Markazī Pr. Mas̲h̲had v p. 596).

§ 263. Ḥāfiẓ ʿĀmir Bēg was official delegate (? maʾmūr i rasmī) in Persia of the Kingdom of Egypt in ahs 1315/1936–7.

Asrār al-ḥajj, presumably in Arabic.

Persian translation: Asrār i ḥajj, by Abū ʼl-Qāsim Saḥāb (cf. pl. i Add. ad no. 100 (9) [(9a)], no. 1484A). Tihrān 1358/1939 (accompanied by translations of the A. i. ḥ of Mīrzā K̲h̲alīl Ṣaimarī and the Bāb al ḥajj from the Tabṣirat al-mutaʿallimīn of Ḥillī. See Mas̲h̲had iv p. 278).

§ 264. Sh. M. Jawād b. G̲h̲ulām-Riḍā Qummī.

Ṣirāṭ al-mustaqīm fī maʿrifat baʿḍ mā yataʿallaq bi-’l-dīn al-qawīm, on theology and the principles of ethics, of which pt 2 was completed in 1356/1937. Editions: Tihrān 1356/1937 (Mas̲h̲had iv p. 327; for pts. 2 and 3 see Mas̲h̲had v p. 593).

§ 265. S̲h̲. ʿAbd al-Nabī b. Mīrzā M. ʿAlī b. Mīrzā Āqā ʿIrāqī, born in 1308/1890–1 at the village of rfs, a resident of Qum.

(1)
Irs̲h̲ād al-ummah, completed in 1360/1941, dar ʿadam i wujūb i namāz i jumʿah dar ʿaṣr i g̲h̲aibat: Najaf 160/1941 (Mas̲h̲had v p. 535).
(2)
Iʿlām al-ʿāmmah fī ṣiḥḥat al-ḥajj maʿ al-ʿāmmah, completed in 1360/1941. Najaf 1364/1945 (followed by the same author’s Īqāẓ al-bas̲h̲ar in Arabic. Mas̲h̲had v p. 538).

§ 266. S̲h̲. M. Bāqir Kamaraʾī, a resident of Rai, [has already been mentioned in this Survey (pl. i Add. ad no. 48 [48o]) as the author of a commentary on Sūrah xxxi (Luqmān) of the Qurʾān. v. s.].

Furūʿ i dīn u nuṣūṣ i aḥkām, in four volumes, of which the second was completed in 1363/1944 and the third in 1356/1938. Tihrān ahs 1323/1944–5 (date of vol. iii. Mas̲h̲had v pp. 601–2).

§ 267. S̲h̲. Abū ’l-Faḍl b. M. Ḥusain K̲h̲urāsānī, a resident of Tihrān.

Zībāʾī i mardān, a detailed work on the beard and moustache, completed in 1364/1945. Tihrān 1364/1945 (Mas̲h̲had v p. 584).

§ 268. S̲h̲. M. Riḍā [b. ʿAbbās ʿAlī] Ṭabasī, known as Murawwij, a resident of Najaf.

al-Munyah, on the shaving of the beard: Tihrān [ahs 1325/1946–7?67] (5th ed. Mas̲h̲had v p. 630).

§ 269. Abū ’l-Qāsim K̲h̲ān [b. Zain al-ʿĀbidīn K̲h̲ān b. M. Karīm K̲h̲ān] Ibrāhīmī, a divine of the S̲h̲aik̲h̲ī sect.

Risālah i arḍ i tisʿīn, completed in 1366/1947, on prayer and fasting dar nawāḥī i quṭbain u amkinaʾī kih bi-’l-farḍ mah-hāʾī s̲h̲ab u māh-hāʾī rūz bās̲h̲ad. Kirmān 1366/1947 (Mas̲h̲had v p. 575).

§ 270. S̲h̲. Zain al-ʿĀbidīn D̲h̲ū ’l-Majdain, a son of S̲h̲. Faraj Allāh Qummī (d. 1322/1904–5), was born circ. 1304/1886–7 and was a Professor in the Faculty of Theology in Tihrān.

Fiqh u tijārat. Tihrān ahs 1326/1947 (University of Tihrān. Mas̲h̲had v p. 602; Probsthainʾs Orientalia nova 2 (1946–8) p. 29).

§ 271. S. ʿAlī Muntaẓarī, a resident of Nau-dih i Malik in Gurgān.

Ḥasanāt i Muntaẓarī, in verse and prose, on ʿaqāʾid, ʿibādāt and mawāʿiẓ. Gurgān 1367/1948 (Mas̲h̲had v p. 563).

§ 272. Ḥusain b. Mūsā Ḥusainī Sabzawārī, born in 1309/1892 at Sāmarrāʾ, was Kilīd-dār of the Holy Shrine of the Imām Riḍā.

Manāsik i ḥajj, composed in 1367/1948. Mas̲h̲had ahs 1327/1949 (Mas̲h̲had v p. 623).

§ 273. Appendix

(1)
Āb i ḥayāt, anonymous, S̲h̲īʿite: Asʿad 3537 (Horn Pers. Hss. p. 294 no. 96).
(2)
Abridgement of the regulations for the administration of civil justice. See K̲h̲ulāṣah i āʾīn i ʿadālat.
(3)
Abstract of the Regulations for the administration of civil justice, in the provinces of Bengal Behar, and Orissa, from the year 1793 to the end of 1824…. Originally compiled by W. Blunt and rendered into Persian by H. Shakespear. Calcutta 1825* (280 pp.).
(4)
Abyāt i ʿilm i mīrāt̲h̲, a metrical summary of the law of inheritance, by Mullā Mak̲h̲dūm Naṣīr: Multān 1353/1934* (Mujtabāʾī Pr. 28 pp.).
(5)
Aḥkām al-dīn, a S̲h̲āfiʿī work. Āṣafīyah ii p. 1168 no. 148.
(6)
Aḥkām al-s̲h̲arīʿah, Ḥanafī, by M. Jaʿfar b. Zain K̲h̲ān b. Sanbar [?] K̲h̲ān. Āṣafīyah ii p. 1112 no. 365 (ah 1180/1766–7).
(7)
Aḥkām i ḥaqq, a metrical Ḥanafī work: Āṣafīyah ii p. 1112 no. 247.
(8)
(Aḥkām i s̲h̲ukūk u sahw) (beg. al-Ḥ. l. ’l. k̲h̲. al-insān ʿallamahu ’l-bayān wa-nazaʿa ’l-s̲h̲ukūk wa-’l-s̲h̲u̲bahāt), presumably on the mistakes, omissions, etc., which may occur in the performance of the namāz (cf. pl. iv no. 80(13) supra, where M. Bāqir Majlisī’s Risālah i s̲h̲akkīyāt i ṣalāt is described). Bānkīpūr xiv 1266 foll. 517a–546 (19th cent.).
(9)
Aḥwāl (aḥkām?) i ziyārat i qubūr: Āṣafīyah ii p. 1112 no. 441.
(10)
ʿAin al-iṣābah fī rafʿ al-sabbābah, by Maulawī Dōst Muḥammad. Lucknow 1296/1879 (ʿAlawī Pr. See ʿAlīgaṛh Subḥ. ptd. bks. p. 41 no. 33).
(11)
Āʾīnah i ḥaqq-numā. ʿAlīgaṛh Subḥ. mss p. 8 no. 12 (under Fiqh. Defective at end).
(12)
Āʾīnah i tauḥīd, a S̲h̲āfiʿī work: Āṣafīyah ii p. 1168 nos. 128–9 (Vols. i-ii).
(13)
Ajwibah i ʿajībah, answers relating to polygamy, divorce, ritual ablutions and growing the beard, by Qamar al-Dīn Aḥmad. [Lucknow] 1287/1870* (n.k. 52 pp.).
(14)
al-Ajwibat al-s̲h̲āfiyah, a summary of Islamic law, by S. Aḥmad ʿAlī: [India] 1256/1840* (24 pp.).
(15)
Anwār al-sarāʾir wa-misbāḥ al-zāʾir. Cambridge 2nd Suppt. 67(3) (foll. 115–54. 18th cent.).
(16)
ʿArs̲h̲-nāmah fī aḥkām al-s̲h̲arʿ (beg. Ādam [read Ādamī] k̲h̲āk-ast ai dīw i rajīm), Ḥanafī: Cairo p. 529.
(17)
Articles of war in English, Persian, and Hindoostanee. Translated [by S.D. Riley] and printed by order. Calcutta 1847* (Military Orphan Pr. 157 pp.).
(18)
Asās al-muṣallī (beg. al-Ḥ. l. R. al-ʿā. wa-’l-ʿāqibatu … Bi-dān-kih … dar Fatāwī i Kabīrī), a short Ḥanafī work on ablution and prayer in two chapters subdivided into nine and eight sections respectively. According to Būhār 142(1) the author is Badr [al-Dīn b.] Rukn [al-Dīn] Sind’hī: Būhār 142(1) (ah 1129/1717), Ivanow 1092 (ah 1176/1762–3), ʿAlīgaṛh Subḥ. mss. p. 9 no. 20.
(19)
Asās al-quḍāt, advice to qāḍīs, by Aḥmad Jān K̲h̲ān [Kauzāʾī?]: Kābul 1303/1906* (140 pp.).
(20)
Asrār i ḥajj, in a muqaddamah and ten faṣls, by an anonymous S̲h̲īʿite: Tihrān 1319/1901–2 (Mas̲h̲had v p. 224).
(21)
Badāʾiʿ i manẓūm, a metrical guide to prayer, fasting, almsgiving, etc., by ʿAlī Riḍā Hindī Bag̲h̲dādi. Editions: Cawnpore 1277/1860° (with a marginal commentary entitled Ṣanāʾiʿ by M. Ilāhī Bak̲h̲s̲h̲ K̲h̲ān Faiḍābādī. 56 pp.); 1878° (with the Ṣanāʾiʿ. 56 pp.), Lucknow n.k. 1287/1870* (with the Ṣanāʾiʿ. 56 pp.); 1295/1878* (with the Ṣanāʾiʿ. 56 pp.), Lahore [1891°] (pp. 56), 1326/1908* (56 pp.), and others.
(22)
Dar Bayān i s̲h̲ustan i murdah u aḥkām i ū (beg. Dar Ṣalāt i Faqīh i Masʿūdī), metrical: Upsala Zetterstéen 472 (4).
(23)
al-Bus̲h̲rā li-l-S̲h̲īʿah wa-ahl al- ʿazāʾ, on the illegality of the S̲h̲īʿite practice of mourning for the martyrs of Karbalāʾ, by And̲h̲ar ʿAlī Pas̲h̲āwarī: Lahore 1330/1912* (Rifāh i ʿāmm Pr. 98 pp.)
(24)
C̲h̲ahār kitāb, anon.: see above under Nām i Ḥaq (pl. iv no. 16) and also pl. iv no. 609(21) infra; Tashkent 1896 (208 pp. Karatay p. 39).
(25)
C̲h̲ahār kitāb bar masāʾil i ḍarūrīyah u bar muʿtaqadāt i dīnīyah…, anon.: Tashkent 1311/1893–4 (227 pp. Karatay p. 40).
(26)
Dastūr al-ʿamal: see Regulations for the administration of justice.
(27)
Dastūr al-farāʾiḍ (beg. al-Ḥ. l. R. al-ʿā wa-’l-ʿāqibatu .. Bi-dān, asʿadaka ’llāh taʿālā kih c̲h̲ūn Ṣāniʿ), a Ḥanafī work, which quotes also the opinions of al-S̲h̲āfiʿī, in thirty bābs, by an anonymous author, who says that his knowledge of the law of inheritance had gained him a world-wide reputation and that he had written several Arabic works on that subject: Āṣafīyah ii p. 1118 no. 211 (ah 1116/1704–5), Bānkīpūr xiv 1238 (ah 1130/1718), 1237 (ah 1254/1838).
(28)
Dastūr al-muʾminīn, Ḥanafī, by M. S̲h̲ākir b. Badr al-Dīn Ṣiddīqī Naqs̲h̲­bandī. Āṣafīyah ii p. 1118 no. 213.
(29)
Dastūr al-muṣallīn (beg. Ḥamdī kih abkār i afkār i bulaghāʾ i kibār), based chiefly on the “Fiqh i Kaidānī”, by Saʿd b. S̲h̲araf, a teacher in the school of the new mosque at Jaunpūr: Ivanow 1050 (ah 1156/1743).
(30)
D̲h̲ak̲h̲īrat al-ʿamal [a translation by Major J. Ousely of J.H. Harington’s An elementary analysis of the laws and regulations … in Bengal]: Calcutta 1840 (Misson Pr. 2 vols. 547 & 154 pp.).
(31)
Ḍiyāʾ al-farāʾiḍ, a metrical Ḥanafī work. Āṣafīyah ii p. 1122 no. 317.
(32)
Elementary analysis of the laws and regulations in Bengal, by J.H. Harington: See D̲h̲ak̲h̲īrat al-ʿamal and K̲h̲ulāṣah i āʾīn i ʿadālat i dīwānī.
(33)
Epitome of Mohammedan Law. See Mirʾāt al-masāʾil.
(34)
Faiḍ i ʿāmm, by Maulawī Naʿīm al-Dīn Bardawānī.68 Lucknow 1266/1850 (Muṣṭafāʾī Pr. See ʿAlīgaṛh Subḥ. ptd. bks. p. 41 no. 27).
(35)
Fāʾidat al-muslimīn (al-Ḥ. l. Bi-dān kih, asʿadaka ’llāhu), chiefly on the details of prayer: Ivanow 1051 (2) (foll. 153b–201. ah 1166/1753).
(36)
Faiṣal al-tafriqah bain al-ḍāll wa-’l-nājiyah, on the merits of jihād, by Qāḍī ʿAbd al-Raḥmān K̲h̲ān. Kābul 1304/1887* (68 pp.), 1307/1890* (Risālah i nājiyah. 64 pp.).
(37)
Farāʾiḍ i Aʿẓamī, a Ḥanafī work, by Aḥmad b M. Anṣārī: Āṣafīyah ii p. 1122 no. 203 (ah 1243/1827–8).
(38)
Fasānah i faṣīḥah fī it̲h̲bāt i d̲h̲abīḥah, rules for selecting beasts for slaughter, by M. Ḥusain “Gauhar”: Ballia [1892*] (Qādirī Pr. 7 pp.).
(39)
Faṣīḥ al-ḥalāl wa-’l-ḥarām, by Maulawī M. Sulṭān Siyālkōṭī: Madrās 1284/1868* (Maẓhar al-ʿajāʾib Pr. 60 pp.).
(40)
Fatāwā-yi Humāyūnī, by M. ʿAbd al-G̲h̲afūr, Muftī of Sind: Lahore 1331/1931* (Rifāh i ʿāmm Pr. Vol. i [only?]. 312 pp.).
(41)
Fatāwā-yi Naqs̲h̲bandīyah, by Faiḍ al-Ḥasan Naqs̲h̲bandī: Āṣafīyah ii p. 1062 no. 109.
(42)
Fatāwī i Dāwudī. Edition: place? date? (Āṣafīyah ii p. 1062 no. 22).
(43)
Fatāwī i Maḥmūd-S̲h̲āhī, by Abū ’l-K̲h̲air Qāḍī Ṭaiyib [b.?] S̲h̲. Lud’hā [ldhā?] Multānī. Āṣafīyah ii p. 1062 no. 108 (ah 1220/1805–6).
(44)
Fatḥ al-jalīl fī jawāz al-tawaḍḍī [sic] min al-māʾ al-qalīl, by S. Aḥmad b. S. Darwēs̲h̲: Āṣafīyah ii p. 1740 no. 34 (1).
(45)
Fatwā dar ʿadam i jawāz i nān i Angrēzī: Āṣafīyah ii p. 1122 no. 294.
(46)
Fawāʾid al-muṣallī, by ʿAbd al-G̲h̲afūr Ḥusainī Hās̲h̲imī Samarqandī. ʿAlīgaṛh Subḥ. mss. p. 8 no. 2 (ah 1231/1816).
(47)
Fawāʾid al-Muslimīn, a Ḥanafī work, by M. Hās̲h̲im b. ʿAbd al-Wāḥid Naqs̲h̲bandī. Āṣafīyah ii p. 1124 no. 89.
(48)
Fawāʾid i Fak̲h̲rīyah (beg. Ḥ. bī-ʿadad mar Āfrīdgārī-rā kih ba-ṣunʿ i qadīm) a S̲h̲āfīʿī work, by M. Fak̲h̲r al-Dīn b. M. Ḥusain b. Aḥmad Wāʿiẓ Kalyānī D’hōdī. Ivanow 1054 (1st quarter (rubʿ) only. 54 foll. Early 19th cent).
(49)
Ganjīnah i naẓāʾir, High Court decisions from 1866 to 1872 translated by S. Farzand ʿAlī: Arrah, Nūr al-Anwār Pr., 1874 (2 pts., of which Pt. i only (130 pp.) is in the i.o.).
(50)
Geschichte und System des iranischen Strafrechts, nebst einer Uebersetzung des iranischen Strafgesetzbuches, by ʿAlī Akbar K̲h̲ān Daftarī. Bonn 1935 (Rechtsvergleich. Untensuchungen, 3).
(51)
G̲h̲āyat al-s̲h̲uʿūr bi-ḥujaj al-ḥajj al-mabrūr, an anonymous work on the pilgrimage dedicated to Sulṭān Raḥīm al-Dīn S̲h̲āh-zādah:69 Calcutta 1283/1866–7 (Maẓhar al-ʿAjāʾib Pr. See ʿAlīgarh Subḥ. ptd. bks. p. 41 no. 22), Lucknow 1290/1873°* (n.k. 342 pp.).
(52)
G̲h̲ulg̲h̲ulah i haibat: see Ṭanṭanah i Ṣaulat.
(53)
Ḥadīqat al-masāʾil, a short work on prayer and fasting in five bābs, by G̲h̲ūlām-Imām. Ivanow Curzon 672 (3) (defective. ah 1285/1869).
(54)
Ḥairat al-fiqh (beg. al-Ḥ. l. ’l. an. ʿalā ʿabdihi ’l-Kitāb wa-baiyana al-aḥkāma mina ’l-taʾwīlāt wa ’l-asbāb), a short anonymous tract on difficult legal problems. Madrās i 193 (a).
(55)
Ḥairat al-fiqh, legal response, by Aḥmad b. Ḥamīd called Ibn i Niẓām. Delhi 1868* (Hindu Pr. Followed by an Urdu fatwā by Wajīh al-Dīn, 16 pp.); 1286/1869* (Muḥammadī Pr. 16 pp.); and several other editions.
(56)
Ḥillīyat u ḥurmat i ḥayawānāt, by Faṣīḥ al-Dīn b. Qamar al-Dīn, Qāḍī of Nailūr [“Nellore”]. Āsafīyah ii p. 1116 no. 250.
(57)
Ḥirz al-najāt fī naẓm al-wājibāt (beg. al-Ḥ. l. R. al-ʿā. jamʿī az dūstān Tabārak Khāliq i Bī-c̲h̲ūn taʿālā Rabbunā ’l-Aʿlā), metrical, with a short prose preface, by Ḥasan “Salīmī” b. Sulaimān Tūnī. Majlis ii 1184 (2).
(58)
Ḥisāb al-farāʾiḍ, by Muftī Laṭīf b. Kalān: Āṣafīyah ii p. 1116 no. 647.
(59)
Ḥujjat al-Islām, questions and answers on the fundamentals of Islām in five chapters, by S̲h̲ams b. Kamāl Banbānī. Blochet iv 2155 (1) (17th cent.).
(60)
Ḥujjat al-Islām. Āṣafīyah ii p. 1116 no. 443 (ah 1212/1797–8).
(61)
Ḥuqūq i bain al-milal i khuṣūṣī. Taʿāruḍ i qawānīn, by K̲h̲ilʿat Barī Arsalān. Ṭihrān ahs 1316/1937 (vol. i. 207 pp. See Harrassowitz’s Litterae orientales, April-July 1939 p. 11).
(62)
Ibṭāl i shirmidh̲ah, a tract arguing that certain accidents do not render an animal unlawful, by Abū M. Ḥabīb Allāh Pas̲h̲āwarī. Lahore [1872*] (Muṣṭafāʾī Pr. 18 pp.).
(63)
al-Ῑmān wa-’l-Islām, a S̲h̲āfiʿī work by M. al-njrābādῙ [Najarābādī?]: Āṣafīyah iii p. 458 (defective at both ends).
(64)
al-Iqtiṣād fī masāʾil al-jihād, by Abū Saʿīd M Ḥusain: Lahore 1306/1888° (Mufīd i ʿāmm Pr. Pt..i. 66 pp.).
(65)
Irs̲h̲ād al-muʾminīn, questions and answers concerning law and ritual, by Ibrāhīm b. Ḥusain: Princeton 141 (120 foll. 18th cent.).
(66)
Irt̲h̲īyah, metrical, on the Sunnī law of inheritance, by Murād ʿAlī. Peshawar 1285/1868* (Turāt̲h̲iyah s̲h̲arḥ i Irt̲h̲īyah. With the author’s own commentary. 128 pp.).
(67)
Is̲h̲āʿat al-jumʿah fī ’l-bilād wa-’l-qurā, on Friday observance, by Riyāḍ al-Ḥasan Ḥanafī. Cawnpore 1294/18770* (Niẓāmī Pr. 16 pp.).
(68)
Izālat al-g̲h̲ināʾ, by S̲h̲āh ʿAbd al-Raḥmān. Edition: 1242/1826–7 (Āṣafīyah ii p. 1112 no. 215).
(69)
Iẓhār al-ḥalāl wa-’l-ḥarām, a short tract on the legality of eating meat slaughtered by non-Muslims, by M. Ḥusain Tubbatī.70 [Cawnpore] n.k. 1285/1868* (appended to T̲h̲anāʾ Allāh Pānīpatī’s Mā lā budda minhu); Cawnpore 1873° (similarly appended), 1880° (similarly appended), 1882° (similarly appended), Lucknow N K. 1287/1870* (similarly appended), Lahore 1926* (similary appended), and several similar editions.
(70)
Jāmiʿ al-fiqh. Āṣafīyah ii p. 1114 no. 414 (Fiqh i Ḥanafī).
(71)
Jāmi ʿi fiqh al-mamāt. Āṣafīyah ii p. 1114 no. 460.
(72)
Jawāhir al-Aʾimmah (beg. S̲h̲. i mubarrā az riyā), mainly on the S̲h̲īʿite ceremonies following the birth of a child in twelve chapters by Badīʿ al-ʿaṣr “Anjab”, who in the colophon is called Ḥājī Mag̲h̲ribī. Bānkīpūr xiv 1278 (66 foll. 19th cent.).
(73)
Kamc̲h̲ī (Risālah i fiqh musammā bah K. Spelling?), by G̲h̲aznī[?] b. Sulaimān Manjhan-S̲h̲ā̲h̲ī̲: Āṣafīyah iii p. 444 no. 784 (under Fiqh i Ḥanafī).
(74)
Kas̲h̲f al-g̲h̲iṭāʾ ʿammā lazima li-l-mautā ʿalā ’l-aḥyāʾ, by Muḥammad al-madʿū bah S̲h̲aik̲h̲ al-Islām. Edition: place? date? (Āṣafīyah iii p. 444 no. 732, under Fiqh i Ḥanafī).
(75)
Kas̲h̲f al-ḥāl ʿan al-taʿzīr bi-’l-māl, by Maulawī ʿAbd Allāh Ṭōnkī:71 Lucknow, ʿAlawī Pr. (ʿAlīgaṛh Subḥ. ptd. bks. p. 41 no. 40) and also in a Majmūʿah i rasāʾil i muk̲h̲talifah i fiqh (five works, one Arabic, two Persian and two Urdu. See Peshawar 596 and 627, where the place and date of publication are not stated).
(76)
Kawākib al-Furqān fī taḥqīq al-subḥān, by M. ʿAlī b. Muftī Yār Muḥam­mad. Place? 1260/1844 (Ḥaidarī Pr. See ʿAlīgaṛh Subḥ. ptd. bks. p. 41 no. 31).
(77)
K̲h̲izānah i jawāhir i Jalālī, by Ḍiyāʾ al-ʿAbbās: Āṣafīyah ii p. 1116 no. 328 (under Fiqh i Ḥanafī).
(78)
K̲h̲ulāṣah i āʾīn i ʿadālat i dīwānī. An abridgement of the regulations for the administration of civil justice. abstracted from Mr. Harington’s analysis72 by Moulavy Mohammed Zuhoor. Calcutta 1825* (Hindoostanee Pr. 324 pp.).
(79)
K̲h̲ulāṣat al-fiqh (beg. al-Ḥ. l. R. al-ʿā … Bi-dān-kih hīc̲h̲ c̲h̲īzī nīst dar jahān), an anonymous synopsis of Ḥanafī law in sixty (or rather fifty-nine?) short chapters, of which the first four are aḥkām i īmān, aḥkām i s̲h̲arīʿat, aḥkām i pākī i āb, aḥkām i ṭahārat and the last two dar bayān i as̲h̲ribah and dar bayān i kalimat i kufr. Bodleian 1803.
(80)
K̲h̲ulāṣat al-fiqh. (beg. al-Ḥ. l. yaʿnī bi-gūʾīd kih hamah sp. u st. yaʿnī ṣifat kardan), an exposition of Sunnite law in eighteen bābs (perhaps a paraphrase of an Arabic work), by ʿAbd al-Laṭīf (ʿA. al-L. Lāhaurī according to Āṣafīyah ii p. 1116): Ivanow Curzon 360 (late 18th cent.), Ivanow 1062 (early 19th cent.), Āṣafīyah ii p. 1116 nos. 307, 417, 434. i. o. d. p. 150.
(81)
K̲h̲ulāṣat al-masāʾil, a Ḥanafī work by ʿAbd al-Karīm al-S̲h̲irwānī: Cairo p. 522.
(82)
K̲h̲ulāṣat al-masāʾil, by K̲h̲awāss K̲h̲ān Bījāpūrī. Āṣafīyah iii p. 444 no. 805.
(83)
Kifāyat al-muslimīn (beg. Faṣl dar bayān i wuḍūʾ. Dar wuḍūʾ c̲h̲ahār chīz farḍ ast), a short anonymous tract on religions duties and observances, prayer, ablution, etc. Bodleian 1775 (n.d.).
(84)
Kifāyat al-ʿubbād [more probably al-ʿibād?] (beg. Bi-dān-kih arkān i īmān dū and), a compendium of Sunnī law. Ivanow 1048 (ah 1146/1733–4), Ethé 2601 (110 foll. N. d.), 2602 (64 foll. N. d). According to Ivanow (1049) this work differs only slightly in wording from the Risālah i Qāḍī Quṭb (see pl. iv no. 609 (87) infra).
(85)
Kifāyat i Abū Muslim i Marwazī (beg. Hād̲h̲ā ’l-kitāb K. i A. M. i M. mus̲h̲tamil bar panjāh [sic] bāb. Bāb i awwal), a brief summary of Sunnī law in fifty-three bābs ((1) dar īmān, (2) dar s̲h̲arīʿat, (3) dar ṭahārat): Ethé 2603 (95 foll. N. d.).
(86)
Mā lā budda minhu dar mad̲h̲hab i Imām S̲h̲āfiʿī, by S̲h̲. Nūr al-Dīn M. Ṣafawī. Bombay 1286/1869* (Ḥaidarī Pr. 100 pp.). Probably Madrās ii 545 (Mā-lā-budd i S̲h̲āfiʿī, beg. al-Ḥ. l. R. al-ʿā…. a. b. Bi-dān kih īn kitāb dar bayān i masʾalah i c̲h̲and az farḍ u sunnat u adab-ast) is a ms. of this work.
(87)
Mabānī i ḥuqūq, by Mūsā Jawān: Ṭihrān ahs 1326/1947 (Vol. i, 376 pp. See Probsthain’s Orientalia nova 2 (1946–8), p. 27).
(88)
Madd al-bāʾ li-it̲h̲bāt ḥurmat al-nikāḥ fauq al-rubāʿ, on the illegality of having more than four wives, by Raḍī al-Dīn Abū ’l-K̲h̲air M. ʿAbd al-Majīd: Akbarābād [i.e. Āgrah] 1882° (138 pp.).
(89)
Majmūʿah .. dar masāʾil i ʿāmmat al-balwā, a catechism on S̲h̲īʿite law and theology, by S̲h̲. ʿAlī Bihbahānī: Bombay [1920*] (Muẓaffarī Pr. 227 pp.).
(90)
Majmūʿah i ʿAbbāsī, S̲h̲īʿite, by ʿAbbās-Qulī K̲h̲ān: Āṣafīyah ii p. 1188 no. 62 (ah 1270/1853–4).
(91)
Majmūʿah (or Majmūʿ) i Sulṭānī (beg. al-Ḥ. l. R. al-ʿā. wa-’l-ʿāqibatu .. Bi-dān-kih īn kitābīst dar bayān i masāʾil i fiqh dar ʿibādāt), questions and answers relating to matters connected with the ʿibādāt in forty-three, forty-five, or (according to the preface, but not the text, of Ivanow Curzon 359) forty-eight bābs, ostensibly compiled at the instance of Sulṭān al-mas̲h̲āyik̲h̲ wa-’l-auliyāʾ [!] Sulṭān Mahmūd G̲h̲aznawī. Ivanow 1046 (25 bābs. Early 18th cent.), Ivanow Curzon 359 (43 bābs. ah 1145/1732), 1st Suppt. 825 (late 18th cent.), Princeton 143 (45 bābs. 18th cent.), Āṣafīyah ii p. 1126 nos. 193, 646, Ethé 2551 (43 bābs.).

Editions: [India] Masīḥāʾī Pr. 1263/1847* (104 pp.), Lahore 1878* (100 pp.), 1884†; 1909 (100 pp.)

(92)
Majmūʿat (or Majmūʿ) al-nādirāt, elements of Ḥanafī law. Blochet iv 2240 (224 foll. 19th cent.).
(93)
Manṣab i imāmat, on the nature of the imāmat and the qualifications therefore,73 by M. Ismāʿīl [i s̲h̲ahīd according to Āṣafīyah ii p. 1356. For this person see pl. iv no. 460 infra]. Delhi [1877°*] (Fārūqī Pr. 114 pp.).
(94)
(Manẓūmah dar ʿibādāt) (beg. Baʿd i ḥamd i rāsilāt i wāṣilāt), a short metrical work on namāz, zakāt and ḥajj addressed to K̲h̲wājah Quṭb al-Dīn by Muʿīn al-Dīn i Faqīr “Faqrī” or “Pīr i Faqrī” (identified in a preliminary note with Muʿīn al-Dīn C̲h̲is̲h̲tī, who died in 633/1236 (see pl. i no. 1259 2nd par. (2) 1st footnote) and who did in fact have a disciple named Quṭb al-Dīn Bak̲h̲tyār Kākī (see pl. i no. 1259 2nd par. (2) 2nd footnote): Ivanow 1768 (foll. 62–76. ah 1138/1725–6).
(95)
(Manẓūmah dar uṣūl i dīn u ṭahārat u ṣalāt) (beg. Bi-dān ai bālig̲h̲ i ʿāqil kih Īzad), a S̲h̲īʿite work in 167 verses. Mas̲h̲had v p. 520 no. 873 (7 foll. ah 1098/1687).
(96)
(Manẓūmah dar wuḍūʾ) (beg. Dar ṣabāḥ u rawāḥ u lail u nahār): Rieu i 23a (foll. 80–150. With an anonymous commentary. Defective at end. Early 18th cent).
[(97)
(Manẓūmah i Ḥāfiẓī) (beg. ai dil awwal bi-gū tu Bismi ’llāh * Kun adā s̲h̲ukr i niʿmat i Allāh. Baʿd i ḥamd i K̲h̲udā wa naʿt i Rasūl * Bi-gus̲h̲ā lab bi-madḥ i Zauj i Batūl), a mat̲h̲nawī by “Ḥāfiẓī”, a S̲h̲īʿite, on Prophetship, Imamate, purification, prayer, etc. Ivanow 2nd Suppt. 1033(2) (Acephalous. Foll. 16–24. 18th cent.), 1083(9) (ah 1259/1842–3), Cambridge 2nd Suppt. 67(2) (18th cent.), Bānkīpūr iii 445 (47 foll. 19th cent. Ornate ms), 444 (20 foll. Late 19th cent. Ornate ms.), Mehren p. 65 no. iv (4).

Commentary: Jāmiʿ i Manṣūrī, completed in 1146/1733 by S. G̲h̲ulām-Amīr b. S̲h̲ajāʿat Ḥusainī Qinnaujī Rasūldār Wāsiṭī and dedicated to Abū Manṣūr Saʿādat K̲h̲ān Burhān al-Mulk, of Oudh (cf. pl. i nos. 930, 938 3rd par.): Ivanow 2nd Suppt. 1024 (92 foll. ah 1250/1835).

(98)
Maqṣūd al- muṣallīn (beg. Ḥ. i. bī-g̲h̲āyat … mar Maʿbūdī rā kih ʿibādat i Ū), by Muẓaffar b. Ḥasan b. Mubārak ʿUt̲h̲mānī, “based on the ʿUmdat-ul-Muṣallî, better known as Kîdânî” and divided into eight bābs. Būhār 109 foll. 389 b sqq (breaks off in Bāb vii).
(99)
Masāʾil i k̲h̲amsah, responsa concerning the Tarāwīḥ and Witr prayers, by M. ʿUt̲h̲mān b. Niẓām al-Dīn Fatḥgaṛhī: [Amritsar 1878*] (20 pp.).
(100)
Maslak al-muttaqīn, a metrical work on namāz, ṭahārat, etc. Peshawar 667 (ah 1217/1802–3), Leningrad Mus. Asiat. (see Mélanges asiatiques vii (1876) p. 403, where “Sabīlī” is given with a query as the author).
(101)
Maṭlūb i K̲h̲ānī. Peshawar 651(2).
(102)
Mauʿiẓah i nādirah, letters addressed to Nādir K̲h̲ān G̲h̲āzī, King of Afg̲h̲ānistān, on the europeanisation of his country, by Najaf ʿAlī Jalālpūrī. Lahore [1932*] (Fīrōz Printing Works. 48 pp.).
(103)
Miftāḥ al-hidāyah (beg. Az ḥaḍrat i S̲h̲aik̲h̲-jīw74 pursīdam kih mardum ba-aḥwāl i aulād), questions on points of theology and law with answers by Miyān75 S̲h̲. ʿAlī-jīw [not identifiable, of course, with Miyān Mīr, for whom See pl. i no. 1321 (2) 2nd footnote]: Ethé 2582 (foll. 46–80. ah 1149/1736).
(104)
Miftāḥ al kunūz, on zakāt, by M. Yūsuf ʿAlī K̲h̲ān. Madrās 1277/1861* (48 pp.).
(105)
Miftāḥ al-saʿādāt (beg. al-Ḥ. l. ’l. ʿarrafanā nafsahu), on the different kinds of prayer (ṣalāt presumably), in nine bābs: Vollers 905 (defective at end. 120 foll.).
(106)
Miftāḥ al-ṣalāt, a Ḥanafī work, by Ḥusām al-Dīn: Āṣafīyah ii p. 1126 no. 212 (ah 1061/1651).
(107)
Minhāj al-riḍwān fī masāʾil qiyām Ramaḍān, a defence of the Tarāwīḥ prayers, by M. ʿAbd al-Razzāq Lak’hnawī:76 Lucknow 1290/1873* (Gulzār i Muḥammadī Pr. 34 pp.).
(108)
Minhāj al-s̲h̲arīʿah, a Ḥanafī law-book, by Naṣr Allāh b. M. b. Jamāl al-Kirmānī (the translator of the Kanz al-daqāʾiq. See pl. iv no. 14 (i)(1) supra). Rehatsek p. 213 no. 84(2) (breaking off in Kitāb i zakāt), possibly also ras. p. s. (“Treatise on the ceremonies and religious duties of Muhammadans”. Defective at end) and Āṣafīyah ii p. 1124 no. 414 (Kitāb al-fiqh, by Naṣīr Allah b. M. b. Jamāl).
(109)
Mir’āt al-masāʾil. Translation: An epitome of Mohammedan Law. Translated from the original Persian, by F. Gladwin. Calcutta 1786° (82 pp.).
(110)
Mirʾāt al-muṣallī, a Ḥanafī work, by S̲h̲āh G̲h̲anī: Āṣafīyah ii p. 1126 no. 438.
(111)
Mirʾāt al-muṣallīn, (beg. al-Ḥ. l. Bi-dān kih dar kutub i fiqh), a sketch of the rules for prayer, perhaps identical with the preceding. Ivanow 1043 (foll. 9–24. ah 1098/1687(?)), 1044 (probably ah 1156/1743), 1045 (title here M. al-muṣallī).
(112)
Mirʾāt al-ṣafāʾ. ʿAlīgaṛh Subḥ. mss p. 8 no. 4 (defective at end).
(113)
Miṣbāḥ al-muʾminīn, in two maṭlabs ((1) dar d̲h̲ikr i uṣūl i dīnīyah, (2) dar bayān i s̲h̲arāʾiṭ i namāz, fol. 259b) and a khātimah. Bodleian 1798 (foll 256–70. Not later than 18th cent).
(114)
Miṣbāḥ al-ṭarīq wa-iṣlāḥ al-ʿamal, anon., on the conditions and benefits of prayer. Bombay 1312/1894° (31 pp.).
(115)
Mis̲h̲kāt al-ʿibād, a S̲h̲īʿite work, by S̲h̲. M. Ḥasan b. Ja ͑far Najafī: Āṣafīyah ii p. 1188 no. 35.
(116)
Muʿīn al-Islām, by S. Muḥammad. Edition. 1305/1887–8 (Āṣafīyah ii p. 1126 no. 567, under Fiqh i Ḥanafī).
(117)
Muk̲h̲taṣar al-fatāwā fī masāʾil al-wāqiʿah, by M. Darwēs̲h̲ Islāmābādī: Rangoon 1328/1910* (Muslim Pr. 48 pp.).
(118)
Muk̲h̲taṣar dar bayān i wājibāt i namāz, by Ḍiyāʾ al-Dīn Jurjānī.77 Cambridge 2nd Suppt. 67(1) (18th cent.).
(119)
Muntak̲h̲hab al-ʿamal, a S̲h̲īʿite work, by M. Muqīm [possibly M. Muqīm b. Jamāl al-Dīn Ḥusain Ḥusainī Astarābādī, who according to i.ḥ. 1523, wrote a Persian Risālah fī ’l-maʿād for Quṭb-S̲h̲āh]. Āṣafīyah ii p. 1188 no. 62 (ah 1269/1852–3), i p. 64 no. 138 (defective at both ends).78
(120)
Muntak̲h̲ab al-ṣalāt, a Ḥanafī work: Āṣafīyah ii p. 1128 no. 311.
(121)
Mus̲h̲kilāt al-fiqh, by Aḥmad b. Ḥamīd b. S̲h̲ihāb. Cawnpore (Masīḥāʾī Pr. See ʿAlīgaṛh Subḥ. ptd. bks. p. 41 no. 42).
(122)
Nāfiʿ al-muslimīn, a Ḥanafī work by ʿAbd al-Salām b. ʿAbd al-ʿAzīz Lāhaurī: Āṣafīyah ii p. 1128 no. 385 (ah 1081/1670–1).
(123)
Nahj al-muʾminīn, S̲h̲īʿite: Āṣafīyah ii p. 1188 no. 56.
(124)
Najāt al-muslimīn, a Sunnite catechism of elementary law in seventy-one short bābs by Hibat Allāh: Ivanow 2nd Suppt. 1000 (Acephalous. 42 foll. ah 1188/1774).
(125)
Najāt al-ṭālibīn. See Ṣirāṭ i mustaqīm.
(126)
Nāmah i Qadar-K̲h̲ānī, a Ḥanafī work: Āṣafīyah ii p. 1128 no. 249.
(127)
Nikāḥ-nāmah, in unnumbered sections. Blochet iv 2350 fol. 237 b seqq. (ah 808/1406).
(128)
Qānūn i kār-gud̲h̲ārī, the criminal law of Afg̲h̲ānistān. Kābul 1309/1892* (51 pp.).
(129)
Qaul al-imām fī fasād imāmat al-g̲h̲ulām, a responsum declaring it illegal for an impuberate boy to act as imām, by Maulawī Aḥmad al-Dīn S̲h̲āhpūrī. Amritsar [1918*] (Rōz-bāzār Electric Pr. 16 pp.).
(130)
Qaul al-jamīl fī it̲h̲bāt al-tanqīl,79 a defense of the practices of kissing the thumb-nails and placing them on the eyes when the name Muḥammad is pronounced in the ad̲h̲ān and of showing respect to s̲h̲aik̲h̲s. Lahore 1294/1877* (Muṣṭafāʾī Pr. 48 pp.).
(131)
al-Qaul al-wasīṭ fī-mā yataʿallaq bain al-ifrāṭ wa-’l-tafrīṭ, responsa laying down the principle of moderation and avoidance of excess in religious matters, by Muʿizz al-Dīn Islāmābādī: Delhi [1905*] (Fatāwā-yi lā-buddīyah maʿrūf bah al-Q. al-w….. al-Manṣūr Pr. 120 pp).
(132)
Rāh i jannat, on the principles and practice of al-Islām, by ʿAbd al-Ṣamad: [Calcutta] 1259/1843* (Ṭibbī Pr. 131 pp.).
(133)
Ras̲h̲ḥah i Rabbānī (beg. wājibāt i namāz sī ʿadad ast), a metrical S̲h̲īʿite tract on namāz and other matters, completed at a date indicated by a chronogram (Waqt i tārīk̲h̲ Ras̲h̲ḥah i k̲h̲wānī), possibly 1174/1760–1, if Ras̲h̲ḥah i k̲h̲ānī be the correct reading: Ivanow 2nd Suppt: 1045 (ah 1176/1763).
(134)
Regulations for the administration of justice in the courts of the Mofussil Dewannee Adaulut. (Dastūr al-ʿamal) [Translated into Persian by W. Chambers]. Calcutta 1782* (Charles Wilkins. 116 pp.).
(135)
Riḥlat al-Ḥaramain, an account of the ceremonies connected with the pilgrimage, by S. ʿAbd Allāh Bilādī Bihbahānī: Bombay 1346/1927* (Muẓaffarī Pr. 158 pp.).
(136)
(Risālah dar bayān i masāʾil i k̲h̲ilāfīyah miyān i firqah i nājiyah i Imāmīyah u ṭāʾifah i Ahl i Sunnat u Jamāʿat dar furūʿ i ʿibādāt u muʿāmalāt u g̲h̲air i ān) (beg. Bi-dān … kih īn risālah īst dar bayān …), in seventeen faṣls: Bodleian 1786 (136 foll. A Fraser ms.).
(137)
Risālah dar fiqh i S̲h̲īʿah (beg. Ḥamdan li-ʿAlīyin ijtabā ḥabībahu ’l- mujtabā), in eighteen kitābs. Bodleian 1785 (244 foll. ah 1063/1653).
(138)
Risālah dar ʿibādāt wa-ghairah, by S̲h̲. Zain al- ʿĀbidīn Gīlānī. Edition. 1291/1874 (ʿAlīgaṛh Subḥ. ptd. bks. p. 41 no. 47).
(139)
Risālah dar uṣūl i fiqh, by M. ʿAlī S̲h̲araf-i-Jahānī. Rehatsek p. 196 no. 42 (4).
(140)
(Risālah fī ’l-manāsik) (beg. al-Ḥ. l. R. al-ʿā. wa-ṣalātuhu wa-salāmuhu ʿalā Saiyid al-mursalīn a. b. Īn muk̲h̲taṣar īst dar bayān i arkān u wājibāt u sunan al-ḥajj), by ʿAlāʾ al-Dīn Abū Zaid surnamed al-Daurānī. Cambridge Trin. Coll. (ad 1478. Palmer p. 110).
(141)
Risālah i ʿamalīyah,80 a short work on the ʿibādāt, by S. Mahdī Yazdī Najafī: [India] 1296/1879 (Mas̲h̲had v p. 579, where an acephalous copy is described).
(142)
Risālah i ʿamalīyah i fīqhīyah. Browne Suppt. 664 (Acephalous. ah 1238/1822–3).
(143)
Risālah i asʿad fī bayān i Ḥajar i Aswad, by Qāsim b. Ḥusain: Āṣafīyah ii p. 1118 no. 446 (under Fiqh i Ḥanafī).
(144)
Risālah i farāʾiḍ, on inheritance, by Muns̲h̲ī Faiyāḍ al-Dīn b. Muʿizz al-Dīn. Lucknow 1290/1873°* (16 pp.); 1292/1876* (16 pp.); place? 1299/1882 (Āṣafīyah ii p. 1120 no. 595).
(145)
(Risālah i fiqh), a Ḥanafī work by Abū ’l-Ḥasan b. ʿAbd al-Maʿbūd Simnānī. Āṣafīyah ii p. 1120 no. 407.
(146)
Risālah i fiqh, S̲h̲īʿite, by M. Taqī. Āṣafīyah ii p. 1188 no. 68 (ah 1230/1815).
(147)
Risālah i ḥudūd i qiṣāṣ, by Sirāj ʿAlī K̲h̲ān: ʿAlīgaṛh Subḥ. mss. p. 8 no. 7 (ah 1224/1809).
(148)
Risālah i ḥurmat i d̲h̲abīḥah li-g̲h̲airi ’llāh, by Abū ’l-Fadl M. Wajīh Ṣiddīqī. Edition. Calcutta (Peshawar 680).
(149)
Risālah i It̲h̲nā-ʿAs̲h̲arīyah, by Mahdī-Yāwar K̲h̲ān “Iqbāl” b. ʿAlī-Yāwar K̲h̲ān: Āṣafīyah ii p. 1186 (ah 1225/1810).
(150)
(Risālah i maiyit) (beg. Sp. i bi-q. mar Rāziqī rā kih raḥmat), on the rites and ceremonies to be observed immediately before and after death, by Abū Bakr al-Fāʾiḍ b. M. Lāhaurī, who wrote in view of differences of opinion at the time of a pestilence in Lahore. Bānkīpūr xvii 1663 (19th cent.).
(151)
Risālah i najātīyah, metrical: Āṣafīyah ii p. 1120 no. 432 (under Fiqh i Ḥanafī).
(152)
Risālah i nājiyah: see Faiṣal al-tafriqah.
(153)
(Risālah i namāz) in four bābs, by Murīd al-Ḥaqq: Būhār 142 (2) (foll. 8–13. ah 1129/1717).
(154)
Risālah i Qāḍī Quṭb, see Religion Appendix Masāʾil i Q. Q. (pl. iv no. 609 (87) infra).
(155)
Risālah i Saifīyah, by S. Mahdī ʿAlī. ʿAlīgaṛh Subḥ. mss. p. 9 no. 32, perhaps also no. 25 (R. i S. Author not stated, ad 1832).
(156)
Risālah i taurīt̲h̲ al-arāḍī: Āṣafīyah iii p. 444.
(157)
Risālah i uṣūl i dīn u ṭahārat,81 by ʿAllāmah i Ḥājī S. Mahdī Yazdī Najafī. Edition: 1216[sic?]/1801–2 (Āṣafīyah ii p. 1186 no. 16).
(158)
Risālah i wājibāt i namāz, S̲h̲īʿite, by M. Ḥusain ʿAlī surnamed (mulaqqab bah) G̲h̲ulām-Saiyid Sajjād: Āṣafīyah ii p. 1188 no. 21 (ah 1225/1810).
(159)
Ṣadrīyah, or Ṣaidīyah, on clean & unclean animals and the prohibition of music, tobacco & opium, by Nawwab Ṣadr i Jahān (Dakanī). Cawnpore 1266/1849–50 (Masīḥāʾī Pr. See ʿAlīgaṛh Subḥ. ptd. bks. p. 40 no. 9); Delhi 1298–9/1881–2° (appended to Darwēzah’s Irs̲h̲ād al-ṭālibīn); 1312/1895° (similarly appended).
(160)
Safīnat al-najāt, an Arabic manual of ritual law, by Āqā S̲h̲. Aḥmad.

Persian translation (anon.): ʿAin al-ḥayāt. Bombay 1340–4/1922–6* (Muẓaffarī Pr. 2 vols. 442; 579 pp.).

(161)
Ṣaidīyah (beg. Bihtarīn ṭāʾir), on observances connected with the killing of animals, their lawfulness as food, etc., a work described by Ivanow as common in Turkistān and containing in Ivanow Curzon 622 a dedication to a certain (possibly fictitious) Abū ’l-Ḥasan Bahādur K̲h̲ān. Ivanow 1042 (70 foll. ah 1098/1687 (?)), Curzon 622 (66 foll. Early 19th cent.).
(162)
Ṣaidīyah: Rehatsek p. 205 no. 59 (1).
(163)
Sajanjal al-muslimīn (beg. al-Ḥ. l. ’l. k̲h̲. al-arḍa), a Ḥanafī work in nine kitābs ((1) al-ʿilm, (2) al-ṭahārah, etc.), by M. Wārit̲h̲ b. M. Bāqir b. M. ʿAlī Ṣiddīqī Tug̲h̲laqābādī: Ethé 2580 (defective. 344 foll. ah 1112/1701).
(164)
Ṣalāt al-Ṭaiyibī (beg al-Ḥ. l. ’l. k̲h̲. al-arḍa mihādan), on ablution, prayers, etc., in forty-one faṣls. Bānkīpūr xvii 1712 (ah 1143/1731).
(165)
Ṣaumīyah (beg. T̲h̲anāy [sic] Wājibī rā u s̲h̲ukr i mutaʿāqib ḥaḍrat i Wāhibī rā), of unknown authorship. Mas̲h̲had ii, fṣl. 5, mss., no. 281 (ah 963/1556).
(166)
al-Sirāj al-munīr, fatāwā of Tālī Muḥammad b. M. Saʿīd, a Lucknow Muftī. Eton 29 (ah 1128/1716).
(167)
Sirāj i Ḥanafī, a responsum on the question whether it is lawful to sing during funeral processions, by ʿAbd al-Ṣamad C̲h̲is̲h̲tī: Karāc̲h̲ī [1928*] (Electric Litho Printing Pr. Followed (p. 9) by a musaddas).
(168)
al-Ṣirāṭ al-mustaqīm, entitled alternatively (al-mukannā bi-) Najāt al-ṭālibīn (beg. Baʿd az ḥ. u t̲h̲. i Ḥaḍrat i Kibriyāʾ), composed according to Ḥ. Kh. (who knew it only as mentioned in the Tuḥfat al-ṣalāt of [Ḥusain b. ʿAlī] al-Wāʿiẓ [al-Kās̲h̲ifī]) by ʿAbd al-Wahhāb al-Ṣābūnī and Amīr Ḥusain b. Ḥasan al-Ḥusainī: Ḥ. K̲h̲. iv p. 102, Mas̲h̲had ii, fṣl. 5, mss., no. 280 (111 foll.).
(169)
Ṣirāṭ i mustaqīm, perhaps identical with the preceding work. Āṣafīyah ii p. 1122 (under Fiqh i Ḥanafī).
(170)
Ṣiyag̲h̲ al-ʿuqūd wa-’l-īqāʿāt (beg. Bi-dān kih ʿuqūd bar sih qism ast), of unknown authorship. Mas̲h̲had v p. 466 no. 746.
(171)
Suʾālāt i ʿas̲h̲r, questions posed by Mīrzā Jān with the answers of ʿAbd al-ʿAzīz [possibly the Suʾālāt i ʿashr of ʿAbd al-ʿAzīz Dihlawī (cf. pl. iv no. 454 (3) infra), but in that case the date of the ms. must be incorrect]. Lindesiana p. 166 no. 753 (ah 1080/1669–70).
(172)
Ṣubḥ i ṣādiq, “fiqh i manẓūm”: ʿAlīgaṛh Subḥ. mss. p. 8 no. 5.
(173)
Tad̲h̲kirat al-jumʿah, on Friday worship, by Maulawī82 M. ʿAbd al-Salām (cf. pl. iv no. 609 (137) infra): Lucknow 1284/1867–8* (n.k. 20 pp.); 1285/1869° (21 pp.); 1874* (n.k. 20 pp.).
(174)
Tad̲h̲kirat al-muʾminīn, on the namāz, by S. Ḥasan Kās̲h̲ānī. Mas̲h̲had 1330/1912 (Mas̲h̲had v p. 547).
(175)
Tahd̲h̲īb al-maiyit (al-Ḥ. li-Walīyihi al-Qadīm (sic lege)), a short Ḥanafī tract on funeral ceremonies, etc., by ʿAbd al-S̲h̲akūr Anṣārī. Būhār 479 (5) (19 th cent.).
(176)
Tanbīh al-insān, on the parts of animals considered clean and unclean according to Islamic law. Cawnpore n.k. 1292/1875°* (24 pp.).
(177)
Ṭanṭanah i Ṣaulat, or G̲h̲ulg̲h̲ulah i haibat (“G̲h̲. i h…. al-musammā bah Ṭ. i Ṣ.”), a demonstration of the legality of music, by M. ʿUmar “Ṣaulat” C̲h̲is̲h̲tī: Meerut 1304/18870 (S̲h̲aukat al-Maṭābiʿ. 60 pp.).
(178)
Taqwīm al-dīn, on the principle of jihād, by Mullā Abū Bakr and eleven others. Kābul 1305/1888* (211 pp.).
(179)
Tartīb al-ṣalāt, by ʿAbd al-Laṭīf b. Muḥibb Allāh Muẓaffarnagarī. Delhi [1874*] (Saiyid al-Maṭābiʿ. 32 pp.).
(180)
Tuḥfah i K̲h̲ānī. Peshawar 651 (3).
(181)
Tuḥfah i Murtaḍawīyah, a reply to a fatwā of M. Akbar Mas̲h̲riqī on raising the hands and beating the breast in prayer, by Maulawī G̲h̲ulām-Murtaḍā: Lahore 1291/1874* (Qādirī Pr. 14 pp.).
(182)
Tuḥfah i ṣādiqān, in prose and verse, on the illegality of listening to music in devotions, by Barakat Allāh Jihlam (“Jhelum”) 1337/1919* (Sirāj al-Maṭābiʿ. 24 pp.).
(183)
Tuḥfat al-aḥbāb fī unmūd̲h̲aj al-aʿjāb, by Maulawī Faḍl i Aḥmad. Place? date? (see ʿAlīgaṛh Subḥ. ptd. bks. p. 41 no. 37).
(184)
Tuḥfat al-Ḥusainī, on tajhīz, takfīn and other matters. Peshawar 664 (ah 1263/1847).
(185)
Tuḥfat al-muslimīn, on the principal doctrines and observances of Islām according to the Ḥanafī school in two main chapters ((1) on faith, (2) on works) by Jān Muḥammad b. Abī Saʿīd Anṣārī Jāland’harī, whose Tafsīr i Sūrah i Yūsuf has already been mentioned (pl. i Add. ad no. 49 (64) [(64b)]): Bānkīpūr xiv 1247 (103 foll. ah 1239/1824).
(186)
Turāthīyah: see Irthīyah.
(187)
ʿUjālat al-nāsik fī ’ntikhāb al-manāsik, a Ḥanafī work: Āṣafīyah ii p. 1122 no. 252.
(188)
ʿUjālat al-rāʾiqah, by Mullā Aḥmad ʿAlawī: ʿAlīgaṛh Subḥ. mss. p. 9 no. 23.
(189)
ʿUmdat al-aqwāl fī radd mā fī Aḥsan al-maqāl, on religious charity, by Faiḍ Allāh Islāmābādī in refutation of Muftī Ḍamīr al-Dīn Islāmābādī’s A. al-m.. Dēōband [1916*] (Qāsimī Pr. 44 pp.).
(190)
ʿUmdat al-Islām, by M. Ilāh-bak̲h̲s̲h̲ ʿĀlī-jāhī: Āṣafīyah ii p. 1122 no. 214 (ah 1205/1790–1. Under fiqh i Ḥanafī).
(191)
Wajīzah fī farḍ al-ṣalāt (beg. al-Ḥ. l. R. al-ʿā. fa-hād̲h̲ihi wajīzah fī f. al-ṣ. ijābatan li-’ltimās man ṭāʿatuhu ḥatm): Maʿārif i 73 (52 foll. ah 949/1542).
(192)
Wāqiʿāt i Wadūdī u Majmūʿ al-fatāwā, by ʿAbd al-Wadūd Islāmābādī.83 Calcutta 1293/1876* (Barakatī Pr. 2 vols. 192; 206 pp.).
(193)
Wasīlat al-ḍaʿīf, dar faḍāʾil i ṣalāt, by M. Muḥsin b. Qāḍī Akram [Sind’hī] (cf. Wasīlat al-wuṣūl below). Āṣafīyah iii p. 24 no. 272 (under Adʿiyah).
(194)
Wasīlat al-najāt. Āṣafīyah ii p. 1128 no. 340 (under Fiqh i Hanafī).
(195)
Wasīlat al-wuṣūl ilā janāb al-Rasūl, dar faḍāʾil i ṣalāt u jāmiʿ i tamāmī i ṣalāt [sic], by M. Muḥsin b. Qāḍī Akram Sind’hī (cf. Wasīlat al-ḍaʿīf above): Āṣafīyah iii p. 272 no. 941 (Acephalous. ah 1170/1756–7. Under Ḥadīt̲h̲).
(196)
Zād al-āk̲h̲irah, on funeral rites and the visitation of graves, by Maulā-bak̲h̲s̲h̲ Bihārī: [Calcutta?] 1246/1830–1* (C̲h̲as̲h̲mah i faiḍ Pr. 304 pp.); [Lucknow] 1869°* (nk. 368 pp.); Cawnpore 1331/1913* (Muḥammadī Pr. 236 pp.).
(197)
Zād al-muslimīn, on Ḥanafī law, by Yaʿqūb ʿAlī b. Raus̲h̲an ʿAlī Fārūqī: Āṣafīyah ii p. 1120 no. 400 (ah 1214/1799–1800).
(198)
Zan az naẓar i ḥuqūq i lslāmī, by Abū ’l-Faḍl Ḥādhiqī: Ṭihrān ahs 1324/1945 (179 pp. Probsthain’s Orientalia nova 2 (1946–8) p. 27).
(199)
Zubdat al-riwāyāt (beg. Nuk̲h̲bat84 kull ḥadīt̲h̲), “a Persian translation of Muhammadan law from Arabic”, by G̲h̲ulām Ḥusain G̲h̲āzīpūrī: Rāmpūr (Nad̲h̲īr Aḥmad 49. ah 1232/1816).

next chapter: 2 Tradition

Notes

^ Back to text1. In the Farhang i Āṣafīyah, an Urdu dictionary by S. Aḥmad Dihlawī, nān-pāō is explained as a kind of coarse leavened bread produced in K̲h̲iṭā and called pao in Portuguese.

^ Back to text2. This relates presumably to the remarriage of widows, a practice regarded as disreputable by some Indian Muslims influenced doubtless by Hindu ideas.

^ Back to text3. According to i.ḥ. 3022 he completed this work on 26 Ṣafar 1242, a date two years later than that given for his death under no. 270 but nineteen years earlier than that given for the same event under no. 3144. He may have completed the work in 1242 after writing most of it at Iṣfahān, but in 1242 he seems to have been elsewhere.

^ Back to text4. I.e. evidently the second Russian war, which began in 1826 and ended with the treaty of Turkumānc̲h̲āy in 1828. The first Russian war ended with a Persian defeat at Aslāndūz in 1812 and the signing of the treaty of Gulistan in 1813. It was presumably in connexion with the first war that he wrote his Arabic Jihādīyah, of which a ms. preserved at Mas̲h̲had (cat. vol. ii, fṣl. 5, mss., no. 136) was transcribed in 1228/1813.

^ Back to text5. For a short tract by the same author on the conditions of the validity of prayer see no. 131 infra.

^ Back to text6. ارتضی apparently (3rd person of the verb?), not irtiḍāʾ. It will be noticed below that the author himself called his work on inheritance the Farāʾiḍ i Irtaḍīyah. On the other hand the Āṣafīyah catalogue calls his fatāwī the Fatāwī i Irtiḍāʾīyah.

^ Back to text7. [cf. pl iv no. 923 (31) infra. v.s]

^ Back to text8. Correct title not ascertained.

^ Back to text9. Correct title not ascertained.

^ Back to text10. The usual Indian spelling is without yāʾ.

^ Back to text11. For Mirzā Ḥasan ʿAlī i Kabīr muḥaddit̲h̲ Lak’hnawī, a pupil of Ḥaidar ʿAlī Sandīlī, see Raḥmān ʿAlī p. 48.

^ Back to text12. In the Āṣafīyah catalogue the name is given as Jamāl al-Dīn ʿurf Ḥasan ʿAlī, in the ʿAlīgaṛh catalogue as Jamāl al-Dīn Muḥammad Hās̲h̲imī and by Arberry as Ḥasan ʿAlī (Jamāl al-Dīn Muḥammad, Saiyid).

^ Back to text13. Waḥīd i Bihbahānī = M. Bāqir b. M. Akmal (d. 1208/1793–4, or 1206/1791–2, or 1205/1790–1: see pl. i no. 1575 2nd par. (4) and iv no. 97 supra, Mas̲h̲had v p. 462).

^ Back to text14. So D̲h̲arīʿah.

^ Back to text15. = sanah in Urdu.

^ Back to text16. So in the Rauḍāt al-jannāt and the Sipahsālār catalogue. The cataloguers are almost unanimous in writing Taqī.

^ Back to text17. See Edwards col. 458, where this work is placed erroneously under M. Bāqir Majlisī.

^ Back to text18. So Sipahsālār cat.

^ Back to text19. His father lived for a time in the Ḥauḍ i Kirbās quarter of Harāt (Mas̲h̲had v p. 3601).

^ Back to text20. This may perhaps be only a part of the work, since i.ḥ. describes it as dealing with al-wājibāt wa-’l-muhimmāt al-dīnīyah.

^ Back to text21. Possibly Ūnāmī, ie. of Unao in Oudh.

^ Back to text22. Scholar, Ṣūfī and enemy of Wahhābism, born 1213/1798 died at Badāyūn (“Budaun”) on 3 Jumādā ii 1289/8 august 1872. See no. 174 infra.

^ Back to text23. Cf. pl. i no. 702 1st footnote, Add. ad loc.

^ Back to text24. Īrawān (so spelt in the Farhang i Niẓām) = Erivan in Russian Armenia.

^ Back to text25. According to the Farhang i Niẓām i p. 99. “Āqāsī, Tur[kī] … yakī az nāmhā-yi mardān ast dar Ād̲h̲arbāyjān i Īrān kih zabān i takallumi- ’s̲h̲ān Turkī ast. Mit̲h̲āl: Ḥājī Mīrzā Ā. wazīr i aʿẓam i M. S̲h̲āh Qājār būd. In the Tad̲h̲kirah i Naṣrābādī p. 206 (cf. Dānis̲h̲mandān i Ād̲h̲arbāyjān p. 9) there is a notice of a certain M. Amīn “K̲h̲āzin” surnamed (mulaqqab bi-) Āqāsī. The Farhang i Nafīsī has “Āqāsī maʾk̲h̲ūd̲h̲ az Mug̲h̲ūlī dārūg̲h̲ah i dīwān-k̲h̲ānah u Ḥājī Mīrzā Āqāsī pisar i Mīrzā Salīm [sic] pūr i ʿAbbās-K̲h̲ān Īrawānī az ṭāʾifah i Bayāt. Ch̲ūn ba-ism i jaddas̲h̲ mausūm būd jihat i iḥtirām Mīrzā Āqāsī guftandas̲h̲. See, however, V. Minorsky’s explanation in bsoas. xi/4 (1946) p. 880: The Prime Minister of Persia should not be called Ḥājjī Āqāsī (“the senior of the pilgrims”), but Ḥājjī Mīrzā-Āqāsī, “the senior of the scribes who has made a pilgrimage.”

^ Back to text26. Cf. pl. i. no. 1401 1st footnote.

^ Back to text27. Presumably there is a ḥamdalah after this preliminary invocation.

^ Back to text28. I.e., an affirmative answer to the question whether a Muslim may continue to accept a mujtahid’s opinions after the latter’s death See Majlis ii p. 7/n.

^ Back to text29. According to Āṣafīyah ii p. 1119 no. 287, iii p. 746.

^ Back to text30. So Arberry. Edwards says [Cawnpore].

^ Back to text31. Presumably in view of a dedication to someone bearing the title Ḥas̲h̲mat al-Daulah (cf. pl. i no. 882 2nd par.).

^ Back to text32. I.e. li-ʿamal al-muqallidīn (cf. D̲h̲arīʿah vi p. 38910).

^ Back to text33. The last figure is not clearly printed in the catalogue.

^ Back to text34. For whose Risālah dar taṣawwuf see pl. iv no. 692 infra.

^ Back to text35. Cf. pl. iv no. 491 infra.

^ Back to text36. Cf. pl. i no. 1576 2nd par., Add. ad loc., and especially pl. iv no. 451 infra.

^ Back to text37. Cf. pl. iv no. 158 supra.

^ Back to text38. Cf. pl i no. 1576 2nd par., Add. ad loc., and especially pl. iv no. 451 infra.

^ Back to text39. C̲h̲āblaqī? Cf. Nujūm al-samāʾ p. 340.

^ Back to text40. M. al-U., so Āṣafīyah cat.

^ Back to text41. For this press cf. Arberry pp. 263, 285.

^ Back to text42. Nānautah is in the Sahāranpūr district of the u. p.

^ Back to text43. Not Ras̲h̲īd.

^ Back to text44. [Forthcoming. v.s.]

^ Back to text45. D̲h̲arīʿah i p. 2695.

^ Back to text46. For the Majmaʿ al-ʿUlūm Press cf. Arberry p. 1.

^ Back to text47. So Arberry, but the Oudh cat. for 1876/1 gives Sak̲h̲āwat Ḥusain’s Press, Lucknow, as the place of publication and the number of pages as 80.

^ Back to text48. Presumably two different works.

^ Back to text49. Probably Rā’ēpūrī. The best known of the places named Raipur is in the Central Provinces.

^ Back to text50. His father’s name is not mentioned in the Aḥsan al-wadīʿah.= M. Ḥasan Ās̲h̲tiyānī? See Browne’s Persian Revolution, Persian translation p. 32 (portrait).

^ Back to text51. d. 13 Rajab 1327/31 July 1909 (cf. pl. i no. 1664 halfway 1st par.).

^ Back to text52. Apparently the same work as that called [inadvertently?] Majmaʿ al-rasāʾil in the Mas̲h̲had catalogue.

^ Back to text53. M. Ḥusain according to Edwards.

^ Back to text54. For a Muṣṭafāʾī Press at Peshawar see Quarterly Catalogue 1869/4 Turāt̲h̲īyah. I have not found any other mention of it from 1868–1880.

^ Back to text55. So in the Āṣafīyah catalogue, but ʿInāyat al-ʿAlī in the Taṭyīb al-ik̲h̲wān, where his father is similarly called M. Karāmat al-ʿAlī.

^ Back to text56. This probably means that, like his father (cf. pl i no. 333 Persian translations (3)), he was judge of the Faujdārī ʿAdālat [(subordinate) criminal court].

^ Back to text57. By M. ʿI. ʿA. Qādirī, presumably the same ʿI. ʿA.

^ Back to text58. Gangōh is 23 miles S. W. of Sahāranpūr (cf. pl. i no. 1279 3rd footnote).

^ Back to text59. This seems to be the official spelling in the Roman character.

^ Back to text60. Vocalisation? The word is spelt S̲h̲rbyānī in the Aḥsan al-wadīʿah.

^ Back to text61. According to D̲h̲arīʿah x p. 16 no. 79, the work is by M. Taqī S̲h̲īrāzī, d. 1338 [1919–20].

^ Back to text62. See pl. iv no. 172 supra.

^ Back to text63. So Arberry, Muẓaffarī according to the Quartery Catalogue.

^ Back to text64. [Forthcoming.]

^ Back to text65. To be distinguished from his namesake Faḍl Allāh Nūrī Ṭihrānī, who was probably executed in Ṭihrān in 1327/1909 (cf. pl. i no. 1664 1st par., Aḥsan al-wadīʿah ii pp. 91–4).

^ Back to text66. According to Edwards this volume contains also the same author’s Iftiḍāḥ al-kāfirīn (D̲h̲arīʿah ii p. 257, where it is stated only that the work is mentioned in the Badāʾiʿ al-aḥkām).

^ Back to text67. The date of presentation to the Mas̲h̲had library.

^ Back to text68. I.e. of Bardwan (“Burdwan”) in Bengal.

^ Back to text69. “Presumably the grandson of Shāh ʿĀlam” according to Edwards. S̲h̲āh-ʿĀlam’s grandson, Mīrzā Raḥīm al-Dīn “Ḥayā”, the author of an Urdu dīwān, died at Rāmpūr in 1304/1886–7 (see Garcin de Tassy i p. 594, Niẓāmī Badāyūnī, Qāmūs al-mas̲h̲āhīr (in Urdu) i p. 260).

^ Back to text70. So Edwards. Arberry (incorrectly?) ascribes this tract to T̲h̲anāʾ Allāh Pānīpatī (for whom see pl. iv no. 113 supra).

^ Back to text71. A certain Muftī ʿAbd Allāh Ṭōnkī, Professor of Arabic in the Oriental College, Lahore, was still alive when M. Idrīs wrote his Urdu Taṭyīb al-ik̲h̲wān in 1313/1895, but it is not clear whether this is the same person.

^ Back to text72. See D̲h̲ak̲h̲īrat al-ʿamal above.

^ Back to text73. Described in the Quarterly Cat. 1877/1 as a commentary on a well-known treatise on Muhammadan law.

^ Back to text74. For the Hindī honorific suffix -jī or jīw see pl. i no. 1321 (2) 2nd footnote.

^ Back to text75. Cf. pl. no. 1321 (2) 1st footnote.

^ Back to text76. Probably ʿAbd al-Razzāq b. Jamāl al-Dīn Aḥmad Farangī-Maḥallī, d. Ṣafar 1307/ Oct. 1889 (see Raḥmān ʿAlī p. 118).

^ Back to text77. Presumably Ḍ. al-D. b. Sadīd Jurjānī, for whose ʿAqāʾid i dīnīyah see Mas̲h̲had iv p. 206.

^ Back to text78. [The latter ms. is listed under Prayers in the catalogue. v.s.]

^ Back to text79. [By ʿUbaid Allāh b. M. Bak̲h̲s̲h̲ according to Arberry. v.s.]

^ Back to text80. Possibly = the Muntak̲h̲ab al-masāʾil described by Arberry.

^ Back to text81. Presumably the Uṣūl al-dīn wa-furūʿuhu of S. Mahdī al-Yazdī al-Ḥāʾirī mentioned in the D̲h̲arīʿah (ii p. 195 no. 739) as printed (maṭbūʿ) but without further particulars. It seems likely that the author is the S. Mahdī Yazdī who wrote mulḥaqāt to the Nuk̲h̲bah of M. Ibrāhīm Kirbāsī (d. 1262/1846. See pl. iv no. 148(2) supra).

^ Back to text82. Maulawī Saiyid according to the Āṣafīyah catalogue.

^ Back to text83. I.e., probably, of Chittagong, which is one of several places known as Islāmābād.

^ Back to text84. Sic lege.

Cite this page
“1.2 Law (2)”, in: Storey Online, Charles Ambrose Storey. Consulted online on 22 February 2024 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/2772-7696_SPLO_COM_40102000>
First published online: 2021



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