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12.32 History of India: Gwalior
(648 words)

In Volume 1-1: Qurʾānic Literature, History, and Biography | Section 2, History, Biography, etc.

previous chapter: 12.31 Mālwah

§ 994. S̲h̲. Jalāl Hiṣārī was secretary to Saiyid Muẓaffar K̲h̲ān Bārhah,1 surnamed K̲h̲ān i Jahān, who was Governor of Gwalior from S̲h̲āh-Jahān’s accession to 1055/1645–6. For his Wāqīʿah i Jhōjhār Sing’h see p. 580 infra.

Guwāliyār-nāmah, a history of Gwalior to 1055/1645–6 based on a Hindī work by a Brahman named Syām: Rieu ii 838a (ad 1690).

§ 995. Hīrāman b. Gird’har-Dās was Muns̲h̲ī to Muʿtamad K̲h̲ān (K̲h̲wājah Nūr), who was Governor (Commandant) of Gwalior from ah 1071/1660–1 to 1078/1668.

(Guwāliyār-nāmah), a history of Gwalior to ah 1078/1668 based on Jalāl Ḥiṣārī’s work: Rieu i 303b (ah 1080/1669), Eton 201.

§ 996. “In August 1780 Major Popham most cleverly escaladed the strong fortress of Gwālior at night and took it without losing a man” (V.A. Smith The Oxford History of India, Oxford 1920, p. 533). It has already been mentioned (p. 409 § 687 supra) that Captain W. Bruce was one of the officers who took part in that operation.

(Aḥwāl i qalʿah i Guwāliyār), a short history of Gwalior to 1194/1780 written down from the dictation of Mōtī Rām and K̲h̲wus̲h̲-ḥāl, two inhabitants of Gwalior, by order of Captain William Bruce: Rieu i 304b (18th cent.), 304b (19th cent.), Ethé 499.

§ 997. K̲h̲air al-Dīn M. Ilāhābādī died about 1827 (see pp. 409–410 supra). Attached by General Stibbert to the staff of Captain William Bruce, who was in charge of the commissariat of Major Popham’s force (cf. p. 579 supra), he had witnessed the capture of Gwalior in August 1780. In 1206/1791–2 he left Allahabad for Lucknow at the invitation of Āṣaf al-Daulah and while there Dr. Bruce showed him a Guwāliyār-nāmah. Finding it defective in matter and badly written, he recast it and enlarged it with an account of the British capture of the fortress, the operations of Colonel Camac against Mahādajī Sīnd’hiyah and the recapture of Gwalior and Gōhad by the latter.

Guwāliyār-nāmah, or Kār-nāmah i Guwāliyār,2 a history of Gwalior, and especially of its capture by the British in 1780, to the poisoning of Rānā C̲h̲hatar Sing’h in 1200/1785–6, completed in 1208/1793: Ivanow Curzon 44 (slightly defective. Early 19th cent.), 43 (ah 1268/1852), Rieu iii 1028a (circ. ad 1850), i.o. 3947 (ad 1879).

§ 998. It was at the request of Neil Benjamin Edmonstone3 that an anonymous author wrote his Aḥwāl i Mād’haujī Sīnd’hiyah.

Aḥwāl i Mād’haujī Sīnd’hiyah, a life of Mahārājah Mahādajī Sīnd’hiyah (acc. 1769, d. 1794): Berlin 515.

§ 999. An anonymous Guwāliyār-nāmah is the basis of the History of the fortress of Gwalior mentioned below.

Guwāliyār-nāmah: no mss. recorded, unless it is one of the works described above.

English translation: History of the fortress of Gwalior. [Translated] by Shrimant Balwant Row Bhayasaheb, Scindia. [With a continuation by the translator to his own time.] Bombay 1892°*.

§ 1000. Other works:

Aḥwāl i Mahārājah Sawā’ī Rānā C̲h̲hatar Sing’h … Rānā Gōhad, an account (44 foll.) of events in the years 1777 and 1778 relating mainly to Gōhad, a fort which now forms part of the State of Gwalior but which was then held by a Jāṭ rānā: Berlin 519.
Extracts relating to C̲h̲andērī and its Mahārājahs from a number of historical works: i.o. 3928 (19th cent.).
Ḥaqīqat i rājahā i Ujjain: r.a.s. P. 69 (3) = Morley 58.

next chapter: 12.33 Būndēlk’hand


^ Back to text1. See Maʾāt̲h̲ir al-umarāʾ i pp. 758–766. 996.

^ Back to text2. The author refers to his work by these titles near the end of the Tuḥfah i tāzah (see Bānkīpūr vii 607).

^ Back to text3. b. 1765, went to Calcutta 1783, for a time Persian translator to Government, Private Secretary to the acting Governor-General 1798, Chief Secretary to Government 1809, Member of the Supreme Council 1812–18, Director of the E.I.Co. 1820, d. 4 May 1841 (see Buckland Dictionary of Indian biography p. 132).

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“12.32 History of India: Gwalior”, in: Storey Online, Charles Ambrose Storey. Consulted online on 09 June 2023 <>
First published online: 2021

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