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12.37 History of India: Bījāpūr
(1,128 words)

In Volume 1-1: Qurʾānic Literature, History, and Biography | Section 2, History, Biography, etc.

previous chapter: 12.36 Aḥmadnagar

§ 1013. Rafīʿ al-Dīn Ibrāhīm b. Nūr al-Dīn Taufīq S̲h̲īrāzī was born in, or about, 947/1540–1, and went to India originally as a merchant. From his twentieth year he served ʿAlī ʿĀdil-S̲h̲āh (reigned 965/1557–987/1579), at first apparently as steward (k̲h̲wān-sālār), and acted sometimes as his secretary. In 1005/1596–7 (i.e. in the time of Ibrāhīm ʿĀdil-S̲h̲āh ii, who reigned from 987/1579 to 1035/1626) he was sent on an important mission to Aḥmadnagar, and about this time he held the offices of Governor of Bījāpūr, Steward to Prince Fatḥ K̲h̲ān and Master of the Mint. He wrote an abridgment of the Rauḍat al-ṣafāʾ and a work entitled Farhang-nāmah.

Tad̲h̲kirat al-mulūk, begun in 1017/1608–9 and completed in 1020/1611–12, a history of the ʿĀdil-S̲h̲āhs to 1020/1611–12 and of contemporary Indian and Persian dynasties: Blochet i 619 (18th cent.), Rieu i 316a (ad 1832), iii 1040a (extracts only. Circ. ad 1850), Suppt. 83 iii (19th cent.), Bodleian 276, Rehatsek p. 73 no. 11, Ethé 2838 (somewhat curtailed, ad 1879), Āṣafīyah iii p. 100 no. 1081 (ah 1306/1888–9. Title given as Tuḥfat al-mulūk).

Abridged translation of an extract: The history of the Bahmanî dynasty. Founded on the Burhân-i Ma,âs̤ir [and the Tad̲h̲kirat al-mulūk]. By J.S. King. (Reprinted from theIndian Antiquary”.) London 1900°*.

[Autobiographical statements in the Tad̲h̲kirat al-mulūk; Futūḥāt i ʿĀdil-S̲h̲āhī (Rieu i 317a) foll. 169a, 216b–227b; Rieu i 316a.]

§ 1014. M. Ḥakīm (? Ḥakīm M.) Amīn, or Amīnā, “Ātas̲h̲ī” was a court-poet of Sulṭān Muḥammad ʿĀdil-S̲h̲āh (ah 1036 or 1037/1626 or 1627–1067/1656). For a ms. of his Kullīyāt see Ethé 1536.

ʿĀdil-nāmah, a mat̲h̲nawī on the exploits of Sulṭān Muḥammad ʿĀdil-S̲h̲āh: Ethé 1536 (4) (defective at beginning, ah 1042/1633).

§ 1015. Hās̲h̲im Bēg “Fuzūnī” Astarābādī having performed a pilgrimage to Mecca was prevented by the unsafety of the roads from returning home and so set out for India, landed on the coast of Malabar and went to Bījāpūr, where Muṣṭafā K̲h̲ān presented him to Sulṭān Muḥammad ʿĀdil-S̲h̲āh.

Futūḥāt i ʿĀdil-S̲h̲āhī, a history of the ʿĀdil-S̲h̲āhs to ah 1054/1644–5: Rieu i 317a (17th cent.), 318a (abridged. 19th cent.).

[ʿAbd al-Nabī Mai-k̲h̲ānah pp. 443–9; Mak̲h̲zan al-g̲h̲arāʾib no. 1909.]

§ 1016. Abū ’l-Qāsim al-Ḥusainī composed

Guldastah i guls̲h̲an i rāz [?], a history of Muḥammad ʿĀdil-S̲h̲āh: Browne Coll. H. 17 (13) = Houtum-Schindler 24 (defective at end).

§ 1017. S. Nūr Allāh b. Qāḍī S. ʿAlī Muḥammad al-Ḥusainī al-Qādirī was one of the men of letters in whose society ʿAlī ʿĀdil-S̲h̲āh ii (ah 1070/1660–1083/1672) delighted.

(Tārīk̲h̲ (Tawārīk̲h̲) i ʿAlī-ʿĀdil-S̲h̲āh(ī)(yah)), a turgid history of ‘Ālī ʿĀdil-S̲h̲āh ii from his birth to the invasion of Rājah Jai Sing’h and Shivājī and their final repulse in 1076/1665–6, completed in 1077/1666–7: Āṣafīyah i p. 226 no. 556, iii p. 96 no. 1076 (ah 1097/1685–6), Lindesiana p. 207 no. 937 (circ. ad 1720), Rieu i 318a (18th cent.), iii 968b (defective at end. Circ. ad 1850), 318b (ad 1821), Ethé 450 (n.d.), 451 (n.d.), 452 (ah 1233/1818), 453 (19th cent.), i.o. 4533 (ah 1298/1880), Ivanow 1st Suppt. 760 (early 19th cent.), Gotha Arabic Cat. v p. 487 no. 9** (4) (ah 1257/1841).

[Aḥwāl i salāṭīn i Bījāpūr (b.m. ms. Add. 26,270 fol. 30); Rieu i 318.]

§ 1018. At the request of ʿAbd al-Muḥammad S̲h̲āh-nawāz K̲h̲ān an anonymous author1 compiled the

Tawārīk̲h̲ i haft kursī, a sketch of ʿĀdil-S̲h̲āhī history to 1097/1686 in seven majālis: Ethé 454.

§ 1019. An anonymous author, who is called by Grant Duff (History of the Mahrattas i p. 78)2 Syud Moideen [= Muḥyī ’l-Dīn?] Peerzadah and by Erskine (in a note at the end of the b.m. ms. Add. 26,269) Sueed Ghulam Moideen Peerzadah, compiled in 1221/1806–7 from the histories of Mīr Ibrāhīm b. Mīr Ḥusain Lūr Asad-K̲h̲ānī (written in the time of ʿAlī ʿĀdīl-S̲h̲āh ii) and S̲h̲aik̲h̲ Abū ’l-Ḥasan (who died a few years before the capture of Bījāpūr) his

Aḥwāl i salāṭīn i Bījāpūr, a sketch of ʿĀdil-S̲h̲āhī history to the death of Sikandar in 1111/1699: Rieu i 318b (ah 1236/1821), r.a.s. P. 76 = Morley 64.

§ 1020. G̲h̲ulām Murtaḍā called Ṣāḥib Ḥaḍrat was an acquaintance of J.C. Grant Duff, the author of a well-known History of the Mahrattas, who mentions him in that work (vol. i p. 98) not indeed as the author of the Basātīn al-salāṭīn but as “a Peerzaduh, styled Sahib Hazrut, son-in-law of Abdoolah Sahib, a very venerable and sensible old man, the most respectable person now in Beejapoor”3 and as the owner of “original memoranda for a history of Beejapoor, partly arranged by Abdool Hossein [sic, for Abū ’l-Ḥasan] Qazee, who died a few years before the city was finally captured”. According to the British Museum copies the Basātīn al-salāṭīn was completed in 1237/1822, which is indeed the date of Add. 26,269, and according to one of them it was intended for presentation to Mr. Grant, the Resident [i.e. the afore-mentioned J.C. Grant Duff, originally Grant, British Resident at Satārah, for whom see Buckland’s Dictionary of Indian biography p. 178]. In the other recorded copies, however, the name of G̲h̲ulām Murtaḍā is replaced in the preface by that of Muḥammad Ibrāhīm al-Zubairī and the date of completion is given as 1240/1824.

Basātīn al-salāṭīn, a history of the ʿĀdil-S̲h̲āhs to Aurangzēb’s conquest (with a brief summary of subsequent events), in eight sections called basātīn: Rieu i 319a (ah 1237/1822), 320b (ah 1247/1831), 320b (19th cent.), r.a.s. P. 77 = Morley 65 (ah 1240/1824), Bānkīpūr vii 612 (ah 1241/1825), Bombay Fyzee 13 (ah 1245/1829–30), Ethé 455.

Edition: Ḥaidarābād n.d.* (Saiyidī Press), 1310/1892–3 (Āṣafīyah i p. 224 nos. 278 and 795. Perhaps identical with the preceding edition).

Urdu translation: by M. Faḍl al-Ḥaqq also called Aḥmad Miyān, Baroda 1895* (Nāgarī character).

next chapter: 12.38 Golconda


^ Back to text1. According to H.H. Wilson The Mackenzie Collection, 2nd ed., Calcutta 1828, p. 374, the author is “Ased khan of Lar” (? Asad K̲h̲an Lārī). It may perhaps be the history mentioned in § 1019 as by Mīr Ibrāhīm b. Mīr Ḥusain Lūr Asad-K̲h̲ānī. On a fly-leaf of the i.o. ms. the authorship is ascribed to Futūr K̲h̲ān [sic?].

^ Back to text2. “A history of Beejapoor, written by Syud Moideen Peerzadeh, suggested by numerous enquiries put to him by English officers, who have been much in the habit of visiting Beejapoor since the last Mahratta war. It was finished in January 1821: and although great pains have been taken, the author’s dates, by confusing the Soorsun and Hejrie eras, are frequently much misplaced. His industry, however, is very commendable.”

^ Back to text3. “He is full of legendary information, and on seeing and conversing with him, in the midst of lofty domes and falling palaces, one fancies himself in company with the last of the inhabitants of that wonderful place.”

Cite this page
“12.37 History of India: Bījāpūr”, in: Storey Online, Charles Ambrose Storey. Consulted online on 07 June 2023 <>
First published online: 2021

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