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13.16 Biography: Women
(538 words)

In Volume 1-2: Biography, Additions, and Corrections | Section 2, History, Biography, etc.

previous chapter: 13.15 Travellers, Pilgrims, Tourists

§ 1632. For the memoirs of Gulbadan Bēgam see no. 703 supra.

§ 1633. For the Jawāhir al-ʿajāʾib of “Fak̲h̲rī” b. “Amīrī” Harawī see 1099 (2) supra.

§ 1634. Gaston Bruit composed his account of Bībī Juliyānā1 at the request of Colonel Jean-Baptiste Joseph Gentil,2 who had come to India in 1165/1752, twenty-two years before the date of composition, and had married Bībī Juliyānā’s great grand-niece.

Aḥwāl i Bībī Juliyānā, an account of a Portuguese woman who was taken captive in childhood, apparently at Hūglī, by S̲h̲āh-Jahān’s forces and who, having in course of time entered the service of Prince M. Muʿaẓẓam (S̲h̲āh-ʿĀlam Bahādur S̲h̲āh), rose to an influential position in his household and died (according to the Tārīk̲h̲ i Muḥammadī cited by Rieu) at Delhi in Rabī‘ i 1147/August 1734: Rieu ii 822a (late 18th cent.), Browne Suppt. 16 (King’s 20).

French translation: Histoire de Donna Juliana (Ahwál-i Bíbí Julyáná). Traduite d’un manuscrit persan de la bibliothèque du King’s College, Cambridge … Par Edward Henry Palmer (in, and offprinted from, Nouvelles annales des voyages, tome ii, May 1865, pp. 161–84).

§ 1635. For a biography of Bēgam Samrū see no. 900 supra.

§ 1636. For the verses by poetesses contained in the Zubdat al-muʿāṣirīn of Mīr Ḥusain al-Ḥusainī see no. 1198 supra.

§ 1637. For the Nuql i majlis, notices of poetesses composed in 1241/1825–6 by Maḥmūd Mīrzā Qājār, see no. 1195 (3) supra.

§ 1638. For S̲h̲āh-Jahān Bēgam’s history of Bhōpāl, the Tāj al-iqbāl, see no. 990 supra.

§ 1639. For the Ak̲h̲tar i tābān or Tad̲h̲kirat al-nisāʾ’ of Abū ’l-Qāsim Muḥtas̲h̲am and the Tad̲h̲kirat al-k̲h̲awātīn of M. b. M. Rafīʿ S̲h̲īrāzī see nos. 123132 supra.

§ 1640. For the Ḥadīqah i ʿis̲h̲rat of Durgā-Pars̲h̲ād “Mihr” Sandīlī see no. 1233 supra.

§ 1641. M. Ḥasan K̲h̲ān Marāg̲h̲ī, entitled Ṣanīʿ al-Daulah and afterwards Iʿtimād al-Salṭanah, died at Ṭihrān in 1896 (see no. 192 supra).

K̲h̲airāt ḥisān,3 lives of eminent Muslim women, in 3 vols. Edition: [Ṭihrān,] 1304/1887°–1307/1889°.

§ 1642. For an anonymous Tad̲h̲kirat al-nisāʾ on Indian poetesses see no. 1243 (11) supra.

§ 1643. Other works:—

Aḥwāl i Bānū … Mumtāz-Maḥall:4 Lindesiana p. 111 no. 351 (ad. 1844).
K̲h̲ulāṣah i aḥwāl i Bānū Bēgam: Lahore Panjāb Univ. Lib. (see ocm. ii/4 (Lahore, August 1926) p 53).

next chapter: 13.17 General and Miscellaneous


^ Back to text1. For whom see Gentil’s Mémoires sur l’Indoustan pp. 367–80; J. A. Ismael Garcias Uma don̄a portuguesa na corte do Grāo Mogol, Nova Goa 1907; E. Maclagan The Jesuits and the Great Mogul, London 1932, pp. 181–9; etc.

^ Back to text2. For whom see Buckland Dictionary of Indian biography p. 161. He was at this time in the service of S̲h̲ujāʿ al-Daulah, the Nawwāb-Wazīr of Oudh and “was most generous in helping less fortunate fellow countrymen, and enrolled a body of them to serve under the Nawab.”. He was born at Bagnols in 1726 and died there in 1799. His collection of Persian mss. is now in the Bibliothèque Nationale.

^ Back to text3. Cf. Qurʾān lv 70.

^ Back to text4. For other accounts of Mumtāz-Maḥall see the works relating to Āgrah and the Tāj Maḥall in the geographical and topographical section of this work.

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“13.16 Biography: Women”, in: Storey Online, Charles Ambrose Storey. Consulted online on 02 October 2023 <>
First published online: 2021

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