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13.6.2 Biography: Families, Tribes, Races: Āfrīdīs
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In Volume 1-2: Biography, Additions, and Corrections | Section 2, History, Biography, etc.

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§ 1444. Qāsim ʿAlī K̲h̲ān Āfrīdī b. Burhān (d. 1194/1780) b. Nēk-nām K̲h̲ān (d. 1145/1732) was born on 20 Rajab 1183/19 Nov. 1769 and was the great-grandson of an Afg̲h̲ān who had settled in India and whose descendants were scattered in different parts of the country, ignorant of their family connexions and almost all ignorant of Pas̲h̲tō. His home, for at any rate a large part of his life, was at Farruk̲h̲ābād, but his career (as a soldier ?) took him to various parts of India and he saw service under Jaswant Rāō Hōlkar, Nawwāb Amīr K̲h̲ān, Mīr Jaʿfar “Masīḥ” and others. In 1222/1807 he was appointed Superintendent of the Criminal Court Prison at Farruk̲h̲ābād and in 1223/1808 Superintendent of the Civil Court Prison. According to a note in the Bānkīpūr ms. of his works he died on 15 Jumādā i 1241/26 Dec. 1825. In addition to the Tuzuk i Āfrīdī described below several other works of his are preserved in the Peshawar ms. 1910A (Kullīyāt i Āfrīdī) and in the similar ms. Bānkīpūr Suppt. ii 2245–50. These are (1) S̲h̲afāʿat i Āfrīdī, forty-one Persian poems, qaṣīdahs and g̲h̲azals, in praise of the Prophet, the Imāms and eminent s̲h̲aik̲h̲s, Bānkīpūr Spt. ii 2246 (foll. 60b–71a. Probably identical with the Qaṣāʾid i Āfrīdī, Peshawar 1910A (4), described as in Persian and Pas̲h̲tō), (2) Dīwān i Hindī, g̲h̲azals in alphabetical order intermixed with some Persian g̲h̲azals and completed (according to the concluding verse) in Rajab 1216/Nov.-Dec. 1801, Bānkīpūr Spt. ii 2247 (foll. 72b–178a. Doubtless more or less identical with Peshawar 1910A(3) (Dīwān i Āfrīdī ba-zabān i Urdū)), (3) Āfrīdī-nāmah, a vocabulary of Persian words (the first of which is Āfrīdī) with Pas̲h̲tō, Kas̲h̲mīrī, English, and Hindi translations, Bānkīpūr Spt. ii 2248 (foll. 179b–207a. Evidently identical with Farhang i Āfrīdī, Peshawar 1910A (5)), (4) Dīwān i Pas̲h̲tō, Bānkīpūr Spt. ii 2249 = Peshawar 1910A (2). (5) K̲h̲wāb-nāmah, mustazāds in Pas̲h̲tō, Bānkīpūr Spt. ii 2250 = Peshawar 1910 (4) (b). In addition to “Āfrīdī” or “Afrīdī” “Qāsim ʿAlī” occurs in these poems as a tak̲h̲alluṣ.

Tuzuk i Āfrīdī (so Peshawar), or Risālah i Āfrīdī (so Bānkīpūr), a family history and autobiography in twenty-one bābs completed in 1222/1807 with a twenty-second bāb (on the death of the author’s brother, Aʿẓam ʿAlī K̲h̲ān) added in 1225/1810 and a twenty-third added in 1239/1823 (concerning relatives about whom he had subsequently collected information): Peshawar 1910A (acephalous. Transcribed for the author in 1230/1815. Number of bābs not stated in the catalogue), Bānkīpūr Suppt. ii 2245 (probably autograph. Many additions and marginal notes).

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“13.6.2 Biography: Families, Tribes, Races: Āfrīdīs”, in: Storey Online, Charles Ambrose Storey. Consulted online on 04 October 2023 <>
First published online: 2021

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