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2 Tradition
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In Volume 4: Law; Tradition; Religion; Sufism; Bahāʾism Prayers; Hinduism; Translations from Sanskrit, Hindi, and other Indian Languages, Ethics; Philosophy; Logic

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§ 274. Muḥammad, the Prophet, died on 13 Rabīʿ i ah 9/8 June 632.

(1)
Suk̲h̲unān i Muḥammad, 387 sayings of the Prophet, compiled and translated by Abū ’l-Qāsim Pāyandah (contemp.). Tihrān date? (Mas̲h̲had v p. 275).
(2)
Ganjīnah i guhar, a metrical translation of one thousand short sayings of the Prophet, by M. Jawād “Ṣāfī” Gulpāyagānī (cf. no. 276 (11) (a) infra), who completed this work in 1356/1937: Tihrān date? (ʿIlmī Pr. Mas̲h̲had v p. 308).
(3)
Waṣīyat-nāmah i Rasūl Allāh: addressed to ʿAlī. Blochet iv 2141 (fol. 188 sqq ah 884/1479), 2146 fol. 92 b sqq (mid – 16th cent.), iii 1634 foll. 22–35 marg. (early 19th cent.), Leyden iv p. 336 no. 2186 (“Pand-nāmah”, beg. yā ʿAlī ʿilm bi-y-āmūz. 5 pp.). Cf. Upsala Zetterstéen 473 (1), 474 (2).
(4)
Kalimāt i Muḥammad, short sayings completed and translated by M. Jawād Mas̲h̲kūr. Tihrān ahs 1318/1939 (Majlis Pr. Mas̲h̲had v p. 307).
(5)
K̲h̲uṭbah-hā-yi Muḥammad, compiled, translated and explained by M. Jawād Fāḍil (contemp.; biography in Māzandarān p. 169), compiler and translator of the Suk̲h̲unān i ʿAlī (see no. 276 (9) (i) infra). Tihrān 1367/1948 (D̲h̲arīʿah vii p. 207).
(6)
Waṣīyat al-Nabī ṣlʿm li-abī D̲h̲arr al-G̲h̲ifārī.

Commentary: ʿAin al-ḥayāt by M. Bāqir b. M. Taqī Majlisī: see pl. iv no. 312 (1) infra.

§ 275. Fāṭimah, daughter of Muḥammad and wife of ʿAlī, died in 11/632–3 (see Ency. Isl. under Fāṭima).

K̲h̲uṭbat al-Lummah,1 an address recorded in the Saqīfah of al-Jauharī and other works. D̲h̲arīʿah vii p. 205 no. 1005.

Persian commentary: by M. ʿAlī b. Aḥmad Anṣārī Qarajah-Dāg̲h̲ī (cf. pl. ii no. 271, iv no. 326 infra).

§ 276. ʿAlī b. Abī Ṭālib, the fourth Caliph, died in 40/661 (see Ency. Isl., Brockelmann Sptbd. i pp. 73–6).

(1)
al-Aḥādīt̲h̲ al-qudsīyah al-muntak̲habah min al-Taurāh, or al-Ṣaḥāʾif al-arbaʿūn, or Arbaʿūn sūrah, forty chapters said to have been translated into Arabic from the Hebrew by ʿAlī b. Abī Ṭālib: Ṭihrān 1325/1907 (Arabic text with Persian translation by S̲h̲. Ahmad S̲h̲īrāzī). According to D̲h̲arīʿah i p. 2792 this work has often been printed with the Persian translation.
(2)
G̲h̲urar al-ḥikam wa-durar al-kilam, a large collection of ʿAlī’s shorter sayings selected and alphabetically arranged by ʿAbd al-Wāḥid b. M. al-Āmidī, who is described in the Rauḍāt al-jannāt 46516 as a contemporary of al-Ṭūsī (d. 460/1067–8) and of the brothers al-S̲h̲arīf al-Raḍī (d. 406/1016) and al-S̲h̲arīf al-Murtaḍā (d. 436/1044).2 Ḥ. K̲h̲. iv p. 318, Brockelmann Sptbd. i p. 75.

Persian translation and commentaries:

(a) Arabic text with interlinear Persian translation (beg. Sp. mar K̲hudāy-rā ānc̲h̲unān K̲h̲udāy kih rāh numūd mā-rā bi-taufīq i k̲h̲wud). Bodleian iii 2714 (ah 1072/1661).

(b) Naẓm al-g̲h̲urar wa-naḍd al-durar (beg. Ḥ. u t̲h̲anāʾī kih jamīʿ i mak̲h̲lūqīn), the same and some additional sayings rearranged according to subject in ninety-nine bābs (of which the subjects of the first twenty are known (and are stated in the Sipahsālār catalogue), though not all are preserved in recorded mss) and dedicated, with a Persian commentary, to S̲h̲āh Sulṭān-Ḥusain (ah 1105–35/1694–1722) by ʿAbd al-Karīm b. M. Yaḥyā Qazwīnī: Mas̲h̲had i, fṣl. 4, mss., no. 308 (Bābs iiii = Mujallad i. Wrongly described in the catalogue as Bābs viix. See Sipahsālār cat. ii p. 107. Received by the libray in 1162/1749), Tabrīz private library of S. ʿAbd al-Ḥujjah Īrawānī (Mujallad i or part thereof. ah 1114/1702–3. See Sipahsālār ii p. 107), Iṣfahān private library of Muḥsin Niʿmat-Allāhī (Bābs ivv = Mujallad ii. See Sipahsālār ii p. 107), Majlis no. 292 (Bābs x, xi, xiv.3 See Sipahsālār ii p. 108. Not in the Majlis catalogue), Sipahsālār ii p. 112 no. 802 (Bāb xx,4 which includes a commentary on the K̲h̲uṭbah i qāṣiʿah (= Nahj al-balāg̲h̲ah, Cairo 1328, i pp. 460–88).

(c) S̲h̲arḥ i G̲h̲urar al-ḥikam wa-durar al-kilam (beg. G̲h̲urar u durar i alfāẓ u maʿānī), by Jamāl [al-Dīn M. b. Ḥusain] K̲h̲wānsārī, who completed the second volume of this commentary in S̲h̲aʿbān 1113/ January 1702 (see Sipahsālār ii p. 3519)5 and who died in 1125/1714 (cf. pl. i no. 33): Sipahsālār ii pp. 34–6 no. 767 (vol. i (i.e. from the beginning of the work to the end of the letter alif). N.d., but apparently written in the commentator’s lifetime), Tabrīz M. ʿAlī “Tarbiyat” [cf. pl. i no. 1493] (Vol. ii (from bāʾ to kāf). See Sipahsālār ii p. 3513), Mas̲h̲had v pp. 45–6 nos. 425 (Vol. iii (from tāʾ to kāf). Probably contemporary with the author), 426 (Vol. iii, but here tāʾ – kāf is preceded by sayings beginning with Man, Mat̲h̲al and bāʾ i zāʾidah (Bi-’l-s̲h̲ukr tadūmu ’l-niʿam, etc.) and followed by those beginning with lām.

(3)
al-K̲h̲uṭbat al-S̲h̲iqs̲h̲iqīyah, a speech, of which the title is explained by Lane (i/4 p. 1579 a) and which relates to ʿAlī’s exclusion from immediate succession to the Prophet: Nahj al-balāg̲h̲ah, Cairo 1328, i pp. 34–43; Brockelmann Sptbd. i p. 75.

Persian commentaries:

(a) S̲h̲arḥ i K̲h̲uṭbah i S̲h̲iqs̲h̲iqīyah, by Ḥusain ʿAqīlī Rustamdārī, being the third ḥadīqah in the fātiḥah to his encyclopedia Riyāḍ al-abrār composed in 979/1571–2: See pl. ii no. 597.

(b) S̲h̲arḥ i K̲h̲uṭbah i S̲h̲iqs̲h̲iqīyah (beg. Ṭūbā li-adībin hadarat s̲h̲aqās̲h̲iquhu), a large commentary completed in 1247/1831–2 by Imdād ʿAlī and dedicated to the wazīr Mahdī ʿAlī K̲h̲ān Bahādur Sipahdār-Jang [who was dismissed from the vizierate in 1248/1832–3 by Naṣīr al-Dīn Ḥaidar, King of Oudh: see Būstān i Awad’h p. 1289]: Bānkīpūr ix 958 (19th cent.).

(c) S̲h̲arḥ i K̲h̲uṭbah i S̲h̲iqs̲h̲iqīyah, by Muftī S.M. ʿAbbās [b. ʿAlī Akbar] S̲h̲ūs̲h̲tarī [of Lucknow, who died on 15 Rajab 1306/27 March 1889. See Aḥsan al-wadīʿah i p. 204; Mas̲h̲had iv p. 488 ult.]: [Lucknow] 1287/1870–1 (Ḥasanī It̲h̲nā ʿAs̲h̲arī Pr.6), Mas̲h̲had v p. 281; Mus̲h̲ār i 1019.

(4)
Kitāb ilā Mālik b. al-Ḥārit̲h̲ al-As̲h̲tar, a letter of appointment to the governorship of Egypt (cf. Brockelmann Sptbd. i p. 75): Nahj al-balāg̲h̲ah, Cairo 1328, ii pp. 109–47.

Persian translations and/or commentaries:

(a) (Tarjamah i ʿAhd-nāmah i Mālik i As̲h̲tar), by al-Ḥusain b. M. b. Abī ’l-Riḍā Ḥusainī ʿAlawī. Ellis Coll. M 35 (5) (ah 730/1330).

(b) S̲h̲arḥ i ʿahd-nāmah i Mālik i As̲h̲tar (Sp. u t̲h̲. K̲h̲udāwandī rā rawā-st kih d̲h̲ātas̲h̲), a translation and commentary by M. Ṣāliḥ b. M. Bāqir Qazwīnī known as (maʿrūf bi-) Raug̲h̲anī, being a very slightly enlarged version of the translation occurring in his commentary on the Nahj al-balāg̲h̲ah i.ḥ. 1947, D̲h̲arīʿah iv p. 119 no. 570, Sipahsālār ii pp. 14–16 no. 755.

(c) Naṣāʾih al-mulūk wa-ādāb al-sulūk, dedicated to S̲h̲āh Sulṭān-Ḥusain by Abū ’l-Ḥasan b. M. Ṭāhir ʿĀmilī Iṣfahānī Najafī. Sipahsālār ii pp. 33–44 no. 766 (ah 1118/1706–7).

(d) Tuhfah i Sulaimānī, a translation and commentary by S. Mājid b. M. al-Ḥusainī al-Baḥrānī7 dedicated to S̲h̲āh Sulaimān (ah 1077–1105/1666–74): Ṭihrān 1301/1883–4 (see Mas̲h̲had i, fṣl. 4, ptd. bks., no. 68, v p. 246 nos. 386–8, Sipahsālār ii p. 140 antepenult., D̲h̲arīʿah iii p. 441 no. 1603).

(e) Tarjamah i ʿAhd-nāmah (beg. al-Ḥ. l. Mālik al-ījād), composed by M. Kāẓim b. M. Fāḍil Mas̲h̲hadī (11th/17th cent.) at the request of Iʿtimād al-Daulah S̲h̲āh-qulī K̲h̲ān. Mas̲h̲had v p. 46 no. 427 (ah 1277/1860).

(f) Rumūz al-imārah, a metrical paraphrase dedicated to Farhād Mīrzā (cf. pl. i no. 259) by “Waqār”8 b. “Wisāl” S̲h̲īrāzī: S̲h̲īrāz 1331/1913 (Muḥammadī Pr. Mas̲h̲had v p. 272 no. 563).

(g) Tarjamah i nāmah i Amīr al-muʾminīn ba-Mālik i Ashtar (beg. (without preface) Hād̲h̲ā mā amara bihi ʿabd Allah ʿAlī):9 Mas̲h̲had i, fṣl. 4, mss., no. 80 (presented in 1262/1846).

(h) Tarjamah i ʿAhd-nāmah (beg. (in Majlis i 775) C̲h̲ūn dar sāl i c̲h̲ihlum [az] hijrat i Rasūl), composed in 1273/1856–7 by Badāʾiʿ-nigār (i.e. M. Ibrāhīm Nawwāb Ṭihrānī): D̲h̲arīʿah iv p. 118 no. 568, Majlis i 775 (ah 1297/1880. Cf. Sipahsālār ii p. 142), Mas̲h̲had v p. 47 no. 428 (lacks translator’s preface. ah 1319/1901–2).

Editions: Ṭihrān 1286/1869* (in M. Riḍā b. M. Raḥīm’s Mak̲h̲zan al-ins̲h̲āʾ pp. 4–23. With a poem (beg. C̲h̲unīn guft dānā kih bar Kirdgār *) from Badāʾiʿ-nigār’s K̲h̲usrawī nāmah on the margin); 1303/1885–6 (likewise in the Mak̲h̲zan al-ins̲h̲āʾ. See Āṣafīyah i p. 132 no. 21, where the place of publication (doubtless Ṭihrān) is not mentioned); 1314/1896–7 (likewise in the Mak̲h̲zanal-ins̲h̲āʾ. See Āṣafīyah iii p. 58).

(j) Hidāyāt al-Ḥusām fī ʿajāʾib al-hidāyāt li-l-ḥukkām, a translation and commentary prepared in 1308/1890–1 by M. Ḥusain b. ʿAlī-Naqī Hamadānī and dedicated to Zain al-ʿĀbidin K̲h̲ān Ḥusām al-Mulk Governor of Kirmānshāhān. Ṭihrān private library of Muḥtasham al-Salṭanah Isfandiyārī. ah 1311/1893–4 (see Sipahsālār ii p. 141).

(k) Ādāb al-mulūk, a translation & commentary completed in 1320/1903 by Niẓām al-ʿUlamāʾ M. Rafīʿ Ṭabāṭabāʾī Tabrīzī, who died in 1327/1909 (cf. pl. iii no. 269, etc.): Tabrīz 1320/1903 (D̲h̲arīʿah i p. 29 no. 147, Mas̲h̲had v p. 214).

(l) Dastūr i ḥukūmat, a translation & commentary by S̲h̲. Ahmad “Adīb” Kirmānī, who has already been incidentally mentioned (pl. i no. 330 2nd par.): Ṭihrān 1321/1903 (see Sipahsālār ii p. 1499).

(m) Tarjamah i ʿAhd-nāmah, by D̲h̲ukāʾ al-Mulk M. Ḥusain “Furūg̲h̲ī” b. M. Mahdī Iṣfahānī (d. 1325/1907. See pl. i no. 319, Add. ad loc.): Ṭihrān ahs 1318/1939 (ʿIlmī Pr. 2nd ed. Mas̲h̲had v p. 250 no. 412); Kirmān (Saʿādat Pr. Followed by the Arabic text. Mas̲h̲had v p. 250 no. 413). [Cf. (q) below. v.s.].

(n) Tarjamah i ʿAhd-nāmah, completed in 133310/1915 by S̲h̲. M. Hādī “Hādī” b. M. Ḥusain Qāʾinī Bīrjandī, who died on 10 Jumādā ii 1366/1 May 1947 (see M. Ḥusain “Āyatī” Bahāristān pp. 348–56). D̲h̲arīʿah iv p. 119 no. 571, Tihrān ahs 131611/1937 (with the same writer’s translation of al-Adab al-kabīr by Ibn al-Muqaffaʿ. See Sipahsālār ii p. 14116, Mas̲h̲had v p. 250 nos. 414–16).

(o) Farmān i mubārak, by Jawād Fāḍil Lārījānī (cf. nos. 274(5) supra and 276(9)(i) infra): Tabrīz ahs 1327/1948 (followed by (1) a metrical translation entitled Siyāsat-namah by Jahāngīr K̲h̲ān Nāẓim al-Mulk “Ḍiyāʾī”, and (2) a translation of ʿAlī’s waṣīyat to Ḥasan 131 pp. Mas̲h̲had v p. 296, Mus̲h̲ār i 1162).

(p) Siyāsat-nāmah, a metrical translation by Jahāngīr K̲h̲ān Nāẓim al-Mulk “Ḍiyāʾī”.12 See (o) supra.

(q) Dastūr i ḥukūmat (Farmān i ḥaḍrat i Amīr al-Muʾminīn ʿAlī ba-Mālik i As̲h̲tar): Tabrīz ahs 1334/1955–6 (in Arabic with Persian, French and English translations by M. Ḥusain Furūg̲h̲ī,13 by Sarhang Ṣādiqiyān and S. ʿAbd Allāh Bāqirī respectively. Mus̲h̲ār i 1162, Afs̲h̲ār 1335 p. 14).

(r) S̲h̲arḥ i ʿAhd-nāmah (beg. Īn ḥukm-nāmah īst kih amr mī-kunad bandah i K̲h̲udā ʿAlī b. Abī Ṭālib kih Amīr al-Muʾminīn ast Mālik b. Ḥārit̲h̲ i As̲h̲tar i Nak̲h̲aʿī rā), an unidentified commentary. Manchester Mingana 148 (circ ad 1680), possibly also Ivanow 1111 (18th cent.).

(s) Tarjamah i farmān i humāyūn i Imām i humām Asad Allāh al-G̲h̲ālib .. ba-Mālik i As̲h̲tar … an anonymous translation (without the Arabic text) (beg. Farmān i humāyūn i Imām i humām Asad Allāh … dar ādāb i siyāsat … Bi-smi ’llāh … Īn farmān i bandah i K̲h̲udāy Amīr al-Muʾminīn ʿAlī ast … ik̲h̲rāj [sic] i dīwān faraham kunad u bā k̲h̲aṣm i dīn dar-andāzad). Bombay 1346/1927–8* (on the margin of the Ins̲h̲āʾ i Mīrzā Mahdī Khān).

(5)
(Kalimāt ʿAlī b. Abī Ṭālib), unidentified collections of sayings. Oxford Uri p. 96 no. 347 (1) (Durar i g̲h̲urar. 12 pp. of sayings with metrical Persian paraphrases ah 916/1506), Nicoll & Pusey p. 106 no. 113(3) (defective at both ends. 143 sayings with Persian translation and (metrical?) paraphrase. Pocock ms.), p. 97 no. 100(1) (20 sayings with metrical version transcribed from the preceding ms. by J. Gagnier).
(6)
(Kalimāt ʿAlī b. Abī Ṭālib) “Sayings of ʿAlī illustrated with quotations from Firdausī and moral anecdotes, by Abū ’l-Faḍl Yūsuf b. ʿAlī al-mustaufī”. Ellis Coll. M 35 (3) (ah 729/1329).
(7)
K̲h̲uṭbat al bayān (beg. al-Ḥ. l. Badīʿ al-samāwāt wa-Fāṭirihā), a speech ascribed to ʿAlī which is not included in the Nahj al-balāg̲h̲ah. Ḥ. K̲h̲. iii p. 160, Sipahsālār ii p. 139, D̲h̲arīʿah vii p. 200.

Persian translations, commentaries, etc.:

(a) (Muqaddimah i K̲h̲uṭbat al-bayān?) an introduction to the K̲h̲. al-b. (beg. Sp. i na-maḥṣūr u st. i maufūr): de Jong p. 234 no. 182 (6) (ah 860/1456).

(b) Khulāṣat al-tarjumān fī taʾwīl Khuṭbat al-bayān (beg. al-Ḥ. l. ’l. k̲h̲alaqa ’l-insān), completed in 1013/1604–5 and dedicated to ʿAbd al-Rahīm K̲h̲ān i K̲h̲ānān (for whom see pl. i no. 698, Persian translations (3)) by M. b. Mahmūd al-mulaqqab bi-Dihdār who died in 1016/1607–8 (see pl. i no. 1274, Commentaries (2) footnote). D̲h̲arīʿah vii p. 219 no. 1057, Ethé 1922(27) (ah 1059/1649), Bānkīpūr xvii 1527 (17th cent.), Mas̲h̲had v p. 83 no. 520 (ah 1284/1867–8).

(c) S̲h̲arḥ i K̲h̲uṭbat al-bayān (beg. al-Ḥ. l. R. al-ʿā. Dar bayān i sharḥ i K̲h̲. al-b. i Amīr al-muʾminīn), an anonymous commentary. Rieu Suppt. 419 (19) (17th cent.).

(d) Tarjamah i K̲h̲uṭbat al-bayān, by Nūr ʿAlī-S̲h̲āh (M. ʿAlī b. ʿAbd al-Ḥusain Raqqī Ṭabasī), a well known Niʿmatallāhī Ṣūfī and poet, who died in 1212/1797–8. Sipahsālār ii p. 69524 (defective at end. Prefixed to the g̲h̲azalīyāt i qadīm in a ms. of the dīwān. ah 1256/1840).

(e) Maʿālim al-taʾwīl wa-’l-tibyān fī s̲h̲arḥ K̲h̲uṭbat al-bayān, by Mīrzā Abū ’l-Qāsim b. Majd al-as̲h̲rāf S̲h̲īrāzī,14 a quṭb of the Silsilah i D̲h̲ahabīyah, who died in 1286/1869–70: S̲h̲īrāz (Aḥmadī Pr.) 134315/1924–5 (see Sipahsālār ii p. 1404, Mus̲h̲ār i 1018 ult. [S̲h̲arḥ i K̲h̲. al-b.; 1456; appended to Anhār i jāriyah (see (f) below). v.s.].

(f) Malakūt al-maʿrifah fī asrār al-wilāyah, by Abū ’l-Qāsim S̲h̲arīfī D̲h̲ahabī (evidently identical with the author of the preceding commentary). S̲h̲īrāz 1343–4-6/1924–8 (Aḥmadī Pr. In a majmūʿah entitled Anhār i jāriyah).16

(g) (S̲h̲arḥ i K̲h̲uṭbat al-bayān) (beg. al-Ḥ. l. R. al-ʿā. Bi-dān-kih īn ast K̲h̲. al-b. i Amīr al-muʾminīn), by an unknown author. Bānkīpūr xvii 1563 (19th cent.).

(h) (S̲h̲arḥ i K̲h̲uṭbat al-bayān) beg. Sp.i nā-maḥṣūr u t̲h̲anāʾ i d̲h̲āt i ʿAlī i ʿAẓīm-ast), anonymous observations. Berlin 4(2).

(8)
Miʾat kalimah, a hundred sayings of ʿAlī, said to have been collected by al-Jāḥiẓ (d. 255/869. See Brockelmann i p. 153, Sptbd. i p. 244).

Persian translations:

(a) Maṭlūb kull ṭālib min kalām ʿAlī b. Abī Ṭālib,17or S̲h̲arḥ i Ṣad kalimah i ʿAlī b. Abī Ṭālib (beg. al-Ḥ. l. ʿalā alṭāfi karamihi wa-aṣnāf i niʿamihi … Lau kus̲h̲ifa ’l-g̲h̲iṭāʾ … Agar kas̲h̲f s̲h̲awad pūs̲h̲is̲h̲ [Ahlwardt vii 8657(4)] fī maʿrifat aḥwāli ’l-maʿād lau kus̲h̲ifa ʿannī sutūru ’l-dunyā [Ahlwardt vii 8657 (4)]), paraphrases in Arabic and Persian prose18 and in Persian two-lined qiṭʿahs (but the prose paraphrases, especially the Arabic, seem often to be omitted in the mss) dedicated in 559/1164 to Sulṭān-S̲h̲āh Abū ’l-Qāsim Maḥmūd b. Īl-Arsalān K̲hwārazm-S̲h̲āh [ah 568–89/1172–93] by Ras̲h̲īd al-Dīn M. b. M. b. ʿAbd al-Jalīl al-ʿUmarī nicknamed al-Waṭwāṭ, who died in 573/1177–8 or 578/1182–3 (see pl. iii no. 277, etc.), and forming the fourth part of his S̲h̲arḥ kalimāt al-K̲h̲ulafāʾ al-Rās̲h̲idīn (for which see pl. iv no. 291 infra): H. K̲h̲. v p. 605, Flügel i 121(2) (ah 753/1352), 352(1) (ah 894/1489), iii 1993(10), Ellis Coll. M 35(2) (ah 729/1329), Blochet i 51 (ah 768/1366), Bodleian 1431 (ah 817/1415), Browne Pers. Cat 20(4) (ah 955/1548), De Slane 2770(2) (ah 913/1505–8), Leyden i p. 192 no. 334 (ah 972/1564–5. With the sayings of the other three Caliphs), 335 (with Qasṭamūnī’s Turkish commentary. ah 1048/1638–9), Upsala 77(2) (only the metrical paraphrase? ah 989/1581), 150 (Arabic text and metrical paraphrase only?), Rieu ii 553 b (Arabic text and metrical paraphrase only. Cf. Cureton-Rieu p. 511. 16th cent.), Ahlwardt vii 8657(4) (without metrical paraphrase. ah 1036/1617), Hamburg 191(2) (ah 1032/1623), Dresden 198(1) (ah 1085/1674–5), Būhār 157 (17th cent.), Bodleian Nicoll and Pusey p. 105 no. 113(1) (55 sayings, with Persian prose translation (beg. Agar bardās̲h̲tah s̲h̲awad pardah i ān sarā)19 and metrical paraphrase. Pocock ms.), Lund 8 (not later than ad 1691), Vatican 77(1), Manchester Mingana 150 (Faṣl al-k̲h̲iṭāb only. Circ. ad 1740), Loth 140 (Arabic text and metrical paraphrase only).

Editions: Apothegms [sic] of Alee the Son of Abo Talib … With an early Persic paraphrase [namely the metrical paraphrase of Waṭwāṭ]20 and an English translation by Wm Yule, Major … Edinburgh 1832°*; Jena 1834° (Sententiae Ali ben Abi Taleb. Arabice et persice21 e codice Vimariensi primus edidit, atque … annotationibus … nec non glossariis, instruxit J.G. Stickel. Arabic title: Amt̲h̲āl ʿAlī b. Abī Ṭālib); Leipzig 1837° (Maṭlūb kull ṭālib min kalām ʿAlī b. Abī Ṭālib [in the Arabic character]. Ali’s Hundert Sprüche, arabisch und persisch paraphrasirt von Reschideddin Watwat … herausgegeben, übersetzt und mit Anmerkungen begleitet von H. L. Fleischer); [Ṭihrān] 1304/1887° (Ṣad kalimah … Followed by a poem on ʿAlī’s marriage to Fāṭimah), Calcutta 1927 Ṣad kalima or Centiloquium of ʿAlî b. Abî Ṭâlib with the metrical paraphrase of Rashîd-i Waṭwāṭ,22 edited23 and translated by A.H. Harley; [place? 1945?] (Āyāt i jalī, with an erroneous ascription to “Maulānā Jāmī al-mutawaffā 816 H.” [sic] Facsimile of a calligraphic ms photographed in 1355/1936. Published by ʿAlī College, Wazīrābād.24 Mas̲h̲had v p. 215 no. 183); place? date? (Ṣad kalimah i Chahār Yār. Āṣafīyah ii p. 1608 no. 278, iii p. 684 no. 417). According to Sipahsālār ii p. 70 antepenult. Waṭwāṭ’s metrical paraphrase has been published repeatedly in Persia and is a schoolbook in maktabs of the old type.

A Turkish commentary, which includes the Arabic text of the sayings (but presumably not the Persian paraphrases) was prepared in 978/1570–1 by Muṣṭafā b. M. al-Qasṭamūnī (see Flügel i 353, Leyden i p. 192 no. 335, Ahlwardt vii 8654–5).

(b) Ṣad kalimah (beg. Bihtarīn i har kalām ai nūr i c̲h̲as̲h̲m i mardumān … Guft Amīr i muʾminān sar-c̲h̲as̲h̲mah i ṣidq u ṣafā … Lau kushifa ’l-g̲h̲iṭāʾu … Gar ajal bardārad …), a hundred sayings of ʿAlī each paraphrased in a Persian distich by “ʿĀdil”, who mentions his name in the paraphrase of the saying Afqaru ’l-faqri ’l-ḥumq and who, in the view of the Sipahsālār cataloguer, is identical with ʿĀdil b. ʿAlī, the author of a commentary on Abū ’l-Fatḥ Bustī’s qaṣīdah [al-nūnīyah presumably] preserved in a ms. dated 903/1477–8:25 D̲h̲arīʿah iv p. 112, Bodleian 1434 (66 sayings only. ah 970/1562–3), 1433 (74 sayings only. ah 976/1568–9), 1432 (ah 1032/1623), Loth 138 (16th cent.), 139, Būhār Pers. Cat. 288 (ah 943/1536–7), Arab Cat. 409 (16th cent.), Mas̲h̲had i, fṣl. 4, mss., nos. 162 (the Arabic sayings written in Nask̲h̲ by ʿAbd al-Bāqī al-k̲h̲aṭṭāṭ al-ṣūfī al-Tabrīzī, who (according to the Mustadrakāt al-wasāʾil, k̲h̲ātimah, fāʾidah 3, cited in the Mas̲h̲had catalogue) was a scholar and Sūfī of the time of S̲h̲āh ʿĀbbās i (ah 985–1038/1587–1629) and wrote a Persian commentary on the Nahj al-balāg̲h̲ah, and who is regarded by the Mas̲h̲had cataloguer (on inadequate grounds, it would seem) as the probable author of the Persian translation, which was transcribed in Nastaʿlīq by S̲h̲āh Maḥmūd Zarrīn-qalam), 163 (ah 1101/1689–90), Sipahsālār ii pp. 68–72 nos. 783 (ah 1074/1663–4), 784 (ah 1274/1857–8), Bānkīpūr Suppt. ii 2025 (beautiful ms., by S. ʿAlī al-Ḥusainī. 17th cent.).

Editions: Tabrīz 1259/1843 (see Sipahsālār ii p. 7113), Ṭihrān 1272/1855–6 (appended to the S̲h̲arḥ i Bāb i ḥādī ʿas̲h̲ar See Sipahsālār ii p. 7113).

(c) Unidentified and insufficiently described translations. Cairo p. 429 (two mss., one dated 893/1488), p. 534, Cambridge 2nd Suppt. 75(16th cent), Rehatsek p. 67 no. 21 (ah 1131/1719).

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Nahj al-balāg̲h̲ah, a collection of ʿAlī’s speeches (“Bāb i”), letters (“Bāb ii”) and short sayings (“Bāb iii”) compiled, according to the belief of nearly all S̲h̲īʿite authorities, by al-S̲h̲arīf al-Raḍī (M. b. al-Ḥusain), who died in 406/1016.26 Ḥ.K̲h̲, vi p. 406, i.ḥ. 3358, Brockelmann i 405, Sptbd. i p. 705.

Persian translation and commentaries:

(a) Manhaj al-faṣāḥah fī sharḥ Nahj al-balāg̲h̲ah (beg. Bihtarīn i k̲h̲uṭbahā kih suk̲h̲anwarān), a translation and commentary, completed in 930/1524 and dedicated to S̲h̲āh Ṭahmāsp i27 (ah 930–84/1524–76) by Ḥusain b. ʿAbd al-Ḥaqq al-Ilāhī al-Ardabīlī:28 Mas̲h̲had v p. 193 no. 757 (ah 957/1550), Ivanow 1107 (early 18th cent.), Asʿad 2824.

(b) Tarjamah i Nahj al-balāg̲h̲ah (beg. ʿAzza Man ʿallama ’l-insāna nahj al-balāg̲h̲ah), completed, so far as Vol. i is concerned, in 944/153829(1) by S̲h̲. ʿIzz al-Dīn b. Jaʿfar l. S̲h̲ams al-Dīn al-Āmulī30 and dedicated to the Wazīr Āqā Ḥasan.31 Mas̲h̲had i, fṣl. 4, mss., no. 79, Sipahsālār ii p. 59 no. 778 (Vol. i only collated in 1046/1636–7).

(c) Rauḍat al-abrār, a tarjamah (as it is described in the preface) completed in S̲h̲awwāl 947/Feb. 1541 by ʿAlī b. al-Ḥasan al-Zawārī (for whom see pl. i no. 22, etc.). i.ḥ. 2016, Browne Coll. C. 1 = Houtum-Schindler 1 (fine ms. 16th cent.?), Mas̲h̲had i, fṣl. 4, mss., no. 123 (lacks foll. 1–2. ah 1083/1672–3).

(d) Tanbīh al-g̲h̲āfilīn wa-tad̲h̲kirat al-ʿārifīn (beg. al-Ḥ. l. ’l-hadānā li-hād̲h̲ā) a translation and commentary completed in 955/154832 by Fatḥ Allāh b. S̲h̲ukr Allāh al-Kās̲h̲ānī (for whom see pl. i no. 23): i.ḥ. 710, D̲h̲arīʿah iv p. 447 no. 1992, Sipahsālār ii p. 17 nos. 756 (ah 1016/1607–8), 759 (ah 1078/1667–8), Rieu i 18b (ah 1034/1624–5?), Bodleian iii 2783 (ah 1076/1665), Browne Suppt. 1342 (ah 1078/1667–8. King’s 246), Mas̲h̲had v p. 53 no. 441 (“Vol. ii”. ah 1097/1686), Ivanow Curzon 372 (early 19th cent.), Āṣafīyah ii p. 1608 no. 185 (1st half).

Editions: Ṭihrān 1275/1858–9 (Sipahsālār ii p. 1621; 1305/1887–8 (ibid., Mas̲h̲had v p. 252); 1313/1895–6 (Āṣafīyah iii p. 270 no. 850).

(e) Minhāj al-wilāyah min kitāb (so Bkp., but fī s̲h̲arḥ according to the Mas̲h̲had catalogue) Nahj al-balāg̲h̲ah (beg. Naḥmaduka ’llāhumma ʿalā mā ’stawā kāfuka ʿalā nūninā), an anonymous Ṣūfī commentary described by the commentator (probably ʿAbd al-Bāqī al-k̲h̲aṭṭāṭ al-ṣūfī al-Tabrīzī)33 as an abridgement of the original work (which he has evidently rearranged according to subject) in twelve bābs. Ellis Coll. M 52 (defective at both ends. 341 foll. Autograph?), Mas̲h̲had i, fṣl. 4, mss., no. 264 (“Vol. i”, defective at end. Probably autograph), Bānkīpūr Suppt. ii 2033 (Bābs iviii only. ah 1009/1601). Three mss. in private possession are mentioned in the Sipahsālār catalogue, ii p. 131 (there is not a copy in the Sipahsālār Library).

(f) (S̲h̲arḥ i Nahj al-balāg̲h̲ah) a Sunnī translation and commentary completed in 1028/1619 by Nūr Muḥammad b. Qāḍī ʿAbd al-ʿAzīz b. Qāḍī Ṭāhir Muḥammad Maḥallī: Browne Suppt. 1341 (King’s 90), Sipahsālār ii p. 130 (acephalous).

(g) (S̲h̲arḥ i kalimah i ʿAlī al-ʿIlm ʿilmān maṭbūʿ u masmūʿ lā yanfaʿu masmūʿ id̲h̲ā lam yakun maṭbūʿan) (beg. Ai ʿazīzan bi-dānīd u āgāh bās̲h̲īd kih Ḥaḍrat taʿālā ādamiyān rā ʿaql dādah), an explanation of a saying recorded in the Nahj al-balāg̲h̲ah (Vol. ii p. 281 in the Cairo edition of 1328, which has 321 pp. in that volume) and also of the Prophet’s saying al-ʿaql ʿaqlān maṭbūʿ u masmūʿ, by Niẓām al-Dīn Aḥmad Gīlānī, who in his youth had been present at majālis of Bahāʾ al-Dīn al-ʿĀmilī (d. 1031/1622: see pl. ii Add. ad no. 60 [60a], etc.), had lived at Iṣfahān in the reigns of S̲h̲āh ʿAbbās (985–1038/1587–1629) and S̲h̲āh Ṣafī (1038–52/1629–42), had lived also (circ. 1053?)34 at Golconda in the reign of ʿAbd Allāh Quṭb-S̲h̲āh (1035–83/1626–72) and who wrote in 1061/1650 a short tract included in his majmūʿah (Berlin 45(9)): Berlin 45(10) (in a majmūʿah, or commonplace-book, containing inter alia some short tracts by the compiler himself), probably also Āṣafīyah ii p. 970 no. 306 (a ms. of the Majmūʿah).

(h) S̲h̲arḥ Nahj al-balāg̲h̲ah (beg. al-Ḥ. l. ʿalā mā aulānā min naʿmāʾihi), a translation and commentary by M. Ṣālih b. M. Bāqir Qazwīnī maʿrūf bah Raug̲h̲anī, who completed in 1075/1664–5 at Mas̲h̲had a translation of the ʿUyūn ak̲h̲bār al-Riḍā (cf. pl. i no. 262, Persian translations (2), Sipahsālār i p. 225): Mas̲h̲had v p. 115 no. 591 (defective at both ends), Sipahsālār ii pp. 63–6 no. 781 (from the Kh̲uṭbah i Hammām (Pt. i p. 488 in the Cairo edition of 1328) to the end of the work. ah 1088/1677. Another ms. (Bāb iii only), not yet catalogued, is mentioned in the Sipahsālār catalogue, ii p. 65, as well as two mss. in private possession at Ṭihrān).

Edition: [Tabrīz?] 1321/1904 (424, 224, 156 pp. Karatay p. 13, Mas̲h̲had v p. 283 no. 636).

(j) Tarjamah i Nahj al-balāg̲h̲ah (beg. Ammā baʿd az ḥ. u. sp. i K̲h̲udāʾī kih gardānīdah ast ḥ. rā bahā-yi niʿmathā-yi ū), a literal interlinear version. Rieu i 18 a (ah 1093/1682).

(k) Tarjamah i Nahj al-balāg̲h̲ah (beg. Sp. i maufūr u st. nā-maḥṣūr), an annotated translation prepared at the instance of Fatḥ ʿAlī S̲h̲āh and completed in 1226/1811 by M. Bāqir [b. M.] Lāhījānī mas̲h̲hūr ba-Nawwāb, who has already been mentioned (pl. i Add. ad no. 41 [41a]) as the author of a Persian commentary on the Qurʾān entitled Tuḥfat al-K̲h̲āqān: Sipahsālār ii pp. 17–19 no. 758 (Vol. i (of two) ah 1230/1815).

Edition: Ṭihrān 1317/1899–1900 (Sipahsālār ii p. 1814).

(l) Sharḥ Nahj al-balāg̲h̲ah (beg. (without ḥamdalah). Bar ḍamāʾir i ṣāfiyah i ik̲h̲wān al-ṣafā-yi k̲h̲ullān i īmānī), by Mīr M. Mahdī Imām-jumʿah i Ṭihrān [b. S. Murtaḍā], who was born in 1185/1771–2, was appointed by Fatḥ-ʿAlī S̲h̲āh to the Imāmate of the newly completed Masjid i S̲h̲āh at Ṭihrān and who died on 12 Rabīʿ ii 1263/30 March 1847 after holding the office for twenty-six years:35 Sipahsālār ii pp. 557 no. 777 (only the early part of the work and one or two passages from the middle. 97 foll.). Five volumes of this commentary in the possession of Prof. S.M. Mis̲h̲kāt at Ṭihrān are mentioned in the Sipahsālār catalogue, Vol. ii p. 134.

(m) Tarjamah u s̲h̲arḥ Nahj al-balāg̲h̲ah, by S. ʿAlī-Naqī [b. M. Ḥusainī Sidihī Iṣfahānī] Faid [al-Islām], who completed Vol. i (to K̲h̲uṭbah 89) in 1365/1946, vol. ii (K̲h̲uṭbahs 90–137) in 1366/1947 and vol. iii (K̲h̲uṭbahs 138–85 (dar ṣifat i munāfiqīn)) In 1367/1948. Tihrān 1365/1946–7 (Sipihr Pr. 3 vols. Mas̲h̲had v p. 249 nos. 407–9).

(n) Nahj al-balāg̲h̲ah yā Dāʾirat al-maʿārif i ʿAlawī, a rearrangement according to subject in twenty-four parts (the first, dar k̲h̲ilqat, completed in 1366/1947, the second, kitāb i jang, in 1365/1946) with Persian translation and commentary by K̲h̲alīl [b. Abū Ṭālib] Saimarī Kamaraʾī [cf. pl. i Add. ad no. 48 [48o]]. ahs 1321/1942–3 (Islāmīyah Pr. Vol. ii, pt 1 Mas̲h̲had v p. 345), Tihrān ahs 1326/1947–8 (ʿIlmī Pr. Pt. i Mas̲h̲had v p. 344), 1325/1946–7 (Pt. ii. Mas̲h̲had ibid.).

Selections:

(i) Suk̲h̲unān i ʿAlī, a translation of select speeches by [M.] Jawād Fāḍil (contemp.), compiler of the K̲h̲uṭbat-hā-yi Muḥammad (no. 274(5) supra. For his translation of the ʿAhd-nāmah see no. 276(4) (o) supra): Tihrān ahs 1321–22–25/1942–7 (3 vols. Mas̲h̲had v pp. 275–6).

(ii) K̲h̲uṭbah i Hammām [K̲h̲uṭbah fī waṣf al-muttaqīn wa-hiya ’llatī ṣaʿiqa lahā Hammām fa māta baʿda samāʿihā: Nahj al-balāg̲h̲ah, Cairo 1328/1910, Vol. i pp. 488–94].

Persian translation in prose and verse: Nag̲h̲mah i Ilāhī by S̲h̲. Mahdī [b. Abū ’l-Ḥasan] Ilāhī Qumis̲h̲aʾī, b. circ. 1320/1902–3, in 1951 a Professor in the University of Tihrān. Tihrān ahs 1319/1940–1 (S̲h̲irkat i Taḍāmunī i ʿIlmī. Mas̲h̲had v p. 340).

(iii) Nahj al-balāg̲h̲ah c̲h̲ist?, completed ahs 1316/1938 by S̲h̲. Ḍiyāʾ al-Dīn b. Yūsuf Ḥadāʾiq, known as Ibn i Yūsuf i S̲h̲īrāzī, the cataloguer of the Sipahsālār mss., b. 1323/1905: Tihrān 1357/1938 (Majlis Pr. 2nd ed. Mas̲h̲had v p. 345).

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Nat̲h̲r al-laʾāliʾ li-Fak̲hr al-maʿālī (beg. Ḥarf al-alif – Īmān al-marʾi yuʿrafu bi-aimānihi), short sayings of ʿAlī (278 in van Waenen’s edition, 282 in Fleischer’s, 306 in Krafft 478) arranged in alphabetical order by S. ʿIzz al-Dīn ʿAlī b. Ḍiyāʾ al-Dīn Faḍl Allāh al-Rāwandī, who was living until 548/1153–4 (cf. i.h. 3243, Sipahsālār ii p. 1039–10), or Quṭb al-Dīn Rāwandī (Sipahsālār ii p. 10321), or Abū ʿAlī al-Faḍl b. al-Ḥasan al-Ṭabarsī (so in some mss. He died in 548/1154. See Brockelmann Sptbd. i p. 708 (where, however, works usually ascribed to three Ṭabarsīs are treated together), Tārīk̲h̲ i Baihaq pp. 242–3, etc.) i.ḥ. 3243, Brockelmann Sptbd. i p. 75.

Persian translations and commentaries:

(a) Durrat al-maʿālī36 fī tarjamat al-Laʾāliʾ (e.g. Ak̲h̲ūka man wāsāka fī ’l-s̲h̲iddah Kasī bās̲h̲ad turā yār u birādar * kih dar sak̲h̲tī turā yār ast u yāwar) metrical, by Ibn al-Sāwajī (Abū ’l-Maḥāsin M. b. Saʿd b. M. Nak̲h̲juwānī): Ellis Coll M 35(1) (Iṣfahān, ah 729/1329, autograph).

Edition: Istanbul 1315/1897 (Dānis̲h̲mandān i Ād̲h̲arbāyjān p. 21; Mus̲h̲ār i 663).

(b) Tarjamat al-laʾālī wa-tad̲h̲kirat al-maʿālī, a translation completed in 746/1346 by Masʿūd b. Aḥmad b. S̲h̲ādī called Sibṭ i marḥūm Amīr Muhyī ’l-Dīn: Chanykov 160 (f) (first words of the translation not quoted).

(c) Naẓm al-laʾālī (beg. Har kih darhar kār Bi-smi ’llāhi ’l-Raḥmani ’l-Rahīm gūyad īmin gardad az waswās i S̲h̲aiṭān i Rajīm), a metrical paraphrase of 306 sayings (so Krafft 478) by ʿĀdil b. ʿAlī b. ʿĀdil al-Ḥāfiz [al-S̲h̲īrāzī. See pl. i Add. ad no. 53, rearrangement (2)], who paraphrased also the Miʾat kalimah (see (8)(b) supra) and rearranged the Tarjuman al-Qurʾān of al-Saiyid al-S̲h̲arīf al-Jurjānī (see pl. i no. 53, Rearrangements (2)): Krafft p. 182 no. 478 (ah 889/1484, autograph), probably also Berlin 9 foll. 12b–15b (beg. al-Ḥ. l. al-Kabīr al-Mutaʿāl), de Slane 2770 fol. 135 b seq. (ah 913/1507–8).

Edition: Ṭihrān 1306/1888–9 (see Sipahsālār ii p. 6911).

(d) Tuḥfah li-majālis al-aʿāẓim wa-’l-aʿālī,37 a paraphrase in Persian distichs: Oxford Uri p. 90 no. 319 (ah 935/1528), Nicoll & Pusey p. 97 no. 99 (transcribed from the preceding by J. Gagnier).

(e) Tarjamah i Nat̲h̲r al-laʾāliʾ (beg. Muʾminān-rā Amīr u Sarwar guft *), a metrical translation by “Ḥasan”: Būhār 289 (17th cent.).

(f) Tarjamah i Nat̲h̲r al-laʾāliʾ (beg. Dīn u īmān i mard rā ba-yaqīn), metrical, without author’s name [but possibly “Ḥasan’s” translation, for which see (e) above]: Mas̲h̲had v p. 195 no. 760.

(g) Irs̲h̲ād al-muslimīn fī s̲h̲arḥ kalimāt Amīr al-muʾminīn (beg. al-Ḥ. l. R. al-ʿā. ḥamd al-s̲h̲ākirīn. a. b. īn risālah īst mausūm ba-Nat̲h̲r al-laʾālī), a paraphrase and commentary completed on 18 Rajab 124 (?) [probably 1240/1824–5] by M. Ḥasan ʿAlī al-Hās̲h̲imī: Bānkīpūr Suppt. ii 2026 (21 S̲h̲aʿbān 1240).

(h) Ḥilyat al-ṣāliḥīn s̲h̲arḥ kalimāt janāb Amīr al-muʾminīn, a commentary [on the Nat̲h̲r al-laʾāliʾ or the Miʾat kalimah?] composed in 1284/1867–8 by Mīr Ḥaidar ʿAlī b. M. ʿAlī Ḥaidarābādī, formerly teacher in the Niẓām’s College, Hyderabad, d. 1331/1913: D̲h̲arīʿah vii p. 81; Madrās 1293/1876 (Āṣafīyah i p. 684), 1294/1877 (Āṣafīyah iii p. 684, where the place of publication is not mentioned).

(j) Tarjamah i Nat̲h̲r al-laʾālīʾ, a prose translation prepared in 1318/1900–1 by Kāẓim b. M. Gīlānī Failasūf al-Daulah: Ṭihrān 1318/1900–1 (with the Arabic text. See Sipahsālār ii p. 104).

(k) Sixty-one sayings of ʿAlī, all included in the Nat̲h̲r al-laʾāliʾ, with paraphrases in Persian distichs by Jāmī [sic?]: Leipzig Fleischer 335(2).

(l) Unidentified metrical paraphrase. English translation: Aurāq i parīs̲h̲ān.38 Moral aphorisms in Arabic [being selections from the Nat̲h̲r al-laʾāliʾ, some of which are quoted in the original Arabic from a ms. which belonged to Dr Clarke of Cambridge] and a Persian commentary in verse [occasionally quoted in its Persian form]39 translated [often very incorrectly] from the originals, with specimens of Persian poetry … By Stephen Weston. London 1805°*.

(m) Unidentified translation. Flügel i 352(2).

(11)
Kalimāt i qiṣār. Other selections of short sayings, with translations and/or commentaries:

(a) Ganj i ʿirfān, a thousand short sayings of ʿAlī completed, arranged alphabetically and translated both in mat̲h̲n̲awī verse and in prose by M. Jawād “Ṣāfī” Gulpāyagānī, who was born in 1288/1871–2 (see Mas̲h̲had v p. 3088) and completed this work in 1358/1939: Tihrān ahs1327/1948 (Mas̲h̲had v p. 307).

(b) Rah-numā-yi k̲h̲wus̲h̲bak̲h̲tī, by Ḥasan Muẓaffarī Maʿārif [Mʿārf?] b. M., b. ahs1280/1901–2 at Mas̲h̲had. Mas̲h̲had ahs1322/1944 (Mas̲h̲had v p. 273).

(c) Kalimāt i qiṣār, about 570 sayings having a practical or ethical bearing selected and translated into Persian and French by Muʾarrik̲h̲ al-Daulah Aḥmad ʿAlī Sipihrī. Ṭihrān several editions (see Sipahsālār ii p. 14810).

(d) Ṣad kalimah, short sayings of ʿAlī selected, arranged alphabetically, translated and explained by S̲h̲. ʿAbbās Qummī (cf. pl i no. 1662), who completed the work in 1331/1913. Tihrān 1332/1914 (Mas̲h̲had v p. 287).

(e) Ṣad gauhar i ḥikmat, a selection from the Kalimāt i qisār, arranged according to subject, translated and explained by M. Najmī Zanjānī (contemp.). Tihrān ahs 1320/1941–2 (Dānis̲h̲ Pr. Mas̲h̲had v pp. 287–8).

(f) Kalimāt i ʿalīyah i g̲h̲arrā (beg. (without preface) Jalla Mān lā yamūt An-kasī rā buzurg dān kih ajal * Na-tuwānad ba-d-ū rasānd k̲h̲alal), sixty of the shorter sayings (nearly all of them included in the Nat̲h̲r al-laʾāliʾ) with metrical paraphrases and illustrative anacdotes (likewise in mat̲h̲nawī verse) by “Maktabī”. m.s. dated 1036/1626–7 in the possession of Malik al-S̲h̲uʿarāʾ “Bahār” (see pl. i no. 1667 (42), Add. ad no. 452 [452e (5)]).

Edition: Ṭihrān ahs 1313/1935 (title: Az āt̲h̲ār i Maktabī i S̲h̲īrāzī Kalimāt i ʿalīyah i g̲h̲arrā. Ed. Ḥusain Kūhī Kirmānī, Editor of the literary review Nasīm i Ṣabā 79 pp. Mihr Pr.).

(12)
Waṣāyā Amīr al-Muʾminīn

(a) Ḥaqīqat-nāmah (beg. Ba-nām i ān-kih mā-rā hūs̲h̲ dādah), Persian metrical paraphrases (with the Arabic text) of three waṣīyat-nāmahs:

(i) Min al-wālidi ’l-fān [i] ’l-muqirri li-l-zamān..[cf Nahj al-balāg̲h̲ah ii p. 48 sqq.],

(ii) [p. 75] Hād̲h̲ā mā auṣā bihi ʿAlī. Auṣā bi-annahu yas̲h̲hadu an lā ilāha … Ūṣīkumā bi-taqwā ’llāhi wa-an lā tabg̲h̲iyā ’l-dunyā … [cf. Nahj al-balāg̲h̲ah ii pp. 101–2, but the text contains clauses absent from the N. al-b.],

(iii) [p. 87]. Fa-qāla Hād̲h̲ā mā auṣā bihi ʿAlī … Awwalu waṣīyatī annī as̲h̲hadu … wa-anna ’llāha bāʿit̲h̲u man fī ’l-qubūr [not in Nahj al-balāg̲h̲ah?] completed in D̲h̲ū ’l-Ḥijjah 1329/1911 by Nāẓim al-Mulk Mīrzā Jahāngīr K̲h̲ān “Ḍiyāʾī” Ḥusainī [Marandī b. Nāẓim al-Mulk Muḥibb ʿAlī K̲h̲ān b. M. Taqī k̲h̲wus̲h̲-nawīs]:40 Istanbul 1331/1913 ‡ (95 pp. cf. D̲h̲arīʿah vii p. 50 no. 263).

(b) Waṣīyah to Imām Ḥasan i Mujtabā.

Persian translation see no.(4)(o) above.

(c) Waṣīyat ʿAlī li-l-Ḥusain (beg. (in Flügel i 121(4)) Auṣā Amīr al-Muʾminīn ʿAlī waladahu ’l-Husaina fa-qāla yā bunaiya ūṣīka bi-taqwā ’llāhi … fī ’l-g̲h̲aibi wa-’l-shahādah wa-kalimati ’l-haqq fī ’l-riḍā wa-’l-g̲h̲adab).

Persian translations:

(i) Tarjamah i waṣīyat i Amīr al-Muʾminīn ʿAlī b. Abī Ṭālib (beg. Dar i bustān i uns bi-gs̲h̲ādam * Nāfah i Mus̲h̲k i quds bi-gs̲h̲ādam), a metrical translation dedicated to Sulṭān Masʿūd [presumably Masʿūd iii of G̲h̲aznah, ah 492–508/1099–1114] by S. As̲h̲raf ʿAlawī G̲h̲aznawī41 (“Nach Andeutung des Titels fährt der Verfasser fort Āg̲h̲āz i waṣīyat ba-s̲h̲iʿr gardānīdah s̲h̲ud az guftār i S. As̲h̲raf i ʿAlawī i G̲h̲aznawī” [these words in the Arabic character]). Flügel i 121(4) (ah 753/1352).

(ii) (Tarjamah i Waṣīyah i Amīr al-Muʾminīn), metrical, by Abū ’l-Maḥāsin M. b. Saʿd al-Nak̲h̲juwānī known as Ibn al-Sāwajī (cf. no. (10) (a) above. Ellis Coll. M 35 (4) (Isfahān, ah 729/1329, autograph).

(iii) Waṣīyat i Amīr al-muʿminīn ʿAlī … ba-ḥaḍrat i Imām Ḥusain, unidentified translation or translations. Bodleian 1239(43) (beg. Auṣā A. al-m. ʿAlī .. waladahu ’l-Ḥusain), Chanykov 160(k), Ivanow 1111 (beg. Hād̲h̲ā mā amara bihi ʿabd Allāh ʿAlī … 18th cent.), Mas̲h̲had i, fṣl. 4, mss., no. 318.

§ 277. Zain al-ʿĀbidīn ʿAlī b. al-Ḥusain, often called ʿAlī al-Aṣg̲h̲ar and surnamed al-Sajjād, a grandson of ʿAlī b. Abī Ṭālib and the fourth of the Twelve Imāms, died in 92/710–11 or 94/712–13 (see Ency. Isl. under ʿAlī b. al-Ḥusain, Brockelmann Sptbd. i p. 76). For the Ṣaḥīfah i kāmilah ascribed to him See pl. iv no. 704 infra.

Suk̲h̲unān i Sajjād, short sayings compiled, arranged according to subject and translated by Nāṣir al-Dīn Ṣāḥib-al-Zamānī (contemp): Tihrān ahs 1326/1947–8 (a publication of the majallah i Ak̲h̲gar. Mas̲h̲had v p. 276).

§ 278. Jaʿfar b. M. al-Ṣādiq, the sixth of the Twelve Imāms, was born in 80/699–700 or 83/702–3 and died at al-Madīnah in 148/765 (see Ency. Isl. under D̲j̲aʿfar, Brockelmann Sptbd. i p. 104).

(1)
Miṣbāḥ al-s̲h̲arīʿah wa-miftāḥ al-ḥaqīqah, sayings ascribed to Jaʿfar al-Ṣādiq on religious and ethical subjects: i.ḥ. 2964, Brockelmann Sptbd. i p. 104.

Persian commentary: Manāhij anwār al-maʿrifah fī asrār Miṣbāḥ al-s̲h̲arīʿah, arranged in three sections called manhaj (the second completed in 1263/1847), by Abū ’l-Qāsim “Rāz” S̲h̲arīfī D̲h̲ahabī S̲h̲īrāzī, known as Mīrzā Bābā (d. 1286/1869–70, the author of a commentary on the K̲h̲uṭbat al-bayān (see pl. iv no. 276 (7) (e), (f) supra) and other works: S̲h̲īrāz 1353/1934–5 (Manhaj iii only. Mas̲h̲had v p. 333).

Persian translation: Ādāb al-ʿārifīn, by Āqā Najafī (S̲h̲. M. Taqī b. M. Bāqir Iṣfahānī, d. 1332/1914. Cf. pl. i no. 311 (a) (15), ii no. 843: D̲h̲arīʿah i p. 24 no. 126, Tihrān 1295/1878 (Mas̲h̲had ii, fṣl. 9, ptd. bks., no. 6)

(2)
al-Risālat al-Ahwāzīyah, on the proper behaviour towards persons governed, being the answer to a letter from Abū Bujair ʿAbd Allāh b. Najās̲h̲ī Asadī Naṣrī, Governor of Ahwāz, D̲h̲arīʿah ii p. 485 (al-Ahwāzīyah).

Persian translation: Tarjamah i Risālah i Ahwāzīyah, by an unknown author, Mas̲h̲had v p. 44 no. 423 (with the Arabic text. 16 foll.).

(3)
(Waṣīyat al-Imām Jaʿfar al-Ṣādiq) (included in the Biḥār al-anwār, Kampānī’s ed., xvii p. 175).

Translation: Aḥkām al Islām, completed in 1347/1929 by S. Ḥusain ʿArab-bāg̲h̲ī (cf. no. 260 supra, etc.), Persia ahs 1316/1937–8[?] (appended to the translator’s Ḥuqūq al Islām (see pl. iv no. 591(2) infra).

Commentary: Manhaj al-yaqīn, completed in 1081/1670 by ʿAlāʾ al-Dīn M. b. Abī Turāb al-Ḥusainī maʿrūf ba-Gulistānah,42 who discusses the kabāʾir at some length. i.ḥ. 3195, Rieu i 22a (18th cent.), Ivanow Curzon 376 (18th cent.), Mas̲h̲had v p. 194 no. 758 (242 foll.), Bānkīpūr ix 953 (19th cent.).

Edition: Bombay 1303/1885° (268 pp. Cf. Āṣafīyah iii p. 272, Mas̲h̲had i, fṣl.4, ptd. bks., no. 132).

§ 279. Mālik b. Anas al-Aṣbaḥī died at al-Madīnah in 179/795 (see Ency. Isl. under Mālik (J. Schacht), Brockelmann i pp. 175–6, Sptbd. i pp. 297–9).

al-Muwaṭṭaʾ, a survey of Islāmic law according to the practice of al-Madīnah (see Ency. Isl. and Brockelmann).

Persian commentary: Muṣaffā s̲h̲arḥ i Muwaṭṭā (beg. Niʿmathā-yi ḥaḍrat i Bārī), completed in 1179/1765–6 by Walī Allāh Dihlawī (for whom see pl. i no. 33, etc.). Bānkīpūr xiv 1202 (ah 1206/1791–2), 1203 (second half, from Kitāb al-buyūʿ…. Modern).

Edition: Delhi 1293/1876° (Vol. i only? With the Arabic text and, on the margin, Walī Allah’s Arabic commentary, al-Musawwā)

§ 280. ʿAlī al-Riḍā b. Mūsā b. Jaʿfar, the Eighth Imām of the S̲h̲īʿah, was born at al-Madīnah in 153/770 and died at Ṭūs in 203/818 (see Ency. Isl. under ʿAlī al-Riḍā; etc.).

K̲h̲uṭbah i tauḥīd (beg. Awwalu ʿibādati ’llāhi maʿrifatuh), an address recorded in the ʿUyūn ak̲h̲bār al-Riḍā (cf. pl. i no. 262) and other works. D̲h̲arīʿah vii p. 202 no. 991.

Persian translation: Tarjamah i K̲h̲uṭbah i tauḥīd, or Tarjamah i Tauḥīd al-Riḍā, by M. Bāqir Majlisī (cf. pl. i no. 247, Add. ad loc.). D̲h̲arīʿah iv p. 99 no. 467 (Tarjamat K̲h̲uṭbat al-Riḍā), Tihrān 1288/1871 (appended to Naurūz ʿAlī Bisṭāmī’s Tuḥfat al-Riḍawīyah, of which a different edition [presumably without the K̲h̲uṭbah] is mentioned above, pl. i no. 311 (69). Mas̲h̲had v p. 249).

§ 281. M. b. Ismāʿīl al-Buk̲h̲ārī died in 256/870 (see Brockelmann i p. 158, Sptbd. i p. 260, Ency. Isl. under Buk̲h̲ārī).

al-Jāmiʿ al-ṣaḥīḥ (see Brockelmann).

Persian translation of selected traditions: Tuḥfat al-qārī bi-tarjamat Ṣaḥīḥ al-Buk̲h̲ārī, traditions relating chiefly to ʿUmar and ʿĀʾis̲h̲ah, Lūdiyānah 1285/1868° (235 pp.).

Persian commentaries:

(1)
Taisīr al-qārī fī s̲h̲arh Ṣaḥīḥ al-Buk̲h̲ārī (beg. Bi-smi ’llāh wa-l-ḥ. l. wa-’l-ṣ. wa-’l-salām ʿalā Rasūli ’llāh wa-ʿalā ālihi ammā baʿd īn ṣaḥīfah i karāmat), dedicated to the Emperor [Aurangzēb] ʿĀlamgīr (ah 1069–1118/1659–1707) by Nūr al-Ḥaqq al-Turk al-Buk̲h̲ārī nasaban wa-[l-] Shāhjahānābādī mutawaṭṭanan, i.e. Nūr al-Ḥaqq Dihlawī, who died in 1073/1662 and who has already been mentioned as the author of a history of India entitled Zubdat al-tawārīk̲h̲ (pl. i no. 616) and of a commentary on “K̲h̲usrau’s” Qirān al-saʿdain (pl. i no. 665, (1) Qirān al-saʿdain, commentaries (1)): Browne Suppt. 341 (about half of the work. Two vols. “dated 1055/164543 and 1153/1740 respectively”. King’s 100), Bānkīpūr xiv 1195 (from the beginning of the work to the latter portion of the Bāb i ṣaum i yaum al-naḥr, breaking off at a point corresponding to Vol. ii p. 215, l. 10, in the lithograph. 19th cent.), 1196 (Kitāb al-buyūʿ to Kitāb al-manāqib = Vol. ii p. 232 – Vol. iii (end) in the lithograph. Same hand,), 1197 (Kitāb al-buyūʿ to Kitāb al-ḥajj = Vol. ii p. 232 – Vol. iii p. 140 in the lithograph. 19th cent.), 1198–9 (Kitāb al-nikāḥ to Kitāb al-tauḥīd (bābu qauli ’llāh Lammā k̲h̲alaqtu bi-yadī. 19th cent.), Ethé 2659 (complete? Nd.), Peshawar 253 (to Kitāb al-ḥajj), 318 (1st quarter), 330 (vol. i), 356 (from abwāb al-janāʾiz to Kitāb al-buyūʿ).

Editions: Lucknow [?44] 1298–9/1881–2 (5 vols. See Āṣafīyah i p. 682 nos. 504–7, p. 684 no. 508), Lucknow 1305/1887–8 (5 vols. See Bānkīpūr xiv p. 5427), Lucknow 1895† (963 pp.).

(2)
(S̲h̲arḥ i S̲h̲aik̲h̲ al-Islām) (beg. (in the Bānkīpūr ms.): Ān-c̲h̲ih pīs̲h̲ az s̲h̲urūʿ dar-īn kitāb i mustaṭāb bāyad dānist c̲h̲and c̲h̲īz ast), apparently for the most part an abridgement of Nūr al-Ḥaqq’s Taisīr al-qārī, by Muhammad al-mulaqqab bah S̲h̲aik̲h̲ al-Islām45 [b. Ḥāfiẓ ʿAbd al-Ṣamad Fak̲hr al-Dīn Muḥaddit̲h̲] nabīrah i S̲h̲. ʿAbd al-Ḥaqq Dihlawī [for the last of whom see pl. i no. 243]: Bānkīpūr xiv 1208 (from the beginning of the work to the bāb yanzilu li-l-maktūbah in the Kitāb al-ṣalāh. ah 1264/1848), 1209 (from the bāb al-s̲hurūṭ maʿ al-nās bi- l- qaul in the Kitāb al-s̲hurūṭ to the bāb islām Salmān. Same hand).

Edition: Lucknow 1305/1887–8 (on the margin of the Taisīr al-qārī. See Bānkīpūr cat. xiv p. 631), and possibly in the other editions of the Taisīr al-qārī mentioned above.

(3)
Minaḥ al-Bārī s̲h̲arḥ i Buk̲hārī. Edition: place? date? (Pt. i (only?). See Peshawar 304).
(4)
S̲h̲arḥ i Ṣaḥīḥ i Buk̲hārī, by M. ʿAbd al-Karīm b. S̲h̲. M. Yaʿqūb: Āṣafīyah i p. 684 no. 562 (Vol. i only).
(5)
S̲h̲arḥ i Ṣaḥīḥ i Buk̲hārī (mss. unidentifiable from the catalogue): Peshawar 308 (Vol. iii, from Kitāb al-buyūʿ), 365 (Vol. ii, from Kitāb al-buyūʿ).
(6)
Tarjamah i Saḥīḥ i Buk̲hārī (mss. unidentifiable from the catalogue, but probably in some cases identical with commentaries recorded above): ʿAlīgaṛh Subḥ. mss. p. 7 no. 9 (Pt. i only), Āṣafīyah i p. 682 no. 27 (Pts. xixv), Peshawar 297 (from Kitāb al-nikāḥ to end), 331 (from Kitāb al-mag̲h̲āzī to end).

§ 282. Muslim b. al-Ḥajjāj al-Qus̲h̲airī al-Naisābūrī died in 261/875 (see Ency. Isl. under Muslim (A.J. Wensinck), Brockelmann i p. 160, Sptbd. i p. 265).

al-Jāmiʿ al-ṣaḥīh, Ḥ. K̲h̲. ii p. 541, Brockelmann i p. 160, Sptbd. i p. 265.

Persian commentary: Manbaʿ al-ʿilm fī sharḥ Ṣaḥīh Muslim (beg. Ḥ. i. bī-h. u sp. i bī-q. u t̲h̲anāʾ i bī-intihā S̲h̲āhans̲h̲āhī rā sazad), written shortly before his death and left unrevised by Nūr al-Haqq Dihlawī (who died in 1073/1662: see pl. i no. 616), revised and enlarged by his son Fak̲h̲r al-Dīn Muḥibb Allāh: Ivanow 1007 (18th cent.), Bānkīpūr xiv 1207 (extending to the Bāb rukūb al-muṣallī al-faras. 19th cent.).

§ 283. M. b. ʿĪsā b. Saurah al-Tirmid̲h̲ī died at Tirmid̲h̲ in, or not long before, 279/892–3 (see Brockelmann i p. 161–2, Sptbd. i pp. 267–9)

(1)
S̲h̲amāʾil al-Nabī. See pl. i no. 215.
(2)
al-Jāmiʿ al-ṣaḥīh.

Persian commentary: by Sirāj Aḥmad Sirhindī. Cawnpore 1299/1882°- (Majmūʿah i s̲h̲urūḥ i arbaʿah i Tirmid̲h̲ī – S̲h̲arḥ i Fārisi i S.A.S…. A collection of four commentaries, three of which are in Arabic. Unfinished?).

§ 284. Aḥmad b. S̲h̲uʿaib al-Nasāʾī died in 303/915 (see Brockelmann i p. 162, Sptbd. i p. 269, Ency. Isl. under Nasāʾī (Wensinck)).

K̲hasāʾiṣ ʿAlī b. Abī Ṭālib (see Ḥ. K̲h̲. iii p. 141, Brockelmann i p. 163, Sptbd. i p. 270).

Persian translations:

(1)
by Kabīr al-Dīn Aḥmad. Calcutta 1303/1885–6 (accompanying the Arabic text. See Bānkīpūr Arab. Cat. xv p. 122).
(2)
Ḥaqāʾiq i ladunnī dar tas̲h̲rīḥ i daqāʾiq i K̲h̲aṣāʾiṣ i ʿAlawī i Imām Nasāʾī a translation and commentary completed in 1311/1893 by Abū ’l-Qāsim Riḍawī Qummī.46 Lahore [1898°]. With the arabic text. Cf. Mas̲h̲had v p. 261 no. 499.

§ 285. M. b. Yaʿqūb al-Kulīnī died at Bag̲h̲dād in 328/939 (see Brockelmann i p. 187, Sptbd. i p. 320).

Al-Kāfī, one of the four canonical collections of S̲h̲iʿite traditions, divided into thirty four kitābs ((1) al-ʿaql, (2) al-tauḥīd, (3) al-ḥujjah, (4) al-īmān wa-’l-kufr, (5) al-duʿāʾ, (6) faḍl al-Qurʾān, (7) al-ʿis̲h̲rah, (8) al-ṭahārah, (9) al-ḥaiḍ, (10) al-janāʾiz, (11) al-ṣalāh, (12) al-zakāh, (13) al-ṣiyām, (14) al-ḥajj, (15) al-jihād, (16) al-maʿīs̲h̲ah, (17) al-nikāḥ,(18) al-ʿaqīqah, (19) al-ṭalāq, (20) al-ʿitq wa-’l-tadbīr wa-’l-kitābah, (21) al-ṣaid, (22) al-d̲h̲abāʾiḥ, (23) al-aṭʿimah, (24) al-as̲h̲ribah, (25) al-zī wa-’l-tajammul wa-’l-muruwwah, (26) al-dawājin, (27) al-waṣāyā, (28) al-mawārīt̲h̲, (29) al-ḥudūd, (30) al-diyāt, (31) al-s̲h̲ahādāt, (32) al-qaḍāyā wa-’l-aḥkām, (33) al-aimān wa-’l-nud̲h̲ūr wa-’l-kaffārāt, (34) al-rauḍah).

Persian commentaries:

(1)
Ṣāfī s̲h̲arḥ i Kāfī, (beg. Fatḥ i ṣāfī i ganjīnah i s̲h̲āhī), begun in S̲h̲awwāl 1064/Aug.-Sept. 1654 at the request of S̲h̲āh ʿAbbās ii and (according to Nujūm al-samāʾ p. 10210) completed in 1084/1673–447 by K̲h̲alīl b. al-G̲h̲āzī al-Qazwīnī:48 i.ḥ. 1942, Ahlwardt ii 1858 (1st half (80 babs) of Bk iii (ḥujjah) ah 1066–7/1655–6, autograph), Būhār 161 (Bks. iii. ah 1070/1659–60), 162–3 (Bks. vx. Same hand), Sipahsālār i pp. 256–8 nos. 350 (Bks. xxiiixxxiii. Transcribed in the commentator’s lifetime and collated in 1092/1681 with an autograph), 349 (Bk. xvii. Written for the translator. N.d.), 346 (Bk. iv. ah 1070/1659–60), 348 (Bk. xi. ah 1073/1662–3), 345 (Bk. iii, pt. 1. ah 1083/1672), 343 (Bks. iii. ah 1089/1678), 344 (Bk. iii. ah 1090/1679), 347 (Bks. viiixi. ah 1101/1689–90), Leningrad Univ. 1051 (Bk. xi. Before ah 1077/1666–7. Romaskewicz p. 10), Mas̲h̲had i, fṣl. 4, mss., nos. 153 (Bk. vvii. ah 1080/1669–70), 150 (Bk. xxxiv (al-Rauḍah. Presented in 1090/1679–80), 151 (Bks. xv xvi.), 149 (Bks. iv), 152 (Bks. xviixix), 154 (Bks. xixxxvii), 155 (Bks. iii), 156 (Bks. vvi), 157 (Bk. i), 158 (Bk. xvii), v pp. 117–18 nos. 593–7, Ethé 2667 (Bk. i ah 1086/1676), Blochet iv 2230 (Bk. ii. Ornate ms. Latter half of 17th cent.), 2231 (Bks. vvii. ah 1095/1684), 2232 (Bks. xxixxvi. ah 1093/1682), ʿAlīgaṛh Subḥ. mss. p. 7 no. 2 (Bk. vii ah 1094/1683), Lindesiana p. 172 (Bks.? ah 1096/1685), Bānkīpūr xiv 1221 (Bks. ivvii. ah 1118/1706), 1222 (Bk. xi. 18th cent.), Ivanow 2nd Suppt. 1009 (Bk. v. Early 18th cent.), Ivanow Curzon 750 (Bk. iv (part). 19th cent.), Majlis i 33 (Bk. xvi), ii p. 58 no. 832 (Bks. viiixvi), Āṣafīyah i p. 684 no. 464 (Bks?), iii p. 272 no. 124 (Bks. ix), Lahore Panjāb Univ. (Bk. xiv. See ocm. xi/2 p. 78), and doubtless also Vollers 901.

Edition: Lucknow 1890–1° (Bks. ivii only? Cf. Mas̲h̲had i, fṣl. 4, ptd. bks, no. 98 (Bks. iiii only), which may be a different edition).

(2)
S̲h̲arḥ i Kāfī, of which vol. i (k. al-ʿaql wa-’l-ʿilm) was completed in 1357/1939 by S̲h̲. ʿAbbās [b. Ḥājj Mullā Ḥājī] Ḥāʾirī Tihrānī, who was born at Tihrān in 1298/1881: [Tabrīz?] 1358/1939–40 (vol. i. Mas̲h̲had v p. 281).

§ 286. M. b. ʿAlī … Ibn Bābawaih al-Qummī, called al-S̲h̲aik̲h̲ al-Ṣadūq, died at Raiy in 381/991–2. [He has already been mentioned (pl. iii no. 671) for his story of Bilauhar and Yūd̲h̲āsaf. v.s.].

(1)
ʿIlal al-s̲h̲arāʾīʿ, Arabic traditions giving the reasons for particular names, religious practices, natural facts etc. i.ḥ. 2129, Brockelmann i p. 187, Sptbd. i p. 321.

Persian translation: ʿIlal al-aḥkām, by Āqā Najafī (M. Taqī b. M. Bāqir Iṣfahānī, d. 11 S̲h̲aʿbān 1332/5 July 1914: see pl. i no. 311 (15), ii no. 843, etc). Tihrān 1297/1880° (109 foll cf. Mas̲h̲had v p. 291).

(2)
Maʿānī ’l-ak̲h̲bār,49 a collection of such traditions as contain explanations of words: i.ḥ. 2992, Brockelmann i p. 187, Sptbd. i p. 321.

Persian translation: (Tarjamah i Maʿānī ’l-ak̲h̲bār) (beg. wa-baʿd bar aṣḥāb i ʿilm u ʿirfān), prepared by M. Ibrāhīm b. M. ʿAlī Muḥammadābādī: Majlis 35 (ah 1241/1825–6).

(3)
Man lā yaḥḍuruhu ’l-faqīh, one of the four canonical collections of S̲h̲īʿite traditions. i.ḥ. 3170, Brockelmann i p. 187, Sptbd. i p. 321.

Persian translation and commentary: Lawāmiʿ i Ṣāḥib-qirānī (beg. Ḥamdī-kih ba-aqlām i as̲h̲jār), undertaken at the request of S̲h̲āh ʿAbbās ii (ah 1052–77/1642–6), but completed, it seems, only as far as the Kitāb al-ḥajj,50 in 1066/1656 by M. Taqī b. Maqṣūd ʿAlī al-Majlisī, who died in 1070/1659–60:51 i.ḥ. 2714, Mus̲h̲ār i 1346, Sipahsālār i pp. 298–300 nos. 391 (Kitāb i ṣalāt to the beginning of the bāb i ad̲h̲ān u iqāmah. ah 1070/1659–60), 392 (Bāb al-ad̲h̲ān wa-’l-iqāmah to the end of the traditions relating to the namāz i jamāʿat. ah 1076/1665–6), 390 (the beginning of the work to the aḥkām i āb i ḥammām. Nd.), Majlis ii 834 (Vols. iii. ah 1084/1673–4), Dorn 253 (Muqaddimah, K. i. ṭahārah and how much more? 323 foll. ah 1084/1674), Blochet iv 2229 (“Vol. ii”, beginning with “le chapitre de l’aumône légale” (i.e. abwāb al-zakāh). ah 1086/1675), Ivanow Curzon 381 (ṭahārah and ṣalāt. ah 1098/1687), 382 (ḥajj and ziyārat. ah 1092/1681), 2nd Suppt. 1010 (ṣiyām, zakāt and ḥajj. Late 18th cent.), Mas̲h̲had i, fṣl. 4, mss., nos. 247 (Kitāb i ṣalāt, beg. al-Ḥ. l. R. al-ʿā. wa-’l-ṣ. ʿalā afḍal al-sābiqīn wa ashraf al-muṣallīn.52 Title given as Lawāmiʿ al-muttaqīn, presumably by inadvertence. Presented, like nos. 248 and 249, by Nādir S̲h̲āh), 248 (from Kitāb i zakāt to Kitāb i iʿtikāf [in the K. i. ṣiyām]), 249 (from ṣalāt i jamāʿat to ṣalāt i kusūf), v p. 161 no. 694 (a fragment of 36 foll.), Bānkīpūr xiv 1258–60 (18th cent.), Rieu Suppt. 23 (18th cent.), Āṣafīyah i p. 686 no. 5778 (ṣalāt, defective at both ends), iii p. 270 no. 826.

Edition: Ṭihrān 1322–4 (2 vols. ending with the K. i ḥajj. See Sipahsālār i p. 29916, Mas̲h̲had v p. 311, Mus̲h̲ār i 1346. Cf. Āṣafīyah iii p. 270, nos. 987–8, where a Persian edition in two vols is mentioned without specification of the date).

(4)
Risālah i ḥadīt̲h̲ i bisāṭ: ʿAlīgaṛh Subḥ. mss. p. 7 no. 5.

§ 287. M. b. ʿAlī b. ʿUt̲h̲mān al-Karājakī died in 449/1057. [Rauḍāt al-jannāt p. 579, Qiṣaṣ al-ʿulamāʾ p. 334, Brockelmann i p. 354, Sptbd. i p. 602, Hadīyat al-aḥbāb p. 243].

Maʿdin al-jawāhir wa-riyāḍat al-k̲h̲awāṭir, in Arabic. See Brockelmann.

Persian translation: Nuzhat al-nawāẓir fī tarjamat M. al-j., completed in 1359/1940 by ʿAbbās Qummī (cf. pl. i no. 1662, iv no. 335 infra, etc.). Tihrān (ʿIlmī Pr. Followed by the translator’s Risālah dar ak̲h̲lāq. Mas̲h̲had v p. 339).

§ 288. M. b. Salāmah al-Quḍāʿī died at Fusṭāṭ in 454/1062 (see Brockelmann i p. 343, Sptbd. i p. 584).

S̲h̲ihāb al-ak̲h̲bār, a collection of 1000 + 200 traditions containing apophthegms and maxims of the Prophet (see Ḥ. K̲h̲. iv p. 83, Rauḍāt al-jannāt 4653, Brockelmann i p. 343, Sptbd. i p. 584).

Persian translations:

(1)
S̲h̲arḥ [so] i S̲h̲ihāb al-ak̲h̲bār (beg…. Bi-dān-kih bandah i muʾmin rā baʿd az ānkih kitāb i K̲h̲udāy .. ʿAmalhā bar muwāfaqat i nīyathā buwad), prepared by an anonymous author who was alive in 580/1184: Ahlwardt 1270 (circ. ah 900/1494).
(2)
(Tarjamah i S̲h̲ihāb al-ak̲h̲bār) (beg. al-Ḥ. l. ḥaqqa ḥamdihi wa-’l-ṣ. ʿalā nabīyihi wa-ʿabdihi M…. Innamā ’l-aʿmālu bi-’l-nīyāt Kārhā bah nīyat ast), an anonymous translation: Bānkīpūr xiv 1183 (Pt. i (sic). Much damaged. 15th cent.), 1184 (transcribed from the preceding in 1337/1918–19).

§ 289. al-Ḥusain b. Masʿūd al-Farrāʾ al-Bag̲h̲awī died in 516/1122 or 510/1117 (see Brockelmann i p. 363, Sptbd. i p. 620, Ency. Isl. under Bag̲h̲awī, Subkī iv p. 214, etc.).

Maṣābīḥ al-sunnah, a well-known collection of traditions. Ḥ. K̲h̲. v p. 564, Brockelmann i p. 363, Sptbd. i p. 620.

Persian translation: S̲h̲arḥ al-Maṣābīḥ, by an author as yet unidentified. Ethé 2653 (vol. iii (Kitāb al-buyūʿ to Kitāb al-ruʾyā). N.d.).

Improved recension: Mis̲h̲kāt al-maṣābīḥ, completed in 737/1337 by Walī al-Dīn M. b. ʿAbd Allāh al-K̲h̲aṭīb al-Tabrīzī: Ḥ. K̲h̲. v p. 567, Brockelmann i p. 264, Sptbd. i p. 621.

Persian commentary on the improved recension: As̲h̲iʿʿat al-lamaʿāt fī s̲h̲arḥ al-Mis̲h̲kāt (beg. al-Ḥ. l. akmal al-ḥ.), begun at Delhi in the middle of 1019/1610–11, completed there in Rabīʿ al-āk̲h̲ir 1025/April–May 1616 and (according to a note by the author reproduced at the beginning of Vol. iv in Ivanow 997) revised several times, the last revision being completed in 1045/1634–5, by ʿAbd al-Ḥaqq b. Saif al-Dīn Dihlawī, who wrote also in 1019–25/1611–16 a much smaller Arabic commentary entitled Lamaʿāt al-tanqīḥ fī s̲h̲arḥ Mis̲h̲kāt al-maṣābiḥ (mss.: Bānkīpūr v/2 nos. 361–2, Āṣafīyah i p. 664 nos. 83, 301–2, 603, Peshawar 295–6, Ellis-Edwards p. 18 or. 7546, Rāmpūr i p. 107 no. 316) and who has already been mentioned several times in this work (e.g. pl. i no. 243): Ivanow 997 (vols. i, iii, iv. ah 1075–6/1664–6), 999 (vol. i. ah 1095/1684), 998 (vols. i, ii and part of iii), 1000 (vol. ii. 18th cent.), 1001 (vol. iv, acephalous 18th cent.), 1st Suppt. 821 (vols. iiiiv. ah 1091/1680), 820 (vols. iii. Corrected 1129/1717), Lahore Panjāb univ. (vol. iv dated 1084/1673–4, vols. iii dated 1116/1704–5, vol. iii undated. See ocm.-xi/2 (Feb. 1935) p. 79), Rieu i 14 a (ah 1092/1681), Bodleian iii 2794 (vol. ii ah 1095/1684), Peshawar 215 (vol. ii. ah 1095/1684), 216 (vol. iii. ah 1099/1688), 217 (vol. iii. N.d.), 218 (vol. iv. N.d.), 343 (vol. i. N.d.), 346 (to bāb al-qaṣd fī ’l-ʿamal), Bānkīpūr xiv 1194 (vol. ii. 17th cent.), 1193 (vol. i. 18th cent.), Ross and Browne 3 (vol. i. 17th cent.), Ethé 2654 (vols. iii. N.d.), 2655 (vols. iii. N.d.), ʿAlīgaṛh Ṣubḥ. mss. p. 7 no. 10 (to Kitāb al-zakāh), 11, Āṣafīyah i p. 684 nos. 563 (vol. i), 560, Nūr i ʿUt̲h̲mānīyah 1101, probably also Leyden v p. 253 no. 2656 (vol. iv apparently).

The introductory portion of this work has sometimes been copied separately as a risālah i uṣūl i hadīth, e.g. Princeton 83 (18th cent.), Bānkīpūr Suppt. ii 2295 (ah 1267/1851).

Edition (usually with the title S̲h̲arḥ (or Tarjamah) i Mis̲h̲kāt i Fārisī): Calcutta and Chinsura 1251–9/1835–43* (4 vols.), Bombay 1277–9/1860–3 (4 vols See Karatay p. 3), [Delhi] Muṣṭafāʾī Press 1283/1866 (only vol. iv is in i.o.), Lucknow 1289–90/1872–3°* (4 vols.).

Extracts (?): Lamaʿāt al-najāt min anwār al-Mis̲h̲kāt, traditions containing the Prophet’s replies to questions on religion and morals.

Persian translation [with the Arabic text?]: Tarjamah i Fārisī i L. al-n. m. a. al-M.. Agrah 1305/1888° (22 pp.).

Abridgement: Sirāj al-hidāyat (beg. al-Ḥ. l. naḥmaduhu wa-nastaʿīnuhu wa-nuṣallī), 2500 traditions selected from the 6000 of the original with Persian paraphrase and commentary composed [begun?] in 1250/1834–5 by [Ḥakīm] Sirāj al-Dīn Ḥusain b. S. Bahāʾ al-Dīn S̲h̲āhjahānābādī, for whom see Raḥmān ʿAlī p. 71, where he is described as one of the famous physicians of S̲h̲āhjahānābād and this work is mentioned with ten others but no dates are given: Bānkīpūr xiv 1210 (ah 1252/1836–7, probably autograph).

§ 290. Abū Manṣūr Aḥmad b. ʿAlī b. Abī Ṭālib al-Ṭabarsī probably died early in the 6th/12th century.

al-Iḥtijāj ʿalā ahl al-lajāj, in Arabic see i.ḥ. 105, D̲h̲arīʿah i p. 281 no. 1472, Brockelmann i p. 405, Sptbd. i p. 709, pl. i no. 22 (5) footnote.

Persian translation: Kas̲h̲f al-Iḥtijāj (beg. Iftitāḥ i īn maqāl i humāyūn-fāl, or, as in Mas̲h̲had 681, Ai Fātiḥah i muṣhaf i ḥamdat tauhīd), composed at the request of S̲h̲āh Ṭahmāsp (ah 930–84/1524–76) by ʿAlī b. Ḥasan Zawarī (cf. pl. i no. 22, etc.): Mas̲h̲had v p. 155 nos. 681 (ah 1065/1655), 680.

§ 291. Ras̲h̲īd al-Dīn M. b. M. b. ʿAbd al-Jalīl al-ʿUmarī nicknamed al Waṭwāṭ died in 573/1177–8 or 578/1182–3 (see pl. iii no. 277, etc.).

S̲h̲arḥ kalimāt al-K̲h̲ulafāʾ al-Rās̲h̲idīn, a hundred sayings of each of the first four Caliphs paraphrased in Arabic and Persian prose and in Persian two-lined qiṭʿahs (but the prose paraphrases, especially the Arabic, seem often to be omitted in the mss.), dedicated (at least in the case of ʿUt̲h̲mān (cf. Browne Pers. Cat. p. 483) and ʿAlī (cf. Flügel i 121 (2), where the date of dedication of this fourth part is given as 559/1164) to Sulṭān S̲h̲āh Abū ’l-Qāsim Maḥmūd b. Īl-Arsalān K̲h̲wārazm-S̲h̲āh [ah 568–89/1172–93] and divided into four parts with separate titles and prefaces, namely,
(1)
Tuḥfat al-ṣadiq ilā ’l-ṣadīq min kalām .. Abī Bakr al-Ṣiddīq, or Ṣad kalimah i Abū Bakr (beg. al-Ḥ. l. ʿalā tawāturi ālāʾihi Ḥ. K̲h̲. ii p. 230,
(2)
Faṣl al-k̲h̲iṭāb min kalām ʿUmar b. al-K̲h̲aṭṭāb, or Ṣad kalimah i ʿUmar (beg. al-Ḥ. l.ʿalā mā afāda ʿalainā min sawābig̲h̲i niʿamihi), Ḥ.K̲h̲. iv p. 422 (incorrect),
(3)
Uns al-lahfān min kalām ʿUt̲h̲mān b. ʿAffān or Ṣad kalimah i ʿU̲t̲hmān (beg. al-Ḥ. l. al-kabīri ṣanāʾiʿuhu) Ḥ. K̲h̲. i p. 453,
(4)
Maṭlūb kull ṭālib min kalām ʿAlī b. Abī Ṭālib or Ṣad kalimah i ʿAlī b. Abī Ṭālib: see pl. iv no. 276 (8) (a) supra.

§ 292. The Jāmiʿ al-ak̲hbār, an Arabic work apparently of the 6th/12th century, is popularly, but incorrectly, ascribed to al-S̲h̲aik̲h̲ al-Ṣadūq (i.e. Ibn Bābawaih, for whom see pl. i no. 262, iii no. 671). The real author, a certain M. b. M., is believed by some (cf. i.ḥ. p. 150) to have been M. b. M. al-S̲h̲aʿīrī, but this has not been definitely established. For a discussion of the matter see D̲h̲arīʿah v pp. 33–5.

Jāmiʿ al-ak̲h̲bār, an Arabic work in 141 faṣls: Mas̲h̲had i, fṣl. 4, mss., nos. 96–7, v pp. 65–7 nos. 483–9, Sipahsālār i pp. 242–4 nos. 316–17.

Editions: Tabrīz 1287, 1296, 1310, Ṭihrān 1299, 1300 (see Mas̲h̲had i, fṣl. 4, ptd. bks., nos. 71–4, v pp. 254–5).

Persian translation: Kās̲h̲if al-astār, by S̲h̲araf al-Dīn K̲h̲awīdakī [vocalisation?] Najaf 1352/1933–4 (Mas̲h̲had v p. 302).

Persian commentary: Badāʾiʿ al-anẓār fī s̲h̲arḥ Jāmiʿ al-ak̲h̲bār (beg. al-Ḥ. l. ’l. ans̲h̲aʾa ’l-k̲h̲alāʾiq), by S̲h̲. Ḥabīb Allāh b. Zain al-ʿĀbidīn Mahdawī Qummī Zīwānī (b. at Qum 1289/1872, d. 1359/1940, cf. pl. iv no. 583 infra), who completed the comments on faṣl 1 in 1329/1911. Mas̲h̲had v p. 35 no. 405 (Fasl 1 only. 133 foll.).

§ 293. M. b. G̲h̲āzī al-Malaṭyawī has already been mentioned (pl. iii no. 673) in connexion with his translation of the Marzbān-nāmah, the Rauḍat al-ʿuqūl completed in 598/1201.

Barīd al-saʿādah (beg. Ḥamd Bārī rā jallā wa-ʿazza kih nihād i muʾmin rā), forty traditions, followed by a number of sayings (kalimah) and then by a number of proverbs (mat̲h̲al), all these three in Arabic, with Persian explanations incorporating many anecdotes (ḥikāyat), completed in 606/1209–10 at the suggestion of the Saljūqid Sulṭān of Qōnya, ʿIzz al-Dīn Abū ’l-Muẓaffar Kai-Kāwus b. Kai-K̲h̲usrau: Berlin 996 (2) (ah 911/1505–6).

§ 294. Abū Zakarīyāʾ Yahyā b. S̲h̲araf al-Nawawī, the S̲h̲āfiʿī jurist, was born at Nawa, south of Damascus, in 631/1233 and died there in 676/1277 (see Ency. Isl.under Nawawī (Heffening) Brockelmann i p. 394–7, Sptbd. i pp. 680–6).

al-Arbaʿīn, a famous collection of Arabic traditions (see Ḥ. K̲h̲. i p. 238 and, for mss. and printed editions, Brockelmann p. 396, Sptbd. i pp. 682–4).

Translations and commentaries:

(1)
Sirāj al-ṭālibīn wa-minhāj al-rāg̲h̲ibīn fī s̲h̲arh al-aḥādīt̲h̲ al-arbaʿīn al-mushtamilah ʿalā qawāʿid al-dīn … (beg. al-Ḥ. l. bi-jamīʿi maḥāmidihi), a translation and commentary completed in D̲h̲ū ’l-Ḥijjah 76353/Sept.-Oct. 1362 by Abū ʿAbd Allāh M. al-Ḥusainī al-S̲h̲āfiʿī al-Ījī, as Blochet calls him, or Nūr al-Dīn M. b. ʿAbd Allāh al-Ījī,54 as he is called by Ḥ. K̲h̲.: Ḥ. K̲h̲. i p. 24110 (under Arbaʿīn al-Nawawī), iii p. 587 (under Sirāj), Blochet i 35 (a fragment of 24 foll. containing the first four traditions. Early 17th cent.), Leyden iv p. 79 no. 1747.
(2)
An anonymous interlinear translation with notes. Lahore 1896° (Lubāb al-akh̲bār mutarjam fī bayān aḥādīth Saiyid [sic] al-muk̲h̲tār. 40 pp.).

§ 295. ʿImād al-Dīn Ḥasan b. ʿAlī b. M. al-Ṭabarī al-Māzandarānī, who was in the service of Bahāʾ al-Dīn M. Juwainī, Governor of ʿIrāq, wrote more than a dozen works known to us by title, but the few recorded as having been seen in recent times are very rare. Only the Kāmil i Bahāʾī (pl. iv no. 358(1) infra) is mentioned by Iʿjāz Ḥusain Kintūrī.

[Rauḍāt al-jannāt pp. 169–70; D̲h̲arīʿah i p. 414, ii p. 40, iii p. 405]

(Arbaʿīn i Bahāʾī) (beg. al-Ḥ. l. ḥaqqa ḥamdihi), Sunnī traditions relating to the merits of ʿAlī with a Persian commentary composed at Iṣfahān in 673/1274–5 for Bahāʾ al-Dīn M. Juwainī (for whom see Browne Lit. Hist. iii p. 21): D̲h̲arīʿah i p. 414, no. 214–3, Mas̲h̲had v pp. 10–11 nos. 335 (35 foll. 16th cent.), 336 (9 foll. ah 1105/1693–4 (?)).

§ 296. Aḥmad Rūmī, the author of the Umm al-kitāb, is probably identical with the author of that name who was a disciple of Jalāl al-Dīn Rūmī and wrote in 720/1320 the Daqāʾiq al-ḥaqāʾiq, a work of the same type (see pl. iv no. 619 infra).

Umm al-kitāb (beg. al-Ḥ. l. R. al-ʿā. Ibtidā kardam ba-nām i ān-kih ū * Gul dihad az tīrah gil bā rang u bū), in forty chapters, each of which is devoted to a tradition or a verse of the Qurʾān with a Ṣūfī explanation in prose interspersed with many verses: Blochet i 44 (ah 990/1582).

§ 297. S̲h̲ihāb al-Dīn b. S̲h̲ams al-Dīn b. ʿUmar Daulatābādī died in, or shortly before, 849/1445 (see pl. i no. 16, iv no. 32 supra).

(Manāqib al-sādāt) (beg. al-Ḥ. l. R. al-ʿā. wa-’l-ʿāqibatu li-l-muttaqīn ammā baʿd ʿarḍ mī-dārad (so Bkp. 1187–8, but bi-dān-kih in Būhār 18) bandah i dargāh i Nabawī), a Sunnī arbaʿīn, with Persian translation and commentary, relating to the merits and privileges of the descendants of the Prophet divided into ten bābs. See pl. i no. 265, where the work is inappropriately placed, and add the mss. Ivanow Curzon 371 (ah 1103/1691), Mas̲h̲had i, fṣl. 4, mss., no. 35 (defective at end), ʿAlīgaṛh Subḥ. mss. p. 16 no. 82.

§ 298. Aḥmad b. ʿAlī b. M. Ibn Ḥajar al-ʿAsqalānī died in 852/1449 (see Brockelmann ii pp. 67–70, Sptbd. ii pp. 72–6).

(1)
Bulūg̲h̲ al-marām min adillat al-aḥkām, a collection of traditions having a legal bearing (see Brockelmann ii p. 69 (19), Sptbd. ii p. 73 (19)).

Persian commentary: Misk al-k̲h̲itām fī s̲h̲arḥ Bulūg̲h̲ al-marām, by M. Ṣiddīq Ḥasan K̲h̲ān, who died in 1890 (see pl. i no. 48, etc.). Edition: Cawnpore 1288–90/1871–3° (2 vols.).

(2)
al-Munabbihāt ʿalā ’l-istiʿdād li-yaum al-maʿād, a short collection of traditions (see Brockelmann ii p. 69(34), Sptbd. ii p. 74 (34)).

Persian translation by Subḥān-bak̲h̲s̲h̲ S̲h̲ikārpūrī. Delhi 1288/1872° (Munabbihat i Ibn i Ḥajar i ʿAsqalānī mutarjam i Fārisī, Arabic text with interlinear translation).

Persian metrical paraphrase: Durrat al-tāj, by Najaf ʿAlī K̲h̲ān [i.e. Tāj al-ʿulamāʾ M. N. ʿA. K̲h̲. b. M. ʿAẓīm al-Dīn Jhajjarī, who was in the service of Nawwāb M. ʿAlī Khān, of Tōnk, wrote numerous works including the S̲h̲arḥ i Āʾīn i Akbarī [pl. i no. 709 (2) Āʾīn-i Akbarī, commentary] and was still alive when notices of him were written in the Tad̲h̲kirah i ʿulamāʾ i Hind (Lucknow 1894) p. 236 and the Taṭyīb al-ik̲h̲wān (Lucknow 1897) p. 91). Benares 1878°.

§ 299. Nūr al-Dīn ʿAbd al-Raḥmān b. Aḥmad Jāmī, who died in 898/1492, has already been mentioned as the author of the S̲h̲awāhid al-nubuwwah (pl. i no. 234), the Nafaḥāt al-uns (pl. i no. 1274) and other works.

(1)
(Tarjamah i arbaʿīn ḥadīt̲h̲), as it is called by ʿAbd al-Ghafūr Lārī in his list of Jāmī’s works, or Tarjamah i c̲h̲ihil ḥadīth (beg. Ṣaḥīhtarīn ḥadīt̲h̲ī kih rāwiyān i majālis i dīn … Lā yuʾminu aḥadukum … Har kasī rā laqab ma-kun muʾmin),55 forty traditions, with Persian paraphrase completed in 886/1481–2, each consisting of a qiṭʿah of two baits in the ramal metre: Ḥ. K̲h̲. iv p. 31, Blochet i 36 (twenty-two traditions only. ah 886/1481. Ornate ms. by Sulṭān M. K̲h̲andān), mss. arabes des nouvelles acquisitions (1884–1924) 6063 (ah 886/1481), 6049 (16th cent.), Blochet iii 1676 fol. 411 (ah 896/1491 or thereabouts), 1741 = Marteau 11 (ah 905/1499–1500. ms. described at length in the Marteau catalogue. See below under Editions), iv 2143 (late 15th cent.), i 37 (ah 948/1541), 38 (late 16th cent.), 39 (ah 976/1568), Dorn p. 369 no. 422 (24) (circ. ah 933/1526–7), Bodleian 894 (20) (ah 941/1534), 895 (14) (ah 963/1556), Cairo p. 409 (ah 965/1558, in hand of Sulṭān Bāyazīd K̲h̲ān b. Sulaimān K̲h̲ān), Ethé 1357 (2) (ah 968/1560 or thereabouts), Loth 192 (17th cent.), 193–4, Bānkīpūr ii 181 (2) (ah 970/1562–3), xiv 1189 (17th cent), Mas̲h̲had i, fṣl. 4, nos. 89 (ah 976/1568–9), 88, v p. 43 no. 420 (ornate ms, defective at end), Rieu i 17 a (without preface and conclusion. 17th cent), ii 828 a (1) (17th cent.).

Editions: (1) Majmūʿah i c̲h̲ihil ḥadīt̲h̲ … mausūm bah arbaʿīn i Jāmī, Fīrōzpūr [1887°]; (2) Persian text (omitting part of the preface) with French translation in Blochet’s Notices sur les manuscrits … de la collection Marteau (tiré des Notices et extraits des manuscrits de la Bibliothèque Nationale … tome XLI), Paris 1923, pp. 146–75; (3) Ṭihrān 1295/1878 (appended to the Sirāj al-qulūb. See Mas̲h̲had v p. 4312, Harrassowitz’s Bücher-Katalog 430, item 436).

(2)
S̲h̲arḥ i hadīt̲h̲ i Abū Razīn i ʿUqailī (beg. Ai pāk zi ḥaiyiz), a commentary on the Prophet’s answer to Abū Razīn’s56 question Aina kāna Rabbunā qabla an yak̲h̲luqa k̲h̲alqahu, namely Kāna fī ʿamāʾ mā taḥtahu hawāʾ wa-ma fauqahu hawāʾ: Dorn p. 373 no. 422 (25) (circ. ah 933/1526–7), Bodleain 894 (19) (ah 941/1534), 895 (10) (ah 963/1556), 1291 (5) (ah 1038/1629), 1298 (28), Ethé 1357(18) (circ. ah 980/1572?) 2914 (6) (ah 988/1580), Bānkīpūr ii 181 (13) (circ. ah 1017/1608–9?), Rieu ii 862 b (viii) (18th cent.), Berlin p. 1052 no. 237* (3).

§ 300. S̲h̲. Tāj al-Dīn M. b. M. b. Ibrāhīm al-Kāzarūnī Surnamed (al-mulaqqab bi-) Ḥājj Ḥarrās (so Ḥ. K̲h̲.), or, according to Ethé, M. b. M. Ibrāhīm called Ḥājī Tāj al-Dīn “quotes as his guides the Shaikhs Abû Ṭâhir bin Muḥammad bin Yaʿḳûb alfîrûzâbâdî;57 Aḥmad Ismaʿîl Khunjî, Junaid bin Maḥmûd alʿamîrî; ʿAbdallâh aldâniyâlî; Muḥammad bin ʿAlî Najât, etc.”.

Baḥr al-saʿādah (beg. al-Ḥ. l. d̲h̲ī ’l-ʿaẓamati wa-’l-kibriyāʾi wa-’l-ṭaul wa-’l-ālāʾ), a Sunnī collection of more than 3000 traditions divided into twelve bābs ((1) dar bayān i nīyāt, (2) dar bayān i faḍīlat i ʿilm u ʿulamā, (3) dar bayān i ṭahārat, etc.) and a k̲h̲ātimah. Ḥ. K̲h̲. ii p. 18 (where the date of completion is given as S̲h̲aʿbān 901/1495–6, possibly the date of a later edition than that of the i. o. ms.), Ethé 2640 (ah 898/1493).

§ 301. Muʿīn [al-Dīn] b. Hājjī M. al-Farāhī, who died in 907/1501–2, has already been mentioned as the author of the Maʿārij al-nubuwwah (pl. i no. 235) and other works.

Rauḍat al-wāʿiẓīn fī aḥādīt̲h̲ Saiyid al-mursalīn (beg. Rabbanā ātinā min ladunka Ḥamdī-kih miṣbāḥ i arwāḥ), a collection of forty traditions (or perhaps of 40 +40, since, according to the Bānkīpūr catalogue, the first daftar consists of forty majālis, each devoted to a ḥadīt̲h̲) with long expositions delivered by the author as sermons in the masjid i jāmiʿ at Harāt, composed at least partly in 893/1488 (that being the date given for the completion of the first quarter of Daftar i, Ivanow 1072) and divided, according to the preface, into two daftars (a statement not necessarily inconsistent with the division into four mujalladāt mentioned in the preface to the Maʿārij al-nubuwwah as cited by Ḥ. K̲h̲.): Ḥ. K̲h̲. iii p. 513 (but the short work in four uṣūl seen by Ḥ. K̲h̲. was evidently a different work), Ivanow 1071 (first twenty chapters (ḥadīt̲h̲s) only. ah 1036/1626–7), 1072 (first quarter (six chapters) of Daftar i 17th cent), Bānkīpūr xiv 1190 (a fragment containing only the wordy preface and the first four traditions but extending nevertheless to 315 foll. 17th cent., said to have been transcribed from an autograph), Peshawar 1004 (ah 1088/1677), Āyā Sōfyah 1829–30.

§ 302. Ḥusain b. ʿAlī al-Wāʿiẓ al-Kās̲h̲ifī, who died in 910/1504–5, has already been mentioned as the author of the Mawāhib i ʿalīyah (pl. i no. 20), the Rauḍat al-s̲h̲uhadāʾ (pl. i no. 268), and other works.

al-Risālat al-ʿalīyah fī ’l-aḥādīt̲h̲ al-Nabawīyah (beg. al-Ḥ. l. ’l. zaiyana samāʾa s̲h̲arafi ’l-siyādati), forty traditions with a Persian commentary completed perhaps in 875/1470–1,58 dedicated to S̲h̲aik̲h̲ ʿUbaid Allāh [“Aḥrār”] al-Naqs̲h̲bandī [see pl. i no. 1277 3rd par., footnote], or, according to the Bānkīpūr catalogue, to Mīr ʿAlī-S̲h̲īr59 [see pl. i no. 1094], and divided according to subject into eight aṣls each subdivided into five wasls: Ḥ. K̲h̲. iii p. 421, Cairo p. 409 (ah 984/1576), Berlin 185 (ah 998/1589–90), Āṣafīyah i p. 684 no. 568 (ah 1089/1678), Majlis i 28 (ah 1249/1833–4), Bānkīpūr xvii 1644 (19th cent.), Bodleian 1818 (extending to second waṣl of aṣl iv), Krafft 414, and others in Istanbul (cf. Horn Pers. Hss. p. 289 no. 46).

§ 303. Ḥusain b. Saif al-Dīn al-Harawī.60

(1)
Qānūn al-ʿadālah (beg. Ḥ. u. t̲h̲. mar Mubdiʿ i arḍ u samā rā), forty traditions relating to rulers and amīrs with Persian explanations and paraphrases in Persian verse: Turin 96(1) (lacunae. ah 907/1501–2), Blochet iv 2161 (ah 1050/1640–1, presumably the date of transcription, though the cataloguer seems to have regarded it as the date of compilation).
(2)
Tarjamah i chihil kalimah i ḥaḍrat i Imām ʿAlī karrama ʼllāhu wajhah (beg. al-Ḥ. l. al-ʿAlī al-Kabīr ʼl. laisa lahu shabīh), a metrical translation (in rubāʿīs) composed in 911/1505-6: Mashhad I, fṣl. 4, MSS., no. 90 (A.H. 952/1545, by Shāh Maḥmūd Nīshāpūrī), ʿĀshir p. 143.

§ 304. Idrīs b. Ḥusām al-Dīn Bidlīsī, who died in 926/1520, has already been mentioned as the author of the Hasht bihisht, a history of the first eight Ottoman Sulṭāns (pl. i no. 587, Add. ad loc.).

(Sharḥ i chihil ḥadīth) (beg. al-Ḥ. l. ’l. anzala), forty traditions with Persian explanations arranged in four sets of ten according to subject ((1) de fide internâ, (2) de bonus operibus, (3) de moribus, (4) on the next world): Ḥ. K̲h̲. iv p. 3410, Āyā Ṣōfyah no. 469(1), Leyden iv p. 96 no. 1756 (n.d.).

§ 305. Mīr S̲h̲aik̲h̲ b. Nūr al-Dīn M. al-Yūrānī61 is evidently the same person as M. S̲h̲. b. N. al-D. M. al-Yawānī (so Bkp.) or al-Sūrānī (so Āṣaf., who proposed a translation of al-Farāʾiḍ al-Sirājīyah. pl. iv no. 8 (Persian commentary no. (3)) supra).

(Tarjamah i manẓūm i c̲h̲ihil ḥadīt̲h̲) (beg. al-Ḥ. li-man aẓhara nubuwwata ḥabībihi … az adā-yi ḥamd u t̲h̲anā u durūd), prepared in 929/1523: Rāmpūr (ah 1221/1806. See Nad̲h̲īr Aḥmad 18).

§ 306. Bahāʾ al-Dīn M. b. Ḥusain al-Ḥārit̲h̲ī al-ʿĀmilī died at Iṣfahān in 1030/1621 or 1031/1622 (See pl. iii no. 256, etc.).

(Arbaʿūna ḥadīt̲h̲an), or (S̲h̲arḥ Arbaʿīna ḥadīt̲h̲an) forty traditions with an Arabic commentary completed at Iṣfahān in 995/1587. i.ḥ. 150, Brockelmann ii p. 414, Sptbd. ii p. 595. A lithographical edition (Ṭihrān 1274) is mentioned by Brockelmann and other Persian editions (1270 and 1275) are recorded in the Āṣafīyah catalogue iii p. 270 and i p. 684.

Persian translations:

(1)
Tarjamah i Quṭb-S̲h̲āhī (beg. Ai az Tu ḥadīt̲h̲ i maʿrifat rā tabyīn), prepared by M. b. ʿAlī known as (al-maʿrūf bah) Ibn K̲h̲ātūn al-ʿĀmilī62 at the instance of Sulṭān Muḥammad Quṭb-S̲h̲āh [of Golconda, ah 1020–35/1612–26] not later than 1027/1618 or 1029/1620, one of these (the former according to Amal al-āmil p. 28, i.h. 566, the latter according to Bānkīpūr xiv p. 65, Majlis i p. 12, Sipahsālār i p. 2279) being the date of a laudatory note by the author of the original, Bahāʾ al-Dīn al-ʿĀmilī, which is found in some of the mss. (e.g. Bānkīpūr xiv 1211): i.ḥ. 566, Dharīʿah iv p. 76 no. 322, Mas̲h̲had v p. 48 nos. 429 (defective end. Presented by the translator), 430 (ah 1046/1637), 431–3, Cambridge 2nd. Suppt. 51 (ah 1029/162063), Bānkīpūr xiv 1211 (collated in Ṣafar 1059/Jan–Feb 1649), 1213 (20 Ramaḍān 1059/27 Sept. 1649), 1212 (18th cent.), 1214–15, Majlis i 26 (ah 1059/1649), 27 (ah 1075/1664–5), Sipahsālār i pp. 226–8 nos. 291 (ah 1073/1662–3), 292–3, ʿAlīgaṛh Subḥ. mss. p. 7 no. 16 (ah 1084/1673–4), perhaps also no. 8, Manchester Mingana 145 (ah 1087/1676), Āṣafīyah i p. 684 no. 198 (ah 1105/1693–4), iii p. 270 no. 953, possibly also i p. 684 no. 557 (ah 1054/1644), Būhār 160 (18th cent. Full description), Lahore Panjāb Univ. (2 copies. See ocm. xi/2 (Feb. 1935) p. 79),

Editions: Tihrān 1275/1859 (Mas̲h̲had v p. 251 no. 417, Mus̲h̲ār i 1010); Bombay 1309/1892 (Nāṣirī Pr. Mas̲h̲had, ibid, no. 418).

Abridgements:

(1)
Lubāb al-aḥādīt̲h̲ (beg. Ai az Tu ḥadīt̲h̲ i maʿrifat rā tabyīn), prepared by Sulṭān Muḥammad Quṭb-S̲h̲āh: Mas̲h̲had i, fṣl. 4, mss., no. 251 (presented to the Mas̲h̲had library by Ibn K̲h̲ātūn).
(2)
Talk̲h̲īṣ i Tarjamah i Quṭb-S̲h̲āhī (beg. al-Ḥ. l. ’l. j. al-ʿilma ʿalaman li-l-hidāyah) prepared by G̲h̲ulām-Ḥusain K̲h̲ān b. S. Hidāyat-ʿAlī K̲h̲ān Ṭabāṭabāʾī (for whom see pl. i no. 802): Bānkīpūr xiv 1216 (ah 1202/1788), 1217 (same hand).

§ 307. The author of the arbaʿīn described below calls himself M. Taqī b. Abī ’l-Ḥasan al-Ḥusainī. In the Amal al-āmil (p. 6112 and p. 6116 respectively) are mentioned (1) S.M. Taqī b. Abī ’l-Ḥasan al-Ḥusainī al-Astarābādī, who is described as a pupil of Bahāʾ al-Dīn al-ʿĀmilī and of Mīr M. Bāqir Dāmād and as the author of the Tad̲h̲kirat al-ʿābidīn [not in i.ḥ.], a risālah fī wujūb ṣalāt al-jumʿah [i.ḥ. 1437] and a s̲h̲arḥ k̲h̲uṭbat al-s̲h̲arāʾiʿ [i.ḥ.1824] and (2) Maulānā M. Taqī b. ʿAbd al-Wahhāb al-Astarābādī, who is described as a resident (sākin) of Mas̲h̲had, a scholar, theologian & poet, who died in 1058/1648 and was the author of an unfinished Persian commentary on the Fuṣūṣ of al-Fārābī [Ḥ. K̲h̲. iv p. 432, i.ḥ 2003 Brockelmann i p. 212], and of a Persian risālah fī ’l-ak̲h̲lāq [i.ḥ. 1211, where the date of the author’s death is given as 1110]. The former person was also resident in Mas̲h̲had and it seems possible that the two are really one person.

C̲h̲ihil ḥadīt̲h̲ (beg. G̲h̲unc̲h̲ah i lisān i bulbul), forty traditions with a Persian commentary: D̲h̲arīʿah i p. 412 no. 2138, Mas̲h̲had i, fṣl. 4, mss., no. 28 (defective).

§ 308. Fak̲h̲r al-Dīn Mā-warāʾ-al-Nahrī nazīl i baldat i Qum became a convert of S̲h̲īʿism at Mas̲h̲had and then a mujāwir at the Āstānah i Qum.

Tarjamah i sih ḥadīt̲h̲, completed at Qum in 1069/1659 dedicated to S̲h̲āh ʿAbbās ii (ah 1052–77/1642–66): Mas̲h̲had v p. 45 no. 424 (18 foll.).

§ 309. Mīr M. b. M. Lauḥī Ḥusainī Mūsawī Sabzawārī, surnamed (mulaqqab bah) Muṭahhar and, as a poet, called himself (mutak̲h̲alliṣ bah) “Naqībī”, was a contemporary and a hostile critic of the two Majlisīs.

Kifāyat al-muhtadī fī maʿrifat al-Mahdī (beg. al-Ḥ. l. R. al-ʿā. a. b. c̲h̲unīn gūyad M. b. M. Ḥusainī Sabzawārī), an arbaʿīn, with Persian translation and commentary, begun in 1081/1670–1: Dharīʿah i p. 427 no. 2183, Majlis ii 833 (126 foll.).

§ 310. M. Naṣīr b. M. Ṣādiq Iṣfahānī was employed at the shrine of the Imām Riḍā at Mas̲h̲had.

Arbaʿīn(beg. Bihtar t̲h̲anāʾī kih bulbul), dedicated to S̲h̲āh Sulaimān (ah 1105–1077/1666–94): Dharīʿah i p. 430 no. 2193, Mas̲h̲had v p. 15 no. 346 (ah 1111/1699).

§ 311. M. b. al-Ḥusan al-Ḥurr al-ʿĀmilī al-Mas̲h̲ag̲h̲rī died [at Mas̲h̲had] in 1104/1692–3 (but see pl. iv no. 78 supra).

(1)
Fihrist wasāʾil al-S̲h̲īʿah, an index or table of contents, to the Tafṣīl wasāʾil al-S̲h̲īʿah. i.ḥ. 2254, Brockelmann Sptbd. ii p. 5791.

Persian translation: Tarjamat al-Kāẓimīyah li-Fihrist al-wasāʾil al-ʿĀmilīyah (beg. al-Ḥ. l. ’l. faḍḍala), composed by M. Samīʿ S̲h̲arīf b. M. Muʾmin at the request of a certain M. Kāẓim K̲h̲ān: Mas̲h̲had v p. 49 no. 434 (defective at end. 203 foll.).

(2)
al-Jawāhir al-sanīyah fī ’l-aḥādīt̲h̲ al-qudsīyah, in Arabic, arranged in the order of the persons addressed: i.ḥ. 829, DharīʿahV p. 271, Brockelmann Sptbd. ii p. 579.

Persian translation: Laʾāliʾ al-ʿalīyah fī tarjamat al-Jawāhir al-sanīyah, completed in 1306/1888 by M. Ḥusain b. ʿAlī Akbar S̲h̲arīʿat-madār Tabrīzī, who died in 1331/1913: Tabrīz 1306/1889 (Mas̲h̲had v p. 309).

§ 312. M. Bāqir b. M. Taqī al-Majlisī, who died in 1110/1698–9 or 1111/1699–1700, has already been mentioned as the author of the Ḥayāt al-qulūb (pl. i no. 247, Add. ad loc.), the Jalāʾ al-ʿuyūn (pl. i no. 247) and other works.

(1)
ʿAin al ḥayāt (beg. Laʾālī i ḥamd u jawāhir i t̲h̲anā), a large commentary on the Prophet’s waṣīyah to Abū D̲h̲arr al-G̲h̲ifārī (for whom see Ency. Isl.) completed in 1073/1663 (Bkp. xiv 1311): i.ḥ. 2144 (where it is described as the first of his works), Browne Suppt. 879 (ah 1073/1662–3), Browne Pers. Cat. 26 (ah 1081/1670. Full description), Cambridge 2nd Suppt. 52 (ah 1136/1724), 412 (vol. i. ah 1149/1736–7), Ethé 2668 (ah 1085/1674), Ivanow Curzon 388 (ah 1092/1681), Mas̲h̲had v p. 128 nos. 619 (ah 1123/1712), 620 (ah 1130/1718), Lindesiana p. 192 no. 507 (“2nd vol. only”. Circ. ad 1790), Būhār 123 (18th cent.), Berlin 27 (6) (a long extract. ah 1238/1822–3 14 (58) (d) (Tanwīr vi), Bānkīpūr xiv 1311 (19th cent.), 1312–13 (19th cent.), Āṣafīyah ii p. 1608 no. 191 (ah 1262/1846), iii p. 684 no. 422, Sipahsālār i p. 281 no. 359 (defective).

Editions: Ṭihrān 1240/1824–5 (see Sipahsālār i p. 28116 and ras. Cat); 1278/1861–2 (305 pp. See Harrassowitz’s Bücher-Katalog 430 (1931) no. 666), 1322/1904–5 (Mas̲h̲hadī K̲h̲udā-dād’s Pr. Mas̲h̲had v p. 293), 1334/1915–16 (ʿIlmī Pr. Mas̲h̲had v p. 293), Lucknow 1268/1851–2 (Sulṭān al-maṭābiʿ. See Bānkīpūr xiv p. 153, Āṣafīyah ii p. 1608); Lucknow 1304/1887° (492 pp.).

(2)
ʿAlāʾim i ẓuhūr, concerning two traditions and their application to the Ṣafawī sultanate (cf. Tarjamah i c̲h̲ahārdah ḥadīt̲h̲, which may be theame work, below). Edition: India (presented to the Mas̲h̲had library in 1309/1891–2. See Mas̲h̲had i, fṣl. 4, Ptd. bks., no. 106).
(3)
Biḥār al-anwār: i.ḥ. 360 (where the subjects of the twenty-five Kitābs or mujallads are given).

It appears from the Mas̲h̲had catalogue i, fṣl. 4, Ptd. bks., p. 101, that Ḥusain Nūrī’s detailed biography al-Faiḍ al-qudsī fī aḥwāl al-Majlisī printed at the beginning of vol. i of the Biḥār al-anwār contains a section devoted to the persons who have translated the work.

Vol. i:

(a) Kas̲h̲f al-asrār, (beg. al-Ḥ. l. ’l. ʿallama ’l-insāna mā lam yaʿlam) prepared by S. Ismāʿīl [b. S.M. Taqī] Mūsawī Zanjānī at the instance of Ḥājj Mīrzā Maḥmūd K̲h̲ān Iḥtis̲h̲ām al-Salṭanah: Majlis 552 (ah 1309/1891–2).

(b) ʿAin al-yaqīn, by Āqā Najafī (M. Taqī b. M. Bāqir Iṣfahānī. Cf. pl. i no. 311 (15), ii no. 843, etc.): Tihrān 1297/1880 (Mas̲h̲had v p. 293).

Vol. iii: Tarjamah i Biḥār al-anwār jild i siwwum: Tabrīz (Āṣafīyah i p. 682 no. 401, where the date of publication is not mentioned).

Vol. iv. Tarjamah i Biḥār al-anwār jild i C̲h̲ahārum. Place? date? (Āṣafīyah i p. 682 no. 400, where neither place nor date of publication is mentioned).

Vol. ix. Kas̲h̲f al-anwār fī faḍāʾil Saiyid al-abrār, by Āqā Najafī (cf. pl. i no. 311 (15), ii no. 843, etc.): [Tihrān?] 1295/1878 (Mas̲h̲had v p. 305).

Vol. x: Manẓūr al-aʾimmah, a translation & commentary by Aḥmad “Manẓūr” b. M. Riḍā K̲h̲wansārī: no copies recorded?

Abridgement of the above translation and commentary by the same translator and commentator, in two volumes:

(i) ʿUmdat al-maṣāʾib, 55 majālis on the sufferings of the Saiyid al-S̲h̲uhadāʾ, completed in 1307/1889–90: [Iṣfahān?] 1310/1892–3 (Mas̲h̲had v p. 291).

(ii) Zubdat al-nawāʾib, the remaining 55 majālis: no copies?

Vol. xii: Tarjamah i mujallad i duwāzdahum i Biḥār al-anwār (beg. al-Ḥ. l.’l. hadānā li-hād̲h̲ā) prepared in 1308/1890–1 by Ismāʿīl b. S.M. Taqī Mūsawī Zanjānī: Majlis 537 (cf. pl. i no. 278 (1)).

Vol. xiii:

(a) Tarjamah i Biḥār al-anwār jild i sīzdahum, prepared by M. Ḥasan b. Walī Allāh Urūmiyaʾī: Tabrīz 1268/1851–2 (see Mas̲h̲had i, fṣl.4, Ptd. bks., no. 56. Presumably the same edition as Āṣafīyah i p. 682 no. 402, though the date of the latter is given as 1267).

(b) Tarjamah i Biḥār al-anwār jild i sīzdahum, prepared in 1297/1880 by S̲h̲. M. Taqī b. S̲h̲. M. Bāqir (Āqā Najafī: cf. pl. i no. 311 (15), ii no. 843, etc.): Tihrān 1300 (Āṣafīyah iii p. 270 no. 771).

Vol. xv, pt. 1: Baḥr al-maʿārif wa-’l-anwār, completed in S̲h̲aʿbān 1296/1879 by Āqā Najafī (cf. pl. i no. 311 (15), ii no. 843, etc.): Dharīʿah iii p. 47 no. 113, Tihrān 1297/1880 (Mas̲h̲had v p. 241).

Vol. xvi: Jāmiʿ al-maʿārif, completed (to the end of Bāb 101) in 1297/1879 by Āqā Najafī (cf. pl. i no. 311 (15), ii no. 843, etc.): Tabrīz 1300/1882–3 (Mas̲h̲had v p. 256 no. 475).

Vol. xvii:

(a) Ḥaqāʾiq al-asrār fī tarjamat sābiʿ ʿas̲h̲ar al-Biḥār, by Āqā Najafī (cf. pl. i no. 311 (15), ii no. 843, etc.): Dharīʿah viii p. 29 no. 145 (where no further particulars are given). Edition: see Mas̲h̲had v p. 261 no. 498, where a copy defective at both ends (and therefore of unknown date and place of publication) is recorded.

(b) Tarjamah i Biḥār al-anwār jild i hafdahum: place? 1299/1882 (Āṣafīyah i p. 682 no. 398).

(c) Tarjamah i mujallad i hafdahum i Biḥār al-anwār (beg. al-Ḥ. l. al-Wāḥid al-Aḥad), prepared in 1296/1879 by M. Mahdī b. M. Kāẓim K̲h̲wānsārī at the instance of Ḥājj Mīrzā Mahmūd Khān Iḥtis̲h̲ām al-Salṭanah: Majlis 573 (ah 1307/1889–90).

Edition (presumably of the translation just described): place? 1299/1882 (Āṣafīyah i p. 682 no. 398).

Vol. xxii:

(a) Tabṣirat al-zāʾir (beg. al-Ḥ. l. R. al-ʿā. wa-’l-ṣ. ʿalā M. S. al-Nabīyīn) completed in 1157/1744 by Mīr M. Badīʿ b. Mir ʿAbd al-Quddūs Riḍawī Mas̲h̲hadī: Būhār 127 (AH 1257/1841).

(b) Tuḥfat al-zuwwār, prepared in 1309/1891–2 by M. Kāẓim k̲h̲wynῙ for Ḥājj Mīrzā Maḥmūd K̲h̲ān Iḥtis̲h̲ām al-Salṭanah: Majlis 754 (ah 1311/1893–4).

It is not clear whether the following two works are translations of complete kitābs of the Biḥār al-anwār or only of selections:

(a) Kas̲h̲f al-anwār .. fī tarjamat al-Biḥār a series of traditions “chiefly concering Muḥammad, ʿAlī, and the Imāms” translated by M. Taqī b. M. Bāqir (Āqā Najafī: cf. pl. i no. 311 (15), ii no. 843, etc.). [Persia] 1295/1878° (328 pp. including the Kas̲h̲f al-g̲h̲arāʾib mentioned below).

(b) Kas̲h̲f al-g̲h̲arāʾib, a series of traditions “chiefly concerning … cosmology” [and therefore presumably from Vol. xiv] translated by M. Taqī b. M. Bāqir (Āqā Najafī: cf. pl. i no. 311 (15), ii no. 843, etc.). [Persia] 1295/1878° (following the Kas̲h̲f al-anwār).

Index. Miftāḥ i abwāb i kutub al-Biḥār, an index completed in 1340/1922 by S̲h̲. M. Jawād b. Abū ’l-Qāsim Iṣfahānī with references to the pages of Kampānī’s edition (c̲h̲āp i Kampānī, Ṭihrān 1305–?, at the expense of M. Ḥasan Iṣfahānī Amīn i Dār al-Ḍarb maʿrūf bi-Kampānī (d. 1314/1896–7) and his son Ḥusain Āqā):64 Mas̲h̲had v p. 174 no. 722 (41 foll. ah 1342/1924, autograph).

Edition: Tihrān 1352/1933–4 (ʿIlmī Pr. Mas̲h̲had v p. 327).

(4)
Ṣirāṭ al-najāt (beg. al-Ḥ. l. al-Wāḥid al-Fard al-Mubarraʾ ʿan s̲h̲āʾibat al-aḍdād), a translation of the tradition relating to the bedouin (aʿrābī) who asked ʿAlī about the meaning of al-Wāḥid: i.ḥ. 2064. Lucknow 1884†; 1304/1887° (116 pp.); Tihrān 1316/1898–9 (M. Ismāʿīl Bāsmah-c̲h̲ī. Mas̲h̲had v p. 288).
(5)
Surūr al-Shīʿah, the text and Persian translation of forty traditions relating to the Imamate of ʿAlī and his Caliphate compiled from the Sunnī Ṣiḥāḥ by an author who in the preface [as given in the 1303 edition] is called M. Taqī b. M. Bāqir Majlisī [but neither M. Bāqir nor his father M. Taqī b. Maqṣūd ʿAlī is known to have compiled such a work]: [Persia] 1284/1867–8 (Dharīʿah i p. 411 no. 213465), Tihrān 1303/1885–6 (Mas̲h̲had v p. 277 no. 588).
(6)
Tarjamah (or S̲h̲arḥ) i c̲h̲ahārdah ḥadīt̲h̲ (beg. al-Ḥ. l. R. al-ʿā…. c̲h̲unīn gūyad faqīr i k̲h̲āksār M. B.), a paraphrase dedicated to S̲h̲āh Sulaimān (ah 1077–1105/1667–94), of fourteen traditions selected to show that two of the predicted signs of the Resurrection found their fulfilment in the rule of the Ṣafawīs (cf. no. (2) above): i.ḥ. 1397 (R. fī ’l-rajʿah), Dharīʿah i p. 90 no. 437 (It̲h̲bāt al-rajʿah), Āṣafīyah i p. 682 no. 122 (ah 1087/1676), Ivanow 1119 (1) (ah 1107/1695–6), Cambridge 2nd Suppt 67 (5) (18th cent.), Lahore Panjāb Univ. (2 copies, one dated 1234/1818–19. See ocm xi/2 (Feb. 1935) p. 80), Mas̲h̲had i, fṣl. 4, mss., no. 92 (ah 1261/1845), v pp. 42–3 nos. 418–19.

Edition: Lucknow [1884°] (Risālah i rajʿat 67 pp.).

(7)
Tarjamah i K̲h̲uṭbah i tauḥīd, or Tarjamah i Tauḥīd al-Riḍā: see pl. iv no. 280 above.

§ 313. K̲h̲awāṣṣ K̲h̲ān al-Ḥanafī al-Qādirī al-Madanī (see pl. i no. 1584).

Mak̲h̲āzin al-maʿrūf (beg. anfas i nafāʾis i jawāhir i zawāhir i ḥamd), a large collection of traditions with Persian paraphrases and explanations compiled (begun?) in 1116/1704–5, based mainly on the Maṣābīḥ al-sunnah and the Mis̲h̲kāt al-maṣābiḥ (as is shown by the order and titles of the kitābs) and divided in to four volumes: Lahore Panjab Univ. (Vol. ii only, probably autograph. See ocm. xi/2 (Feb. 1935) p. 80), Ethé 2660–62 (Vols. iiii, defective at end), Āṣafīyah i p. 686 nos. 79–81 (Vols. iiiv. Described as a commentary on the Mis̲h̲kāt).

§ 314. Āqā Jamāl al-Dīn M. b. Ḥusain K̲h̲wānsārī died in 1125/1714 (see pl. i no. 33, iv no. 276 (2) (c) supra).

Risālah dar s̲h̲arḥ i aḥādīt̲h̲ i ṭīnat (beg. Wasīlah-sāz i saʿādat), composed by order of S̲h̲āh Sulṭān-Ḥusain (ah 1105–35/1694–1722): Mas̲h̲had v pp. 91–2 nos. 535 (47 foll. ah 1131/1719), 536 (ah 1210/1795).

§ 315. Naṣīr al-Ḥaqq was a teacher in the Imperial Madrasah [at Delhi presumably].

(Kitāb al-k̲h̲ail) (beg. yā man dalla bi-d̲h̲ātihi ʿalā d̲h̲ātihi), traditions relating to the Prophet’s fondness for horses, compiled and paraphrased in Persian for the author’s royal patron Abū ’l-Muẓaffar Muʿīn al-Dīn M. Farruk̲h̲-siyar (ah 1124–31/1713–19): Bānkīpūr xiv 1201 (ornate copy. 19th cent.).

§ 316. Mullā Ḥājj M. Ṣāliḥ b. M. Saʿīd K̲h̲alkhālī died at K̲h̲alk̲h̲āl in 1175/1761–2 (see Dānis̲h̲mandān i Ād̲h̲arbāyjān p. 216).

S̲h̲arḥ i ḥadīt̲h̲ i ʿālam i ʿulwī (beg. al-H. l. ’l. abdaʿa ’l-ʿaql): Mas̲h̲had v p. 103 no. 565 (13 foll. ah 1258/1842).

§ 317. M. Bāqir “Āgāh” Nāʾiṭī Wailūrī Madrāsī was born at Vellore and died at Madrās in 1220/1805 (see pl. iv no. 107 Supra).

Kas̲h̲f al-g̲h̲iṭāʾ66 ʿan as̲h̲rāṭ yaum al-jazāʾ, composed in 1203/1788–9: Āṣafīyah iii p. 272 no. 956 (ah 1255/1839).

§ 318. M. Jaʿfar “Majd̲h̲ūb” b. Ṣafar K̲h̲ān Hamadānī Kabūdar-Āhangī Buyūkābādī, surnamed (mulaqqab), as a Ṣūfī, Majd̲h̲ūb ʿAlī-S̲h̲āh, died at Tabrīz on 22 D̲h̲ī Qaʿdah 1238/31 July 1823 or in 1239/1823–4.

[Riyāḍ al-ʿārifīn pp. 533–5; Ṭarāʾiq al-ḥaqāʾiq iii pp. 114 ult. et seqq.]

Risālah dar s̲h̲arḥ i ḥadīt̲h̲ i ʿAlawī, on the tradition “anā aṣg̲h̲ar min Rabbī bi-sanatain”: Mas̲h̲had v p. 92 no. 538 (pp. 107–20).

§ 319. Aḥmad b. M. Riḍā b. M. Bāqir al-Māzandarānī.

Ṣaḥīfat al-abrār dar bayān i aḥādīt̲h̲ u ak̲h̲bār (beg. al-Ḥ. l. ’l. akramanā bi-’l-dīni ’l-mas̲h̲hūr), on S̲h̲īʿite traditions relating to ʿAlī and some points of S̲h̲īʿite law divided into an introduction and eight faṣls and dedicated to Nawwāb M. Dārāb ʿAlī K̲h̲ān Bahādur, who was steward to the Bēgam of Oudh from 1196/1782 to 1230/1815 and who died on 7 S̲h̲awwāl 1233/10 aug. 1818 (see Rieu i 310 b, l. 2, in the description of the Faraḥ-bak̲h̲s̲h̲): Rieu ii 857 a (ah 1230/1815).

§ 320. S̲h̲āh ʿAbd al-ʿAzīz b. S̲h̲āh Walī Allāh Dihlawī, who died in 1239/1824, has already been mentioned as the author of the Fatḥ al-ʿAzīz (pl. i no. 40) and other works.

ʿUjālah i nāfiʿah(beg. al-Ḥ. l. wa-kafā), on the science of tradition, written for the author’s brother, Qamar al-Dīn: Bānkīpūr Suppt. ii 2059 (transcribed, not later than 1255/1839, from a Lucknow (Muṣṭafāʾī Press) edition), 2293 (ah 1267/1851).

Editions: [Calcutta] Qādirī Pr. 1254/1838* (beg … Ῑn risālah īst rāʾiʿah); Lucknow Muṣṭafāʾī Pr., Delhi 1293/1876*; 1890*; 1312/1895 (Mujtabāʾī Pr. 32 pp. See Karatay p. 3); Lahore 1293/1876*; [1890°]; Cawnpore 1305/1888 (38 pp. See Karatay p. 3).

§ 321. Aḥmad b. M. Ibrāhīm Ardakānī Yazdī lived at S̲h̲īrāz and died circ. 1250/1834–5.

Lamaʿāt i qudsīyah (beg. Aḥmaduka yā Man tawaḥḥada), a commentary on forty traditions relating to the knowledge of God (maʿrifat Allāh): Mas̲h̲had v p. 159 no. 692 (362 foll. ah 1294/1877).

§ 322. Qāḍī al-Mulk Ṣibg̲h̲at Allāh is probably the same person as Maulawī M. Ṣibg̲h̲at Allāh entitled ʿAẓīm-Nawāz K̲h̲ān Bahādur … Muftī Badr al-Daulah, who has already been mentioned in this work as the author of the Dāstān i g̲h̲am written in 1250/1834–5 (see pl. i no. 297, Add. ad loc.) and of the Tuḥfah i Aʿẓamīyah (pl. i no. 1668 (25)) and as the supervisor of the compilation of the ʿAẓīm al-tawārīk̲h̲ (pl. i no. 652). See also pl. iv no. 163 supra.

Tarjamah i s̲h̲aṣt u yak ḥadīt̲h̲, composed in 1261/1845. Edition. place? [probably Madrās] 1281/1864–5 (Āṣafīyah i p. 682 no. 358).

§ 323. Muftī M. Ṣadr al-Dīn “Āzurdah” b. Luṭf Allāh Dihlawī was born at Delhi in 1204/1789–90 and studied under S̲h̲āh ʿAbd al-ʿAzīz [cf. pl. i no. 40] and other well-known scholars. He became Ṣadr al-ṣudūr [cf. pl. i no. 654 6th footnote] and Muftī of Delhi, but in 1273/1857, having been accused of giving a Fatwā in favour of jihād, he was deprived of his appointments and was interned for some months. According to Raḥmān ʿAlī he was released after investigation and received back his forfeited immovable property but not his movable property, which had been auctioned. He died on 24 Rabīʿ al-awwal 1285/15 July 1868. He composed poetry in Arabic, Persian and Urdu, and in addition to the Muntahā ’l-maqāl wrote a work entitled [al-]Durr al-manḍūd fī ḥukm i ’mrʾati al-mafqūd and many legal responsa.

[Garcin de Tassy i p. 272; S̲h̲amʿ i anjuman p. 70; Raḥmān ʿAlī p. 93; Saksena History of Urdu literature (2nd ed., Allāhābād 1940) p. 171, Qāmūs al-mas̲h̲āhīr (in Urdu) ii p. 37, T. Grahame Bailey History of Urdu literature p. 73.]

Muntahā ’l-maqāl fī s̲h̲arḥ ḥadīth Lā tus̲h̲addu ’l-riḥāl. 1264/1848 (see Āṣafīyah iii p. 272 no. 783, where the place of publication is not mentioned).

§ 324. Mīrzā Abū ’l-Qāsim “Rāz”, known as (maʿrūf bi-) Mīrzā Bābā, b. ʿAbd al-Nabī Ḥusainī S̲h̲arīfī S̲h̲īrāzī, an eminent Ṣūfī of the D̲h̲ahabī order,67 died in 1286/1869–70. He has already been mentioned in this survey (pl. iv nos. 276 (7)(e), (f), 278 (1) supra).

[Riyād al-ʿārifīn p. 449 (“Rāz” S̲h̲īrāzī); Ṭarāʾiq al-ḥaqāʾiq iii p. 211; Mas̲h̲had iv p. 113.]

Tabās̲h̲īr al-ḥikmah, a Ṣūfī commentary on a tradition of Mufaḍḍal relating to the creation of the Nūr i Muḥammad (Biḥār al-anwār vi p. 6), composed in 1273/1856–7 at the request of S̲h̲āh-zādah Muʾaiyid al-Daulah Ṭahmāsp Mīrzā, Governor of Fārs: [S̲h̲īrāz?] 1319/1901–2 (Dharīʿah iii p. 310 no. 1148, Mas̲h̲had v p. 243 no. 375).

§ 325. Nawwāb S. M. Ṣiddīq Ḥasan K̲h̲ān died in 1890 (see pl. i no. 48, etc.).

Manhaj al-wuṣūl ilā ’ṣṭilāḥ aḥādīt̲h̲ al-Rasūl on the science of tradition: Bhōpāl 1292/1875°.

§ 326. M. ʿAlī b. Aḥmad Anṣārī Qarajah-Dāg̲h̲ī lived at Tabrīz and died after 1306/1888–9.

[pl. ii no. 271, iv no. 275 supra; al-Maʾāt̲h̲ir wa-’l-āt̲h̲ār p. 175, Dharīʿah iv p. 468, vi p. 95 (where the date of his death is given as ah 1310 [1892–3]).]

Arbaʿīn, or al-Ṣirāṭ al-mustaqīm, on the manāqib of ʿAlī dedicated to Muẓaffar al-Dīn S̲h̲āh Qājār (when Crown Prince): Tabrīz 1300/1883 (Mas̲h̲had v p. 219, Dharīʿah i p. 422).

§ 327. S. M. “K̲h̲āk” b. ʿAbd al-Ḥusain Nāʾib al-Ṣadr Qazwīnī.

Qānūn al-riyāḍah fī sabīl al-hidāyah, a metrical commentary on forty traditions completed in 1310/1892–3: Tihrān 1311/1893–4 (Mas̲h̲had v p. 300).

§ 328. Isfandiyār farzand i Rustam Pārsī Allāhābādī [Ilāhābādī?] Kas̲h̲mīrī was apparently alive when his work was published.

ʿAin al-iḥsān, Salmān i Pārsī’s deed of emancipation (āzādī-nāmah) and the letters of protection (amān-nāmah-hā) and orders issued by the Prophet in favour of Salmān’s relations and the Zoroastrians, compiled from S̲h̲īʿite and Sunnite works on the traditions: Tihrān 1320/1902 (Mas̲h̲hadī K̲h̲udā-dād’s Pr. Mas̲h̲had v p. 292).

§ 329. Mīrzā M. Riḍā Wāʿiẓ Tihrānī died on 18 D̲h̲ī Ḥijjah 1326/11 January 1909.

S̲h̲arḥ i arbaʿīn, on forty traditions relating to learning and theology, completed in 1320/1902–3: Tihrān 1324/1906 (Mas̲h̲had v p. 280).

§ 330. Nawwāb S. Muẓaffar Ḥusain K̲h̲ān Bahādur b. Nawwāb ʿAlī Ḥusain K̲h̲ān known as (ʿurf) Nawwāb al-Daulah.

G̲h̲ālī ’l-simṭain fī ṣalāt Rasūl al-t̲h̲aqalain, composed in 1321/1903–4. Edition: 1321/1903–4 (Āṣafīyah iii p. 272, where the place of publication is not mentioned).

§ 331. S̲h̲. Hās̲h̲im b. Ḥasan b. Nāṣir Kāẓimī lived at Bag̲h̲dād.

Risālah i s̲h̲araf, traditions indicating the nobility of the Persians, etc.: Tihrān 1321/1903 (Mas̲h̲had v p. 271).

§ 332. Ṣadr al-D̲h̲ākirīn ʿAlī “Wālih” Urūmiyaʾī b. ʿAbd al-Ḥusain Afs̲h̲ār died in 1330/1912.

Tuwān i rawān (beg. Ba-nām i Tuwānā K̲h̲udāy i jahān), a detailed metrical commentary on forty traditions relating to the merits of ʿAlī, completed in 1316/1898: Dharīʿah iv p. 475 no. 2109, Tabrīz 1335/1916–17 (Mas̲h̲had v p. 252 no. 459).

§ 333. M. b. M. Taqī Arbāb Qummī died in 1341/1922–3.

Arbaʿīn al- Ḥusainīyah, on Ḥusain b. ʿAlī, composed in 1328/1910: Ṭihrān 1330/1912 (Mas̲h̲had v p. 220, Dharīʿah i p. 425 no. 2178).

§ 334. S̲h̲. M. b. M. ʿAlī Lāhījānī, known as (maʿrūf bi-) Ṣadr al-mutaʾallihīn, died at Mas̲h̲had in D̲h̲ī Ḥijjah 1354/Feb.-March 1936.

S̲h̲arḥ i ḥadīt̲h̲ i Nabawī, on a tradition relating to the invention of the aeroplane, completed in 1349/1931: Mas̲h̲had 1350/1931 (Mas̲h̲had v p. 280).

§ 335. S̲h̲. ʿAbbās b. M. Riḍā Qummī (cf. pl. i no. 1662, Add. ad loc. (where Raiḥānat al-adab iii [not ii] should be read), iii no. 123 (1) last par.), and, for his translation of al-Karājakī’s Maʿdin al-jawāhir wa-riyāḍat al-k̲h̲awāṭir, pl iv no. 287 supra).

(1)
Arbaʿīn, on ethics, composed in 1351/1932–3. Edition. 1351/1932–3 (Dharīʿah i p. 419 no. 2163. Possibly different from the Tihrān edition on the margin of the Makārim al-karāʾim described in Mas̲h̲had v p. 330 without specification of date).
(2)
C̲h̲ihil ḥadīt̲h̲: Tihrān 1367/1947–8 (followed by the same author’s Hidāyat al-anām ilā waqāʾiʿ al-aiyām. Mas̲h̲had v p. 258 no. 489).

§ 336. M. Bāqir b. Hasan Bīrjandī died 14 D̲h̲ī-Hijjah 1352/30 March 1934.

Miftāḥ al-firdaus, traditions concerning the counsels, merits and misfortunes of the Prophet’s family: Tihrān 1352/1933–4 (Saʿādat Pr. Mas̲h̲had v p. 328).

§ 337. S̲h̲. Maḥmūd b. M. Taqī Kilbāsī68 died at Mas̲h̲had in 1365/1946.

Rāh i saʿādat, a selection of aḥādīt̲h̲ i qudsīyah, short sayings of ʿAlī, etc.: Ṭihrān 1358/1939 (Mas̲h̲had v p. 270).

§ 338. Ḥasan b. Masʿūd K̲h̲ān Maḥmūdī was born at K̲h̲alk̲h̲āl in 122969/1814.

Muntak̲h̲abāt (beg. Ba-yādgār i k̲h̲āṭirāt i muhājarat), traditions on various subjects collected at Mas̲h̲had ahs 1326/1947 and arranged in five bābs: Mas̲h̲had v p. 182 no. 734 (103 foll autograph).

§ 339. Appendix

(1)
Aḥādīt̲h̲ i Rabbānī (beg. al-Ḥ. l. R. al-ʿā … Bi-dān-kih īn aḥādīt̲h̲ i rabbānī ast kih tarjamah i ān Fārisī nawis̲h̲tah s̲h̲awad in s̲h̲āʾa ’llāh), forty traditions: Berlin 36 (1) (ah 952/1545)
(2)
Anīs al-g̲h̲urabāʾ (if that title, occurring only in the “souscription”, is correct), a small collection of traditions which are not to be found in the commentaries on the Qurʾān and which consequently are little known and of sayings attributed to the Prophet together with a commentary in Persian prose intermingled with verse (on the sayings only?): Blochet iv 2157 (acephalous. ah 1094/1683).
(3)
Arbaʿīn aḥadīt̲h̲an. See C̲h̲ihil ḥadīt̲h̲.
(4)
C̲h̲ihil ḥadīt̲h̲ (beg. al-Ḥ. l. wa-salāmun ʿalā ʿibādihi), fī faḍāʾil al-fuqarāʾ al-ṣādiqīn: Cairo p. 529.
(5)
C̲h̲ihil ḥadīt̲h̲ (beg. Bi-dān waffaqaka ’llāhu taʿālā kih īn c̲h̲ihil ḥadīt̲h̲ ast), forty traditions concerning the spiritual advantages obtainable through prayers and d̲h̲ikr with Persian translations and explanations by M. b. Aḥmad al-G̲h̲azālī: Ivanow 1st Suppt. 822 (late 18th cent), 823 (late 18th cent.).
(6)
C̲h̲ihil ḥadīt̲h̲ (beg. Ḥamdi bī-nihāyah u t̲h̲anā-yi bī-g̲h̲āyah): Cairo p. 529.
(7)
C̲h̲ihil ḥadīt̲h̲ (beg. K̲h̲abbara k̲h̲abbara k̲h̲abbara fatḥ al-kalām wa-anbaʾa anbaʾa anbaʾa bain al-k̲h̲āṣṣ wa-’l-ʿāmm), forty S̲h̲īʿite aḥādīt̲h̲ i qudsīyah with Persian paraphrase and commentary by Nūr al-Dīn M. b. Abū ’l-Qasim Ḥabīb Allāh al-Wāʿiẓ al-Iṣfahānī: Bānkīpūr xvii 1643 (lacuna after fol. 1 embracing first seven traditions. 19th cent.).
(8)
C̲h̲ihil ḥadīt̲h̲ (beg. (without preface) Man ḥafiẓa min ummatī .. Har kih ū c̲h̲il ḥadīt̲h̲ yād girift), forty traditions with paraphrases in Persian quatrains: Rieu ii 807 b (17th cent.).
(9)
C̲h̲ihil ḥadīt̲h̲ (beg. Ṣaḥīḥtarīn ḥadīt̲h̲ī kih rāwiyān i k̲h̲awāṣṣ ba-ṭarīq i tawātur), forty traditions with a Persian commentary by Ṭāhir b. M. Bāqir Wāʿiẓ Tabrīzī: Upsala 396 (ah 1073/1662).
(10)
(C̲h̲ihil ḥadīt̲h̲) (beg. Sp. u minnat K̲h̲udāy-rā kih jānhā ba-nūr i maʿrifat i Ū munawwar) by an author (called Imām Kirmānī in an inscription of doubtful authority on the title-page), who received the first of the traditions in al-Jāmiʿ al-ʿAtīq at Hamadān from Abū ’l-Faḍāʾil ʿAbd al-Wahhāb b. Sāliḥ b. Muʿaẓẓam: Berlin 183 (modern).
(11)
C̲h̲ihil ḥadīt̲h̲. S̲h̲arḥ i C̲h̲ihil ḥadīt̲h̲, by ʿAlī Jaunpūrī: Āṣafīyah i p. 684 no. 564 (ah 1082/1671–2).
(12)
Faiḍ al-Muḥammadī, a collection of traditions with interlinear Persian translation by Faid Muḥammad K̲h̲ān: Cawnpore 1286/1870° (210 pp.).
(13)
Ganj al-ʿaẓīm dar ḥadīt̲h̲ i qudsī u C̲h̲ihil hadit̲h̲ u Ṣad kalimah i ḥaḍrati ʿAlī. Edition: 1328/1910 (Āṣafīyah iii p. 272, where the place of publication is not mentioned).
(14)
Ḥaqīqat al-amr, a commentary on the tradition La jabr wa-lā tafwīḍ bal amr bain al-amrain, by Niẓām al-ʿulamāʾ Tabrīzī (cf. pl. iii no. 269, etc.): Bombay 1313/1895° (56 pp).
(15)
Jamʿ al-jawāmiʿ fī ’l-aḥādīt̲h̲ al-lawāmiʿ (beg. Rabbanā, Rabbanā, bi-faḍlika ’l-ʿaẓīm), forty traditions (according to Ḥ. K̲h̲.), by M. b. ʿAfīf al-Dīn M. b. Nūr al-Dīn: Ḥ. K̲h̲. ii p. 614 no. 4162 (where neither language, nor author, nor opening words are specified), Cairo p. 525.
(16)
Kas̲h̲f i mubham i mushkilāt, by Faḍl Allāh Sīwastānī: Āṣafīyah iii p. 270 no. 970.
(17)
Lawāmiʿ al-ad̲h̲kār (beg. Jamīʿ i maḥāmid ḥaḍrat i K̲h̲udāwandī rā), forty traditions relating to the praise of God, in five faṣls, compiled and translated by Jalāl b. M. b. ʿUbaid Allāh al-Qāʾinī: Rieu ii 807 b (17th cent.).
(18)
Lubāb al-ak̲h̲bār (beg. al-Ḥ. l. R. al-ʿā. Qaiyūm al-samāwāt wa-’l-araḍīn), a collection of 400 Arabic traditions, mostly without isnāds, in forty chapters, each containing ten traditions, compiled by Aḥmad b. ʿAbd Allāh (so Loth 191(2) and other mss.), or according to Ahlwardt 1377, by Hibat Allāh b. ʿAṭāʾ al-Mulk al-Qarawī: Loth 191 (2) (ah 1157/1744), Ahlwardt 1377 (ah 1253/1837), and in the mss. containing Persian paraphrases mentioned below.

Editions: Bombay 1280/1863° (accompanied by a Persian translation and an anonymous Urdu interlinear translation. 80 pp.); Lahore 1289/1871° (a similar edition. 80 pp.).

Persian translations:

(a) Tarjamah i Lubāb al-ak̲h̲bār (beg. al-ḥamdī kih jamīʿ i ḥāmidān az iḥṣā-yi wai ʿājiz and), a paraphrase by Maḥmūd:70 Bānkīpūr xiv 1204 (with the Arabic text. 18th cent.).

(b) Tarjamah i Lubāb al-ak̲h̲bār (beg. Ḥamd i bī-ḥadd u madḥ [or t̲h̲anā-yi] i bī-ʿadd [or bī-ʿadad] mar k̲h̲udāy rā jalla jalāluhu wa-ʿamma nawāluhu kih ʿalam i ʿulamā), a paraphrase by Muḥammad [b.] Maḥmūd (Ivanow Curzon 348 adds Mustaufī): Būhār 476 (4) (ah 1134/1721), 140 (3) (ah 1176/1763), Calcutta Madrasah 177 (1) (ah 1147/1735), Ivanow 987 (18th cent.), Curzon 348 (late 18th cent.), Āṣafīyah i p. 682 no. 449, possibly also no. 575, p. 686 nos. 394 (ah 1257/1841), 613, Ethé 2639, Lahore Panjāb Univ. (see ocm. xi/2 (Feb. 1935) p. 79), Paris Decourdemanche 1942 (5), Supplément turc 1353.

(c) Tarjamah i Lubāb al-ak̲h̲bār (beg. al-Ḥ. l. R. al-ʿā. wa-’l-ṣ…. ammā baʿd bi-dān kih c̲h̲ūn ḥaḍrat taʿālat ālāʾuhu … dar ḥaqq i īn faqīr), an anonymous paraphrase for beginners.: Ahlwardt 1378 (circ. ah 900/1494).

(d) Tarjamah i Lubāb al-ak̲h̲bār, paraphrases probably identical with one or other of the preceeding: Lindesiana p. 182 no. 421 (ah 1006/1597–8), Loth 191 (2) (no preface. ah 1157/1744).

(e) Tarjamah i Lubāb al-ak̲h̲bār, a paraphrase, without preface, slightly different from that in Ivanow 987 (“The Persian text of the paraphrases of the ḥadīths does not coincide entirely with that of the preceding copy, but at the same time does not differ so much as to make it certain that the two are quite independent versions”): Ivanow 988 (early 19th cent.).

Editions (of which version?): Bombay 1280/1863° (with the Arabic text and an anonymous Urdu interlinear translation. 80 pp.), Lahore 1289/1871° (a similar edition. 80 pp.).

(19)
Majmaʿ al-maʿārif, on death, Heaven and Hell, by M. S̲h̲afīʿ b. M. Ṣāliḥ. Edition: Persia 1308/1890–1 (Āṣafīyah i p. 686 no. 404); Ṭihrān 1325/1907 (on margin of M. Bāqir Majlisī’s Ḥilyat al-muttaqīn (pl. iv no. 876 (3) infra). Mas̲h̲had v p. 315).
(20)
Miftāḥ al-ras̲h̲ād, by M. Masīḥ al-Dīn Kākōrawī. Edition: Calcutta 1264/1848* (see Āṣafīyah iii p. 272 no. 867, where the date is not mentioned. According to Arberry, the work is an encyclopaedia of Muslim religious sciences.)
(21)
Najm al-t̲h̲āqib dar aḥwāl i Imām i G̲h̲āʾib. Edition: Persia (Āṣafīyah iii p. 272 no. 986, where neither the author nor the date of publication is mentioned).
(22)
Sabʿīn (al-Taḥīyāt li-llāh wa-’l-ṣalāt wa-’l-ṭaiyibāt [sic] al-salām ʿalaika aiyuhā ’l-Nabī), seventy traditions with explanations in Persian written after the completion of a work entitled K̲h̲irqah by G̲h̲iyāt̲h̲ al-Dīn Ḥusain, who cannot have flourished earlier than the 9th/15th century, since he quotes Jāmī: Bānkīpūr xvi 1205 (ah 1156/1743).
(23)
S̲h̲arḥ i arbaʿīn. See C̲h̲ihil ḥadīt̲h̲.
(24)
S̲h̲arḥ i ḥadīt̲h̲ i Abū D̲h̲arr al-ʿUqailī (beg. Ai Pāk zi ḥaiyiz u mubarrā zi makān), on the tradition “i asked the Prophet: ‘where was our Lord before creating His creation”. Bodleian iii 2692 (6).
(25)
S̲h̲arḥ Sufar al-saʿādah: see pl. i no. 224, Persian commentary.
(26)
Tuḥfat al-ʿirfān, a translation by M. Ṣāliḥ “ʿIrfān” of a small collection of traditions relating to horses compiled by his father M. Nūr al-Dīn Ṣiddīqī: [Lucknow, 1867? °].
(27)
Yanābīʿ al-ḥikmat, sayings of the Prophet, the Imāms and others71 compiled by Abū ’l-Ḥasan b. M. Kāẓim, who was alive when the work was printed: Ṭihrān 1304/1887° (Mas̲h̲had v p. 349).
(28)
Zubdat al-ak̲h̲bār tarjamah i aḥādīt̲h̲ i Aḥmad i mukhtār (beg. Bihtarīn i suk̲h̲an zi man bi-s̲h̲nū Hast nām i k̲h̲udāy ʿazza wa-jal), forty traditions with metrical Persian paraphrases by ʿAbd Allāh b. ʿAbd al-Jabbār: Ḥ. K̲h̲. iii p. 533 no. 6794 (nothing but the title Z. al-a. min a. A. al-m.), Madrās i 92 a (much damaged. Described as autograph), iii 784 (a restored copy of 92a).

next chapter: 3.1 Religion (1)

Notes

^ Back to text1. Tusammā K̲h̲uṭbat al-Lummah li-annahā k̲h̲arajat ilā ’l-masjid fī lummah min nisāʾihā (D̲h̲arīʿah vii p. 20419).

^ Back to text2. Some S̲h̲īʿite authorities (cf. i.ḥ. P. 5598) believe ʿAbd al-Wāḥid to have been a Sunnite.

^ Back to text3. Bābs vixviii = Mujallad iii-iv. See Sipahsālār ii p. 1081.

^ Back to text4. Inadvertently described as Bāb xv on p. 112 of the Sipahsālār catalogue, but see p. 108 penult. Babs xivxx = Mujallad v. See Sipahsālār ii p. 10811.

^ Back to text5. According to the Mas̲h̲had catalogue, Vol. iii was completed towards the end of Jumādā ii 1113.

^ Back to text6. Cf. pl. i no. 828 (1) 2nd footnote.

^ Back to text7. For whom see pl. iv no. 725 infra.

^ Back to text8. For Aḥmad “Waqār” see pl. iii no. 793.

^ Back to text9. Ascribed tentatively by the catalogues to Badāʾiʿ-nigār, but see Mas̲h̲had v p. 47 n. 3.

^ Back to text10. So the Mas̲h̲had cat., but 1323 according to the D̲h̲arīʿah.

^ Back to text11. So the Mas̲h̲had cat., but 1315 according to the D̲h̲arīʿah and Sipahsālār.

^ Back to text12. Cf. no. (12) (a) below.

^ Back to text13. [Cf. (m) supra. The same translation? v. s.]

^ Back to text14. [Mus̲h̲ār gives the name as Mīrzā Abū ’l-Qāsim, maʿrūf ba-Mīrzā Bābā, b. ʿAbd al-Nabī Ḥusainī S̲h̲arīfī D̲h̲ahabī (Rāz S̲h̲īrāzī). Cf. (f) below and pl. iv nos. 278(1), 324, 492, 686 infra V.S.]

^ Back to text15. Date given as 1346 in Mus̲h̲ār.

^ Back to text16. [See Mus̲h̲ār i 174. v.s.].

^ Back to text17. Cf. the words quoted in Browne’s Pers. Cat. p. 47 from Waṭwāṭ’s preface to the Ṣad kalimah i Abū Bakr, viz. c̲h̲ūn man kitāb i Faṣl al-k̲h̲iṭāb min kalām ʿUmar b. al-K̲haṭṭāb bi-sāk̲h̲tam u kitāb i Maṭlūb kull ṭālib min kalām ʿAlī b. Abī Ṭālib bi-pardāk̲h̲tam. In the preface to the Ṣad kalimah i ʿUmar, however, he says c̲h̲ūn man S̲h̲arḥ i Ṣad kalimah i .. ʿAlī b. Abī Ṭālib … bi-sak̲h̲tam.

^ Back to text18. That on the first saying begins Agar kas̲h̲f s̲h̲awad pūs̲h̲is̲h̲ ziyādat na-s̲h̲awad ba-yaqīn.

^ Back to text19. Not Waṭwāṭ’s paraphrase as given in Ahlwardt vii 8657(4).

^ Back to text20. Begins Ḥāl i k̲h̲uld u jaḥīm dānistam.

^ Back to text21. The Persian translation begins Guft Amīr al-Muʾminīn ʿalaihi ’l-salām Agar gus̲h̲ādah s̲h̲awad pūs̲h̲is̲h̲ na-y-afzāyam dar yaqīn, Mardumān k̲h̲uftagān and c̲h̲ūn bi-mīrand bīdār s̲h̲awad [sic], Mardumān ba-rūzgār i īs̲h̲ān mānandah tar az īs̲h̲ān ba-pidarān i īs̲h̲ān, Halāk na-s̲h̲ud mardī kih bi-s̲h̲ināk̲h̲t andāzah i ū. At the beginning of his preface Stickel says Quapropter merito haec collectio inscriptionem tulit: Maṭlūb kull ṭālib min kalām ʿAlī b. Abī Ṭālib [in the Arabic character]. It seems to be the same collection of 100 Arabic sayings, but the Persian prose paraphrase differs from Waṭwāṭ’s as given by Fleischer.

^ Back to text22. Begins Ibtidā-yi suk̲h̲an ba-nām i Kasī Kih munazzah zi-juft u anbāz-ast … Qāla Amīr al-Muʾminīn … Ān Āmīrī kih d̲h̲āt i aqdas i ū Bā Rasūl i K̲h̲udā bud az yak nūr … Lau kus̲h̲ifa … Ḥāl i k̲h̲uld u jaḥīm dānistam … Mardumān g̲h̲āfil-and az ʿuqbā.

^ Back to text23. From Fleischer, Būhār 157, which “contains the same Persian explicatory notes as F[leischer]”, Calcutta Madrasah 16(1), and a ms in the editor’s possession.

^ Back to text24. In the Panjāb.

^ Back to text25. The ms. belongs to S. Nasr Allāh Taqawī. ʿĀdil b. ʿAlī is undoubtedly the same person as ʿĀdil b. ʿAlī b. ʿĀdil al-Ḥāfiẓ [al S̲h̲īrāzī: see pl. i Add. ad no. 53, rearrangement (2)], who has already been mentioned (pl. i no. 53 (2)) as a rearranger of Jurjānī’s Tarjumān al-Qurʾān, and who paraphrased also the Nat̲h̲r al-laʾāliʾ (see (10) (c) infra).

^ Back to text26. For his life see Sipahsālār ii pp. 149–54. According to the Sipahsālār Cataloguer (Ibn Yūsuf S̲h̲īrāzī) the most detailed biography is that prefixed by S̲h̲. ʿAbd al-Ḥusain Ḥillī to the edition of Vol. v (the only volume known to be extant) of S. Raḍī’s Arabic commentary on the Qurʾān, the Ḥaqāʾiq al-taʾwīl, which was published at Najaf in 1355/1936.

^ Back to text27. So Ivanow. According to the Rauḍāt al-jannat it was dedicated to S̲h̲āh Ismāʿīl.

^ Back to text28. Kamāl (or Jalāl?) al-Dīn Ḥusain “Ilāhī” b. K̲hwājah S̲h̲araf al-Dīn ʿAbd al-Ḥaqq Ardabīlī went in early life to S̲h̲īrāz and Harāt and studied under Jalāl al-Dīn Dawānī (d. 907/1501–2 or 908/1502–3. See pl. i Add. ad no. 369 [369a], etc.), G̲h̲iyāt̲h̲ al-Dīn [Manṣūr] b. Ṣadr al-Dīn S̲h̲īrāzī (d. 949/1542–3. See pl. ii no. 122, etc.), Jamāl al-Dīn ʿAṭāʾ Allāh b. Faḍl Allāh (d. 926/1520. See pl. i no. 236, etc.) and others. An ijāzah given to him (“Jalāl … al-Dīn Ḥusain al-Ardabīlī”) in 892/1487 by Dawānī is quoted in the Dānis̲h̲mandān i Ād̲h̲arbāyjān p. 48, where it is stated that on his return to Ardabīl he taught at the shrine of S̲h̲aik̲h̲ Ṣafī and died there in 950/1543. His numerous works included a dīwān, a Persian commentary on the Qurʾān, a commentary on the Gulshan i rāz, a Persian work Tāj al-manāqib on the merits of the Imāms, a Turkish work on the Imāmate as well as commentaries on a number of philosophical, geometrical, astronomical and other works. See Rauḍāt al-jannāt p. 185, Dānis̲h̲mandān i Ād̲h̲arbāyjān pp. 47–9.

^ Back to text29. This is the date given in the translator’s colophon to Vol. i reproduced at the end of the Sipahsālār ms. In the Mas̲h̲had catalogue 972/1564–5 is given as the date of composition. If this is not the date of transcription, as the Sipahsālār catalogue Supposes, it may be the date of the completion of the whole work.

^ Back to text30. The only biographical notices of the translator which the Sipahsālār cataloguer could trace were Mustadrak al-wasāʾil ii p. 514 and Haft iqlīm under Āmul (Ethé 724 no. 1189). In the latter he is described as the author of the Ḥasanīyah (cf. pl. iv no. 372 infra) dedicated to a king of Māzandarān named Ḥasan [possibly the Wazir Aqā Ḥasan?].

^ Back to text31. Wakīl to Aqā M. Sulṭān and Wazīr of Māzandarān according to the translator’s statement cited in the Sipahsālār catalogue ii p. 583.

^ Back to text32. In 981/1574 according to Bodleian iii 2783.

^ Back to text33. Mīr ʿA. al-B. “Bāqī” Tabrīzī was, according to Naṣrābādī, who had received from him some instruction in calligraphy (Tad̲h̲kirah p. 2075), deeply learned in ḥikmat and ʿarabīyat and unsurpassed as a writer of T̲h̲ult̲h̲. He settled in Bag̲h̲dād, but after the conquest of that town [in 1033/1623, baʿd az fatḥ i Qandahār is presumably corrupt] he was taken by S̲h̲āh ʿAbbās to Iṣfahān for the purpose of writing inscriptions in the masjid i jāmiʿ and he died a year after the latter’s death (and therefore in 1039/1629–30). According to the Haft iqlīm (no. 1343) he [the same person seems to be in question] was pupil of Mīrzā Jān [the annotator, who died in 994/1588 according to Ḥ. K̲h̲. Cf. Brockelmann ii p. 414, Sptbd. ii p. 594], and when the latter migrated to Tūrān ʿAbd al-Bāqī went to India, entered the service of the K̲h̲ān i K̲h̲ānān (for whom see pl. i no. 698, Persian translations (3)) and was still there when the Haft iqlīm (completed in 1002/1594) was written. From the Maʾāt̲h̲ir i Raḥīmī (iii pp. 22–4) it appears that he was associated with the K̲h̲ān i K̲h̲ānān for some considerable time (muddathā dar mulāzamat i īn sipahsālār ba-ifādah u istifādah mas̲h̲g̲h̲ūlī just, p. 2313), becoming his intimate friend as well as a jāgīrdān and a ṣāḥib-manṣab, but that for some reason unknown to the author, who knew nothing of his subsequent fate, he had gone elsewhere before the time of writing (ah 1023–5/1614–16). See also Paidāyis̲h̲ i k̲h̲aṭṭ u khaṭṭaṭān pp. 187–90 (where the Turkish works K̲haṭṭ u k̲h̲aṭṭaṭān and Qāmūs al-aʿlām are cited), Dānis̲h̲mandān i Ād̲h̲arbāyjān pp. 144–5 (where the Riyād al-ʿulamāʾ is cited in addition to other works mentioned above).

^ Back to text34. This is the date of a farmān of ʿAbd Allāh Quṭb-Shāh included in Niẓām al-Dīn Aḥmad’s majmūʿah (Berlin 45(4)).

^ Back to text35. In the Sipahsālār catalogue references are given to Rauḍāt al-ṣafā-yi Nāṣirī, Vol. x towards the end of the account of Mas̲h̲had [fol. 42 a, l. 1], al-Maʾāt̲h̲ir wa-’l-āt̲h̲ār p. 141; Nāmah i dānis̲h̲warān i p. 489.

^ Back to text36. Corruptly Badrat al-maʿānī in the Dānis̲h̲mandān i Ād̲h̲arbāyjān, where the date of composition is given as 732, possibly the date of a revised edition. Mus̲h̲ār gives the title as Durrat al-maʿānī.

^ Back to text37. It seems possible that this is only the second half of the title of ʿĀdil’s paraphrase (for which see (c) above).

^ Back to text38. In the Persian character.

^ Back to text39. The third aphorism is the first of which both the Arabic original and the Persian paraphrase are quoted. It runs: Adabu ’l-marʾi k̲h̲airun min d̲h̲ahabihi. Adab i mard bihtar az zar i ūst Dānad ān-kū ba-ʿaql mas̲h̲ḥūn-ast

^ Back to text40. b. 1275/1859, d. 1 Rajab 1352/20 Oct. 1933, an official in the Persian Ministry of Foreign affairs and Foreign Minister in the cabinet of the Sipahdār i aʿẓam. See Dānis̲h̲mandān i Ād̲h̲arbāyjān p. 242.

^ Back to text41. I.e. apparently S. As̲h̲raf al-Dīn Ḥasan b. Nāṣir ʿAlawī, usually called Ḥasan G̲h̲aznawī, who lived at G̲h̲aznah under Bahrām-S̲h̲āh (ah 512–47/1118–52), left there to go on a pilgrimage, was received as an honoured guest at Bag̲h̲dād on his return journey by the Saljūqid ruler, Masʿūd b. M. (ah 527–47/1133–52), was given a convoy to K̲h̲urāsān, but died shortly after reaching Juwain. See Lubāb al-albāb ii pp. 270–6, Daulat-S̲h̲āh pp. 104–6; Rieu iii 999b; etc.

^ Back to text42. An intimate friend of the father of “Ḥazīn” and one of the scholars whom “Ḥazīn” met as a child in Iṣfahān (Tad̲h̲kirat al-aḥwāl, ed. Belfour, p. 32, Eng. trans. p. 32). Having spoken of M. Bāqir Majlisī’s death in 1110[1698–9], “Ḥazīn” goes on to speak of ʿAlāʾ al-Dīn and says that he died at [or about] the same time (dar hamān awān). According to the Mas̲h̲had cat. he died on 27 S̲h̲awwāl 1100/14 August 1689 (cf. Hadīyat al-aḥbāb p. 221). He wrote also a commentary (in twenty volumes) on the Nahj al-balāg̲h̲ah entitled Ḥadāʾiq al-ḥaqāʾiq (i.ḥ. 998). Cf. Nujūm al-samāʾ p. 277.

^ Back to text43. If the work was dedicated to ʿĀlamgīr by that title, it cannot have been written early enough for a ms. to be dated 1055.

^ Back to text44. The place of publication is not mentioned in the catalogue.

^ Back to text45. “In a subscription at the end of the third volume of the lithographed edition it is said that the commentator flourished in Shâhjahânâbâd in the reign of Muḥammad S̲h̲âh [1131–61/ 1719–48], and was still alive at the time of Nādir S̲h̲âh’s invasion [1151/1739]” (Bānkīpūr cat. xiv p. 63). He is mentioned incidentally in the biography of his son, Maulawī Salām Allāh b. S̲h̲aik̲h̲ al-Islām b. Ḥāfiẓ ʿAbd al-Ṣamad Fak̲h̲r al-Dīn, in the Ḥadāʾiq al-Ḥanafīyah, p. 468, where he is described as the author of (1) a Persian commentary on the Ṣaḥīḥ of Buk̲h̲ārī, (2) Risālah i Ṭard al-auhām ʿan at̲h̲ar al-imām al-humām and (3) Kas̲h̲f al-g̲h̲iṭāʾ ʿammā lazima li-l-mautā ʿalā ’l-aḥyāʾ. Cf. Raḥmān ʿAlī p. 76.

^ Back to text46. Cf. pl. i no. 49 (15), etc. He died on 14 Muḥ. 1324/9 March 1906 according to Mas̲h̲had iv p. 315.

^ Back to text47. Vol. xxv was completed in Jumādā ii 1078 (see Blochet iv p. 1881̲5̲). 1074 given as date of xvi in Majlis i 33.

^ Back to text48. Mullā K̲h̲alīl Qazwīnī, a pupil of Bahāʾ al-Dīn al-ʿĀmilī (Rauḍāt al-jannāt p. 26724, Nujūm al-samāʾ p. 10116), is said to have been born at Qazwīn in 1001/1592–3 (R.al-j. p. 26722) and to have died there in 1089/1678. Among his works were al-S̲h̲āfī s̲h̲arḥ al-Kāfī, an Arabic commentary on al-Kulīnī’s work extending only to Bk. viii (R.al-j. p. 26821), a commentary (presumably in Arabic) on the ʿUddat al-uṣūl of Abū Jaʿfar al-Ṭūsī and a ḥās̲h̲iyah (presumably also in Arabic) on the Majmaʿ al-bayān of al-Ṭabarsī. See Sulāfat al-ʿaṣr; Amal al-āmil p. 441, Rauḍāt al-jannāt pp. 267–8, Qiṣaṣ al-ʿulamāʾ p. 206, Nujūm al-samāʾ pp. 101–5.

^ Back to text49. This is a different work from the Jāmiʿ al-ak̲h̲bār which is sometimes ascribed to Ibn Bābawaih (see pl. iv no. 292 infra).

^ Back to text50. Bānkīpūr xiv 1260 ends with the Bāb al-furūḍ ʿalā ’l-jawāriḥ.

^ Back to text51. See pl. iv no. 61 supra.

^ Back to text52. Each of the main sections has its own ḥamdalah.

^ Back to text53. In the Leyden catalogue 858 is given as the date of composition.

^ Back to text54. This person’s name occurs in an isnād quoted in Rieu Suppt. 43 as one of those from whom Maḥmūd b. M. al-Ījī (cf pl i no. 266) had received Traditions.

^ Back to text55. In the Marteau ms, however, the first tradition is Man lā yarḥamu ’l-nāsa la yarḥamuhu ’llāh, of which the paraphrase begins Raḥm kun raḥm zānkih bar ruk̲h̲ i tū.

^ Back to text56. For Abū Razīn Laqīṭ b. ʿĀmir al-ʿUqailī see lbn ʿAbd al-Barr’s Istīʿāb pp. 235, 669. In most of the catalogues Abū Razīn appears corruptly as Abū D̲h̲arr.

^ Back to text57. Presumably a son of the author of the Qāmūs, the Sufar al-saʿādah (pl. i no. 224), etc.

^ Back to text58. In the Bānkīpūr ms. the work ends with some verses (not mentioned in the other catalogue), which give the date of composition as 675 (zi s̲h̲as̲h̲-ṣad fuzūn būd haftād u panj). As suggested by the cataloguer s̲h̲as̲h̲-ṣad is probably a corruption of has̲h̲-sad.

^ Back to text59. Possibly one of these dedications was later substituted for the other.

^ Back to text60. Ḥusain b. Yūsuf al-Harawī according to Mas̲h̲had i, fṣl. 4, no. 90.

^ Back to text61. For this nisbah cf. Safīnat al-auliyāʾ p. 1886.

^ Back to text62. Ibn K̲h̲ātūn, who has already been incidentally mentioned (pl. i no. 84), was so called as the descendant of a princess married to one of his ancestors (yakī az ābāʾ i īs̲h̲ān, Naṣrābādī p. 159). According to the Rauḍāt al-jannāt, p. 2215, he was a pupil of Bahāʾ al-Dīn al-ʿĀmilī. Naṣrābādī says that some [considerable] time before he wrote [muddatī qabl az īn, the time of writing being perhaps 1083/1672–3 see pl. i no. 1130 2nd par., 2nd footnote] he had gone to India, where had attained a high position at the court of ʿAbd Allāh Quṭb-S̲h̲āh [ah 1035–83/1626–72] (ba-k̲h̲idmati ʿAbd Allāh Quṭb-S̲h̲āh kamāl i iʿtibār baham rasānīdah), and had died there. His death is mentioned also in the Amal al-āmil, which was completed in 1097/1686. A ms. of the Irs̲h̲ād transcribed by him and dated 5 Muḥarram 1068/13 Oct. 1657 is mentioned in the Hadīyat al-aḥbāb p. 64 ult. His works included commentaries on the Irs̲h̲ād [al-ad̲h̲hān, of al-Ḥasan b. Yūsuf .. Ibn al-Muṭahhar al-Ḥillī, i.ḥ 170, 1724] and the Jāmiʿ i ʿAbbāsī as well as a large Persian work on the Imāmate. A portrait is preserved in an album at the British Museum (Rieu ii 781 a, l. 5, where he is described as “Vazir of ʿAbd Ullah Ḳutubshah”). See Tad̲h̲kirah i Ṭāhir Naṣrābādī pp. 159–60, Amal al-āmil p. 2827; Rauḍāt al-jannāt p. 2215.

^ Back to text63. This date needs verification. [The date apparently given in the colophon and confirmed in a note made by E.G. Browne at the beginning of the ms. is 1039. The catalogue, however, gives 1029. v.s.]

^ Back to text64. See Mas̲h̲had v p. 234.

^ Back to text65. Al-arbaʿūna ḥadīt̲h̲an(beg. Laʾālī i ḥamd). The Mas̲h̲had catalogue implies that this is the same work as the Surūr al-S̲h̲īʿah (a title not mentioned in the preface).

^ Back to text66. Cf. pl. iv no. 441 (7) infra.

^ Back to text67. For this order cf. Dānis̲h̲mandān i Ād̲h̲arbāyjān p. 374.

^ Back to text68. Or Kalbāsī?

^ Back to text69. [So Mas̲h̲had v p. 182, but this date must be wrong if ahs 1326 is correct. ahs 1327/1948 is given as the date in which the work was presented to the library by the author v.s.]

^ Back to text70. Whether this translation is really different from that by M. b. Maḥmūd or has only been provided with a new preface is a question that for the present must remain unanswered.

^ Back to text71. Traditions relating to mawāʿiẓ and ak̲h̲lāq in seventeen faṣls and a k̲h̲ātimah, according to Mas̲h̲had.

Cite this page
“2 Tradition”, in: Storey Online, Charles Ambrose Storey. Consulted online on 02 March 2024 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/2772-7696_SPLO_COM_40200000>
First published online: 2021



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