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3.20 History of Persia: Kirmān
(961 words)

In Volume 1-1: Qurʾānic Literature, History, and Biography | Section 2, History, Biography, etc.

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§ 472. Afḍal al-Dīn Aḥmad b. Ḥāmid Kirmānī left Bardasīr in 570/1174–5 with the intention of going to the court of Ṭug̲h̲ān S̲h̲āh in K̲h̲urāsān, but at Kūbīnān the Amīr Mujāhid al-Dīn persuaded him to stay and he remained there for five years. Thence he was taken against his will to Yazd, where the king put him in charge of the hospital and wished him to become his Muns̲h̲ī. He escaped, however, from that service and in Muḥarram 584/1188 returned to Kūbīnān, where he immediately began his ʿIqd al-ʿulā as a present for Malik Dīnār, the new ruler. According to M. b. Ibrāhīm’s Tārīk̲h̲ i Saljūqiyān i Kirmān, p. 35, he was Secretary (Dabīr) to the Atābak M. b. Būzqus̲h̲.

Badāʾiʿ al-azmān fī waqāʾiʿ Kirmān or Tārīk̲h̲ i Afḍal, a standard history of the Saljūqids of Kirmān: no mss. recorded, but the work was used by M. b. Ibrāhīm and Nāṣir al-Dīn Kirmānī.
ʿIqd al-ʿulā li-l-Mauqif al-Aʿlā, a florid history of the conquest of Kirmān by Malik Dīnār, the G̲h̲uzz chieftain, in ah 581/1185–583/1187: Browne Coll. H. 11 (7) = Houtum Schindler 14 (ah 1269/1853), Rieu Suppt. 90 (ah 1286/1870), 91 (ah 1276/1859–60), Majlis 266 (ah 1294/1877), 267 (ah 1277/1860–1), Blochet i 505 (ah 1313/1895), Leningrad Pub. Lib. (see Mélanges asiatiques iii (St. Petersburg 1859), p. 731).

Editions: [Ṭihrān,] 1293/1876°, Ṭihrān a.h.s. 1311/1932–3*.

Extracts: Siasset NamèhparNizam oul-Moulk. Texte persan. Édité par C. Schefer. Supplément, Paris 1897°*, pp. 123–140.

[ʿIqd al-ʿulā, Qism v; M. b. Ibrāhīm Tārīk̲h̲ i Saljūqiyān i Kirmān p. 35, and Houtsma’s preface p. xi; Rieu Suppt. 90.]

§ 473. Muns̲h̲ī Nāṣir al-Dīn Kirmānī was a son of K̲h̲wājah Muntajab al-Dīn ʿUmdat al-Mulk Yazdī, who in 650/1252–3 left Yazd and attached himself to the Qarā-K̲h̲itāʾī Sulṭān of Kirmān, Quṭb al-Dīn Muḥammad, whose trusted adviser he became. Nāṣir al-Dīn himself was still young in 693/1294, when he was appointed Head Muns̲h̲ī in the Dīwān i Rasāʾil wa-Ins̲h̲ā by Pāds̲h̲āh K̲h̲ātūn, who ruled ah 691/1292–694/1294.

Simṭ al-ʿulā li-l-Ḥaḍrat al-ʿulyā, a history of the Qarā-K̲h̲itāʾīs (Qutlug̲h̲ K̲h̲āns) of Kirmān written ah 716/1316–17: Ḥ.K̲h̲. iii p. 618, Āyā Ṣūfiyah 3019 (2) = Tauer 387 (ah 752/1351), Rieu ii 849 (16th cent.), Blochet iv 2311 (2) (19th century. Presumably copied from Āyā Ṣūfiyah 3019 (2)).

[Simṭ al-ʿulā (Rieu ii 849) foll. 80, 94, 129; Ḥ.K̲h̲. loc. cit.]

§ 474. Muḥammad b. Ibrāhīm tells us that in Jumādā ii 1025/May–June 1616, after a pilgrimage to the tomb of ʿAlī Riḍā at Mas̲h̲had, he went to Sīstān and stayed there for nearly two months. On his mother’s side he was descended from the Ṣaffārids.

(Tārīk̲h̲ i Saljūqiyān i Kirmān), a history of the Saljūqids of Kirmān preceded by a brief account of the Saljūqids of ʿIrāq and followed by a continuation of the history of Kirmān to the rise of the Qarā-K̲h̲itāʾī dynasty: Berlin 433 (lacunæ at beginning, slightly defective at end. 17th cent.).

Edition (omitting foll. 1–35 of the Berlin ms.): Histoire des Seljoucides du Kermân par Muhammed [b.] Ibrahîm…. Texte persan … publié … par M. Th. Houtsma, Leyden 1886°* (Recueil de textes relatifs à l’histoire des Seljoucides par M. Th. Houtsma, vol. i).

Summary: Zur Geschichte der Selǵuqen von Kermân. Von M. Th. Houtsma (Zeitschrift der Deutschen Morgenländischen Gesellschaft, Bd. 39 (1885), pp. 362–410).

[ms. foll. 16b, 40b; Houtsma’s ed. p. 11; z.d.m.g. 1885, p. 364.]

§ 475. In the list of the rulers of Hurmūz given by Sachau in his Verzeichnis muhammedanischer Dynastien (based on Munajjim-Bās̲h̲ī. Cf. Zambaur Manuel de généalogie p. 260) there are three kings called Tūrān-S̲h̲āh. The first of these ruled, it is said, from 758/1357 to 788/1386, the second from 840/1436–7 for an unspecified period and the third was engaged in war against the Portuguese in 928/1521–2. According to Teixeira it was the first of these, Tūrān-S̲h̲āh b. Quṭb al-Dīn, who wrote a S̲h̲āh-nāmah in prose and verse on the history of Hurmūz. Teixeira says that he acceded to the throne “in the year of the Hegira 747, of Christ 1347” and “when he had govern’d 30 years dy’d, in the year of the Hegira 779, of Christ 1378”.

S̲h̲āh-nāmah [i Tūrān-S̲h̲āh]: no copies recorded.

Epitome: Relaciones de P. Teixeira d’el origen descendencia y succession de los reyes de Persia, y de Harmuz, y de un viage hecho por el mismo autor dende la India Oriental hasta Italia por tierra, Antwerp 1610°* pp. 1 [bis]–45 [bis].

English translations: (1) The history of Persia … to which is added an abridgment of the lives of the Kings of Harmuz or Ormuz. The Persian history written in Arabick, by Mirkond … that of Ormuz, by Torunxa … both of them translated into Spanish by Antony [or rather, Pedro] Teixeira … and now render’d into English by Captain J. Stevens, London 1715°*, pp. 376–414. (2) The travels of P. Teixeira, with his ‘Kings of Harmuz’, and extracts from his ‘Kings of Persia’, translated and annotated by W.F. Sinclair … with further notes and an introduction by D. Ferguson, London 1902* (Hakluyt Society’s Publications, 2nd series, no. ix), pp. 153–95. 1

§ 476. For “Qadrī’smat̲h̲nawīs entitled Jang-nāmah i Kis̲h̲m and Jarūn-nāmah see p. 242 supra.

next chapter: 3.21 Ṭabaristān


^ Back to text1. An earlier and less satisfactory epitome of Tūrān-S̲h̲āh’s S̲h̲āh-nāmah was made by “a friar of the order of Saint Dominic” [possibly Gaspar da Cruz] and printed as an appendix to Fray Gaspar da Cruz’s Tractadoda China, Evora 1569–70. An incomplete English translation of this epitome was published by Purchas in his Pilgrimes, Pt. ii pp. 1785–7 and a complete translation in the above-mentioned Hakluyt Society volume pp. 256–7.

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“3.20 History of Persia: Kirmān”, in: Storey Online, Charles Ambrose Storey. Consulted online on 25 March 2023 <>
First published online: 2021

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