In Volume 3: Lexicography; Grammar; Prosody, and Poetics; Rhetoric, Riddles, and Chronograms; Ornate Prose; Proverbs; Tales
See C.J. Rodgers, “Tārīk̲h̲s or Eastern Chronograms”, jras. 1898, pp. 715–39.
§ 398. Luṭf Allāh Kās̲h̲ānī b. ʿAbd al-Karīm.
- Tuḥfat al-dastūr (beg. As̲h̲raf i alfāẓ u lug̲h̲āt jauhar i ḥ. i Mutakallimī ast), on the composition of chronograms, dedicated in 1070/1659–60 to S̲h̲āh ʿAbbās ii ( ah 1052–77/1642–66) and divided into three maqṣads ((1) dar bayān i āḥād, (2) on tens, (3) on hundreds) and a k̲h̲ātimah (dar bayān i alfāẓī kih muwāfaqat dārand ba-ʿadad i ulūf): Majlis 753 (113 foll.).
¶ § 399. S̲h̲. Asad (so fol. 5a, 1.2) or Asad Allāh (so fol. 6b, 1. 12).
- Zīnat al-tawārīkh (beg. Māhir i asrār i k̲h̲afī … Ba-nām i Kasī mī-kunam ibtidā), metrical chronograms for events in the period 1111–68/1699–1755 with a preface in rhymed prose dated 17 Muḥarram 1167/14 Nov. 1753 in Aḥmad S̲h̲āh’s sixth year: Bodleian 1181 (101 foll.).
§ 400. M. Maʿmūr K̲h̲ān Baitī lived at Karnūl (cf. pl. i § 1063).
- Jūd i tārīk̲h̲, composed in 1223/1808: Āṣafīyah i p. 164 no. 237 ( ah 1225/1810).
- Ganj i tārīk̲h̲: see pl. i § 1391 (2).
§ 402. Muns̲h̲ī Ḥusain ʿAlī “Farḥat” Dihlawī.
- Umm al-tawārīk̲h̲, composed in 1289/1872. Edition: 1289/1872 (Āṣafīyah iii p. 72 no. 267).
§ 403. ʿAbd al-G̲h̲afūr K̲h̲ān Bahādur “Nassāk̲h̲”, the son of Qāḍī Faqīr Muḥammad (see pl. i § 183) and the brother of Nawwāb ʿAbd al-Laṭīf (vid. ibid), was born at Calcutta on 1 S̲h̲awwāl 1249/11 Feb. 1834. He entered the service of the government of Bengal and in Garcin de Tassy’s work (2nd ed., 1870) he is described as a Deputy Magistrate and a Member of the Legislative Council of Bengal. His Urdu works (for which see the b.m. and i.o. catalogues) include a tad̲h̲kirah of Urdu poets, Suk̲h̲an i s̲h̲uʿarā, published at Lucknow in 1874°*. His Persian quatrains, Marg̲h̲ūb i dil, were published at Lucknow in the same year°* and his anthology of Persian poetry, Qand i pārsī, at the same place in 1872°*.
[Garcin de Tassy ii p. 450; S̲h̲amʿ i anjuman p. 487; R.B. Saksēna History of Urdu literature p. 172.]
- Ganj i tawārīk̲h̲, metrical chronograms in Persian and Urdu: Lucknow 1291/1874°* (at the end of the Kullīyāt and also as a separate publication of 87 pp. n.k.).
- Ḍamīmah i Ganj i tawārīk̲h̲: Cawnpore 1292–4/1875–7° (Ganj1 i tawārīk̲h̲ u Armag̲h̲ān [the latter being an Urdu dīwān]. Pp. 50; 128).
¶ § 404. Ḥāfiz Ilāhī Bak̲h̲s̲h̲ “S̲h̲āʾiq” b. M.
- Āʾīnah i tawārīk̲h̲, lists of words with their numerical values, composed in 1293/1876: Cawnpore 1293/1876* (Niẓāmī Pr. 324 pp.); place? 1295/1878 (Āṣafīyah i p. 162 no. 238).
§ 405. Muns̲h̲ī Anwār Ḥusain “Taslīm” Sahsawānī2 tells us (Mulak̲h̲k̲h̲aṣ p. 82) that he was born on the 22nd or 21st Rajab 1230/1815. In a taqrīẓ at the end of the book it is said that after reaching the age of 79 he desired to put the scattered material of his book into order, but died before he could do so. It was then prepared for the press by his brother’s son Muns̲h̲ī S̲h̲ākir Ḥusain “Nakhat”. He wrote also a work entitled Tāj al-madāʾiḥ, rules for elegant writing, which was published at [Lucknow] in 1872°*.
Mulak̲h̲k̲h̲aṣ i Taslīm (a chronogram = 1300/1882–3), on the art of writing chronograms, with numerous specimens.
Edition: Murādābād 1896°* (Maṭlaʿ al-ʿUlūm Pr. 120 pp.).
§ 406. Ḥājī M. Mujīb Allāh K̲h̲ān, commonly called (ʿurf) ʿAbd al-Raḥmān.
- Kanz al-tawārīk̲h̲, composed in 1319/1901–2. Edition: 1326/1908 (Āṣafīyah iii p. 74 no. 292).
§ 407. Maḥmūd K̲h̲ān “Niʿmat” Ḥusainī Fasāʾī died circ. 1345/1926–7.
- Badīʿ al-tawārīk̲h̲, metrical chronograms for ancient and modern events to the year 1343/1924–5: Tihrān Naṣr Allāh Taqawī (autograph. D̲h̲arīʿah iii p. 72 no. 213).
§ 408. Appendix
- Aʿdād al-tārīk̲h̲: Āṣafīyah i p. 162 no. 139.
- Bayān al-tawārīk̲h̲, by S̲h̲āh M. ʿAzīz Allāh Ṣafīpūrī: Āgrah 1332/1914 (Abū ’l-ʿUlāʾī Steam Pr. Appended to the same author’s Mirʾāt al-ṣanāʾiʿ and Iʿjāz al-tawārīk̲h̲. See ʿAlīgaṛh Subḥ. ptd. bks. p. 52); 1333/1915 (same press. Vid. ibid.).
- Dīwān i tawārīk̲h̲, metrical chronograms, by Āl i Muḥammad Bilgrāmī Mārahrawī: Ārah (“Arrah” in Bihār) 1288–96/1871–9° (followed by Dāʾirah i k̲h̲ujastah, chronograms in the form of circles. 180; 56 pp.).
- ¶ Gulbun i tārīk̲h̲, words and expressions arranged according to their numerical value, by Mahdī Ḥusain Riḍawī: Ḥaidarābād 1313/1896° (684 pp.).
- Guls̲h̲an i k̲h̲ayāl, “chronograms for all dates between 3 and 1954”, by M. Saʿīd b. M. Raḥīm Himmat-K̲h̲ānī: [Lucknow] 1880° (248 pp.). Cf. Āṣafīyah i p. 168 nos. 129, 241).
- Iʿjāz al-tawārīk̲h̲, by S̲h̲āh M. ʿAzīz Allāh Ṣafīpūrī: see Bayān al-tawārīk̲h̲ above.
- Jadīd al-tawārīk̲h̲, by M. Wajīh al-Dīn K̲h̲ān. Edition: 1271/1854–5 (Āṣafīyah i p. 162 no. 239).
- Mīzān al-aʿdād (beg. Ḥ. i bī-ḥ. Mubdiʿī rā kih taʿdād i asmāʾ i jabarūtas̲h̲), tables of chronograms from 3 (āb, bā, pā, etc.) to 1484 (bar afrāk̲h̲t, etc.): Ethé 2734 (83 foll.).
- Nūr i tārīk̲h̲, chronograms for the years 1322–1425 and 1905–2027, by Muns̲h̲ī Rām-prasād “Ẓahīr” Dihlawī:3 Delhi 1905* (Afḍal al-maṭābiʿ. 72 pp.)
- Riyād al-nūr, chronograms relating to eminent persons, by Ajīr al-Dīn M. “Midḥat” b. Ẓahīr al-Dīn Aḥmad, author of the Guldastah i ʿaqāʾid: Cawnpore 1299/1882° (42 pp.).
^ Back to text2. Sahaswān, as the name is officially spelt, is an old Muḥammadan town 24 miles W. of Badāyūn. The vocalisation Sahsawān occurs (apparently) on the title-page of the Mulak̲h̲k̲h̲aṣ and also on that of S.M. ʿAbd al-Bāqī Sahsawānī’s Ḥayāt al-ʿulamāʾ (an Urdu work on the ʿulamāʾ of Sahsawān published at Lucknow in 1922*).
^ Back to text3. Doubtless identical with Rām-pars̲h̲ād S̲h̲āhjahānābādī, author of the Kān i tārīk̲h̲, rules in Urdu for making chronograms, followed by examples in Persian and Urdu from 1 to 1331, Āgrah 1294/1877°* (160 pp.).