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9.1 Occult Arts: General and Unclassified
(3,359 words)

In Volume 2: Mathematics; Weights, and Measures; Astronomy, and Astrology; Geography; Medicine; Encyclopaedias, and Miscellanies; Arts and Crafts, Science, Occult Arts

previous chapter: 8.7 Optics

§ 802. In a preface prefixed to the D̲h̲ak̲h̲īrat al-Iskandar the alleged writer, M. b. K̲h̲ālid, says that after the capture of Amorium by the Caliph al-Muʿtaṣim the work was found in a Christian monastery and was translated from the Greek and Roman (al-Yūnānīyah wa-’l-Rūmīyah) by order of the Caliph. In the original preface, which contains a dedication to Alexander, Aristotle says that it is a work of Hermes (al-Malik Hirmis al-Kabīr)1, which was discovered by Balīnās2 and by him handed over to Aristotle. It seems to be of no great antiquity.

D̲h̲ak̲h̲īrat al-Iskandar (beg. (see Ahlwardt iii 4193) Kāna ’l-Amīr al-Muʿtaṣim bi-’llāh; (Aristotle’s preface) Bi-smi ’l-Wāḥidi ’l-Wājib al-wujūd), on elixirs, poisons, antidotes, talismans, etc., in ten fanns, with an epilogue by Alexander: Loth 473 (59 foll. 17th cent.), Ahlwardt iii 4193 (42 foll. Circ. ah 1100/1688), Cairo Arab. Cat. v p. 355 (ah 1286/1869–70).

Persian translations:

(1)
D̲h̲ak̲h̲īrah i Iskandarīyah (beg. al-Ḥ. l. wa-kafā … manqūl-ast kih Muʿtaṣim bi-’llāh): Berlin 303 (8) (no preface or title. Illustrated ah 1063/1653), Mas̲h̲had iii, fṣl. 16, mss., no. 56 (41 foll., defective at end. Presented by Nādir S̲h̲āh (d. 1160/1747)), Blochet iv 2178 fol. 7b onwards (acephalous. 18th cent.), Ivanow Curzon 649 (34 foll. Illustrated. ah 1212/1798), Ethé 2804 (1) (fragments. Illustrated).
(2)
Nafāʾis al-funūn, “a work on elixirs and talismans (here ascribed to the prophet Idrīs), purporting to be translated from the Arabic Ẕakhīrat Iskandar usually attributed to Hermes. With preface by Sirāj al-Dīn Yūsuf Abū Yaʿkūb Sakkākī.” (Edwards): Āṣafīyah ii p. 1422 (Iqtibās i N. al-f., perhaps extracts from M. b. Maḥmūd Āmulī’s work, for which see pl. ii § 593).

Edition: Bombay [1892°] (72 pp.).

(3)
D̲h̲ak̲h̲īrah i Iskandarānī (beg. al-Ḥ. l…. a. b. pūs̲h̲idah na-mānad kih dar zamānī kih Muʿtaṣim … [beginning of the book proper, fol. 169a] Ba-nām i Yaktā-yi Wājib al-Wujūd ibtidā mī-kunam): Bodleian iii 2744 (foll. 163–239. ah [1] 182/1768).
(4)
(Tarjamah i D̲h̲ak̲h̲īrah i Iskandarī) (beg. Ārāyis̲h̲ i dībac̲h̲ah i nusk̲h̲ah i kāʾināt … Bi-dān-kih Muʿtaṣim bi-’llāh baʿd i fatḥ i ʿAmmūriyah), by M. Bāqir al-munajjim: Bodleian iii 2745 (circ. ad 1802).
(5)
Majmūʿah i ṭilasm i Iskandar, or Risālah i ḥawāss i k̲h̲amsah, translated from the Arabic “D̲h̲ak̲h̲īrah i D̲h̲ū ’l-Qarnain”, with additions, by M. ʿUt̲h̲mān K̲h̲ān “Qais” (for whom see pl. i § 100 (7), Edwards coll. 529–30): Lucknow 1291/1874°* (N.K. 93 pp.); 1297/1880 (Āṣafīyah ii p. 1692); 1884° (4th ed. 82 pp.).

§ 803. Abū ’l-Faḍl M. b. Aḥmad al-Ṭabasī (sometimes al-Ṭabībī, al-Ṭībī), died in 482/1089 according to Ḥ. K̲h̲.

al-S̲h̲āmil min al-baḥr al-kāmil, an Arabic work on ʿazāʾim, sorcery, exorcism and the like in thirty-two bābs: Ḥ. K̲h̲. iv p. 9, Ahlwardt v 5885, Brockelmann i p. 496, Sptbd. i p. 907.

Persian translation (of Bābs 1–19 only?): Bodleian 1561 (3) (?), Ivanow Curzon 650 (Bābs 1–19. 51 foll. Early 19th cent.), Āṣafīyah ii p. 1692.

§ 804. Abū ’l-Faḍl Ḥubais̲h̲ b. Ibrahīm al-Tiflīsi. See pl. ii § 818 below for a work of his on taʿbīr.

Uṣūl al-malāḥim (beg. S̲h̲. u sp. mar K̲h̲udāy-rā jalla jalāluhu … kihjahān-rā), on prognostics to be drawn from eclipses, storms, etc., intended to elucidate two works entitled Kitāb i malḥamah, one by Dāniyāl3 and the other by Jaʿfar al-Ṣādiq, in twelve bābs (for the months from Tis̲h̲rīn al-Awwal to Ailūl), each subdivided into twenty-five faṣls (events, the last under Ailūl being earthquake): Ḥ. K̲h̲. vi p. 111 (Malḥamat Dāniyāl), D̲h̲arīʿah ii p. 212 no. 825 (where no mss. are mentioned), Rieu ii 852a (foll. 32–53. ah 889/1484 or thereabouts).

Similar to this, perhaps identical with it, is Blochet iv 2406 (1) (Kitāb i Malḥamah, in twelve chapters (corresponding to the Greek months) each subdivided into twenty-five sections, being a redaction by an anonymous editor of the work of Dāniyāl as abridged by Jaʿfar al-Ṣādiq. 67 foll. ah 1041/1632).

§ 805. Fak̲h̲r al-Dīn M. b. ʿUmar al-Rāzī died in 606/1209 (see Brockelmann i p. 506, Sptbd. i p. 920 pl. ii § 87, etc.). To him is ascribed: al-Sirr al-maktūm, on magical arts: Ḥ. K̲h̲. iii p. 596.

Persian translation: Tarjamah i Sirr i maktūm: Āṣafīyah ii p. 1690 no. 195.

Commentary (possibly identical with the above-mentioned translation): … S̲h̲arḥ i Sirr al-maktūm: Bombay (1312/ 1894°* (C.P. Pr. 173 pp.).

§ 806. Ḥusain b. ʿAlī Wāʿiẓ Kās̲h̲ifī, who died in 910/1504–5, has already been mentioned as the author of the Mawāhib i ʿalīyah (pl. i § 20 (2)), the Rauḍat al-s̲h̲uhadāʾ (pl. i § 268) and other works. [For works by his son, ʿAlī b. Ḥusain Kās̲h̲ifī, see below § 834].

Asrār i Qāsimī (beg. Ḥaḍrat i Qāsim al-ʿĀṭīyāt wa-ʿĀlim al-k̲h̲afīyāt Lahu ’l-ḥamdu fī ’l-g̲h̲adawāt wa-’l-ʿas̲h̲īyāt), on Sīmiyā and Rīmīyā,4 i.e. two of the five occult sciences (ʿulūm i k̲h̲amsah i muḥtajabah), Kīmiyā, Līmiyā (= the science of talismans apparently), Hīmiyā (= ʿilm i task̲h̲īr, dealing with “Planetary Influences, spells, incantations, Control of the Jinn, and the like”), Sīmiyā (which “deals with the Control of the Imagination for the evocation of forms which have no outward or independent existence, and appears to be equivalent to Mesmerism or Hypnotism”) and Rīmiyā (= ʿilm i s̲h̲aʿbadah apparently, i.e. conjuring), completed in 907/1501–2,5 dedicated to S. Qāsim al-anwār, who, according to Browne, is spoken of as still living,6 and divided into two maqṣads ((1) on Sīmiyā in four aṣls and a k̲h̲ātimah, (2) on Rīmiyā, apparently in two aṣls): D̲h̲arīʿah ii p. 54, Mehren p. 44 no. 132 (lacks end of Maqṣad i and some leaves from beginning of Maqṣad ii.7 149 foll. ah 907/ 1501–2 described as copied from an autograph, apart from some later supplies), Āṣafīyah ii p. 1692 no. 198 (ah 1250/1834–5), p. 1690 nos. 193 (ah 1268/1851–2), 5 (ah 1300/1640–1), 203, Browne Coll. Q. 3 (ah 1268/1851), Bānkīpūr Suppt. ii 2055 (ah 1344/1925–6), Asʿad 1970, Ḥamīdīyah p. 116 no. 277, Peshawar 1954, ʿUmūmī 1247.

Editions: Lūd’hiyānah 1289/1872* (199 pp.); Bombay 1885° (152 pp.); 1312/1894°* (Kas̲h̲f al-asrār i Qāsimī. “Another recension of the Asrār, differing maternally from the preceding, but with the same divisions” (Edwards). 175 pp.); 1328/1910 (see ʿAlīgaṛh Subḥ. ptd. bks. p. 44).

Rehatsek p. 220 no. 17 contains “a secret alphabet for reading the Kitáb Esrár Qásumy, which is however not given.”

Abridgment: Tuḥfah i K̲h̲ānī (beg. al-Ḥ. li-walīyihi … a. b. c̲h̲unīn gūyad faqīr i bī-biḍāʿat), “on alchemy, sorcery and special methods to prepare different materials and appliances” (Ivanow), prepared early in 930/1523–4 by the author’s son ʿAlī (cf. § 834 infra, dedicated to Dūrmīs̲h̲ K̲h̲ān, Governor of Harāt (cf. Rieu i p. 98) and divided into two maqṣads subdivided into bābs all very short: D̲h̲arīʿah i p. 354 no. 1867, Bodleian iii 2749 (9) ah 1100/1689), Ivanow Curzon 648 (14 foll. ah 1223/1808).

(2)
Āyinah i Iskandarī (beg. al-Ḥ. li-‘Allāmi ’l-g̲h̲uyūb), eight tables (jadwal) and twenty circles (dāʾirah) “dar istik̲h̲rāj i maṭlūb ast wa-fī ’l-ḥaqīqah tahd̲h̲īb i Dāʾirah i jahān-numā ast”: D̲h̲arīʿah i p. 50 no. 252, Mas̲h̲had iii, fṣl. 17, mss. no. 11 (114 foll. Presented in 1145/1732–3).

§ 807. In 907/1501–2 on anonymous author completed:

Siḥr al-ʿuyūn (beg. Ḥadrat i Qāsim al-ʿaṭīyāt ʿĀlim al-k̲h̲afīyāt lahu ’l-ḥamd), on magic, talismans, etc., undertaken at the request of Amīr Saiyid Qāsim, divided into two maqṣads and a k̲h̲ātimah and based mainly on the Siḥr al-ʿuyūn of Abū ʿAbd Allāh al-Mag̲h̲ribī, known also as the Lubāb of Ibn al-Ḥājj, and the ʿUyūn al-ḥaqāʾiq wa-īḍāḥ al-ṭarāʾiq of Abū ’l-Qāsim M. b. Aḥmad al-ʿIrāqī al-Sīmāwī [of the 6th century: see Brockelmann i p. 497, Sptbd. i p. 909]: Būhār 238 (72 foll. ah 1246/1830–1), Ivanow 1525 (defective at end. 19th cent.), possibly also Āṣafīyah ii p. 1692 no. 20 (S. al-ʿu. fī sirr al-maknūn, by Ibn Yūsuf b. Aḥmad al-Jawāhirī).

§ 808. Aḥmad b. Yūsuf ʿAbbāsī, commonly called Miyān8 Aḥmad i Mutaʿallim, says that he was born on 11 Rajab 871/16 Feb. 1467.

Maʿdin al-jawāhir min baḥr al-faḍāʾil (beg. al-Ḥ. l. ḥamdan ṭaiyiban mubārakanRabb al-ʿālamīn min al-ajsām), on imprecations, omens and divination, compiled in 942/1535–6: Bodleian 1781 (defective at end. 237 foll.).

§ 809. Abū ’l-Maḥāsin M. b. Saʿd b. M. al-Nak̲h̲juwānī, known as Ibn al-Sāwajī wrote in the reign of S̲h̲āh ʿAbbās (ah 995–1038/1587–1629).

(1)
Asāṭīr al-awwalīn, described as a translation from the Arabic of a work by Ḥakīm Āṣaf b. Barak̲h̲yā: Bombay 1310/ 1892° (96 pp.).
(2)
Ḥall al-mus̲h̲kilāt (beg. Baʿd az tasṭīr i kalām), on magic (aʿdād, jafr, ṭilasmāt, nairanjāt) in two faṣls, each subdivided into four nauʿs, and each nauʿ into four qisms, translated from a work by al-Ḥakīm Ṭimṭim al-Hindī: Ibn Sīnā Kunūz al-muʿazzimīn, Tihrān a.h.s. 1331/1952–3, editor’s introduction, p. 12.

Edition: Bombay 1312/1894°* (Datta Prasād Pr. 83 pp. With an appendix ascribed to S̲h̲ihāb al-Dīn Maqtūl [Suhrawardī]. Cf. D̲h̲arīʿah vii p. 74 no. 397).

(3)
Muk̲h̲taṣar dar ʿilm i ḥurūf i tahajjī u k̲h̲awāṣṣ i ān (beg. al-Ḥ. l. R. al-ʿā—. a. b. c̲h̲. g. mutarjim i īn ʿibārat i muk̲h̲taṣar u bis̲h̲ārat i muʿtabar wa-huwa Abū ’l-M….), described as a translation of a work by S̲h̲ihāb al-Dīn i Maqtūl [i.e. Suhrawardī]:, possibly identical with the “appendix” in the Bombay lithograph mentioned above: Ethé 2804 (2).

§ 810. Wajīh al-Dīn.

Miftāḥ al-daʿawāt, begun in 1006/1598 and “dealing with all kinds of hidden sciences, magic art, exorcisms, interpretation of dreams, fortune-telling, etc.”: Ethé 2271 (very defective. 170 foll.).

§ 811. M. Bāqir b. M. Taqī al-Majlisī died in 1110/1698–9 or 1111/1699–1700 (see pl. i § 247 and elsewhere).

Two works, a larger and a smaller, on the Ik̲h̲tiyārāt al-aiyām were written by him (or, according to some, by his contemporary M. Bāqir b. M. Taqī Lāhijī, for whom see § 822 below).

(1)
(Ik̲h̲tiyār (or Ik̲h̲tiyārāt) al-aiyām) (beg. al-Ḥ. l. R. al-ʿā…. a. b. c̲h̲unīn gūyad … M.B. b. M.T.… kih īn risālah īst dar bayān i ān-c̲h̲ih az aḥādīt̲h̲ … maʿlūm mī-s̲h̲awad az saʿādat u nuḥūsat i aiyām), on the selection of auspicious days and times as indictated by the Traditions of the Imāms (not by legally objectionable recourse to astrology), a work existing in at least two forms, a larger, I. al-a. i kabīr [in a series of unnumbered [?]9 faṣls?] and a smaller, I. al-a. i ṣag̲h̲īr [in three faṣls and a k̲h̲ātimah?], not at present distinguishable with certainty on the basis of the descriptions in the catalogues, since the mss., though obviously differing considerably in size,10 seem to begin with the same words and rarely, if ever, bear distinctive titles: i.ḥ. 1212, D̲h̲arīʿah i p. 367 nos. 1917,1918, Edinburgh 363 (foll. 27–38. Nothing said about divisions. ah 1066/1665 [sic?]11), Bodleian iii 2748 (foll. 227–31. Two faṣls only ((1) days of month, (2) days of week). ah 1098/1687), Mas̲h̲had v p. 10 no. 334 (in 3 faṣls and a k̲h̲ātimah. 14 foll. ah 1099/1687), Ivanow 1119 (4) (foll. 136–59. ah 1107/1695–6), 2nd Suppt. 1031 (27 foll.), 1032 (16 foll.), 1062 (13) (foll. 245–70), Lindesiana p. 192 no. 439 (circ. ad 1800), Rieu i 256b (foll. 172–3. ah 1222/1807), Bānkīpūr xvii 1560 (foll. 111–27), Suppt. ii 2138 (in 3 faṣls. 14 foll.), Browne Coll. Q. 4 (2) (foll. 70–159. Contains sections on the seven climes, the seas, rivers, springs and other matter occurring also in Maʿārif ii 246. ah 1278/1861), Berlin 309 (99 foll. Modern), Maʿārif ii 246 (38 faṣls. Cf. Browne Coll. Q. 4 (2) above), Mehren p. 63 no. 2 (1) (3 faṣls and k̲h̲ātimah), p. 65 no. 4 (9) (g).

Editions (apparently of the larger work)12: Tabrīz 1260/1844 (Mas̲h̲had v p. 218); [Persia 1850?°]13 (… k. al-J. min muʾallafāt al-fāḍil al-Majlisī. 40 foll.); [Persia] (1273/1856–7) (88 pp. (unnumbered). See zdmg. 81 p. cxxvi); [Persia, I860?0] (… k. i I. i f. i M. 50 foll.); [Persia, 1860?0] (K. i I. i f. i M. 48 foll.); Tihrān a.h.s. 1333/1954‡ (appended, on pp. 329–68, to the Ḥilyat al-muttaqīn and the Mubāḥat̲h̲ah i Ḥasanīyah. Mūsawī Pr.).

Edition (of an abridgment?): Bombay 1287/1870‡ (in Maḥmūd b. M. Kāẓim Māzandarānī’s miscellany Maṭāriḥ al-anẓār pp. 26–33, where it is headed Risālah i Mullā M.B. i Majlisī dar bayān i saʿd u naḥs i aiyām i nāh u haftah u dīgar aḥkām).

(2)
Risālah fī Ik̲h̲tiyār al-sāʿāt (beg. al-Ḥ. l. ’l. zaiyana ’l-layāliya wa-’l-aiyāma wa-’l-auqāt): i.ḥ. 1213: no. mss. recorded?
(3)
Mafātīḥ al-g̲h̲aib (beg. al-Ḥ. l. ’l. lā yaʿlamu k̲h̲aira ʿibādihi siwāhu), on various methods of istik̲h̲ārah, or taking omens (by means of the Qurʾān, the rosary, slips of paper, etc.), composed in 1104/1693 and divided into a fātiḥah, eight miftāḥs and a k̲h̲ātimah: i.ḥ. 3025, Ivanow 1120 (2) (foll. 27–75. ah 1123/1711), Bānkīpūr xvi 1432 (18th cent.).

Editions: [India] 1269/1852–3 (having on the margin a Persian translation of the Risālah i Iʿtiqādīyah ascribed to ʿAlī Riḍā. See Mas̲h̲had i, fṣl. 4, ptd. bks., no. 129); place? 1302/ 1884–5 (Mas̲h̲had ii, fṣl. 8, ptd. bks., no. 192); Tihrān 1306/ 1888–9 (Karbalāʾī M. Taqī’s Pr. See Mas̲h̲had v p. 327).

§ 812. Mīrzā ʿAlī Mardān b. Husain Warānī [vocalisation?] Kirmānī was a military officer under the Governor of Balūc̲h̲istān.

Asrār al-g̲h̲aib (beg. Ḥ. i bī-ḥadd u karān u t̲h̲. i bī -ʿadd u pāyān Wājib al-Wujūdī-rā-st), on the ʿamal al-māsah, on taking omens by means of threads woven from the hair of camels, composed at the request of the Governor of Balūc̲h̲istān M. Ibrāhīm Mīrzā b. Fatḥ-ʿAlī S̲h̲āh Qājār: D̲h̲arīʿah ii p. 53, Najaf S. Abū ’l-Qāsim Nūsawī Riyāḍī (ah 1276/1860).

§ 813. Mīrzā M. [b. M. Rafīʿ, entitled Malik al-kuttāb] S̲h̲īrāzī was born in 1269/1852–3 (see pl. i § 662, etc.).

Maqnāṭīs al-arwāḥ: Bombay (date? See ʿAlīgaṛh Subḥ. ptd. bks. p. 44, under Raml, jafr, etc.).

§ 814. Jāmāsp b. Luhrāsp.

Jāmāsp-nāmah, a tract on magic: Bombay 1312/1894° (… Farhang al-mulūk wa-asrār al-ʿAjam al-mausūm bi-J.-n. Ed. M. Malik al-kuttāb [for whom see pl. i § 662] 32 pp. Jaʿfarī Pr. Cf. ʿAlīgaṛh Subḥ. ptd. bks. p. 43).

§ 815. Appendix

(1)
Aḥkām i g̲h̲ālib u mag̲h̲lūb (beg. Ḥakīm Arisṭāṭālīs Arisṭō b. Ng̲h̲rmās [sic] i Qdūnī [sic] wazīr i ḥaḍrat i D̲h̲ū ’l-Qarnain az barā-yi ū waḍʿ kardah), on taking omens for victory or defeat by reckoning the letters of the alphabet in the names of the parties concerned, said to have been composed by Aristotle for Alexander:14 Bānkīpūr Suppt. ii 2323 (19th cent.).
(2)
Asrār al-qulūb, on the ʿamal al-māsah (cf. pl. ii § 812), by Mīrzā M. Ḥusain Kirmānī: D̲h̲arīʿah ii p. 55.
(3)
Bāqir al-anwār, “on sorcery”, by S. ʿAlī Akbarābadī b. Ḥāmid Qattāl: Princeton 71 (1) (5 foll. 18th cent.).
(4)
Dīw-u -parī-nāmah (beg. Yā ʿAbd al-Raḥmān): D̲h̲arīʿah viii p. 295 no. 1309 (old ms. in a private library at Iṣfahān).
(5)
Ganjīnah i ḥājāt, a collection of amulets and charms, by M. Sulaimān-qadr “Task̲h̲īr”: Lucknow, Muḥammadī Pr., 1294/1877* (72 pp.).
(6)
Iʿjāz i ʿĪsawī: see Majmūʿah i iʿjāz i ʿĪsawī.
(7)
Jawāhir al-idrāk, fī ’l-ʿulūm al-g̲h̲arībah.

Edition: Bombay (D̲h̲arīʿah v p. 260 no. 1251).

(8)
K̲h̲azīnah i taʿwīd̲h̲āt, by Gul Aḥmad Kātib Pas̲h̲āwarī: Lahore [1913*] (Kalān ganjīnah i ʿamalīyāt maʿrūf bah K̲h̲. i t. 128 pp. N.K.).
(9)
Majmūʿah i iʿjāz i ʿĪsawī, anonymous tracts on oneiromany, cheiromancy and other occult arts: Lahore [1933*] (Muḥammadī Steam Pr. Ed. Maulawī ʿAbd al-K̲h̲āliq. 80 pp.).
(10)
Mār-nāmah: Brelvi-Dhabhar p. 70 no. 3 (1) (A.Y. 1152).

Edition: The Persian Mâr-nâmeh; or The book for taking Omens from Snakes. [Edited and translated] by Jivanji Jamshedji Modi. Bombay 1893° (a paper read to the Anthropological Society of Bombay. 10 pp.).

(11)
Risālah i Mirrīk̲h̲ i Hind Bālīnās15 i ḥakīm fī bayān baʿḍ al-ʿulūm al-k̲h̲afīyah al-mufaṣṣalah min ʿilm al-kīmiyā wa-’l-hīmiyā wa-’l-sīmiyā wa-’l-rīmiyā (beg. al-Ḥ. l. ’l. hadānā ilā ’l-ṭarīq al-mustaqīm … a. b. īn risālah īst dar bayān i baʿḍ i asrār): Bodleian iii 2749 (1) (large lacuna).
(12)
(Risālah i sīmiyā1) (beg. al-Ḥ. l. R. al-ʿā—a. b. bar arbāb i ḥikmat u baṣīrat pūs̲h̲īdah na-mānad kih ʿilm i sīmiyā ʿilm ast dar g̲h̲āyat i ʿuluww): Berlin 303 (4).
(13)
(Risālah i sīmiyā16) (beg. Bi-dān-kih har yak az as̲h̲kāl i 28-gānah rā quwāʾī hast): Berlin 303 (5).
(14)
Tuḥfat al-mujarrabāt (beg. Ḥ. i maufūrah [sic] u t̲h̲. i maḥṣūrah2 [sic]17 ba-ḥaḍrat i Malik i Mutaʿāl), in ramal verses (preceded by a brief preface in prose), divided into forty-two (Berlin) or forty-three (Upsala) chapters (the first on love) and ascribed to Luqmān al-ḥakīm: Berlin 51 (3) (ah 1229/1813?), Upsala Zetterstéen 394 fol. 172b sqq. (defective at end).
(15)
Uṣūl i malāḥim (beg. Bi-dān-kih nuk̲h̲ust aṣl i īn kitāb Malḥamah i Dāniyāl i paig̲h̲ambar … nām nihādah ast u baʿd az ū ḥukamāʾ i qadīm c̲h̲ūn Hirmis u Būzurjmihr …), on the prognostics to be drawn from natural phenomena: Browne Coll. Q. 4 (1) (70 foll. ah 1278/1861).
(16)
Zubdat al-alwāḥ (beg. al-Ḥ. l. R. al-ʿā. wa’l-ʿāqibatu … Baʿd az ḥ. u t̲h̲anā-yi Ḥaḍrat i kibriyā u durūd) Berlin 303 (3) (ah 1063/1652–3), Bodleian 1564 (3), Āṣafīyah ii p. 1680.

Edition: Bombay 1301/1883–4 (Āṣafīyah ii p. 1680 no. 175).

next chapter: 9.2 Taʿbīr

Notes

^ Back to text1. For the Muslim ideas concerning Hermes see The influence of Hermetic literature on Moslem thought, by A.E. Affifi (in bsoas. xiii/4 (1951) pp. 840–55).

^ Back to text2. I.e. Apollonius of Tyana. Cf. bsoas. xiii/4 (1951) p. 847; Ency. Isl. under Balīnūs (Carra de Vaux).

^ Back to text3. Cf. Nicoll’s Bodleian catalogue p. 332.

^ Back to text4. In the Tuḥfah i K̲h̲ānī, ʿAlī b. Ḥusain Kās̲h̲ifī’s abridgment of his father’s Asrār i Qāsimī, the latter work is described as dealing with Sīmiyā and Rīmiyā (see Ivanow Curzon 648). The chapter headings given by Mehren are in agreement with this description. On the other hand Edwards describes the work as “A treatise on alchemy and other occult arts …”

^ Back to text5. This date, according to the Bānkīpūr catalogue, occurs at the end [of the k̲h̲ātimah to Maqṣad i apparently].

^ Back to text6. As Qāsim al-Anwār died in 837/1433–4 (cf. Browne Lit. Hist. iii p. 473), the genuineness of this dedication and the correctness of the ascription of the work to Ḥusain Kās̲h̲ifī have been doubted. It should be noted, however, that apart from some supplies, which include the preface, the Copenhagen ms. (Mehren 132) was apparently written in Ḥusain Kās̲h̲ifī’s lifetime and that according to the Rauḍāt al-jannāt (p. 25726) an abridgment (ik̲h̲tiṣār) of the work was made by his son ʿAlī b. Ḥusain Kās̲h̲ifī. According to Mehren, who was quoting from a ms. in which the preface was corruptly supplied in a later hand and in which the author’s name is apparently not mentioned, the work was written “jussu Châni Qâsim”.

^ Back to text7. Mehren supposed the leaves after the lacuna to be from a different work. The colophon in fact calls it Tarjamah i kitāb i ʿUyūn u Lubāb i funūn, but this is only a description of the Āsrār i Qāsimī, which, as appears from the preface (see Bānkīpūr Suppt. ii p. 47), was regarded by the author as mainly translated from the Siḥr al-ʿuyūn of Yūsuf b. Aḥmad, known also as the Lubāb of Ibn al-Ḥallāj, and the ʿUyūn al-ḥaqāʾiq of al-Simāwī.

^ Back to text8. For this word see pl. i § 1321 (2), fn. It shows that Aḥmad was an Indian.

^ Back to text9. Apparently forty, since according to D̲h̲arīʿah v p. 316, C̲h̲ihil faṣl is a title given to Majlisī’s I k̲h̲tiyārāt.

^ Back to text10. One of the larger forms of the work [cf. Maʿārif ii 246 (38 faṣls) and Browne Coll. Q. 4 (2)] contains sections on the seven climes, the seas, rivers, springs and other apparently irrelevant matter unlikely to have been inserted by the original author.

^ Back to text11. According to the Mas̲h̲had catalogue the Ik̲h̲tiyār al-aiyam i ṣag̲h̲īr was completed in 1078/1668, but this may be a date of transcription.

^ Back to text12. Ṭubiʿa mirāran” (D̲h̲arīʿah i p. 367).

^ Back to text13. The description of this work in the b.m. catalogue as “a tract on astrological prediction” seems to be wide of the mark.

^ Back to text14. This is the subject of the 34th faṣl in the form of M. Bāqir b. M. Taqī’s Ik̲h̲tiyārāt al-aiyām represented in Maʿārif ii 246.

^ Back to text15. Cf. Apollonius von Thyana (oder Balinas) bei den Arabern. Von M. Stein- schneider (in zdmg. 45 (1891) pp. 439–46).

^ Back to text16. For sīmiyā see de Slane Prolégomènes iii p. 188, Ḥ. K̲h̲. iii 646, Hammer Encyklopādische Übersicht p. 512.

^ Back to text17. The Indian origin of the preface at least is indicated by the gender of these adjectives, both ḥamd and t̲h̲anā being feminine in Urdu.

Cite this page
“9.1 Occult Arts: General and Unclassified”, in: Storey Online, Charles Ambrose Storey. Consulted online on 29 February 2024 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/2772-7696_SPLO_COM_20901000>
First published online: 2021



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