In Volume 1-1: Qurʾānic Literature, History, and Biography | Section 1, Qurʾānic Literature
§ 50. Zain al-Dīn Muḥammad b. Abī ’l-Qāsim al-Baqqālī al-K̲h̲awārazmī (d. 562/1166–7) composed—
- Tarājim al-aʿājim: H.K̲h̲. ii 2877, Āyā Ṣūfiyah 4664 bis–4666, de Jong 128 (1), Fātiḥ 5176.
A revised and enlarged edition by Ṣārim b. M. al-Amāsī: Leyden iv p. 26 (ah 700).
¶ § 51. Abū Bakr Isḥāq b. Tāj al-Dīn Abī ’l-Ḥasan [ʿAlī1] b. Abī Bakr ibn Abī Ṣāʿid al-Ḥāfiẓ al-Ṣūfī al-Bakrī al-Multānī al-Ḥanafī called Ibn al-Tāj composed an Arabic work on the manāsik al-ḥajj (Ahlwardt 4046), another Arabic work entitled K̲h̲ulāṣat al-aḥkām bi-s̲h̲arāʾiṭ al-īmān wa-’l-islām (abridged in Arabic and Persian under the title K̲h̲ulāṣat al-dīn bi-s̲h̲arāʾiṭ al-īmān wa-’l-yaqīn. See Ahlwardt 1798–9), and in ah 717 at Multān
- K̲h̲ulāṣat Jawāhir al-Qurʾān fī bayān ma’ānī lug̲h̲āt al-Furqān, Persian explanations or discussions of Qurʾānic words (one from each sūrah apparently): Ahlwardt 876 = Berlin 30 (autograph written at Cairo in 734).
[Brockelmann ii 220.]
§ 52. The Amīr S. ʿAlī b. S̲h̲ihāb al-Dīn Hamadānī, the “Apostle of Kas̲h̲mīr”, a celebrated saint and the author of the D̲h̲ak̲h̲īrat al-mulūk and other works which will be mentioned hereafter, died in 786/1385.
- Farhang i Mīr Saiyid ʿAlī: Bodleian 1652.
[Rieu ii 447, etc.]
§ 53. al-Saiyid al-S̲h̲arīf ʿAlī b. M. al-Jurjānī, born in S̲h̲aʿbān 740/1340 at Ṭāg̲h̲ū,2 a village near Astarābād, was a pupil of Mubārak-S̲h̲āh the logician and of Akmal al-Dīn al-Bābartī (Br. ii 80), with both of whom he read at Cairo. In 779/1377–8 he was presented by al-Taftāzānī to the Muẓaffarid S̲h̲āh S̲h̲ujāʿ, who appointed him to a professorship in the Dār al-S̲h̲ifāʾ at S̲h̲īrāz. When Tīmūr conquered S̲h̲īrāz in 789 he transferred al-Jurjānī to Samarqand. On Tīmur’s death he returned to S̲h̲īrāz and died there in 8163/1413. His works, more than 50 in number, were mainly Arabic text-books or commentaries on popular text-books in Grammar, Logic, Rhetoric, Law, Philosophy, etc., but a few Persian works are ascribed to him, including the Ṣarf i Mīr, the Naḥw i Mīr, the Ṣug̲h̲rā, and the Kubrā.
- Tarjumān al-Qurʾān,4 Persian explanations of most of the words in the Qurʾān in the order in which they occur: Ethé 2699 (ah 858), Browne Pers. Cat. 19, ʿĀs̲h̲ir p. 175 no. 428 (?), Ivanow Curzon 338.
Two rearrangements of this work in alphabetical order have been preserved—
[Bug̲h̲yat al-wuʿāt 351, Majālis al-‘us̲h̲s̲h̲āq 291, Ras̲h̲aḥāt 106, Ḥabīb al-siyar iii 3, 89, al-Fawāʾid al-bahīyah 125, Rauḍāt al-jannāt 497, Brockelmann ii 216, Ency. Isl. under D̲j̲urd̲j̲ānī, Browne Lit. Hist. iii 355.]
§ 54. Yaḥyā b. ʿUmar Minqārī-Zādah was S̲h̲aik̲h̲ al-Islām at Constantinople from 1073 to 1084 and died in 1088/1677–8. It is not quite certain whether he is identical with the Minqārīzādah Yaḥyā Efendī who wrote—
- Tarjumān al-Qurʾān (a glossary or a commentary ?): Ayā Sūfiyah 85 (where 1053 is given as the date of the author’s death).
[K̲h̲ulāṣat al-at̲h̲ar iv 477, Rieu, Turkish Cat. 16, Brockelmann ii 435.]
§ 55. ʿAbd al-Ḥaiy Dihlawī (d. 1243/1828) was the pupil and son-in-law of ʿAbd al-ʿAzīz Dihlawī (see p. 19), and was one of the chief supporters of the well-known reformer and mujāhid, Saiyid Aḥmad of Bareilly (vid. Ency. Isl. under Aḥmad b. M. ʿIrfān). He was learned chiefly in Ḥanafī law.
- Lug̲h̲āt al-Qurʾān:—Editions: Jaunpūr 1306–7° and, on the margins of Qurʾāns, Meerut 1286°*, 1294°*.
[Raḥmān ʿAlī 114.]
§ 56. Glossaries by authors of uncertain date:—
- Asās al-ʿulūm, by Ḥākim b. ʿImād Nāgaurī: Rāmpūr (Nad̲h̲īr Aḥmad 6).
- Jāmiʿ Mufradāt al-Qurʾān, by M. Murād Kas̲h̲mīrī: Āqsarāy 91 (also Āyā Ṣūfiyah 298 ?).
- Tarjumān al-Qurʾān, by Abū Jaʿfar M. b. M. b. K̲h̲alīl al-Zauzanī: Gotha Arab. Cat. 401.
- Wāḍiḥ al-bayān fī lug̲h̲āt al-Qurʾān, by M. Ṣalāḥ: Aṣafīyah ii p. 1462 no. 156 (autograph).
§ 57. Glossaries by unknown authors:—
- Āyā Ṣūfiyah 4837 (1).
- i.o. d.p. 562a.
- Jawāhir al-Qurʾān: Āṣafīyah ii p. 1452 no. 264 (defective at beginning).
- K̲h̲ulāsah i Mustak̲h̲laṣ al-maʿānī: Ethé 2701, Ivanow Curzon 346.
- Mustak̲h̲laṣ al-maʿānī: Bānkīpūr Pers. Hand-list 1164 (ah 1250). Edition: Bareilly 1866°.
- ¶ Risālah fī muʿarrab alfāẓ al-Qurʾān wa-’l-ḥadīt̲h̲: Cairo p. 533.
- Tarjumān al-Qurʾān:73 Berlin 232 (8) (fragment).
- Tarjumān al-Qurʾān:6 i.o. d.a. 984 (defective at end).