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1.1 The Relationship with the Shīʿa
(803 words)

In Volume 1 | Part B, The Islamic Provinces in the 2nd Century | Chapter 1, Syria

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In contrast with Kūfa and with Iraq more generally, Syria for a long time escaped from inner religious conflicts. The Sh…

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Josef van Ess, “1.1 The Relationship with the Shīʿa”, in: Theology and Society Online, Josef van Ess. Consulted online on 29 March 2023 <>
First published online: 2018

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