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ʿĀʾisha bt. Aḥmad al-Qurṭubiyya

(475 words)

Author(s): Ávila, María Luisa
ʿĀʾisha bt. Aḥmad al-Qurṭubiyya (d. 400/1009) was an Andalusian poet, probably born in Córdoba. Although the sources shed no light on her origins, her full name is thought to have been ʿĀʾisha bt. Aḥmad b. Muḥammad b. Qādim b. Ziyād, and she was certainly the sister of the man of letters Muḥammad b. Aḥmad b. Qādim (d. 380/990). She is also said to have been the niece of Abū ʿAbdallāh b. Qādim al-Ṭabīb, a famous physician and poet from Cordova whose date of death is unknown. It is perhaps because sh…
Date: 2021-07-19

Baqī b. Makhlad

(800 words)

Author(s): Ávila, María Luisa
Abū ʿAbd al-Raḥmān Baqī b. Makhlad b. Yazīd (201–76/817–89) was a Córdoban traditionist and pioneer in the introduction of the study of ḥadīth in al-Andalus. He was a descendant of the mawlā (client) of a woman from Jaén (Jayyān), and the sources emphasise that he made no attempt to invent a more prestigious genealogy. He travelled to the Mashriq twice, where he completed the studies that he had begun in Córdoba. His first riḥla (journey) lasted about twenty years and his second fourteen. The extensive biography by Ibn Ḥārith al-Khushanī (d. 371/981?) provides substa…
Date: 2021-07-19

al-Ḍabbī, Abū Jaʿfar

(836 words)

Author(s): Ávila, María Luisa
Abū Jaʿfar Aḥmad b. Yaḥyā b. Aḥmad b. ʿAmīra al-Ḍabbī was an Andalusī scholar well known as the author of Bughyat al-multamis fī taʾrīkh rijāl ahl al-Andalus, a biographical dictionary of scholars that complements Jadhwat al-muqtabis by al-Ḥumaydī (d. 488/1095). Al-Ḍabbī was born in Vélez (in the present-day province of Almería) in about 550/1155 and lived most of his life in Murcia. He died in that city when a wall fell on him in one of his vegetable gardens, in 599/1203. He came early to the world of knowledge: he was not yet ten when he attended lessons by Abū ʿAbdallāh b…
Date: 2021-07-19

Ibn Bashkuwāl

(1,793 words)

Author(s): Ávila, María Luisa
Abū l-Qāsim Khalaf b. ʿAbd al-Malik b. Masʿūd b. Mūsà b. Bashkuwāl (b. Yūsuf) b. Dāḥa b. Dāka b. Naṣr b. ʿAbd al-Karīm b. Wāqid al-Anṣārī, known as Ibn Bashkuwāl (494–578/1101–1183), was born in Córdoba. He was a historian and traditionist, renowned mainly for his Kitāb al-ṣila, a biographic dictionary of Andalusī scholars from the era of the Taifas (400–79/1010–86), the Almoravids (r. 454–541/1062–1147), and the advent of Almohad rule (524–668/1130–1269). Little is known of his life, and what is known is limited to a single biography by the Andalusī author Ibn al-…
Date: 2021-07-19

al-Khushanī, Ibn Ḥārith

(1,784 words)

Author(s): Ávila, María Luisa
Abū ʿAbdallāh Muḥammad b. Asad Ibn Ḥārith al-Khushanī (d. 361/971 or 371/981) was an Andalusian jurist of Islamic law (faqīh), historian, and poet. Born in al-Qayrawān in what is now Tun…
Date: 2021-07-19

Ibn al-Abbār, al-Quḍāʿī

(1,228 words)

Author(s): Ávila, María Luisa
Abū ʿAbdallāh Muḥammad b. ʿAbdallāh b. Abī Bakr b. ʿAbdallāh b. ʿAbd al-Raḥmān b. Aḥmad b. Abī Bakr al-Quḍāʿī, known as Ibn al-Abbār (596–658/1198–1260), was an Andalusī historian, writer, poet, politician, and author of al-Takmila li-Kitāb al-Ṣila, among other works. He was secretary (kātib)
Date: 2021-07-19

Ibn al-Qaṭṭāʿ, al-Yaḥṣubī

(581 words)

Author(s): Ávila, María Luisa
ʿĪsā b. Saʿīd al-Yaḥṣubī Ibn al-Qaṭṭāʿ (d. 397/1006) was a secretary and Andalusī wazīr during the reign of the Umayyad Hishām II al-Muʾayyad bi-llāh (r. 366–99/976–1009 and 400–3/1010–3), when al-Manṣūr (Almanzor, d. 392/1002) and then his son al-Muẓaffar (r. 392–9/1002–8) served as ḥājibs (chamberlains) and held actual power. Ibn al-Qaṭṭāʿ had no distinguished ancestors, nor did he belong to a renowned family. He was an Arab from al-Najjār, belonging to a clan known as Banū l-Jazīrī from the region (kūra) of Priego, in the present-day province of Córdoba. His father was a teacher (muʿ…
Date: 2021-07-19

Ibn al-Faraḍī

(1,326 words)

Author(s): Ávila, María Luisa
Abū l-Walīd ʿAbdallāh b. Muḥammad b. Yūsuf b. Naṣr al-Azdī al-Ḥāfiẓ (351–403/962–1013), called Ibn al-Faraḍī, was an Andalusī historian known principally for his Taʾrīkh ʿulamāʾ al-Andalus, a biographical dictionary of Andalusī religious scholars. Born in Córdoba on 21 Dhū l-Qaʿda 351/21 December 962, he began his studies there under such prestigious scholars as Ibn…
Date: 2021-07-19

al-Ḥumaydī al-Andalusī

(2,344 words)

Author(s): Ávila, María Luisa
Abū ʿAbdallāh Muḥammad b. Abī Naṣr Fuṭūh/Fattūḥ b. ʿAbdallāh b. Futūḥ b. Ḥumayd b. Yaṣil al-Azdī (d. 488/1095), called al-Ḥumaydī, was an Andalusī traditionist, jurist (faqīh, pl. fuqa…
Date: 2021-07-19

ʿAbd al-Raḥmān (Sanchuelo)

(728 words)

Author(s): Ávila, María Luisa
ʿAbd al-Raḥmān b. Muḥammad b. Abī ʿĀmir (Sanchuelo) (d. 399/1009) was an unpopular Andalusian governor whose brief rule was characterised by excess and ended with his execution. Born about 374/984, he was the youngest son of al-Manṣūr b. Abī ʿĀmir and ʿAbda, daughter of the king of Pamplona, Sancho Garcés II Abarca. His mother called him Sanchuelo (Sanjūl), a diminutive of Sancho, in memory of his grandfather. ʿAbd al-Raḥmān was designated ḥājib (chamberlain) by the caliph Hishām II (r. 366–99/976–1009) in 399/1008 after his elder brother al-Muẓaffar died from an ap…
Date: 2021-07-19

Beja (in Portugal)

(1,182 words)

Author(s): Ávila, María Luisa
Beja (Ar. Bāja), a district in and the capital city of the present-day Portuguese sub-region (formerly province) of Baixo Alentejo, was described by Arabic geographers variously as a madīna (city), kūra (province), or iqlīm (district) of western al-Andalus (Gharb). According to al-Rāzī, it was one of the oldest cities in al-Andalus, having been elevated to the status of provincial capital by Julius Caesar, who named it Pax Julia (lit., the Julian peace), the source of the Arabic name, Bāja. Al-Rāzī states that the land was suit…
Date: 2021-07-19

ʿAbd al-Malik al-Muẓaffar

(880 words)

Author(s): Ávila, María Luisa
ʿAbd al-Malik b. Muḥammad b. Abī ʿĀmir al-Muẓaffar (364–399/975–1008) was the son of al-Manṣūr b. Abī ʿĀmir and al-Dhalfāʾ, a slave of Christian origin, and succeeded his father on 27 Ramaḍān 392/10 August 1002 as ḥājib (chamberlain) of the Umayyad caliph of al-Andalus, Hishām II (r. 366–99/976–1009 and 400–3/1010–1013); he continued in that post until his death. ʿAbd al-Malik followed the political path trod by his father: he ruled al-Andalus with absolute power, and maintained the legitimate caliph merely as a figurehead. At the beginning of his rul…
Date: 2021-07-19