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Polish

(5,906 words)

Author(s): Łaziński, Marek
The autonym and its originThe country name Polska and the adjective polski, used as the language name, consists of the Slavic root polʹ ‘field’ and the adjectival suffix - ski. There is no consensus about when and why the name came into existence. The country name in its Latin version Polonia was minted on a denarius of Bolesław I the Brave, the first king of Poland, who ruled around 1000 CE (the exact inscription contains a grammatical error, “Princes Polonie”). The name is also motivated by an earlier ethnonym Polanie (sg Polanin) – one of west Slavic tribes, which had been unifi…
Date: 2024-01-23

Infinitives, Constructions with

(3,867 words)

Author(s): Hansen, Björn | Łaziński, Marek
The infinitive is a verbal form found in all Slavic languages except some South Slavic: Bulgarian and Macedonian (and the Serbian Torlak dialect), where the form became extinct a few hundred years ago. In this chapter, we shall focus on North Slavic: Polish ( bezokolicznik), Russian ( infinitiv, neopredelennaja forma glagola), and Czech ( infinitiv/neurčitek).The infinitive is marked for aspect but not for tense, mood, number, or person. Like participles and adverbial participles, it forms a “quasi grammatical category” in the sense of Mel…
Date: 2024-01-23

COVID-19 Vocabulary in Slavic

(4,498 words)

Author(s): Będkowska-Kopczyk, Agnieszka | Łaziński, Marek
COVID-19 pandemic reflected in Slavic languagesLanguage not only denotes things but also expresses the human experience. The experience of the COVID-19 pandemic outbreak, separation from one’s family and friends during the lockdown, uncertainty about economic consequences, and the further development of the pandemic are reflected in the growing body of new vocabulary in many languages. This article tackles lexical units that refer to the COVID-19 pandemic in Slavic languages: Russian and Ukrai…
Date: 2024-01-23

Corpora of Slavic Languages

(5,993 words)

Author(s): Łaziński, Marek | Božović, Petar | Dickey, Stephen M.
Corpus linguistics as a general, broadly accessible field of research and methodology developed in the United States and Western Europe in the 1980s, but Slavic countries and languages joined the new approach to language relatively early. In the first stage of development of computer-assisted quantitative linguistics, scholars from Slavic countries were already beginning to get involved in the field.One of the cofounders of the first publicly available standard corpus of contemporary American English, the Brown Corpus (1969), was the Czech and Slavic…
Date: 2024-01-23