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Odius

(96 words)

Author(s): Antoni, Silke (Kiel)
(Ὀδίος/ Odíos, auch Ὁδίος/ Hodíos). [German version] [1] Herald of the Greeks at Troy Herald of the Greeks at Troy (Hom. Il. 9,170; of the Telamonian Ajax [1]: schol. Hom. Il. 2,96). Antoni, Silke (Kiel) [German version] [2] Leader of the Halizons at Troy Together with Epistrophus (in Dictys 2,35 both are sons of Minuus) leader before Troy of the Halizons from the Bithynian Alybe (Hom. Il. 2,856f.; Str. 12,3,20ff.; Apollod. Epit. 3,35), fought on the Trojans' side and was killed by Agamemnon (Hom. Il. 5,38-42). On the name: Arr. FGrH 156 F 98. Antoni, Silke (Kiel)

Zelos

(66 words)

Author(s): Antoni, Silke (Kiel)
[German version] (Ζῆλος; Zêlos). Personification of zeal; son of Pallas and Styx. He and his siblings, Nike, Kratos and Bia, are constant companions of Zeus (Hes. Theog. 383-388), and his aides in the fight against the Titans (Apollod. 1,9). He is later equated with Zelotypia ('Jealousy': Orph. Fr. 127; Meleager Anth. Gr. 5,190; Hyg. Fab. praef. 17: Invidia; Hes. Op. 195 f.). Antoni, Silke (Kiel)

Schoeneus

(241 words)

Author(s): Antoni, Silke (Kiel)
(Σχοινεύς/ Schoineús, Latin Schoeneus;  cf. σχοῖνος/ schoînos, 'rush'). [German version] [1] Son of Athamas and Themisto Son of Athamas and Themisto, the daughter of Hypseus; brother of Leucon [1], Erythrius and Ptous/Ptoeus (Herodorus FGrH 31 F 38; Apollod. 1,84; Nonnus, Dion. 9,312-321; Tzetz. Ad Lykophr. 22, some with variant names). Father of both the Boeotian Atalante and the Arcadian one (Hes. fr. 72,9 f.; 75,12-15; 76,9 M.-W.; Apollod. 1,68; 1,112; 3,109; Hyg. Fab. 173; 185; 244; Ov. Met. 10,609; 10,660 et passim) and of Clymenus [6] (Hyg. Fab. 206; 238; 242; 246). …

Setaea

(121 words)

Author(s): Antoni, Silke (Kiel)
[German version] (Σήταια; Sḗtaia). One of the Greeks' Trojan prisoners of war after the capture of Troy. On Mount Sybaris, fearing threatening servitude, she persuades the women captured with her to set fire to the Greek fleet. As punishment she is shackled to a cliff for vultures to feed on (Lycophr. 1075-1082; Tzetz. Ad Lycoph. 921; 1075-1081). The place takes it name, Setaeum, from her (Steph. Byz. s. v. Σηταῖον; EM s. v. Σηταῖον). According to Apollodorus (Epit. 6,15c = Tzetz. Ad Lycoph. 921) t…

Sous

(103 words)

Author(s): Antoni, Silke (Kiel)
[German version] (Σόος/ Sóos). Member of the Spartan royal house of the Eurypontids. Not yet mentioned in Herodotus (7,204; 8,131), but included as son of Procles [1] and father of Eurypon in ruler lists in more recent sources (Plut. Lycurgus 1,40a-2,40c; Paus. 3,7,1; Phlegon FGrH 257 F 1,2). It may be possible to trace this mythical figure back to a historical person, since it is to S.'s reign that e.g. the enslaving of the Helots is ascribed (Plut. loc.cit.), and Plato (Crat. 412b) is familiar with a respected Spartan with the name Σοῦς/ Soûs (contracted form of Sóos). Lycurgus [4] Antoni, S…

Styx

(305 words)

Author(s): Antoni, Silke (Kiel)
[German version] (Στύξ/ Stýx). From Homer (Hom. Il. 2,755; 14,271; 15,36-38 et passim), who exclusively uses the phrase Στυγὸς ὕδωρ/ Stygòs hýdōr ('Water of Horror'), onwards a river (in Pl. Phd. 113c: lake) in the Underworld and besides Gaia and Uranus the most important of the gods' witnesses to oaths. It appears for the first time in Hes. Theog. 361; 383-403; 775-806 as a mythical figure. The S. is the earliest of the Oceanids and the mother with Pallas of Zelus, Nike, Cratus and Bia and, according to Epimenides …

Pleione

(181 words)

Author(s): Antoni, Silke (Kiel)
[German version] (Πληίονη/ Plēíonē, Latin Plione: Serv. Georg. 1,138). Daughter of Oceanus and Tethys (Ov. Fast. 5,83f.), mother of the Pleiades (Apollod. 3,110; schol. Hom. Od. 5,272), who - according to a widely accepted version- are named after their mother (schol. Hom. Il. 18,486 Bekker after the Epic cycle ; schol. Apoll. Rhod. 3,225-227a), also mother of Hyas and the Hyades (schol. Hes. Op. 383a; Hyg. Poet. Astr. 2,21 after Musaeus; Hyg. Fab. 192 and 248), and grandmother ofMercurius) (Ov. Met.…

Pachrates

(85 words)

Author(s): Antoni, Silke (Kiel)
[German version] (Παχράτης/ Pachrátēs). Magician and prophet from Heliopolis [1], proved his craft to emperor Hadrian with the help of a smoke sacrifice to Selene, in recognition of which he received double his fee (PGM 1, P 4,2446ff.). P. may have served as inspiration for the figure of the magician Pancrates in Lucian. Philopseudes 34-36 [1] and is perhaps identical [2. 618f.] with the poet Pancrates [3]. Antoni, Silke (Kiel) Bibliography 1 K. Preisendanz, s.v. P., RE 18, 2071-2074 2 F. Stoessl, s.v. Pankrates (5), RE 18, 615-619.

Pelarge

(86 words)

Author(s): Antoni, Silke (Kiel)
[German version] (Πελαργή; Pelarg). Daughter of Potneus, wife of Isthmiades. After the Epigoni campaign and the capture of Thebes P. and her husband are said to have renewed the interrupted Boeotian cult of Demeter Kabeiria and of Kore (Persephone) outside its former territory by reinstituting the consecration of the mysteries of the Cabiraei (or Cabirii), the descendants of the Cabiri, who originally inhabited the place. For this, she herself received cultic worship, in accordance with an oracle from Dodona (Paus. 9,25,5-7). Antoni, Silke (Kiel)

Othryoneus

(97 words)

Author(s): Antoni, Silke (Kiel)
(Ὀθρυονεύς; Othryoneús). [German version] [1] Warrior from Cabesus Warrior from Cabesus, fights at Troy on Priamus' side, for which the latter promises him the hand of his daughter Cassandra. O. is killed by Idomeneus [1] (Hom. Il. 13,363ff., 772; Steph. Byz. s.v. Ἀγάθυρσοι and Καβασσός; Macr. Sat. 5,5,8). Antoni, Silke (Kiel) [German version] [2] Teacher from Opus Teacher from Opus, in whose company Patroclus strikes dead the son of Amphidamas [2] while playing (Alexander Aetolus in schol. Hom. Il. 23,86a1 = CollAlex fr. 10, p. 127f. and TrGF 1, 101 F 1). Antoni, Silke (Kiel)

Peiras

(108 words)

Author(s): Antoni, Silke (Kiel)
(Πείρας; Peíras). [German version] [1] Father of Echidna According to Epimenides (FGrH 457 F 5), P. was the father of Echidna with Styx as the mother (Paus. 8,18,2). Antoni, Silke (Kiel) [German version] [2] Founder of the Heraeum of Argos Son of Argos [I 1] and Euadne, brother of Ecbasus, Epidaurus and Criasus (Apollod. 2,3). According to Plutarchus (FGrH 388 F 2), P. founded the sanctuary of the Argive Hera, installed his daughter Callithyia (Callithoe [2]/Io) as priestess and dedicated to Hera an idol made from pear-wood. He is ide…

Naiads

(475 words)

Author(s): Antoni, Silke (Kiel)
[German version] (Ναιάδες; Naiádes, Νηιάδες; Nēiádes, singular Ναιάς; Naiás, Νηιάς; Nēiás, Νηίς; Nēís; Latin Naiades). Collective term for water nymphs in general (Nymphs; Hom. Il. 6,22; 14,444; 20,384; Hom. Od. 13,104; 13,356), who also have specific names corresponding to the bodies of water with which they are associated (cf. schol. Hom. Il. 20,8 Bekker). Etymologically, the term Naiádes is related to νάω/ náō (‘to flow’) and νᾶμα/ náma (‘something that flows, river’) (Hesych. s. v. Ναΐδες; etymology m. s. v. Νῆις). Subject to the naiads are above all rivers…

Tenthredon

(61 words)

Author(s): Antoni, Silke (Kiel)
[German version] (Τενθρηδών/ Tenthrēdṓn, 'gall wasp': schol.  Nic. Alex. 547a-b;  cf. [1]). Descendant of Magnes [2] (schol. and Eust. on Hom. Il. 2,756), father of Prothous [3], the leader of the Magnetes (Hom. Il. 2,756; Lycophr.  899 with Tzetz.; Aristot. Epigr. 28, in [2]). Antoni, Silke (Kiel) Bibliography 1 LSJ, 1775, s. v. T. 2 Th. Bergk (ed.), Poetae Lyrici Graeci, vol. 2, 41882.

Telon

(36 words)

Author(s): Antoni, Silke (Kiel)
[German version] (Τήλων; Tḗlōn). King of the Teleboae, ruler of the island Capreae, father of Oebalus [2] by the nymph Sebethis (Verg. Aen. 7,734-736; Serv. Aen. 7,734 f.; cf. Sil. Pun. 8,541 f.). Antoni, Silke (Kiel)

Phoebe

(422 words)

Author(s): Antoni, Silke (Kiel)
(Φοίβη/ Phoíbē, Lat. Phoebe). [German version] [1] Titan, daughter of Gaia and Uranus ('Bright, pure one' [2], cf. on the etymology: [3]). Titan (Titans), daughter of Gaia and Uranus (Hes. Theog. 136; Orph. fr. 114; Apollod. 1,2; cf. Diod. Sic. 5,66,2f.; of Chthon (Chthonic deities): Aesch. Eum. 6f.; of Kronos: Schol. Pind. Pyth., hypothesis p. 1 Drachmann), by her brother Coeus (corrupt: Hyg. Fab. praef. 10: Polus) mother of Leto and Asteria [2] (Hes. Theog. 404-409; Diod. Sic. 5,67,2; Apollod. 1,8; Schol. …

Nicagora

(37 words)

Author(s): Antoni, Silke (Kiel)
[German version] (Νικαγόρα/ Nikagóra). Sicyonian, wife of Echetimus, mother of Agasicles. According to legend she brought Asclepius, in the shape of a serpent, in a mule cart from Epidaurus to Sicyon (Paus. 2,10,3). Antoni, Silke (Kiel)

Tacita

(100 words)

Author(s): Antoni, Silke (Kiel)
[German version] ('the silent', also Dea Muta 'mute goddess'). The name, date (21 February, on the Feralia) and nature of her cult (Ov. Fast. 2,569-582), which is supposed to have been introduced to Rome by the king Numa Pompilius (Plut. Numa 8,65b), suggest an Underworld deity (cf. Ov. Fast. 2,609; 5,422; Verg. Aen. 6,264 f.). T. is identified with the Nymph Lara/Lala or Larunda (Varro Ling. 5,74), who betrays a plan of Iuppiter, and he tears out her tongue. Raped by Mercurius, she becomes the mother of the Lares (Ov. Fast. 2,583-616; Lactant. Div. inst. 1,20,35). Antoni, Silke (Kiel)

Thootes

(45 words)

Author(s): Antoni, Silke (Kiel)
[German version] (Θοώτης; Thoṓtēs). Herald of Menestheus [1] at Troy, sent by him to the two Aiantes (Ajax [1-2]) and to Teucrus [2] to ask for help in battle with the Lycians Sarpedon [1] and Glaucus [4]  (Hom. Il. 12,342-363). Antoni, Silke (Kiel)

Sao

(32 words)

Author(s): Antoni, Silke (Kiel)
[German version] (Σαώ/ Saṓ, ‘protector (fem.)’, ‘saviour’). Daughter of Nereus and Doris [I 1], one of the Nereids (Hes. Theog. 243; Apollod. 1,11). Antoni, Silke (Kiel) Bibliography N. Icard-Gianolio, s.v. S., LIMC 7.1, 666.

Nyctimus

(91 words)

Author(s): Antoni, Silke (Kiel)
[German version] (Νύκτιμος; Nýktimos). One of the 50 sons of Lycaon, either the oldest, who legitimately assumed sovereignty over Arcadia following the death of his father (Paus. 8,3,1; 5), or the youngest, who because of Gaia's intervention was the only one to be spared punishment by Zeus after the sacrilege of Lycaon and his sons (Fairy tale) and became king himself at the time of Deucalion's flood (Apollod. 3,96-99). According to another version N. himself was slaughtered (Lycophr. 481; Clem. Al. Protreptikos 2,36,5; Nonn. Dion. 18,20-24). Antoni, Silke (Kiel)
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