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Mörsdorf, Klaus

(222 words)

Author(s): Aymans, Winfried
[German Version] (Apr 3, 1909, Muhl, Hunsrück – Aug 17, 1989, Planegg, near Munich), Catholic theologian, Dr.iur., Dr.theol., Dr.iur.can. h.c.; one of the most important Catholic canonists of the 20th…

Papal Secretary of State

(165 words)

Author(s): Aymans, Winfried
[German Version] is the title of the head of the highest authority in the Roman Curia. The roots of this office as the pope’s political adviser go back to the 14th century. Since the 17th century, the holder has always been a cardinal (and is often referred to as Cardinal Secretary of State). The anachronistic name of the office is connected with its former predominant responsibility for church politics, and for in…

Sägmüller

(150 words)

Author(s): Aymans, Winfried
[English Version] Sägmüller, Johann Baptist (24.2.1860 Winterreute bei Biberach – 22.10.1942 Tübingen), kath. Kirchenrechtler. Philos.-theol. Studium in Tübingen, Priesterweihe 1884, nach drei Jahren Vikariat 1887–1893 Repetent am Wilhelmsstift in Tübingen; 1888 Promotion, 1893 a.o. Prof. für ma. Gesch. in Tübingen, 1896–1926 o. Prof. für Kirchenrecht und Päd. an der Kath.…

Prelate/Prelacy

(404 words)

Author(s): Aymans, Winfried | Seiferlein, Alfred
[German Version] I. Catholic Usage In the strict sense, a prelate is the spiritual leader (Bishop: III, 1; or priest) of a particular church (also occasionally called praesul or antistes at Vatican II) or other incardination community. In this sense, CIC/1983 speaks of a territorial prelate as the head of a territorial prelature (c. 370; formerly “free prelature”). In this case we have a particular church that is similar in many ways to a diocese but for specific ongoing reasons has not developed a full diocesan structure; it is head…

Prälat/Prälatur

(352 words)

Author(s): Aymans, Winfried | Seiferlein, Alfred
[English Version] I. Katholisch Prälat (P.), im eigentlichen Sinn Bez. für den Oberhirten (Bischof [: III.,1.] oder Priester) einer Teilkirche (im Vaticanum II vereinzelt auch: Praesul, Antistes) oder eines Inkardinationsverbandes. In diesem Sinn kennt der CIC/1983 den Gebietsprälaten als Vorsteher einer Gebietsprälatur (c.370; früher »freie Prälatur«). Bei dieser handelt es sich um eine der Diöz. weitgehend angenäherte, aber wegen bestimmter dauerhaft bestehender Umstände nicht zur Vollform entwic…