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Latent Quiescent (Sākin Layyin)

(4,280 words)

Author(s): Basal, Nasir
1. Introduction ‘Latent quiescent’ ( sākin layyin) is an important term in Yehudah Ḥayyūj’s grammatical theory. This and the term ʾaṣl (Root: Medieval Rabbanite Notions) constitute the usual basis for his phonological and morphological analyses. Ḥayyūj’s writings on Hebrew grammar are the earliest texts in which the phrase sākin layyin appears, both as a term and as a concept, and constitute an innovation in Judeo-Arabic terminology and in medieval Hebrew grammatical theory. G. Goldenberg (1979–1980) was the first modern scholar to have discus…

Root: Medieval Rabbanite Notions

(3,295 words)

Author(s): Basal, Nasir
The medieval Rabbanite grammarians of Hebrew refer to the ‘root’ by the Arabic term ʾaṣl. Like most other Arabic technical terms, this has its origins in Arabic grammar, both as a term and as a concept. An examination of the writings of a number of the medieval Rabbanite grammarians, mainly Judah Ḥayyūj and Jonah ibn Janāḥ, reveals that the term ʾaṣl as a morphological concept is used with the following denotations (not necessarily in order of frequency): (1) the ‘root’ of a word, or ‘radical’, that is, one of the consonants of a root; (2) a hypothetical…